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Dissertation proposal on performance management

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Anti-bullying campaigns: doing more harm than good? ESSAY: Of course extreme cases of bullying should be tackled, but let#8217;s not pathologise normal childhood relationships. 24 November 2011. A ccording to figures released by the Anti-Bullying Alliance (ABA) last week to launch Britain#8217;s anti-bullying week one in four children has been #8216;verbally bullied#8217; in the past year. The annual anti-bullying week is an initiative launched by proposal the ABA, founded in 2002 by the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) and parenting styles thesis, the National Children#8217;s Bureau. The aim of this year#8217;s anti-bullying week was to challenge the old #8216;sticks and proposal, stones#8217; adage with the slogan #8216;Stop and think words can hurt#8217;. Commenting on the findings, Ross Hendry, chair of the ABA, said: #8216;These figures highlight how much of a problem verbal bullying is.#8217; But considering #8216;verbal bullying#8217; is defined as anything from aspects of critical thinking name-calling to the #8216;casual use of derogatory language#8217; could one not equally argue that these figures highlight how sanitised playgrounds have become? Surely in the course of a whole year the vast majority of children have at dissertation on performance, some point been at the receiving end of hurtful putdowns, name-calling or other #8216;casual derogatory language#8217;? Alternatively, the findings could indicate that the majority of children don#8217;t share the current obsession with bullying and the flabby definition used by the anti-bullying industry and uw madison requirements, quickly forget verbal putdowns, name-calling and other #8216;derogatory language#8217; (even if they were deeply distressing at the time) without categorising themselves as the victims of bullying. Dissertation Proposal Management? Or - bearing in mind that this is advocacy research - the figures may not tell us very much at questions for the purple, all.

The anti-bullying industry continually warns us that bullying is dissertation proposal, widespread and has a devastating effect. Those who don#8217;t take its messages seriously risk being branded ignorant and complacent. Dream Essays? The conclusion is always that much more needs to dissertation on performance, be done to combat bullying. Few people are prepared to challenge these assumptions. I would argue that the messages emanating from the anti-bullying industry are not only unhelpful and depressing, but damaging. Uw Madison? Firstly, they present a very negative view of children: portraying them either as nasty little brutes or as helpless victims. Children#8217;s relationships with other children are assumed to proposal on performance, be damaging, and children are tacitly encouraged to montgomery creative, look upon their peers with trepidation and suspicion. Consequently there is a raft of proposal behavioural codes that now regulate playground behaviour, and an increasingly interventionist role for adults in children#8217;s disputes. Corbyn#8217;s Labour: Mods or Rockers in Brighton. Why the left must confront the cult of identity politics.

And as more and more forms of parenting thesis behaviour are labelled as #8216;bullying#8217;, more and more children become labelled as #8216;bullies#8217; or #8216;victims#8217;. On its website, the dissertation on performance, ABA describes bullying as the #8216;repetitive, intentional hurting of descriptive essays one person by another, where the relationship involves an imbalance of power#8217;.#8216;Means of bullying#8217; may involve #8216;pushing, hitting, punching, kicking#8217;, or #8216;yelling abuse at another, name-calling, insulting someone, using verbal threats#8217;, as well as #8216;spreading rumours, social exclusion, [or] disclosing another#8217;s secrets to a third party#8217;. Is it any wonder that the ABA finds that the prevalence of bullying is so high? Beat Bullying, one of the ABA#8217;s member organisations, states on its website: #8216;Bullying is not just a problem for a minority of children; it is a widespread problem that can affect the culture and climate of a whole school.#8217; Pointing to findings from the 2006 National Bullying Survey described as #8216;the largest, most comprehensive survey of its kind#8217; Beat Bullying tells us #8216;69 per cent of children in dissertation, the UK report being bullied#8217;, and #8216;87 per cent of montgomery classes parents reported that their child had been bullied in the past 12 months#8217;. The survey may have been large, but it was not comprehensive or representative: it was a self-selected internet survey. The high proportion of children claiming to have been bullied could be explained by those children being bullied being more likely to take part in such a survey. There is quite a discrepancy between the proposal on performance, claims made by the anti-bullying industry and research published in peer-reviewed journals. In a 2010 meta-analysis that is, a statistical technique for reviewing a large number of parenting styles thesis peer-reviewed research studies assistant professor of educational psychology at the University of Washington, Clayton Cook, and colleagues found that #8216;between 10 per cent and 30 per cent of children and dissertation management, youth are involved in bullying#8217;. The prevalence rates vary significantly as a function of how bullying is descriptive house essays, measured, they point out. These rates are a lot lower than most anti-bullying campaigns claim.

But the peer-reviewed research on bullying also has a number of limitations [see box below for a summary]. It is on performance management, likely that the parenting thesis, prevalence rates reported in peer-reviewed research exaggerate the problem as well. There is little to back up the dissertation proposal management, overblown claims by the anti-bullying industry about how widespread bullying is or about how far-reaching and devastating the effects of bullying are. The reality is that the evidence for a long-term effect of bullying is short story, not there. That does not mean that it doesn#8217;t have a negative effect on some individuals. But equally it may have a positive effect on others. Without a doubt some children can and do come out of difficult situations stronger and more resilient. Some childhood experiences are extremely hurtful. I do find it heartbreaking when my six-year-old son, who we adopted two years ago and who understandably finds rejection hard to deal with, is on performance management, reduced to floods of tears because he has been told by essays another child that #8216;I#8217;m not your friend any more#8217; or has been excluded from proposal on performance his gang of #8216;bros#8217; because of losing all the races against college creative writing, the other #8216;bros#8217;. But the fact that he is devastated does not mean that these experiences are harmful. He, like all children, needs to learn to deal with rejection.

Nobody is likely to on performance management, go through life never experiencing rejection of any sort. Uw Madison Thesis? Melissa Witkow, assistant professor of dissertation proposal management psychology at Willamette University, carried out a large-scale study with colleagues, investigating the effect of hostile relationships on children#8217;s development. Story? #8216;While the study of reciprocated friendships has a long tradition, mutual antipathies, or mutual dislikes, have only recently begun to be investigated#8217;, the authors of the proposal management, study write (1). Much of the research to date has found that mutual friendships are associated with positive outcomes. It is generally assumed that having enemies, or mutual dislikes, may have the opposite effect being associated with negative outcomes. But Witkow and colleagues found that the effects of children#8217;s positive and negative relationships were a lot more complex than previously indicated.

In fact, their study found that having #8216;mutual antipathies#8217; was associated with #8216;fewer signs of aspects thinking maladjustment#8217; (2). Proposal On Performance? In other words, it may be perfectly healthy to dislike, and essay color, show your dislike, of certain children, who in turn may reciprocate the feeling. Also, as adults it is perfectly normal not to like certain people. There are some people we will go out of our way to dissertation on performance management, help, and others we will go out of uw madison thesis our way to management, avoid. Similarly it is fine for children not to like all their classmates and peers, and to gravitate to some and not others. #8216;As adults, there are people we don#8217;t like, but we#8217;re not beating them up. Uw Madison Thesis? We#8217;re not harassing them. A lot of dissertation proposal adults think that kids should only have positive relationships, but that#8217;s not possible#8217;, Witkow told Time magazine. Similarly, it is perfectly healthy to express negative thoughts or emotions. In a review of the literature on aggression, William Bukowski, professor of psychology at Concordia University, and Maurissa Abecassis, associate professor at Colby-Sawyer College, argue that the use of aggression whether verbal or physical is a normal part of growing up.

They write: #8216;Who has not felt the need to return an insult when insulted first, to make a joke at another#8217;s expense, to tell a lie, gossip a little, or to engage in some private glee when a disliked other has experienced a setback?#8217; (3). Thesis Requirements? Of course there are times when aggression may indicate that a child is not coping. #8216;Children who characteristically respond to a variety of emotions by acting aggressively probably have a narrow repertoire and limited set of problem-solving skills#8217;, they write (4). But equally, a child who never shows aggression may struggle in later life. Bukowski and Abecassis found that #8216;The overuse as well as the dissertation on performance management, complete absence of aggression may be maladaptive#8217;. Would it really help the child who overused aggression if they were to be labelled a #8216;bully#8217;? Giving them such a label could create a more permanent wedge between them and the children at the receiving end of their aggression. Story School? Children - especially young children - can be embarrassingly thoughtless. For instance, my daughter, at three years of age, blurted out #8216;Look at that fat lady#8217; as a woman passed us in a supermarket doorway. Our natural instinct is to tell children #8216;you shouldn#8217;t say that#8217;. And, of course, as parents and management, teachers we should try to montgomery classes, ensure children learn to accept and abide by the morals and mores of proposal on performance our society. But we also need to accept that children are emotionally and socially unsophisticated.

They will make many mistakes along the way. They do not have the same capacity to empathise and understand other people#8217;s perspectives as adults do. They will often get frustrated when they don#8217;t get their way and will use physical and verbal aggression to thinking, try to get what they want. Their social, emotional and moral development is a long and bumpy road with much anger, frustration and dissertation proposal management, anxiety, but also excitement, pride and sheer joy along the way. Story School? Children need to learn how to dissertation proposal on performance, handle both positive and negative emotions. Requirements? We cannot and should not insulate them from dissertation on performance management negative emotions such as anger, sadness, loneliness, fear or embarrassment. Nor should we give them the impression that if they feel any of these emotions they may be #8216;scarred for questions purple, life#8217;. If the behaviour of one or more children evokes negative emotions in another child be it embarrassment, unhappiness, frustration or fear it does not mean that these children should be labelled as #8216;bullies#8217; and #8216;victims#8217;.

Children#8217;s relationships are a lot more complicated than the anti-bullying industry implies. We are told schools must adopt a #8216;zero tolerance#8217; approach to bullying. Dissertation Proposal On Performance Management? But such an approach is deeply problematic. It suggests that whenever a child feels picked on uw madison, or victimised, their troubles - whatever they may be - can be resolved in an instant by a third party. It teaches nothing about the complexity of friendships, enemies and relationships in general.

It says nothing of the fact there will be some people in life you will struggle to get along with. Proposal Management? It implies that a person has the right to expect everyone they meet to be unfailingly pleasant and descriptive dream house, kind. On Performance Management? And when, inevitably, that doesn#8217;t happen it suggests we have the right to have our differences #8216;stamped out#8217; by a figure of authority. A #8216;zero tolerance#8217; approach to bullying also cultivates a culture of victimhood: if a child feels upset by other children#8217;s actions or comments, they are encouraged to see themselves as the victim of bullying and go straight to a teacher at the first sign of trouble.In fact, the ABA#8217;s advice for children and young people includes the essay questions purple, statements: #8216;Bullying is not your fault. It is always wrong and you do not have to put up with it#8217; and #8216;Be confident you have done nothing to deserve this#8217;.

The #8216;zero tolerance#8217; approach to bullying is not only problematic, it is also dishonest. There is nothing straightforward about minimising, never mind wiping out, behaviours that are having a negative effect on a child. Firstly, it is very difficult to determine when aggression constitutes #8216;bullying#8217; and management, when it is a perfectly healthy response to a particular situation. Secondly, when a child is clearly suffering, it is requirements, not at all straightforward to work out how to make the situation better for that child. Some children have a horrible time at school: they may dread going to school on proposal, a daily basis, be deeply unhappy and socially isolated. But how do we help make that situation better for that child? Not through the blunt instrument of anti-bullying policies, that#8217;s for sure. There is no magic bullet. Descriptive Dream? In fact, the large-scale review of bullying research carried out by Clayton Cook and colleagues showed that the success of proposal on performance management anti-bullying programmes has been limited. #8216;Even when programs have an impact, the improvement appears to be changing children#8217;s knowledge and perceptions, not bullying behaviour#8217; they write.

Similarly, a large-scale study in Sheffield in the 1990s found that of the four schools that had implemented whole-school anti-bullying interventions, two of the schools had experienced a decline in bullying and two schools had seen a significant rise (5). I am not arguing teachers and parents should turn their backs on the young and let them sink or swim. But we should be more honest in acknowledging that what goes on in the playground is a lot more complicated than the caricatured idea that there are #8216;goodies#8217; and #8216;baddies#8217; or #8216;bullies#8217; and #8216;victims#8217;. Seeing a child shunned by their peers, looking lost and lonely in descriptive house essays, the playground, is heartbreaking. But labelling that child a #8216;victim#8217; of bullying may make the dissertation management, situation worse. It is possible that by intervening adults make the situation worse. It is also possible adults could help sort the situation out. But how to do so is far from straightforward. Uw Madison? The people who will know best whether and how to intervene are teachers who in most cases will know their pupils fairly well and have some sense of the playground dynamics. The anti-bullying industry#8217;s tick-box approach to what is and is not acceptable behaviour will not be at all helpful. Neither will their trite message #8216;Say NO to bullying#8217;.

All I can conclude is that we need to do away with anti-bullying awareness campaigns and proposal on performance, anti-bullying policies. Aspects? They are blunt instruments that often label children as #8216;bullies#8217; and proposal management, #8216;victims#8217;. Thesis? And the obsession with bullying is putting obstacles in the way of children learning through unsupervised play to deal with rejection, #8216;roll with the dissertation proposal, punches#8217;, resolve conflicts, learn to negotiate, and montgomery college writing, develop into more resilient, capable adults. We have a duty to guide the proposal, young on their path to descriptive dream, adulthood, but let#8217;s give them the opportunities they need to learn how to make and maintain friendships, deal with people they like as well as those they don#8217;t like, and handle difficult situations and difficult emotions. And let#8217;s not go in with the dissertation proposal on performance, great big sledgehammer of #8216;zero tolerance on bullying#8217;. Short Essays? Some children in some circumstances do need protection. But most benefit from dissertation proposal on performance management a little exposure to the knocks that life will inevitably deliver. Peer-reviewed research on bullying. Thesis Requirements? Over the management, last decade there has been more than a six-fold increase in published peer-reviewed research on bullying.

It should be pointed out that although the peer-reviewed research does tend to be a lot more systematic than advocacy research, it also has a number of short essays limitations, the most obvious being the myriad different definitions and proposal on performance management, measures of bullying used. Also, many - if not most of the aspects of critical thinking skills, studies are based on self-report questionnaires, which are widely recognised among researchers as having a number of shortcomings, including #8216;social desirability bias#8217;, where participants answer in a way that will portray them in a good light. Many of the peer-reviewed studies make claims about the long-term effects of management bullying when the methodology used is not longitudinal. That is, they have not investigated long-term effects by styles following up the participants over several years. Their claims about future effects are merely inferred from associations their studies have found between bullying and concomitant factors, such as sleeplessness, anxiety, depression or academic achievement.

Bearing in mind these limitations, what has the research on dissertation, bullying purportedly found? In a 2010 meta-analysis that is, a statistical technique for reviewing a large number of existing research studies assistant professor of educational psychology at the University of Washington, Clayton Cook, found the #8216;risk of adversity#8217; was found to be greater for descriptive house, #8216;bully/victims#8217; (that is, those who both bully and have been bullied) than for either #8216;bullies#8217; or #8216;victims#8217;. Dissertation On Performance? Those involved in bullying as #8216;victim#8217;, #8216;bullies#8217; or #8216;bully/victims#8217; - tended to have #8216;poorer problem-solving skills#8217; than children not involved in bullying. They also found differences between the groups: #8216;bullies#8217; were more at risk of having #8216;poor academic performance#8217; and #8216;holding negative attitudes and beliefs about others#8217;; #8216;victims#8217; were more at risk of #8216;possessing negative attitudes and beliefs about themselves#8217;; and being a #8216;bully/victim#8217; #8216;was associated with having the most severe challenges in social competence of all the groups#8217;. But it is far from clear from college writing classes these studies whether there is on performance, a causal relationship between being a #8216;bully#8217;, #8216;victim#8217; or #8216;bully/victim#8217; and descriptive house, having #8216;adverse behavioural and psychological outcomes#8217;. Dissertation Proposal? There may well be a causal relationship, but we don#8217;t know from the data the direction of the thesis requirements, causal relationship (if there is one). It could be that children with particular problems are more likely to become #8216;bullies#8217;, #8216;victims#8217; or #8216;bully/victims#8217;. Or it could it be that by being involved in bullying children are more likely to experience a number of dissertation management other difficulties.

One also has to bear in mind the essay questions for the, difficulty in eliminating subjective influence on research about human beings and human relationships. When looking into proposal on performance management the effect on children of college creative writing classes bullying it is easy to dissertation, come up with harmful consequences if that is what is short story essays school, being looked for. The possibility that there may be positive outcomes is often not considered by researchers, and thereby the results are distorted. On Performance? Helene Guldberg is author of creative classes Reclaiming Childhood: Freedom and Play in proposal on performance management, an Age of Fear , published by Routledge. (Buy this book from Amazon(UK)). For permission to republish spiked articles, please contact Viv Regan. Footnotes and references. Thesis Requirements? (1) Melissa R. Witkow, Amy D. Bellmore, Adrienne Nishina, Jaana Juvonen and Sandra Graham (2005), #8216;Mutual antipathies during early adolescence: More than just rejection#8217;, International Journal of proposal Behavioral Development , 29 (3), p 209. (2) Melissa R. Witkow, Amy D. Bellmore, Adrienne Nishina, Jaana Juvonen and Sandra Graham (2005), #8216;Mutual antipathies during early adolescence: More than just rejection#8217;, International Journal of Behavioral Development , 29 (3), p 216. (3) W.M. Bukowski, M. Abecassis, Self, Other, and Aggression: The Never-Ending Search for the Roots of Adaptation. In Aggression and Adaptation: The Bright Side to Bad Behavior Edited by Todd D. Little, Philip C. Thesis? Rodkin and Patricia H. Dissertation? Hawley, p194. (4) W.M. Bukowski, M. Abecassis, Self, Other, and Aggression: The Never-Ending Search for the Roots of Adaptation.

In Aggression and Adaptation: The Bright Side to Bad Behavior Edited by of critical skills Todd D. Little, Philip C. Rodkin and Patricia H. Hawley, p194. (5) Eslea, Mike; Smith, Peter K. (1998) The Long-Term Effectiveness of Anti-Bullying Work in Primary Schools. Educational Research , 40: 2, p203-18. +44 (0)203 786 41 91. spiked uses cookies. Continued use of this site will be deemed to be acceptance of cookies.

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Part 8 - Examples of dissertation proposal on performance, Good and Bad Writing. Learning to write often works best by example. The following are excerpts from nine first-year student essays. Most of the examples are bad, although I did find a two good examples in of critical thinking skills the bunch. In most cases, the names and dates from the essays have been changed to not compromise the subject matter for future students (in other words, don't use any of the apparent research information here in your papers). I have tried to on performance management categorize the errors as best as I could. Errors or bad portions are usually bolded to help you identify them. Smith was a religious, Christian man.

His notion of monads included contextual references to God. For The Color Purple! He believed that God controls the dissertation on performance management, harmony of life through these monads. The essay then goes on to discuss these monads in a Christian context. Uw Madison Thesis Requirements! Had the student omitted the dissertation proposal on performance management, above sentences, however, the discussion of religion would have been completely out of place, given the essay's topic. But since the person being discussed had religious views that affected his theories and work, it is relevant to mention the religious aspect. Had Smith's religion not been a direct influence on his work, it would have been irrelevant. Similarly, you wouldn't mention other things about someone in an essay if it wasn't relevant to the topic. For example, it is irrelevant to mention a scientist's race in for the an essay about their discovery unless the race impacted the discovery. An example of this might be if a black scientist's prime motivation to dissertation proposal on performance find a cure for thesis, sickle cell anemia was because that disease strikes black people in proportionally higher numbers. If the dissertation proposal, same scientist was researching some aspect of physics, it would probably not be relevant to mention the race at all. An introductory paragraph:

On March 4, 1849, John Smith was born to Anna Bradcock Smith and James Smith. Although certainly not of humble origins, John was acquainted with several prominent and influential men of descriptive dream house essays, politics with whom he discussed matters of mathematics, history, science, logic, law, and theology. Smith was brilliant in each of these fields, but he became known particularly for his contributions in the fields of philosophy, mathematics, and logistics. This paper will not only shed light on some of Smith's theories and words regarding these three areas, but will also tell of the events in his life that made him the man that he was. This is the dissertation proposal management, introduction to a chronologically-ordered essay about Smith's life and discoveries. Montgomery College Creative! As such, the choice to management begin with his date of skills, birth is dissertation proposal management, a good one.

The paragraph summarizes the fields touched by Smith and also mentions the key areas he studied. The paper sets up an expectation for the reader of descriptive, both a detailed explanation of dissertation proposal on performance management, Smith's discoveries and anecdotes describing his personality. The sentence structure is grammatically sound and flows well. In the late 1650's , Smith's mother returned to London , she then pulled him out of school with the intent to styles make him a farmer . Apostrophes indicate possessiveness or contractions, not plurality. Proposal On Performance! The decade is the 1650s.

The sentence is a run-on. It should either end after London, beginning a new sentence with She then, or the she then should be changed to and. Dream! To make someone a farmer is to create a farmer for dissertation, them. Thinking! The student meant: to turn him into a farmer or to dissertation management encourage him to be a farmer. Smith invented the widgetiscope and paved the thinking, way for future widget watching. All-the-while remaining a simple and humble man who considered himself to dissertation management be part of a team working for the greater good. The bolded part is not a complete sentence. The entire thing should be one sentence. All-the-while does not require hyphenation.

The two differing approaches of development already described, eventually led to the development of the two original branches of widgetry; fingleish and thesis requirements fnordleish. This sentence is mispunctuated. The comma is confusing and should be removed, and dissertation on performance the semicolon should be a colon. Another of styles, Smith's ideas was the dissertation proposal, method of differentiation. The university re-opened after the plague in 1667.

Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, and awarded a major fellowship after he received his Master's Degree (Bogus 4). After the realization that Calculus was important, and was being recognized, a document to record all of the theories became a necessity. The Methodis Differantium, the document that contained the elements of the theory of differentiation, was created in 1667. Smith believed he was being pulled in house two directions when it came to publishing his theories and making his work known. Dissertation Proposal Management! He felt a need for fame and parenting fortune, yet on the other hand he had an abundant fear of rejection. Dissertation Proposal Management! To the dismay of many future mathematicians, it was never published because of Smith's fear of criticism. Since he was not focusing on publishing his work, Smith pursued his career as a professor. This so-called paragraph is an utter mess. There are far too many ideas in it, all of which are strung together haphazardly without any logical flow. I'll try to dissect and rewrite it, but I won't make errors bold because the entire paragraph would be bold if I did. First, let's pick out the different topics being addressed: the method of differentiation the university re-opening after the plague Smith's ascension through the university ranks the need of thesis, a document detailing differentiation, which was eventually created Smith's mental state, desires and fears.

Now, if we replace each sentence with the number of the corresponding idea, we can see what a jumbled mess this is: 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 4, 3. Don't introduce a paragraph with one topic and then leap to another topic in the next sentence. While it may sometimes be necessary to mention something as an dissertation proposal on performance, aside to complement the topic, the color, return to the topic should be swift and easy to understand. Don't bounce around within the paragraph as this student has done. Another problem: there doesn't seem to be a coherent timeline within the dissertation, paragraph. Story Essays School! Did the university re-open in 1667, or was the proposal management, plague in 1667? Is the student saying that Smith was elected to a minor fellowship that year or another year? Similarly, when did the major fellowship and Master's Degree come in? It's unlikely to have all happened in one year, though it is possible. The document was created in 1667, it seems, but when did Smith decide not to thesis publish and on performance seek work as a professor instead? Also 1667?

It sounds like that was a very busy year for essay questions color, poor Smith! The sentences themselves are also awkwardly constructed, making the entire thing hard to understand. I'll make some assumptions regarding the confusing date information. Proposal On Performance Management! Here is how this information should have been presented: Smith's ideas on the method of differentiation were gaining recognition in the mathematical community, which made it necessary for him to montgomery college classes produce a document detailing all of his theories on the subject. Thus, when the dissertation, university re-opened in of critical thinking skills 1667 following the plague and Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, he wrote Methodis Differantium. Although Smith wished to attain fame and fortune, he also feared rejection. This dichotomy resulted in his failure to publish Methodis Differantium; a failure that would be mourned by mathematicians well into the future. Still, Smith was awarded a major fellowship after receiving his Master's Degree in [insert year]. Since he was not interested in management publishing his work, he concentrated instead on pursuing a position as a professor. Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705 to be given the title of dream, Sir Joe Smith, which made him the first scientist to be so honored for dissertation proposal on performance management, his work (Bogus) . The phrase to be given is awkward here.

It would be better written: Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705, which gave him the title of Sir. Who else could be honoured for Smith's work other than Smith? It should say: . which made him the first man to be honored for scientific work. There probably should be a page number listed in aspects of critical thinking skills the citation. Jones had a main idea of analytic geometry. What does this mean? Does the student mean that one of Jones' main ideas concerned analytic geometry? Does he mean that one of the dissertation on performance management, main ideas of aspects thinking skills, analytic geometry was conceived by Jones? Or does he mean something else entirely? This makes little sense and is very awkward.

Whether Smith made no use of the manuscript from which he had copied abstracts , or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope, are questions on which at this distance of management, time no direct evidence is available . If Smith made no use of the montgomery creative classes, manuscript, he can't have used it to copy abstracts. Proposal On Performance Management! This is a very awkward way of thesis requirements, saying that the events in question happened so long ago that there is no longer sufficient evidence to answer certain questions. It would be better written: Questions as to whether Smith made further use of the on performance, manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope are rooted so far in the past that it is impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to parenting thesis provide answers. This is still a bit awkward. It's best when broken up into smaller sentences: There are still questions as to whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope. Such questions are rooted so far in the past, however, that it is impossible to dissertation on performance management gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. Smith formed a political plan to try to descriptive house persuade the Germans to on performance management attack the French due to him not agreeing with their political agendas and this proved the means of his visiting Hamburg. Due to descriptive house essays him not agreeing with is a very awkward way of saying: because he disagreed with.

The second bolded part should be a separate sentence. Proved the means of his visiting is a very awkward way of saying is why he visited. Jones explained ideas too enormous to understand, and simplified problems too complex to approach. Not only is this hyperbole, it's also logically impossible. If the ideas were too complicated to understand, Jones couldn't have understood them himself. If the problems were too complex to approach, Jones could not have approached them. Mismatched Words, Phrases, and on performance management Pronouns. After marrying Elizabeth, Smith's father fell ill for several months. After no sign of recovery, a lawyer was summoned to the manor.

A will was drawn up, including one hundred acres of land, the thinking skills, manor house, livestock, grain, and Smith Senior's death (Bogus 10). His mother gave birth to management Smith three months after Smith senior died. He was premature after suffering from illness due to the shock of descriptive house, her husband's passing during the fall . The phrase after no sign of recovery is not properly attached to dissertation management Smith's father. Instead, it is saying that the lawyer did not recover from something. A will does not include land, a house, etc. It states to whom such things are bequeathed. This should say: A will was drawn up leaving one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock and grain to [whomever].

I don't even understand how and Smith Senior's death fits into this sentence. His in the sentence His mother gave birth. refers to the antecedent Smith Senior. Thus, Smith Senior's mother gave birth to Smith Senior's son. That would necessitate incest, and is clearly not what the student meant to say. They should have simply said Elizabeth gave birth. Who else but someone's mother gives birth to them anyway? Given the confusions regarding the parenting, various Smiths, it would have been better if the student had used first names during this part of the essay. There is inconsistency in capitalization.

It is Smith Senior once, and Smith senior another time. The he in he was premature again refers to dissertation on performance management the wrong antecedent. Smith Senior was not premature. Smith did not suffer illness due to the shock of Smith Senior's passing. Elizabeth did. This sentence says that Smith suffered the illness. The student suddenly introduces the aspects of critical, phrase during the fall when no other mention of the dissertation on performance management, season has been made.

This could be confused with Smith Senior dying from a fall. Lastly, the aspects of critical skills, inverse relationship between area and the tangent were never attained. The relationship is singular, even though it refers to dissertation on performance multiple elements. Thus, the verb were should be singular as well, and of critical thinking skills changed to was. It was this century where many of the worlds most honorable and highly respected mathematicians created what we know today as calculus. A century is not a place, it is dissertation on performance, a section of time. Say it is a place where. College! or a time when.

In this case, It was this century when. Adding an 's' without an apostrophe in dissertation management this case is pluralization, not indicative of questions color, possession. The student means world's. But perhaps the largest obstacle , which the Greeks could not overcome, were their insufficient number and on performance management measuring system . Were is plural, but obstacle and system are singular. It should be was. Tragically at descriptive house essays the age of six, Smith's father died. This says that Smith's father died at the age of dissertation proposal on performance management, six.

The student means: Tragically, when Smith was six years old his father died. Jones, now familiar with Smith's discoveries, wrote Smith a letter soon after the publication of his discoveries. After the publication of whose discoveries: Jones' or Smith's? Jones reasoned that if he could calculate the angles of the projected colour, a new law of refraction could be made . People can make legal laws, but natural or scientific laws are discovered. To make a new law of refraction, Jones would have to alter physics. During the seventeenth century, the montgomery writing classes, inhabitants of dissertation on performance management, England did not realize the importance of aspects of critical skills, scientific advancement. Inhabitants could well mean non-human creatures, and is thus a poor choice of a word. Are we to understand that ALL of the people in proposal England failed to realize the importance of scientific advancement for an entire century?

It would have been better if the student had said most people in uw madison requirements England. At the current time, the dominant belief was that light traveled in wave . The current time is the dissertation proposal on performance, moment the reader is reading the sentence. The student meant to styles thesis say that the belief was such during the historical time period being discussed. Current should be omitted. The phrase in wave has an error. Proposal! It should either be in waves or in a wave. Both may be correct, but such an parenting thesis, error can be misunderstood if one is incorrect. This would likely have been caught if the student had read the paper out loud. Secondly, Jones' reliance on geometric algebra rather than symbolic notation created considerable impedance to the identification of solutions of dissertation on performance, computational features found frequently to different problems.

Here is an example of a student not knowing the proper meaning of a word. Impedance means opposition to the flow of short story essays, electric current. Dissertation On Performance! It does not mean the same as to impede, which is to story essays school be an obstacle. This could be an instance where a student used the thesaurus in dissertation proposal on performance a word processor to come up with a word without bothering to check if the word fit the context. It could also simply be that the student had mislearned the word themselves. Incidentally, a quick check of MS Word 97 shows synonyms to descriptive essays impedance to be obstruction, block, baffle, hindrance, breakwater, fin, and maze. So here is direct proof that you shouldn't always trust what a word processor thesaurus tells you is an equivalent word. Be diligent and look up unfamiliar words in the dictionary before using them in your essay. In studying widgetry, it serves as great importance that one is aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. Something does not serve as great importance, and one being aware doesn't fit either.

This is a student trying to dissertation proposal sound fancy but instead making no sense. The sentence should read: In studying widgetry, one should be aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. It was thought that Jones hated his stepfather and his mother, partly for abandoning him at such a young age. Who thought so? This entire statement, which implies something that cannot be proven and is thus not a basic fact, had no attribution in parenting the essay. Since it was about someone historical and the student couldn't possibly have known this unless they got it from a source, it was plagiarism to include it without attribution. Smith managed one friendship through this time and dissertation proposal on performance management the value of that is always questioned. Who is questioning the value? There is no attribution to explain who questions it or to prove that it is questioned by anyone other than the essay, student.

What precisely is being questioned? The value of only having one friend, or the value of the dissertation proposal on performance management, one friendship to Smith in aspects thinking particular? . which means that the cut in the # of points is proposal, equal to montgomery classes the degree of the curve. Using the # symbol instead of the word number is a bad short cut, and certainly inappropriate for dissertation on performance, a formal essay. Smith also helped to improve the scientific community ; his focus was mainly regarding widgetry.

How does a focus on a subject help to improve a community? It might improve the understanding of the subject in the community, but does that improve the community itself? This is a badly worded assertion. If it truly did benefit the scientific community as a whole, the descriptive, student should cite a source demonstrating that to be the case. No attribution was present. In one day, John's attitude towards school changed for on performance management, the better. Short Story Essays! A boy ranked just above him kicked him in the stomach.

At the end of the day John challenged the boy to a fight. Even though John was much smaller than his opponent, his determination overtook the boy. Winning the dissertation proposal, fight was still not enough. John applied himself in dream essays class, and soon became the top student in the school. This entire paragraph introduces an anecdote for the purpose of explaining what drove John to become a better student.

Incredibly, it manages to proposal on performance management completely fail to mention the relationship between the anecdote and John's new-found classroom enthusiasm. The relationship is implied and the reader can guess that John wished to beat the purple, boy in more than just a physical fight, and thus worked hard to outrank the boy in the classroom, but that is not stated. The paragraph is very choppy and the sentences do not flow well. Read it out proposal on performance loud, and you'll hear how it sounds like a grade school book instead of a university essay. During this time, Smith constructed a water clock.

He constructed the of critical thinking skills, clock out dissertation proposal on performance management of an old box. This is choppy. It could be easily combined into one sentence. Jones became began to dream house essays study motion. This error was probably due to a sentence that once legitimately contained the word became being edited without became being removed. If the student had read the proposal on performance management, essay out loud or given it to a friend to read, this error likely would have been noticed. Yet, in 1679, Jones would discover that his initial calculation the Moon's distance from Earth was incorrect. Here is another example of a simple error of descriptive house essays, omission that could have been caught if the student had read the essay aloud or given it to a friend to management read. The word of should be between calculation and the. That one small error makes the entire sentence awkward and descriptive dream house confusing. If the instructor has to reread the sentence to try to understand its meaning, the flow of the essay is interrupted.

If this happens often enough in the essay, it gives an overall bad impression on what otherwise might be a very good paper in dissertation management terms of research. More examples of errors that could have been caught if the students had bothered to read their essay: One of Smith's main contribution was his use of. Widgetry emphasized the notion of the infinite widget, which in aspects of critical skills fact cam as a great service to Smith in that it served as an important too in helping explain his branch of dissertation proposal on performance management, widgetry. Jones might have in fact perputuated the ideas, but he was also at a loss when he could not make good sense of them from the beginning. Admiration for Smith grew in the filed of widgetry. With Jones' encouragement, Smith drafter a number of monographs on uw madison requirements, religious topics. Smith considers out universe to be a gravitational system. On August 10, 1777, Jones was ent a letter from.

In later research , it was proven that Jones was incorrect and science rejected his theories about dissertation on performance, light until the next century. Uw Madison Thesis Requirements! Thus, it was scientifically proven that Jones' theories about quanta (tiny particulate packets of energy) were indeed correct . The wave formulation was also correct . When was this later research? Who performed the research? In discussing whether someone was proven incorrect or not, it is a good idea to fully explain who did the proving when, and possibly even how they came to their conclusion. These sentences contradict each other. Was Jones proven incorrect or correct?

Does the student mean that Jones was erroneously proven incorrect, but science later found that he was correct after all? Or was Jones correct about some things and not others? The use of proposal management, Thus implies causality. How does the proof that Jones is incorrect and essay the rejection by science suddenly become scientific proof of dissertation, his theory being correct? Regardless of what the student meant by the flip from incorrect to correct, there is nothing given to establish causality. It's disappointing to parenting see such sloppiness as this in an essay.

This particular essay featured clipart, so it was obviously done on a computer with a modern word processor. It clearly wasn't spell-checked. Such complete disregard is dissertation proposal on performance, automatically indicative of a student who doesn't care about their final product, and while the error itself is minor, it gives a bad impression to the grader. In fact, this essay had several spelling errors that could have been caught. Essay Questions For The Color! That's inexcusable at the university level. It was also during this time that he traveled to his uncle's place in Brunswick. Place is colloquial. Use home, apartment, residence or other such appropriate word instead. Smith attempted to obtain his doctorate of law degree at the University of Anytown but was denied because positions were being held for the older students -- and dissertation proposal on performance management Smith was much too young. Smith's secretary claims that he was told many times, however, that Smith was denied admission because of negative feelings that the Dean's wife held for him. Smith's secretary is probably dead, since this essay is about someone from the montgomery creative writing classes, 19th century.

Therefore, they no longer claim anything. It should be past tense. Since the student doesn't cite this, there is an implication that perhaps the secretary is not dead and the student went so far as to dissertation interview the secretary personally. Short Story! That is, of proposal on performance, course, quite unlikely, meaning that this student has plagiarised this information from one of their sources. The following are a few concepts that form the basis of Leibnizian calculus: [followed by three bulleted paragraphs comprised mostly of direct quotation] Using bullets in styles a formal essay is rarely appropriate. It is preferable to write out the dissertation on performance, bulleted information into proper paragraph form. This student seems to have been too lazy to bother paraphrasing a bunch of direct quotations into a formal essay structure. Along came the Joe Smith, a mathematician considered by aspects skills numerous scholars to be a pioneer of proposal on performance, calculus, including other renowned mathematician, Bill Jones. The Joe Smith?

There has only uw madison thesis requirements, been one? The student means another, not other. Proposal On Performance! Sloppy. The first page of the essay starts with: have been developed (5). The second page starts with the header Introduction and the opening paragraph. Clearly, the uw madison thesis requirements, student stapled the pages out of order. What a sloppy mistake! Pages should be numbered unless you're specifically instructed not to for some reason, and you should always ensure that all of the dissertation proposal, pages are present and in proper order before binding the essay. If the instructor has to story begin by figuring out what the heck is going on, they will automatically have a bad impression of your essay and on performance management possibly of you.

Jones was quite a busy man in that along with his position in essay questions for the purple the Court of Mainz, he also managed to dissertation on performance management serve as Baron Johann Christian von Boineburg as secretary, librarian, lawyer, advisor, assistant, and most importantly, friend. Quite a busy man is a bit colloquial. A busy man would do. Uw Madison Requirements! The first as is an error, since Jones did not serve as the Baron, he served the Baron. This may have been caught if the student had read their essay out loud.

His Chummy, Bill Jones, who Smith shared a room with until his resignation from this fellowship in 1683. Chummy should only be included if it was Smith's actual word for Jones. If this is the case, it is dissertation on performance management, a quotation from short story essays a source and dissertation proposal on performance should be cited. For The Color! If not, it is on performance, colloquial and should just say His friend Bill Jones. Who should be whom in this case. A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to use who and whom. This isn't even a complete sentence.

Smith was born prematurely and styles was so small when he was born that they thought he might not live. Repeating that he was born is redundant. Who does they refer to? Doctors? Parents? Relatives? Townsfolk? It is a pronoun without an antecedent. In this publication, Jones has a discourse between the belief systems of the proposal on performance management, natural philosophical world around him.

Has is the wrong word here because the essay is creative, about a person who is now dead. Dead people don't have discourse with anyone in proposal management the present, so the word should at least be had. But even had is awkward, and a better word would be wrote. Discourse means to converse, especially orally. One does not speak orally in a publication.

It is written. This word should be omitted. Montgomery Writing Classes! Between denotes at least two participants, but Jones is the only one having the supposed discourse. This too should be omitted. Natural philosophical world is confusing. Does the student mean the natural, philosophical world, which would be the world described as both natural and philosophical? Or do they mean natural philosophical world, in dissertation proposal on performance which natural modifies philosophical and not world, in which case the grammatically correct phrase would be naturally philosophical world? This would be better written as:

In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the natural, philosophical world around him. or, depending on the answer to the fourth point: In this publication, Jones wrote of the dream, belief systems of the naturally philosophical world around him. He was home for approximately 18 months, according to dissertation management Jones the story, 18 months was the most predominant time period of on performance, his life. This is a run-on sentence. It should either end between 18 months and according, or it should be rewritten to make it a proper sentence.

18 months is repeated for no reason. 18 months is plural, so it should be 18 months were not 18 months was. Predominant means superior especially in power or numbers. Something cannot be most superior. Most should be omitted.

Predominant is not the best word in this case anyway. If the student means it was the most powerful time of Jones' life, they should be clear about that. Aspects Of Critical Thinking Skills! If they mean it was the most superior numerical time of his life, then he logically cannot have been more than 36 months old. Simpson was content after his ability to reproduce Smith's experiment. Jones was not that easy, the two men fought constantly. The student probably means that Simpson was content once he was able to reproduce Smith's experiment. The current phrasing doesn't quite say that, and is awkward and confusing.

Jones was not that easy to on performance what? The student probably means Jones was not that easy to satisfy or something equivalent. This is a run-on sentence. It should end after easy, or be rewritten to be grammatically correct. Which two men? Simpson and Jones or Smith and Jones? The information on physics before this section is important to aspects understanding whom Newton was, but arguably, his greatest advancements were in the field of mathematics, most importantly Calculus.

Incorrect use of whom. Should be who. A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to use who and whom. There should not be a comma between arguably and his. There is no citation as to anyone arguing that Newton's greatest advancements were in mathematics. This might be because it would be difficult to prove in dissertation the face of the importance of styles thesis, Newtonian physics. Advancements is probably the dissertation proposal management, wrong word. Achievements or discoveries would be better. Newton's advancements are more likely to be funds paid in advance of publication. The addition of montgomery college writing classes, most importantly is awkward. Particularly would have been a better word.

The use of dissertation proposal on performance, greatest and most importantly referring to Calculus is hyperbole. Questions Purple! Given that this essay was for a Calculus class, it sounds like a kiss-up. The declarations of superiority are superfluous, unattributed, probably erroneous, and on performance management possibly pandering. It's all very ugly. A concluding sentence: Smith's great work, theories, and studies will continue to live on forever in the ever-changing world of science and descriptive essays mathematics . How can the student know that Smith's work will live on forever? That's an impossible assertion to make. Work, theories and studies don't live. They exist, but they are not organic creatures. If the world is proposal on performance management, ever-changing, how again can the student know that Smith's work won't one day be considered nonsense?

Or lost entirely? World is singular, but it refers to two worlds, one of science and one of mathematics. House! This conclusion reeks of proposal on performance, hyperbole. (So does the phrase reeks of essay questions color, hyperbole, but this is not a formal essay.) A scientist before Smith by the name of dissertation on performance management, Jones knew that he could demonstrate the ration between two infinite sums. The phrasing here is a bit awkward. It would be better phrased: Jones, a predecessor of Smith, knew that. Story Essays! Ration is the wrong word.

The student meant ratio. This is one of those errors that a spell-check cannot find, but if the dissertation, essay had been read aloud it may have been noticed. One man was proclaiming to be the inventor of the widgetiscope and montgomery writing another man was proclaiming the exact same thing; who is telling the dissertation on performance, truth? The main problem here is the change in writing tense. You can't go from was to is if the dissertation proposal, subject remains fixed in thesis requirements time. Management! Furthermore, it is incorrect to refer to someone who is creative classes, dead as doing anything in proposal management the present besides being dead (and possibly rotting). A dead person is not telling anything right now, but they were in the past. Try to avoid using the passive form was proclaiming and instead use proclaimed.

This particular statement is essay questions for the purple, also bad because of the dissertation, subject matter. The student has already shown in the essay that both men happened to independently invent the widgetiscope, but the issue is who deserved the creative writing, title for inventing it first . So actually, neither one was necessarily lying, and the student should not make it appear that one or the other may have been doing so. You must be careful not to libel people. The phrasing here is awkward and possibly a bit too conversational in the final question. A better way of writing this would be: Two men proclaimed to be the inventor of calculus, but only one could be given the credit. The argument was so drawn out dissertation on performance that a decision was not easy to come by which worked against Smith's favor.

Jones had been considered the uw madison requirements, sole inventor of the widgetiscope for fifteen years already, which gave him the upper hand. The student meant to say that the duration of the argument caused Smith to lose. Dissertation Proposal On Performance Management! But because the student failed to put the necessary comma between the bolded words, this sentence actually says, by classes means of proposal, a complicated string of uw madison requirements, multiple negatives, that it was not easy to come to a decision against Smith, meaning he won. Proposal On Performance! This sentence would be better worded this way: Because the parenting styles, argument took so long, Smith lost. But then, at the beginning of the next paragraph, the student writes: The argument took years to dissertation management unravel and never really came to a definitive decision. This negates what the student had asserted before: that Smith lost because of the duration of the argument.

This also repeats the fact that it was a long argument, which is redundant. It was from the Greeks, where the underlying of widgetry emerged and set the descriptive dream house, basis of on performance management, what widgetry has become. The Greeks are a people, not a place, so things come from whom, not where. The comma in parenting styles this sentence should not be there. It sets up an expectation that the portion after the comma is a separate clause, as in: It was from the Greeks, who also invented blodgetry, that widgetry came forth. Note that because the who is in the separate clause, it should not be whom. Dissertation Proposal On Performance Management! The underlying what ? You can't just say the underlying of widgetry.

It has to aspects of critical thinking skills be the dissertation proposal on performance management, underlying something of widgetry, whether that something is basis, foundation, etc. Although there was a time of intellectual heightening , there came a period of darkness in the development of mathematics (Ewards 45) . Intellectual heightening is an questions, icky, awkward phrase. Dissertation Proposal Management! Intellectual development would have been much better. In going over this old essay, I wondered if perhaps this was a typo of the name Edwards. I checked the bibliography to confirm the name, and discovered that nothing by uw madison requirements Ewards, Edwards, or any similar name was there at all. Had this gone noticed when the paper was being graded, serious questions would have been raised as to the validity of the student's sources and bibliography. Dissertation On Performance Management! Be sure to list all sources in your bibliography, and be sure to spell them correctly when citing! One motive of Sumerian algebra was to impose on themselves a concepts that they could not fully understand and precisely compute, and for this reason, rejected concepts of irrational as numbers, all traces of the infinite, such as limit concepts, from their own mathematics. Motive applies to college creative Sumerian algebra, not Sumerians.

Therefore, that motive cannot be imposed on themselves. It should be written: One motive of the Sumerians concerning their algebra was to impose on themselves. although that is still an awkward phrase. Concepts should not be plural. This is sloppiness that probably could have been detected if the student had bothered to read over his essay. The sentence should end after compute. A new sentence should begin, For this reason. The word they should be put between reason and rejected to say: For this reason, they rejected concepts. This sentence is so garbled with mismatched subclauses that adding another is just icky. I'd put such as limit concepts in parenthesis, or rewrite the sentence to bring that idea out on on performance, its own. If Greek rigor had surmounted their need to succeed in these elements and refused to use real numbers and limits till they had finally understood them, calculus may have never formed and montgomery college creative mathematics as a whole would be obsolete (Apostal 102).

The verb refused applies to Greek rigor, not Greeks, which is nonsensical. Be careful to ensure that your verbs match the subject you intend for them. Don't use till when you mean until. That's colloquial at best, and proposal on performance management not really a proper use of the uw madison thesis requirements, word at all at proposal management worst. The proper phrase is have never been formed. To say something never formed begs the question: What didn't it form? Even though there is a citation for this extreme declaration that mathematics as a whole would be obsolete, it's still probably hyperbole. Montgomery College Creative Classes! I wonder if the source actually said that, or if the student's paraphrasing has overstated the source's point that mathematics might be different without the advent of calculus. Be careful that you don't paraphrase in such a way as to claim a source said something that they did not.

If this source really says mathematics would be obsolete without calculus, it's a bad source. Such a statement would render even basic arithmetic and counting as obsolete, which is dissertation on performance management, ridiculous. Essentially , it is a case of Smith's word against a number of suspicious details pointing against him. He acknowledged possession of a copy of part of one of thesis, Jones' manuscripts, on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them, and a material date I none of his manuscripts had been falsified (1675 had been changed to proposal 1673) (Bogus, 78) Essentially isn't technically incorrect here, but students do have a tendency to use words like essentially and basically too often. It's somewhat conversational, and possibly colloquial. Short Story Essays! Try to avoid it unless something is truly essential. A number of suspicious details pointing against him is an awkward way of saying: suspicions of his guilt. But what the student means is not suspicions, but points of evidence.

When you list several examples of something you've indicated, the way to dissertation proposal management punctuate it is as follows (note the placement of the colon and subsequent semicolons): [Point being made]:[proof 1];[proof 2];[proof 3]; and[proof 4]. This way each proof can have punctuation such as commas without being confused with other points, and each proof still points to the main part of the sentence. This entire thing should be rewritten to short school say: It is a case of Smith's word against dissertation proposal management the evidence of his guilt: he acknowledged possession of a copy of Jones' manuscripts; on classes, more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to dissertation management important documents before publishing them; and his manuscripts had been falsified by changing 1675 to 1673 (Bogus, 78). After quoting a dictionary definition:

The editors of the famous dictionary are probably unaware of the fact that they have just committed a cardinal sin in the mathematical world , in that they only described fingleish widgetry, and failed to include an explanation of creative, fnordleish widgetry. It's okay to question a source, and at higher levels of proposal, education it might even be required. But if you're going to do it, be careful to do it well and thinking skills with evidence. This just sounds presumptuous. On Performance Management! The student has not shown whether or not the dictionary has separate definitions for widgetry or otherwise accounts for its apparent lack of sufficient definition. Saying the dictionary is famous is probably unnecessary, and possibly hyperbole. A cardinal sin is a sin of fundamental importance. Montgomery College! In the Judeo-Christian context, this would mean something very bad, like murder. Dissertation Management! Thus, calling a disagreement in definition in a dictionary a cardinal sin is definitely hyperbole. Even if it was a cardinal sin, the sin was committed in the dictionary, not in the mathematical world.

The student meant against the mathematical world. It is surprising how people could be satisfied such a vague definition, as was the case in descriptive dream house essays Webster's Dictionary, on a subject that has tested such great minds for centuries upon centuries . It is surprising how students could be satisfied with such drivel in their essays. That sounds nasty, doesn't it? That's because it is. Sentences like this are insulting and off-putting, and don't belong in a formal essay. Such great minds requires an example. The word such should be omitted.

Centuries upon centuries is redundant. On Performance Management! Just say centuries and leave it at that. Jones' first object in Paris was to make contact with the short, French government but, while waiting for such an opportunity, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers there, in on performance particular Davis and Myers, discussing with Davis a variety of topics but particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). An object is descriptive house essays, a thing. The student means Jones' first objective. This is a bad run-on. It should be broken up like this: Jones' first objective in Paris was to make contact with the French government, but while waiting for an opportunity to do so, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers such as Davis and Myers. He discussed a variety of dissertation proposal on performance, topics with Davis, particularly church reunification (Bugle 57).

Smith's contribution to math has helped our society become more technological in building things . In this particular case, Smith made many contributions, not just one. Math is the colloquial version of mathematics. Did Smith's contributions only help our society? What about other societies? More technological in building things is a really awkward way of saying improved our technological aptitude. Undoubtedly, Jones was one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived and this paper will demonstrate that, starting from college writing classes his childhood until his death . Smith may have been a genius, but to blow that up to one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived is hyperbole. Even if it is true, the proposal, paper didn't demonstrate it because the paper didn't compare Smith to other great geniuses that have lived.

The paper showed that Smith was a genius, perhaps, but not his rank amongst all of the geniuses that have ever lived. If you start from something, you go to or follow through to uw madison another something. The phrase starting from his childhood until his death actually means you're starting from the section of time inclusively between his childhood and death and proposal on performance management not saying where you're going. Furthermore, the paper does not start from Smith's childhood because it was not being written when Smith was a child. The student means, starting with his childhood and following through to his death.

That is requirements, still awkward, and the sentence would be best written: Undoubtedly, Jones was a genius, and proposal on performance this paper will demonstrate that by essay questions color purple examining his entire life. So John lived for seven years with his mother's parents who did not really show him any affection . So in dissertation management this context is colloquial and should be omitted. This really should be cited. Short School! John's address may be a matter of public record and on performance management therefore doesn't have to be cited, but comments on the emotional quality of the household imply research, and the student should give credit to the source.

Really is colloquial, and should be omitted. While at short story essays Cambridge, Smith's genius was most productive in his dedication to math . Who is dissertation on performance, Smith's genius? The student means Smith's intellect, but an intellect cannot be productive. It facilitates productivity, but it is not productive itself. A better way to write this would be: Smith's intellect was best displayed in his dedication. Math is colloquial. Story Essays! It should be mathematics. This information helps us to proposal on performance understand how we, as humans stay on the ground; we are matter as well and do have an college writing, invisible force weighing us down as we push against it and it pushes back against us . This hand full of knowledge has helped our scientist understand our universe of heavenly bodies and their movement. It has also allowed scientist to delve further in exploring our galaxy. Does gravity only affect humans?

Granted, the student is trying to dissertation on performance management make the science seem more personal, but this is an awkward way of doing it. It is also something that seems to indicate an essay geared to children. Uw Madison! While you should usually write essays so they can be understood by laypersons, you can assume those laypersons are your age and intellectual peers. The description of the invisible force is very awkward. On Performance! A better wording would be: do have an invisible force that we push against dream house as it pushes back against us. Gravity does not, in fact, weigh people down.

The student's own definition of it earlier in the essay mentions this, and on performance here too it is accurately described as a push, not a pull. To add in the bit about it weighing us down is story school, contradictory. The student means handful. This is a bad description anyway, since the student is proposal on performance, trying to show how this knowledge is monumental to scientists. Both instances of thinking, scientist should be pluralized. One delves further into something, not in it. The Royal Society always had someone coming in each week they met to show off their invention . Always had someone coming in is colloquial and awkward.

It should say: The Royal Society hosted a guest each week. The second part of this is a separate sentence and should be capitalized and punctuated accordingly, or else brought into the first sentence with appropriate conjunctions. Show off is colloquial. Demonstrate would be better. Since more than one invention was demonstrated, invention should be plural.

A concluding paragraph: Jones was a great man who made an impact in all of our lives . He is recognized as one of the centuries brilliant-minded people who helped to further math along. This intellectual man has created something which has and dissertation will be used for years to come. This is an important part of history which will and should never be forgotten. The essay has shown that Jones was brilliant and invented some useful things. It has not, however, demonstrated that he was a great man. A great man is uw madison thesis requirements, one that embodies greatness in all things, including attitude, relationships with others, and their contributions to their society.

Jones may have been all of this, but the essay did not reflect it, so it is hyperbole to declare it in the conclusion. Management! It is also a highly subjective comment; what makes someone great to one person may not for another. Centuries is the plural of century, not the essays school, possessive. Dissertation On Performance! The student means century's. Story School! But Jones was not of our current century, so the student should define which century they mean.

Impacts are made on, not in. If by proposal on performance management all of us the student means everyone on the planet, this is school, incorrect. Jones' contributions to mathematics hardly impact the life of someone living in a non-literate, non-industrialized society. Dissertation Management! Even if the styles thesis, student merely means her peers, it is still hyperbole to declare that everyone has been impacted. If you're going to proposal on performance management mention that the person did something in your conclusion, mention what that something is. While it is unlikely that Jones' history will be forgotten, the thesis, student cannot effectively predict the future in this way. Some of these comments may seem nitpicky, but the fact of the management, matter is errors such as these reflect poorly on you and your essay. No one is perfect, and an essay with one or two awkward phrases won't be marked down just for those instances. But an uw madison thesis, essay that is full of the errors listed above prevents the reader from understanding the content. If the instructor doesn't know what you mean, they can't possibly give you a good grade.

Last updated in February 2005. Copyright #169 2000-2005 Kimberly Chapman. All rights reserved. This original work is available for distribution, provided the following: it is only distributed in this complete form, it contains my name and copyright, it is not altered during distribution without my consent, and it is not used to dissertation generate income for anyone without my consent. I would strongly appreciate knowing if anyone is distributing this in printed form.

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Research Proposal on Employee Performance Management, a Major

Book Review | 'American Wife,' by Curtis Sittenfeld. Is there a distinctly American experience? “The American,” by dissertation proposal on performance management, Henry James; “An American Tragedy,” by Theodore Dreiser; “The Quiet American,” by Graham Greene; “The Ugly American,” by thesis requirements, William Lederer and Eugene Burdick; Philip Roth’s “American Pastoral” and proposal management, Bret Easton Ellis’s “American Psycho” — each suggests, in of critical, its very title, a mythic dimension in dissertation proposal on performance, which fictitious characters are intended to represent national types or predilections. Our greatest 19th-century prose writers from uw madison Washington Irving, Nathaniel Hawthorne and Herman Melville through Henry James and Mark Twain took it for granted that “American” is an identity fraught with ambiguity, as in those allegorical parables by dissertation proposal on performance, Hawthorne in which “good” and descriptive, “evil” are mysteriously conjoined; to be an “American” is to proposal on performance management, be a kind of pilgrim, an archetypal seeker after truth. Though destined to be thwarted, even defeated, the pilgrim is our deepest and purest American self. The young heroines of Curtis Sittenfeld’s previous novels “Prep” and dream house essays, “The Man of My Dreams,” like the more mature protagonist of Sittenfeld’s third and dissertation on performance, most ambitious novel, “American Wife,” are sister-variants of the American outsider, the requirements excluded, disadvantaged, often envious and dissertation proposal on performance management, obsessive observer of others’ seemingly privileged lives. Much acclaimed at the time of short essays school its publication in 2005, the tersely titled “Prep” is proposal on performance, not a brilliantly corrosive adolescent cri de coeur like J. D. Salinger’s “Catcher in the Rye,” still less a powerful indictment of conformist American racist society like Harper Lee’s “To Kill a Mocking­bird,” but an essay questions unassuming ­coming-of-age memoirist fiction tracing the adventures and misadventures of a Midwestern girl, Lee Fiora, whose good fortune — unless it’s her misfortune — is to be a scholarship student at a prestigious New England prep school called Ault.

By her own definition a girl of no more than average intelligence, looks and personality, Lee is yet a sharp-eyed observer of the dissertation on performance WASP prep-school milieu, and aspects thinking skills, of her own chronically forlorn presence there; unlike her prep-school predecessor Holden Caulfield, Lee is not a rebel, but one who unabashedly envies, admires and wishes to adulate her more glamorous classmates. If Lee Fiora is a 21st-century American-girl pilgrim of sorts, her quest isn’t for a searing and illuminating truth but a girl’s wish to be “popular” with her peers and to be noticed — to be kissed — by the boy of her dreams, Cross Sugar­man: “I was, of course, obsessed with kissing; I thought of dissertation kissing instead of montgomery college classes thinking of Spanish verbs, instead of reading the newspaper or writing letters to dissertation proposal, my parents. . . . But . . . kissing terrified me, as an actual thing you did with another person, and there was no one it would be more humiliating to kiss badly than Cross.” “Prep” is uw madison thesis, perhaps most notable for its refusal to make of its protagonist a figure in any way “heroic” — her angst is petty, small-minded, but utterly convincing. The “American wife” of Sittenfeld’s new novel, conspicuously modeled after the life of Laura Bush as recorded in proposal on performance, Ann Gerhart’s biography “The Perfect Wife: The Life and story, Choices of Laura Bush” (2004), is a fictitious first lady named Alice Blackwell, nee Lindgren, a Wisconsin-born former grade school teacher and librarian who comes belatedly to realize, in middle age, at the height of the Iraq war that her aggressively militant president-husband has initiated and stubbornly continues to defend, that she has compromised her youthful liberal ideals: “I lead a life in opposition to itself.” As a portraitist in prose, Sittenfeld never deviates from sympathetic respect for her high-profile subject: she is dissertation proposal management, not Francis Bacon but rather more Norman Rockwell. Nearness to the White House and the egomaniacal possibilities of presidential power have not inspired this novelist to wild flights of surreal satire as in the brilliantly executed Nixon-inspired fictions of a bygone era, Philip Roth’s “Our Gang (Starring Tricky and His Friends)” (1971) and Robert Coover’s “Public Burning” (1977).

There are no stylistic innovations in “American Wife” and very little that is questions color, political or even historical. Sittenfeld’s prose here is straight­forward and unobtrusive, lacking even the on performance wry asides of the short story essays girl-narrators of “Prep” and proposal on performance, “The Man of My Dreams,” whose powers of observation are sharpened by uw madison requirements, their chronic low-grade depression; Alice is never ­other than “good” — “selfless” — stricken by conscience as she looks back upon the life that has become mysterious and problematic to dissertation proposal on performance management, her, like a life lived by someone not herself: “Was I mutable, without a fixed identity? I could see the arguments for every side, for and against people like the writing classes Blackwells” (her husband Charlie’s wealthy, politically influential family). “Charlie . . . had told me I had a strong sense of myself, but I wondered then if the opposite proposal on performance, was true — if what he took for strength was a bending sort of accommodation to his ways.” For much of montgomery writing classes its considerable length, “American Wife” seems to on performance management, be, on the whole, a faithful dramatization of the life of the “perfect wife” portrayed in Gerhart’s well-written and “balanced” biography: Alice Lindgren is intelligent, thoughtful, inclined to be reserved and slightly prudish, a lover of books and libraries, conventional in her devout ­middle-class Christian upbringing — “Good manners meant accommodating the person you were with” — who, as a girl of 17, accidentally causes the death of a high school classmate, a boy to whom she is romantically attracted, by requirements, running a stop sign at a darkened rural intersection and crashing into his car. Alice, like her real-life model Laura Bush, who had a similar accident as a girl of 17 in 1963 in her hometown, Midland, Tex., is not charged with any infraction of the on performance law; but the death of this classmate reverberates through the novel, like a subterranean stream of repressed passion, an abiding guilt and an inconsolable sorrow: “Andrew died, I caused his death, and uw madison thesis, then, like a lover, I took him inside me.” (Questioned about this incident by dissertation on performance management, journalists, Alice Blackwell repeats verbatim the college creative writing carefully chosen words in which Laura Bush replies when confronted with similar questions.) “American Wife” is a romance in which the proposal on performance management dead, lost lover prevails over for the color the living husband, no matter that the living husband is president of the United States, as, at the novel’s end, the 61-year-old Alice concedes that, for all that she has been the “perfect” wife to Charlie Blackwell, it has always been the dissertation management dead Andrew whom she has loved, in story essays school, secret: “That dewy certainty I felt for Andrew, the lightness of our lives then — it is long gone. I have never experienced it with anyone else.” An idealistic grammar-school librarian of 31 when she is introduced to Charlie Blackwell and dissertation, finds herself vigorously courted by him — as, she will later learn, “marriage material for a rising star of the Republican Party” — Alice is initially overwhelmed by the crude, bullying, overbearing wealthy Blackwell clan into which it seems to essay questions color purple, be her destiny to marry: “It came to me so naturally, such a casual reaction — I hate it here,” Alice thinks miserably as a houseguest at her fiance’s family’s summer home in northern Wisconsin, a kind of nightmare boot camp where outsiders like Alice are initiated into on performance management the Blackwells’ tight-knit, fiercely loyal way of life. Parenting Styles? The mystery of Alice’s life — as it is the proposal management prevailing mystery of Laura Bush’s life, seen from the outside — is the wife’s seemingly unquestioned allegiance to uw madison thesis, a husband with values very different from her own, if not in mockery of dissertation proposal on performance management her own.

From the start, though attracted to Charlie Blackwell as a genial, charming presence, Alice also recognizes him as “churlish,” a “spoiled lightweight,” “undeniably handsome, but . . . cocky in a way I didn’t like,” shallow, egotistical, “some sort of essay purple dimwit,” an proposal on performance management “aspiring politician from a smug and ribald family, . . Uw Madison Thesis Requirements? . a man who basically . . . did not hold a job” and who will demand of her an unswerving devotion to his efforts: “Alice, loyalty is everything to my family. There’s nothing more important. Someone insults a Blackwell, and dissertation proposal on performance, that’s it. . . . Descriptive Dream House? I don’t try to convince people. Dissertation? I cut them off.” Here in embryo is the right-wing Republican’s chilling partisan-political strategy, which is short essays, repellant to dissertation management, Alice even as — seemingly helplessly, with a female sort of questions color acquiescence in her fate — she acknowledges feeling a “sprawling, enormous happiness” with him that sweeps all rational doubts aside: Charlie “was all breeziness and good cheer; when I was talking to him, the world did not seem like such a complicated place.” Yet more pointedly, as the first lady thinks well into the president’s second term: Charlie “always reminds me . On Performance? . . of an actor going onstage, an insurance salesman or perhaps the owner of the hardware store who landed the starring role in the community-theater production of ‘The Music Man.’ Oh, how I want to descriptive dream house essays, protect him! Oh, the outlandishness of our lives, familiar now and routine, but still so deeply strange. ‘I love you, too,’ I say.” Though “American Wife” is respectful of the first lady, its portrait of the president is rather more mixed, cartoonish: chilling, too, in its combination of steely indifference to opposing political viewpoints and crude frat-boy humor: “ ‘See, that’s what makes America great — room for all kinds of on performance management opposing viewpoints,’ ” Charlie says to Alice.

She continues: “I can tell Charlie’s grinning, then I hear an uw madison unmistakable noise, a bubbly blurt of sound, and I know he’s just broken wind. Though I’ve told him it’s inconsiderate, I think he does it as much as possible in front of his agents. He’ll say, ‘They think it’s hilarious when the leader of the dissertation on performance management free world toots his own horn!’ ” Curtis Sittenfeld surely did not intend to of critical thinking, create, in this mostly amiable, entertaining novel, anything so ambitious — or so presumptuous — as a political/cultural allegory in the 19th-century mode, yet “American Wife” might be deconstructed as a parable of America in the years of the second Bush presidency: the “American wife” is in fact the American people, or at least those millions of Americans who voted for a less-than-qualified president in two elections — the on performance management all-forgiving enabler for whom the thinking bromide “love” excuses all. Criticized for abjuring responsibility for her husband’s destructive political policies, Alice reacts defensively: “The single most astonishing fact of dissertation political life to me has been the gullibility of the parenting American people. Even in our cynical age, the percentage of the population who is told something and therefore believes it to be true — it’s staggering.” And, more provocatively: What “caught me by dissertation on performance management, surprise was how the styles thesis American people and the American media egged him on, how complicit they were in Charlie’s cultivation of a war-president persona.” Her challenge to the American public: “All I did is marry him. Dissertation Proposal On Performance Management? You are the ones who gave him power.” “American Wife” is most engaging in its early chapters, when Alice Lindgren isn’t yet Alice Blackwell but an insecure young woman, haunted by the memory of the beautiful boy she’d accidentally killed as a girl yet dedicated to teaching and to a life defined by books. Of Critical Thinking Skills? After she meets Charlie Blackwell and dissertation on performance, becomes his helpmeet, her independence swallowed up in his ambition, Alice seems to parenting styles, lose definition and, especially in the novel’s final, weakest section, titled “1600 Pennsylvania Avenue,” to proposal, become a generic figure of celebrity proffering bromides to an adulatory public — “Gradually your fame settles on you, it’s like a new coat or a new car that you become used to” — and irritably defending herself against the prying media — “I don’t ooze sincerity.

I am sincere.” At the novel’s end, Sittenfeld breaks from the Laura Bush biographies to imagine for her first lady a belated gesture of rebellion regarding the Iraq war that yields but a muted air of conviction. If there is an American gothic tale secreted within “American Wife,” it’s one of unconscionable, even criminal behavior cloaked in the reassuring tones of the domestic; political tragedy reduced to the terms of situation comedy, in this way nullified, erased. How to take Charlie Blackwell seriously as a purveyor of evil? We can’t, not as we see him through his wife’s indulgent eyes smiling “as he does when he’s broken wind particularly loudly, as if he’s half sheepish and half pleased with himself.” The ideal American wife can only retreat into a kind of female solace of opacity: “For now I will say nothing; amid the uw madison thesis glaring exposure, there must remain secrets that are mine alone.” By Curtis Sittenfeld. 558 pp. Random House. Dissertation On Performance Management? $26.

Joyce Carol Oatesis the aspects thinking author, most recently, of the novel “My Sister, My Love: The Intimate Story of Skyler Rampike” and the story collection “Wild Nights!” The British author’s best sellers include “The Remains of the Day” and “Never Let Me Go.” The eight fables in Carmen Maria Machado’s “Her Body and dissertation proposal management, Other Parties,” a finalist for the National Book Award, all depict women on the verge. Brown’s latest novel features a brilliant futurist and descriptive house essays, a plot that revolves around the tensions between creationism and science.

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45,000 caught cheating at Britain#039;s universities. As cases of 'academic misconduct' rocket, computer programs able to dissertation management identify plagiarism are being overtaken fast. The Independent Online. Using a mobile phone is essay questions for the color one way to pass your exams, but notes on the arm will do Jason Alden. Tens of thousands of students in universities across Britain have been caught cheating in exams and coursework – and the trend is on the rise, according to a investigation by The Independent on Sunday . Dissertation Proposal! Over the past three years, more than 45,000 students at college creative writing 80 institutions have been hauled before college authorities and found guilty of academic misconduct ranging from bringing crib-sheets or mobile phones into proposal exams to paying private firms to write essays for them. Some 16,000 cases were recorded in the past year alone, as university chiefs spent millions on software to identify work reproduced from published material, or simply cut and pasted from the internet. Uw Madison! But officials last night warned they were fighting a losing battle against on performance management hi-tech advances – which means it is becoming increasingly difficult to detect the styles cheats.

Tessa Byars, an advice services manager at Anglia Ruskin University Students' Union, warned that advances in technology had made it nearly impossible for dissertation proposal management universities to keep up. Uw Madison! It's only going to dissertation proposal on performance management get worse, she said. Aspects Thinking Skills! From next September we expect to see cheating incidents rise. Dissertation Proposal! The introduction of tuition fees will increase pressure and anxiety to get a good degree. They're all worried about their employment prospects. University bosses blame the financial crisis for raising the stakes in higher education, making many students willing to do anything to secure good grades – or just to stay on their degree courses. A number of experts claim that Tony Blair's flagship policy of increasing access to higher education has left thousands of young people starting university without all the questions for the purple practical and intellectual skills required. Ministers have now been urged to step in to help institutions defend standards against increasingly sophisticated methods, particularly agencies that produce customised essays for students – often for fees of hundreds of pounds.

The Liberal Democrat peer Lord Willis, who led an inquiry into the state of Britain's universities three years ago, said ministers must gain control over the essay-writing companies whose products are almost impossible to detect. The former headteacher said ministers should impose a register of all companies offering professional advice on writing essays. Lord Willis said: We were disappointed that the proposal management last government ignored our recommendations on making these firms liable for criminal prosecution. Something needs to be done to bring them into line. Under the Freedom of Information Act, The IoS obtained answers from more than 80 institutions. The responses revealed a catalogue of offences, including individuals caught taking exams for someone else, using concealed notes or taking mobile phones into examination halls and colluding with fellow students to produce identical coursework. Montgomery College Creative! Hundreds were kicked off their courses, while many more have been fined, had their marks downgraded, or been sent for dissertation on performance counselling. The Oxford University Proctors' Office report listed 26 cases last year, including two students who were expelled for offences including plagiarism and further fines on two students who took mobile phones or BlackBerrys into exams. The IoS has established that at least 45,000 students at more than 80 UK institutions have been hauled before the authorities and found guilty of parenting thesis misconduct in their exams or coursework over dissertation proposal on performance management, the past three years. Short! The toll last year was almost 16,000, an increase on two years before, despite attempts to persuade undergraduates to dissertation proposal management stay on the straight and montgomery college classes, narrow.

Greenwich University, with more than 900 cases, was the worst in proposal the country, but 12 others reported more than one cheat every day. Of Critical Thinking Skills! The high rate of cheating has also been blamed in part on the tens of thousands of international students who, Ms Byars said, come from countries with different practices and cultures. Others said the recent huge increase in management undergraduates meant there were many students at new universities who were not adequately prepared to complete degrees. Geoffrey Alderman, professor of history and politics at the University of Buckingham, said the cheats had moved on color purple, from Type 1 fraud – mainly cutting and pasting material from the internet – as that could now be detected easily. Professor Alderman, who has complained about a decline in university standards, added: If a student who I know to be mediocre in class suddenly produces a brilliant essay, I will have them in for an oral examination to see whether they can reproduce that work.

I'm not sure all universities do that. On Performance Management! I will not allow a student's nationality or ethnic background to excuse cheating. The Government should use the montgomery college creative writing classes criminal law to stop this happening – it's fraud and it devalues the currency of all degrees. Sally Hunt, general secretary of the University and College Union, said politicians had to share the blame for the rising tide of dissertation on performance cheating. She said: Cheating is wrong, and montgomery writing classes, students need to understand that and the consequences that come with it if they are tempted to explore unscrupulous ways of dissertation completing their work. However, successive governments are also partly to blame. Hawking degrees around like any other commodity, using graduate-earning premiums as a selling point, has changed the nature of life on campus. London Metropolitan, which had the highest number of cheating offences in the country in 2009-10, recorded the second-highest last year, behind Greenwich. They were followed by Sheffield Hallam, Leeds Metropolitan and Wolverhampton. A spokeswoman for Greenwich University said the figures demonstrated a particularly robust approach to academic misconduct. She added: Staff are highly vigilant, and we use a number of techniques that are not in use throughout the whole sector.

Increasingly, universities are taking a defensive stance – insisting it is complicated by a growing number of students who enter university unfamiliar with the aspects correct procedures of citation or who do not have a good command of English. Niall Hayes, a lecturer at Lancaster University Management School, said: People come to dissertation proposal us without experience of extended writing or formulating arguments and building on other's ideas. That's something we have to deal with and it's why we can't necessarily identify it as cheating. Jon Elsmore, dean of students at Wolverhampton, said: Sometimes plagiarism can occur unintentionally, and if problems are identified early in a student's career they can be helped to develop their academic skills and avoid more serious consequences if they do not change their approach. There are hundreds of internet sites offering everything from presentations, short-form essays and even a PhD thesis written to order. Some are based in the UK while many exist only online.

Posing as a student with an urgent deadline, we used a company called All Writing Source purporting to be based in Surrey. Essays can be ordered using a drop-down menu, with prices determined by dream house length, time of delivery and desired mark. We stipulated a Guaranteed First Class Degree (sic) at 1,500 words and dissertation proposal management, delivered by uw madison requirements e-mail within 24 hours. The title we set was: Did Tony Blair lie in making the case for military action in Iraq? The total cost came in at ?143.70. The sales assistant, Kevin, refused any textbooks, insisting the firm would get in dissertation management touch if they needed more information. The reason is uw madison thesis that we have our own in-house writers who do the job for us. free from all plagiarisms, he wrote. He promised to deliver the essay in under 24 hours. Dissertation Proposal! The next day, 10 minutes before the deadline, we were told the parenting styles thesis essay was ready.

The paper passed flawlessly through Turnitin, one of the leading plagiarism checkers, and had even cited seven sources in the bibliography. But was it really the Guaranteed First Class that we were promised? We gave it to John Rentoul, a visiting fellow at Queen Mary, University of London, for marking. Professor Rentoul's verdict: Some evidence of knowledge of the dissertation on performance management subject, but: 1. Very poor grammar and uw madison, style, unintelligible in places (reads as if it has been translated by Google from another language); 2. Very poor sources and sourcing. On Performance Management! All four books cited are polemical anti-war works. No primary material cited at all; 3. Argument, analysis and short story, narrative weak and dissertation proposal, unsupported by evidence. Much too polemical rather than historical in style. The question needs to college creative classes be defined and then the proposal on performance management evidence for and against needs to be cited and weighed.

Please see me for further advice. Styles Thesis! Mark: 42 (Third Class marks: 40-49) We returned to the company the next day, explaining that we were from dissertation proposal on performance, The Independent on Sunday . College Classes! The firm denied it was encouraging cheating and offered to improve the essay based on the examiner's comments. The company's website disclaimer reads: is a custom research/writing/rewriting service that provides proper references too for dissertation proposal on performance assistance purposes only. Short Story School! It is necessary to use every paper with appropriate reference. The papers provided serve as model papers for students and dissertation proposal on performance management, are not to be submitted as it is. These papers are intended to be used for research and reference purposes only.

Ollie (surname withheld by The IoS), 22, studied at Glasgow Caledonian University. Questions! The computer science student was accused of dissertation proposal on performance cheating after a professor spotted similarities between his and a friend's work. It was the night before a programming assignment was due and I convinced someone on my course to aspects skills let me see their coursework. I tried to dissertation on performance management change some details and I thought it would be enough. But when the uw madison thesis marker looked over the code it was clear that the proposal origins of both our work was similar. We were called in on separate occasions to college creative explain the code outline, how it worked, in dissertation management order to try to work out which of us was cheating.

I thought I could get away with it, but it was clear that the work was alien to descriptive dream house essays me. But it was also obvious that I had grasped the theory, even though I hadn't done the work myself, so I think they were more lenient. Proposal Management! The assessment was counted as a fail and descriptive dream house, I was made to resit the assignment. In the dissertation on performance management end, I took the blame. If anything, the experience has taught me not to attempt things I can't explain and never to use other people's coursework. Clare Trayner, 23, was a geography student at Royal Holloway who was accused of cheating after anti-plagiarism software flagged up her essay.

Everyone was emailed to collect their essay, but mine was held back. I was then told to attend a formal meeting as I had been caught committing plagiarism. I knew I hadn't cheated but I wasn't clear on what the problem was. I was told one paragraph had been flagged up as resembling the content on an internet site. Eventually I was found guilty of plagiarism but as it was my first time I would be only marked down by short essays 10 per cent on that module.

My mark for dissertation the module went from a high 2:1 to a 2:2. Interviews by Tabby Kinder. We use cookies to enhance your visit to our site and to bring you advertisements that might interest you. Read our Privacy and Cookie Policies to find out more. We've noticed that you are using an ad blocker. Advertising helps fund our journalism and keep it truly independent.

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Free Essays on dissertation on performance Effects Of Bad Parenting. it?”(de Montaigne). Parenting class can be found all over the world but in countries like Australia, United State and parenting styles, United Kingdom, the government encourages parents to involve themselves in the government parenting classes. According to Kerby (n. d), large number of parenting programs which help to. The parenting style a parent decides to use to discipline the children can have either a positive or negative effect on the children. In the story The Ditchdigger’s Daughter by Yvonne S. Thornton, Thornton tells the story of how her parents parented her throughout her childhood. Thornton’s parents use. A Problem in on performance management Parenting Some of the aspects, most difficult challenges for parents today are their children’s behavior problems and proposal on performance, how parenting styles affect child development. It’s important for parents to understand the changes that a child goes through during each phase of descriptive house essays, development. One thing that parents. Stress Parenting Practices Among Low-Income African-American Women.

Running Head: Stress amp; Parenting Practices Among Low-Income African-American Women Stress amp; Parenting Practices Among Low-Income African-American Women History has shown us the devastating effects of stress on the African-American family; especially the African-American woman who is. STYLES OF PARENTING 1 Four different styles of parenting and their effects on children Samantha Johnson Hillsborough Community College FOUR DIFFERENT STYLES OF PARENTING 2 Four different styles of parenting and their effects on children . their parents the truth about the situation”(Para 3). Many parents think that strict parenting is good; however, it has its negatives. On Performance Management! Negatives from’s article “Over-protective parents Pose a Negative Effect for Children” and parenting,’s article “Strict Parents tend to have overweight kids”. The Effects of Single Parent Homes. homes have many effects on proposal a child. According to the United States Census Bureau, in November 2009, there were 13.7 million parents raising a child by themselves, and college creative writing, 21.8 million children being raised in a single parent home. Proposal! I believe that there are positive effects , and negative effects that may be.

raise children as well as two parents and men cannot be trusted to be a faithful father ( Bzestek, Sharon, just have that caring and of critical skills, parenting instinct. Mothers can know what their children need unlike fathers who are more likely to procrastinate and don’t take care of their children’s well. TMA01 Y176 Describe the three different parenting styles and discuss how they might impact on children's behavior. 1 Describe the on performance, three different parenting styles and discuss how they might impact on children's behavior This essay will examine the three different parenting styles and how they may influence and impact on children's behavior. It will aim to show. Parenting Styles Abstract This paper analyzes various parenting styles based on research by parenting thesis developmental professionals. Management! The four basic patterns of behavior discussed here are authoritarian, authoritative, neglectful and indulgent parenting with the latter two being classified as permissive.

Characteristics. and shooting someone with it because it was never the intention of the infant to do so, and essay questions for the purple, there is proposal, no way an infant could be expected to know the effects of shooting someone with a gun. So from this example we can conclude that one reason minors are not tried in the same way as adults is because we. Bad Parenting and Hate Crimes Abstract The effects of story essays school, bad parenting cannot be patrolled by the federal government because of the freedoms afforded to American citizens in the constitution. Bad parents instill in dissertation management their children a number of negative values and morals that influence how they treat.

Living with a Guardian or Foster Parent. months. 5. 9% of children were in foster care 36-59 months. 6. 8% of children were in foster car 5 or more years. B. There are several factors that effect the stay. 1. Parental rights being revoked. 2. Adoptions 3. Living with relative or guardian III. Solutions to decrease amount of children in foster. ABS 497 WEEK 2 DQ 1 PARENTING STYLES ASH COURSE.

DQ 1 PARENTING STYLES ASH COURSE To purchase this visit here: parenting -styles-ash-course/ Contact us at: ABS 497 WEEK 2 DQ 1 PARENTING STYLES ASH COURSE Parenting Styles. Briefly describe the of critical thinking skills, different parenting styles. change, and do not allow same sex parenting of children. Why is this? Can it be that many of them believe that it is not traditional?

Is it that same-sex marriage and proposal on performance management, parenting is against their religion? Or is it that it will simply have a slippery slope effect ? Some may find it that the child will. Hardships of a Single Mother in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein that there are several noteworthy issues in Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein. These issues include parenting , metaphors of the relationship between Victor and parenting styles thesis, the creature, and Shelley’s own anxiety about dissertation proposal, parenting . Out of the three movies that we have seen, it is uw madison, clear that the 1994 film Frankenstein directed. in the university is not too tight. Dissertation Proposal Management! Students can bring weapons such as guns inside the university without being noticed. Why is this connecting to house, parenting and family management? First I want to discuss about the conditions of the attacker.

The student is the university student, who learns in the high. Summary and Analysis: the Relationship Between Divorced Mothers’ Perceived Control over Child Rearing and Children’s Post-Divorce Development. Dr. Sherlyne Almonte- Acosta Introduction to Childhood Development Summary Divorced parents usually end up having bad relationships with their children and their parenting styles are not consistent. Proposal On Performance! In this study the hypothesis is that mothers' beliefs about their role in guiding children's development. Should homosexual partners be allowed to adopt? Evidence on the effects of college creative, gay and straight parenting is very incomplete. With this lack of evidence proving that homosexual couples would be unfit parents for a child and that heterosexual couples could provide a superior home, there is proposal, no reason that.

Parents love to blame musicians like Snoop Dogg and Dr. Dre to bands like KoRn and Limp Bizkit for their child's problems. Parenting Styles! Music is an excuse for bad parenting . Dissertation Proposal! One should look at the family background of the person committing the crimes (Foster 3). Most criminals come from dysfunctional families. Understanding Authoritarian Parenting. Authoritarian Parenting ? Authors: Kendra Cherry Date: April 22, 2010 Date Website Last Updated: Missing This is a website that seems to really narrow down the characteristics of the authoritarian parenting style. It describes the different types of examples of what that type of parenting style is. Narrative Criticism on descriptive dream house essays One Tree Hill. present or too unstable to take care of dissertation proposal management, their kids except for the main characters mother and uncle who look out for everyone’s children.

They show good parenting to all the teens in the series but mostly the mother Karen. 7th Heaven is a great family oriented series as well but focuses on styles the religion side. SOC 203 (ASH) COURSE Tutorial/UOPHELP. DQ 1 Hate Crimes SOC 203 Week 3 DQ 2 Prisons and on performance management, the War on Drugs SOC 203 Week 3 The Interconnection of Social Problems SOC 203 Week 4 DQ 1 Gay Parenting SOC 203 Week 4 DQ 2 Reinventing Healthcare *************************************************************************************************************** . Decreasing Parenting Difficulties of parenting thesis, First Nations Who Attended Residential Schools Through Parent Training Program. parents and their way of life had a drastic impact on almost all Indian families. The structure, cohesion and quality of proposal, family life suffered.

Parenting skills diminished as succeeding generations became more and more institutionalize and experienced little nurturing. Low self-esteem and self-concept. Effective Parenting Most of us share the belief that education must include parents. We know that parents are children's first and most important teachers, and yet they seldom receive the school, training and management, support that allow them to be aware of the importance of their parenting actions, stay aware. depressed or worse. In most severe cases the aspects of critical skills, couple may argue during the session.”. your parenting weaknesses did not cause your child to be AD.

On the other hand, if you have an ADD child, you better work on your parenting defects, because life is demanding a lot more of dissertation management, you than it does in the average parent”(Phelan. responsibility to styles thesis, ensure that their children are well educated”. Ernest Istook Parenting , home life and socioeconomics are three main factors which enhance and on performance management, impact student learning. Good parenting and home life have an enormous effect on children’s education. Children at an early ages and also when they. Amy Chua, a ‘tiger mom’, shared her Chinese parenting style with the public through publishing book and writing article. Her harsh and rigid parenting style raised lots of discussion and concern around the public. They all raise a question- this parenting style can help children to succeed in the future. Parenting style is defined as a compound activity that includes much specific behavior that work individually and together to influence child outcomes.

There is more then one style of parenting control, but some have major effects on children and some do not, depends on which system a parent uses. Parenting. ? SINGLE PARENTING HOW DOES THE EVOLUTION AND FACTORS AFFECTING THE FUNCTIONS OF THE SINGLE PARENT HOME IMPACT UPON CHILD DEVELOPMENT? SOCI2007: Survey Design and Analysis ABSTRACT The family life has transformed over the years reflecting the essay questions for the purple, changes in. can result to an unbelievable effect on dissertation management the child. It reflects on the child's development into thesis adulthood,this discipline in turn determines the type of relationship between the child and the parent. Researchers have discovered four types of dissertation proposal, parenting styles. Each parenting style is aspects of critical skills, dependent on on performance what a. Working Womans Effect on descriptive dream house Children and Family Life. a negative manner. It is the dissertation proposal on performance, type of interaction the mother has with the child while she is with them, regardless the amount of time that is.

The effects of the mother working and the impact that has on the whole family situation, it has been proven that it depends on uw madison thesis requirements the effort of the other family members. 103 July 17, 2014 Parenting Styles(Rough Draft) For generations, parenting has proven to be one of the most difficult jobs a person can have.There are many different ways to raise a child, and every parent would probably agree that their way of parenting is superior. Dissertation Management! Parenting can be a really complex. circumstances tend to determine how well the writing, parent will balance the two responsibilities. An imbalance of these responsibilities could result in proposal management inadequate parenting , which in turn causes social problems for both the parent and the children (Harper, 2004). Single parents with divorce experiences need to adapt.

Different Approaches to Parenting. This essay will attempt to give an short, overview of the different approaches to parenting , focusing predominantly on parenting styles, exploring how the development of the child is effected, using reference and argument to help identify which factors if any, influence how a child will respond to formal education. To Kill a Mockingbird: Atticus' Parenting Skills In today's society, the existence of dissertation proposal on performance, a family that can call itself perfect to dream, say the least, is, extremely uncommon. Parents have problems and arguments - some handle the pressure and proposal on performance management, can strengthen their bonds, learning from such situations; others. Not only in traditional education but we are letting them take over in the parenting of values. Schools teach our children about descriptive essays, sex and bullying and dissertation proposal on performance management, so many other things and as a society we have accepted this. It’s not a bad thing that the education system has taken such a role only that it shouldn’t. Volumnia's influence on Coriolanus. flaw is aspects, his complete and utter subservience to his mother.

Coriolanus has on many an occasion fallen prey to his mother’s manipulative ways, and the effect she has had on on performance his life is paramount to his personality, actions, and subsequent consequences. More than anything, Volumnia requires a son who is constantly. Sessoms-1 Jocelyn R. Sessoms Instructor Mike Brush ENGL 101 December 10, 2012 Parenting Parenting is the hardest job in the world. It requires a lot of patience, unconditional love, sacrifice, understanding, responsibility, accountability, and maturity. Essays School! In some countries parents train their.

Effects of dissertation proposal, Home-Life There are many circumstances that affect a child's mental and emotional growth. Whether they are in a nuclear family, cohabitation, a single-parent home, or from a family of skills, divorce, different situations can cause different life chances for children growing up. I reviewed an. internal effects of children after war. personal excerpts of on performance management, children during this time. In a diary written by uw madison thesis requirements a young boy, Benson, witnessing war in Sudan at dissertation on performance the age of eleven “I have many bad memories that I will never erase from my brain, but witnessing how the River Gilo gulped Sudanese underneath to their deathbed will always prevail”. good or bad for them. Uw Madison! There are two different parenting styles such as authoritative and permissive.

Those are have different methods to educate their children in education, in society and in dissertation lifestyle. As a result, it has different advantages and disadvantages between both of two parenting styles. The Media's Portrayal of Same-Sex Parenting. Jalen Prayer 10 December 2013 Media Analysis: Same Sex Marriages and Parenting I constructed my analysis of the media's presentation of same sex marriage, as well as parenting , from montgomery classes, 10 articles which have been taken from two sources: The New York Times, and The Advocate. Sorting through articles. Parenting Styles and Discipline There are three parenting styles and dissertation proposal, who you are as a parent has a lot to do with the way your child responds to questions for the, you. On Performance Management! The authoritarian parent values obedience. The rules are clear but inflexible.

Misbehavior is parenting styles thesis, strictly punished. In this type of environment, it is. Prosocial Behaviour and Parenting. Prosocial behaviour in adolescence relates to parenting styles in dissertation management childhood and adolescence. Prosocial behaviour is defined by Berk (2008) as “actions that benefit another person without any expected reward for the self” (p 201).

It is essays school, believed that positive parenting in childhood and adolescence creates more. Is media violence effecting Children? on screens? What -- and how much -- should parents do to proposal, mitigate aggressive copycat behavior? The Star Wars problem It was not my proudest parenting moment. It was movie night and of critical, my 7-year-old daughter, Chloe, was begging for Star Wars. She'd seen it before and seemed to take its gore-free violence.

?Single. Vs. dual parenting . There are a lot of proposal on performance management, single parents out there; a whole twenty-seven percent of parenting styles thesis, children across America are raised in single parent homes. That percentage may startle you but it is true. Recently there is a new movement in progress whose ideals are that single parents. ?The effects of on performance management, bad parenting on a child No parent is perfect and is likely make some mistakes, both big and small, as they raise their child. This is requirements, a normal part of parenting and isn't likely to dissertation, have lasting effects on your child, as long as they work hard not to descriptive dream house essays, repeat their mistakes. However, consistently.

There are many types of parents in the world, some good, some bad and everything in between. Dissertation Proposal! In to montgomery college creative writing classes, kill a mockingbird many types of parenting are present, the three examples I will use in management this essay are Atticus, Bob Ewell, and thesis, mr Radley. Atticus is proposal on performance, a good parent. Montgomery Writing Classes! He plays and spends time with his. Parenting Techniques and Their Influences on dissertation proposal Their Child’s Behavior and Habits. Parenting Techniques and Their Influences on Their Child’s Behavior and Habits.

McNeese State University Abstract Parenting techniques and beliefs are essential to the growth of writing, any child. Parents instill habits, behaviors, and management, moral sense in to their children at an early. Parenting Styles and Child Development. | Parenting Styles and dream, Child Development | Awais Qureshi | | Hannah Steinweld | 5/11/2011 | | In recent years, much data has shown that parenting styles exercise a strong influence on proposal management child development and behaviour. The initial choice of parenting style creates the requirements, foundation for. Parenting Styles and proposal management, Child Behavior: Authoritative , Authoritarian and Laissez Fair.

There are different types of parenting styles and essays, these parenting styles will affect a child’s behavior and upbringing. As we know, there are three types of parenting styles they are authoritative, authoritarian and laissez fair. Each of proposal on performance management, these parenting styles has a different outcome towards a child’s. Current Adoption Policies Pave the Future for Parental Licensing Criteria. activities.

But for one of the most important tasks a person can take on, parenting a child, a person must only meet one requirement— be fertile, which has nothing to do with that person's ability to raise a child. Essay Purple! Parenting a child is arguably the most important task a person can take on. And for the. Overprotective Parenting Ruining Society Parenting techniques or methods of raising children have evolved over history. In the last 30 years the scientific and medical communities have put parenting and its effects under a microscope. Proposal On Performance Management! Parenting extremes from overprotective to “maladaptive” or neglectful. ? Effects of Stress Name Professor Course Date Introduction Stress is descriptive, a highly subjective phenomenon, but it’s often described as a non-specific response of a person’s body to any demand for change. However, some people link it to pathological changes that occur when the body is. Negative Effects on management Maternal Narcotic Use on Childhood Development. Negative Effects of Maternal Narcotic Use on short story school Childhood Development Counseling 502 Carl W. Cooper Liberty University December 5, 2009 Abstract Maternal narcotic use during pregnancy can be directly related to the abnormal learning and health issues during child development. Just as society.

Gay Marriage: Good or Bad Karen Christy SOC120: Introduction to management, Ethics and Social Responsibility Kristen Hester May 27, 2013 According to the world we live in college creative classes the utilitarian theory applies to individual actions. On Performance! For each action in life we have to consider the impact on utility and judge. clean and crisply ironed so that he or she could look good and be prepared for thesis requirements, school. Dissertation On Performance Management! The families of the 1950's were very concerned at how their parenting skills were seen by others. Parents instilled manners and respect in their children from birth, the use of yes ma'am and No ma'am was the norm. Describe the Three Different Parenting Styles and Discuss How They Might Impact on Children's Behaviour. Describe the three different parenting styles and discuss how they might impact on children’s behaviour According to Diana Baumrind, a clinical and developmental psychologist, parents will use one of three parenting styles.

Baumrind based these three parenting styles on four factors; Disciplinary. The Differences Type of Parenting Styles Parenting is defined as a complex activity that includes much specific behaviour that work individually and parenting styles thesis, together to dissertation on performance management, influence child outcomes. How parents impact child development? Specific parenting behaviours, such as spanking or reading aloud, may.

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Ellen Foster Object Relations Essay. Ellen Foster is a ten-year-old, Caucasian, female who experiences a series of proposal on performance management traumatic events during her childhood. These traumatic events include her witnessing domestic violence in the home, her mother’s suicide and subsequent physical, sexual and psychological abuse by her alcoholic father, her maternal grandmother and other relatives (aunts and cousins on the mother’s side). Ellen shuttled from home to home, staying for a short time at essay questions purple the home of on performance management her teacher, then to different relatives’ homes, to finally a foster home where she eventually resides. Ellen’s “new mama”, as she refers to styles thesis her, is a much better role model then she has ever experienced before. New Mama is supportive and nurturing towards Ellen.

Ellen reports that government and church funding support the foster family. She has no siblings. Ellen is intelligent and enjoys doing art. Proposal On Performance! She often rides a pony at her new foster home. Ellen misses her mother, and longed for questions color purple a caregiver before she had new mama. This is evident when she reports eaves dropping on a “colored” family and “started making a list of all that a family should have.

Of course, there is the mama and the daddy but if one has to be missing then it is OK if the one left can count for two. Dissertation Proposal! But not just anybody can count or more than his or herself (p. 67)”. She often sought help from her Aunt Betsey and neighbors. Her mother, father and grandmother, or “mama’s mama” as Ellen calls her, are all deceased.

The grandmother was old and abusive towards Ellen forcing her to thesis work the fields with the dissertation “colored” field hands on her farms in the middle of a sweltering hot summer until school started. Ellen eventually becomes the caregiver and housemaid to mama’s mama after the montgomery college creative writing classes grandmother fires all of her household servants. Despite Ellen’s care and good works for her, the grandmother despises her because she is convinced that Ellen was in dissertation on performance management “cahoots” with her father in abusing her daughter, taking her revenge out on descriptive house Ellen since the father is dead. Ellen has a best friend, an African American girl named Starletta, Since Ellen likes Starletta, and she struggles with her own burgeoning racism. She has beliefs about African Americans that are mainly negative. Ellen eventually realizes that race makes no difference in the quality of the dissertation person. Ellen enjoys art and playing with her microscope often fantasying about being a scientist on uw madison thesis the brink of a new discovery that will change mankind. She sees a counselor at on performance management school on Wednesdays. Ellen does not enjoy doing therapy and has negative transference towards her counselor. Presently she is seeing me for therapy.

She can be aggressive, defensive and competitive at parenting styles times at school. Dissertation Management! During one session Ellen reported that her counselor asked her about college writing her last name because “Foster” isn’t her real last name. She did not want to discuss it any further. Perhaps she chose the last name “Foster” from her label as a foster child. Object Relations As stated by Lesser and Pope (2011) according to dissertation proposal management object relations theory, “human development takes place within the context of relationships (p.

69)”. British object relation theorists, Melanie Klein, Ronald Fairbairn, and aspects Harry Guntrip introduce definite and functional ideas about what internal object world, or the inner world, consists of. The inner world includes representations of self and other, representations structured by thoughts, recollections, and occurrences within the external world. A representation has a lasting continuance in the inner world and although it begins as a cognitive structure, it eventually takes on a profound emotional meaning for the person (Berzoff, Melano-Flanagan, Hertz 1996). On Performance Management! The word object is set apart from the subject. The subject is the self and the object is the part outside the self, the object is what the self identifies with, encounters, wants, has uncertainties about, feels denial about, or absorbs. In Freudian drive theory and in ego psychology, the term object is sometimes used in reference to people. The word, object, in drive theory can be to some extent depersonalized, because the story word essentially does exemplify a thing not a person as in: “the object of oral impulse can literally be the dissertation proposal on performance management breast”(citation). In psychodynamic theory the word object, usually refers to people, but other objects such as cooking, art, pets, or can become objects when they are profoundly and representatively connected to powerful object experiences in the inner world.

Some of Ellen’s physical objects are her microscope, her encyclopedias, her money, and her art supply. A conjecture about Ellen’s inner world and what these object represent is that her money could represent an uw madison requirements insurance plan, in case things go wrong. And her microscope, her art, and her encyclopedias represent an escape for her and they also represent hopes for the future. Klein (1948) was the first theorist to dissertation on performance management revise Freud’s notion of the object by giving more consideration to the interpersonal environment in deciding its influence in developing personality. She amongst other object relations’ theorists now defined the target of relational needs as a concept known as relationship seeking. Klee 2005 stated that relationship seeking is the belief that through relationships with significant people in our lives, we take in parts of others (objects) and gradually develop a self-structure that we ultimately call a personality . This mental process by which a person changes the regulatory features of her environment into internal regulations and features is called internalizing (Lesser Pope 2011). Dream Essays! D. W. Winnicot (1958), a pediatrician and psychoanalyst, is influential in the field of object relations theory, gave great consideration to the notion of proposal being alone. He believes that the ability to abide, take pleasure in, and utilize healthy solitude could be refined, ironically, only in the proximity of another.

If aloneness is experienced as desolate, isolated, or miserable, it becomes agonizing. This can happen is a child has been neglected. Aspects Thinking! In this situation, the dissertation proposal on performance inner world is not filled with enough soothing figures. On the contrary, aloneness becomes too excruciating or insufferable for the child, if the inner world is too crowed with threatening and abusive figures who offer neither protection, reassurance, nor tranquility. The ideal environment for the growing child to share experiences with the soothing figure for a period of time and to experience time alone to reflect and to adventure on the child’s own (Berzoff et al. 1996). Klein (1948) described six early processes and primitive defenses developed from early infant years. Projection is aspects of critical thinking, when the infant believes an object has characteristics that are in fact the dissertation proposal infant’s own feelings.

Introjection is the mental desire in questions which the infant consumes the dissertation management perceived in the world. Projective identification is creatively splitting off a part of oneself and ascribing it to another in montgomery college writing classes order to control the other (Berzoff et al. 1996). Proposal On Performance! Splitting occurs when a child cannot separate conflicting thoughts or feelings in the mind at the same time, and therefore instead of writing integrating the dissertation proposal on performance two thoughts or feelings the child focuses on just one of them. A split can take any form, from visual appearance to concepts and ideas. For example, a frequent split is into good and bad. The good part is preserved and thinking skills cherished at the same time the bad part is dissertation proposal, wrestled with or repressed. Thinking! In extreme case of schizophrenia, when a part of the self linked with one of the separate thoughts, and another part of the self is linked with another, the person is then split (Berzoff et al. 1996).

Idealization is a defense used to keep painful and unacceptable feelings out of consciousness. The feelings that are troublesome are usually the same feelings that people often want to reject: “anger, disappointment, envy, sadness, desire, and greed (p. 145)”. Devaluation is the opposite of idealization and is a defense mechanism used to reject troublesome feelings such as “neediness, weakness, insecurity, envy, or desire (p. 146)”. A person who denies desire through devaluation ends up feeling smug and superior but quite alone (Berzoff et al. 1996). An important developmental point in object relations is the depressive position according to Klein (1948). The depressive position is constantly maturing throughout a person’s lifetime. Feelings of remorse, grief, and dissertation on performance management the yearning for atonement take hold in the developing mind in the depressive position.

The person now recognizes the ability to cause harm or push away a person who one undecidedly loves. The defenses attributed to the depressive position include the manic defenses, such as preoccupation for reparation. As the essay questions for the color purple depressive position causes growing integration in the ego, prior defenses shift in the character, becoming less powerful, allowing the character to dissertation proposal management move into psychic reality (Berzoff et al. Thesis! 1996). Throughout this turbulent time in Ellen’s life she is on performance, experiencing many new relationships and is relationship seeking with many adults. These adults are supposed to be caregivers for her.

These people are her mother, father, her grandmother, Julia, Aunt Betsy, Aunt Nadine, and new mama. There is a time after Ellen’s mother dies that I feel she is too alone, in story school agreement with Winnicot (1958). Ellen often reports that when she would come home from school “it was already dark and he had the on performance management lights on. I went in and did not speak to short story him. I did not speak to him or else I stayed outside most of the dissertation time (p. Thesis Requirements! 24)”. Proposal On Performance Management! She said that her father was drunk all the uw madison thesis requirements time, often passed out, she was alone and eventually she had to take care of the proposal on performance bills.

There are other times when Ellen’s life is overflowing with abusive adult figures in her life. Uw Madison Requirements! On New Years Eve, Ellen claimed that a bunch of black drunk men came into her house with father. “My daddy showed up at dissertation on performance my house less and descriptive dream house essays less…he did show up on New Years Eve. Of course I went and hid when I heard him and a whole pack of colored men come in the door (p. 36)”. Ellen is frightened when this happens often trying to dissertation escape through a window in her room. In accordance with Winnicot (1958), aloneness becomes too much too bare for Ellen and she feels the need to hide.

Her inner world is too crowed with threatening and abusive figures who are threatening her safety. Aspects Of Critical Thinking Skills! The whole mother’s side of the family overcrowds Ellen’s inner world too. This is a risk for on performance Ellen, because disruptions in object relations may result in an inability to montgomery fall in love, emotional coldness, apathy or withdrawal from interaction with others, co-dependency, and/or extreme need to control relationships (Berzoff et al. 1996:70). Ellen attempts to control Starletta as much as she can through projective identification; she splits off a part of herself and attempts to control Starletta. Ellen often tells Starletta what to dissertation proposal management do, for example one day when Ellen was over Starletta’s house and she wanted to play, however Ellen thought to herself and told Starletta the following: “Starletta still had on her nightgown and parenting she needed to be washed. ‘You got to management wash before I will play with you’ is what I told her (p. Montgomery College Creative Classes! 31). Dissertation Proposal! She taped Starletta’s crayons back together after she broke them. Short Story Essays! She would often talk down to Starletta: “’Tell your Mama I thank her’ I said to her.

Say it over in proposal on performance management your head and out loud so it will not leave your head (p. 52)”. This relationship may unconsciously aim to color get rid of unmanageable feelings for Ellen and help her deal with these feelings. Ellen’s relationship with grandmother is toxic at dissertation proposal on performance management best. In the beginning, Ellen thought that her grandmother might like having a girl around the questions house, even though she is not a “vision”(pg), but Ellen said she had good intentions.

In my opinion, “good intentions” meant she wanted to have a relationship with her grandmother. The grandmother wanted to punish Ellen for Ellen and her father causing her daughter’s suicide. Ellen confronts her grandmother, asking her why she hates her so much. Ellen asked her grandmother: “Well I know you hated my daddy but what about me? Why can’t you see that I am not like him? (p. 78)”. The grandma lashes out at Ellen with an onslaught of proposal on performance abusive hurtful words directed towards Ellen to break her down.

Ultimately, that is what Ellen does she shuts down. “So I decided to spend the dream essays rest of my life making up for it. Whatever it was. Whatever I decided I one day I actually did (p. 78-79)”. Ellen is in the depressive position, she feels guilty about everything for dissertation on performance her mothers death, for essays her fathers death, and on performance management then for the grandmother’s death when she passes. Ellen utilizes her manic defenses, in short essays my opinion, when she finds the grandmother dead and decides to dress her in her “Sunday’s best” clothes and surround her with flowers in order to make amends with her guilty feelings. “I made her like a present to Jesus so maybe he would take her.

Take this one I got prettied up and proposal on performance mark it down by name to balance against the one I held from you before…. be sure I get the credit for it and if you can please show me some way that you and me are even now (p. 92). Ellen becomes slightly preoccupied with reparation. Ellen begins to move past this phase when she moves in the home of her Aunt Nadine. Object relations can be applied to Ellen’s traumatic past and helps to identify some significant points in her life that she would like to work in future treatment.

A pleasant thing about object relations is that as the therapist and patient collectively examine the patient’s internal world and its effect on the patient’s relationships, the patient and therapist are in a relationship as well. In this way, patient and uw madison therapist have an existing shared connection that both can study and learn from proposal management (Berzoff et al. 996). Uw Madison Thesis! Sociocultural Theory Sociocultural theory stemmed from the work of psychologist Lev Vygotsky. Vygotsky (1934/1986) felt that human cognition was innately social and language based. Dissertation Management! Vygotsky believed inner speech is qualitatively distinct from normal external speech. It is language, advanced during the of critical skills earlier years, and progressively improved during the middle years (where Ellen’s age lies) that actually aids in giving the older child the capability to organize things mentally rather than by using concrete items (Lesser Pope 2011). As Berk 2003 stated: Vytgotsky felt that children speak to themselves for dissertation on performance self-guidance; he felt language was the foundation for all high cognitive processes, including control attention, deliberate memorization and recall, categorization, planning, problem solving, abstract reasoning, and self-reflection (p.

257). One of Vygotsky’s concepts is the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). The ZPD is the difference between what a child can achieve when working by story essays, themselves and what the same child can achieve when given assistance from someone with the necessary knowledge (Wertsch 1985). Vygotsky viewed the dissertation proposal on performance management ZPD as a way to styles thesis better explain the relation between children’s learning and on performance management cognitive development. The lower limit of parenting thesis ZPD is the dissertation proposal on performance management level of skill attained by short story essays school, the child working alone; this lower limit can also be accredited to as the child’s actual developmental level. The upper limit is the level of dissertation proposal on performance management latent skill that the child is able to short story essays reach with the assistance of a more capable instructor (Wertsch 1985)..

A concept associated with ZPD is the proposal management concept scaffolding. It is essential to make a note that Vygotksy never used this concept in his writing; introduced by David Wood, Jerome S. Bruner, and Gail Ross (1976). Scaffolding is a process through which a mentor or more competent peer helps a person in his or her ZPD learn for as long as necessary and montgomery creative tapers off until the student no longer needs the mentor, much like a scaffold is detached from a building when construction is on performance, finished or deemed stable (Wood et al. 1976). Vygotsky viewed make-believe play as the essay questions for the vital context for development of dissertation proposal on performance self-regulation. Despite the fact that Ellen is short essays school, ten years old going on eleven years old, this still pertains to her. Make-believe is full of shared dialogue and on performance development-enhancing skills. Vygotsky takes make-believe to the next level making it a important part of development a distinguishing, experiential ZPD in which children try out a wide range of difficult skills and learn culturally valued skills developing a significantly stronger capacity for self-regulation. University/College: University of California.

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