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Basic Full Body Workout You Can Do at Home. Doctoral! This total body home workout is perfect for working the entire body with no muss, no fuss. All you need are a few sets of dumbbells and these basic exercises. All of these moves will hit the major muscles of your body, including the chest, back, shoulders, arms, legs, and abs in a short period of time. It includes all the works cited essay page, classic exercises and can be done in a short period of time. I really love this workout for when I#39;m crunched for time, but just want to get the job done. See your doctor before trying this workout if you have any injuries, illnesses or other conditions. Various weighted dumbbells, a bench or step (you can use the doctoral thesis accounting, floor if you don#39;t have one) Beginners : Start with no weight or light weights and do 1 set of 14-16 reps of dream each exercise Intermediate/Advanced : Do 2-3 sets of 8-12 reps with enough weight that you can ONLY complete the desired number of reps Warm up with 5 minutes of light cardio or warm up versions of each exercise. Substitute or skip any exercises that cause pain or discomfort.
Your total body workout begins with the chest press, one of the best ways to work your chest. The chest includes some of the largest muscles in the body, but you also work the shoulders and triceps with this exercise, making it a great compound move. How to: Lie on doctoral thesis a bench or step and hold dumbbells up over your chest. Bend the elbows and lower the weights until your elbows are at is his to the essay, about 90-degree angles - they should look like goal posts at the bottom of the movement. Press the weights back up and repeat. Lower and repeat for 1-3 sets of 8-16. Helpful Tip: The chest is doctoral thesis accounting, a larger muscle group, so you can usually go a little heavier with this exercise, depending on how much experience you#39;ve had doing it. Dream! You#39;ve worked your chest, now it#39;s onto the next big upper body muscle group, the back. The one arm row works the lats, the thesis, big muscles on either side of your back. As a bonus, you#39;ll also get plenty of biceps work in there as well. How to: Place the left foot on works a step or platform and rest the left hand or forearm on the upper thigh.
Hold a weight in the right hand, tip forward keeping the back flat and doctoral, the abs in, and hang the weight down towards the floor. Phd Coursework Ugc! Bend the elbow and pull it up in a rowing motion until it is level with the torso or just above it. At the top of the movement, squeeze the back. Lower and repeat for all reps before switching sides. Lower and repeat for 1-3 sets of 8-16. Accounting! Helpful Tip: The lats are a large muscle group and can usually handle a heavier weight. Try choosing a weight that really challenges you for this exercise, usually between about 8-20 pounds for women and 15-35 lbs for men. Stage Lesson! Next in your total body workout is thesis accounting, your shoulders, which may already be a little warm from the who is to the world essay, chest presses you did earlier. If you want strong, firm shoulders, overhead presses should be your first choice. They target both the mid and front deltoid, making it a great overall move. How to: Stand with feet about hip-distance apart, holding weights at ear level with the elbows bent (like goal posts).
Press the weights up and overhead while keeping the abs braced and avoiding arching the thesis accounting, back. Lower and works essay, repeat for 1-3 sets of 8-16 reps. Helpful Tip: Avoid lowing the arms way down past the doctoral accounting, shoulders, which takes emphasis off the shoulders and is a way to cheat. Works Cited Page! Instead, watch yourself in thesis the mirror and make sure you#39;re keeping that goal-post shape every time. Cited Essay Page! I love hammer curls for working the biceps and, as an added bonus, you can work on your balance by doing them while standing on doctoral thesis one leg. It#39;s harder than it looks! How to: Hold weights in both hands, palms face in and lift the right foot off the ground, holding that position (if you can!).
Now, curl the who can a resume, weights up towards the shoulders, palms still facing in accounting and squeezing the descriptive dream, biceps. Doctoral Thesis Accounting! Lower and repeat for 1-3 sets of 8-16 reps. Stage Lesson! Helpful Tip: Avoid swinging the doctoral thesis, weights, which adds momentum to the exercise. Instead, make the move slow and controlled so you#39;re using all your muscle fibers to lift that weight. No total body workout is complete without working the triceps, that lovely area at the back of the arms that tends to, shall we say, continue waving long after we#39;ve waved hello? Now, you can do this move one arm at a time, which I like, but I really like doing it with both arms because you get some great core work with this one and I#39;m all about multitasking. Just make sure you bend the knees and brace the abs to support your lower back.
How to: Bend at the waist, keeping the back flat and the abs engaged and pull the revision stage lesson plan, elbows up to the torso (there should be weights in your hands, of course). Holding that position, straighten the arms and squeeze the triceps muscles. Lower and repeat for 1-3 sets of 8-16 reps. Helpful Tip: If you find your back bothers you, bend the knees or prop one knee on doctoral thesis a bench and do this move one arm at help write, a time. Keep the elbow next to the torso the doctoral accounting, entire time and don#39;t let it drift down as you get tired. Pretend like you#39;re holding an envelope in your armpit. Deadlifts are one of the most challenging exercises to learn to revision of essay plan do correctly, but I love this move for thesis accounting, transitioning into the lower body portion of the workout. Not only does it target the revision of essay lesson, glutes and doctoral thesis accounting, hamstrings, it also works your lower back as well, a compliment to the one arm row exercise you did earlier. How to: Stand with feet hip-width apart and with algebra, hold weights in front of thighs. Tip from the hips and lower weights towards the accounting, floor, back flat and shoulders back. Return to start and repeat for 1-3 sets of stage 8-16 reps.
Helpful Tip: Keep the shoulders throughout the entire exercise. It#39;s tempting to doctoral thesis accounting round your back with this move, which only puts your lower back at risk for injury. Think of arching your back or, if you#39;re really having trouble, try this Hip Hinge First. Squats are probably one of the most important exercises in any strength routine, especially a total body workout. This functional exercise helps you work on all the muscles you use each day to sit, stand, walk. basically do just about ugc any lower body movement you do in a day. How to: Hold weights in each hand and stand with feet about hip-distance apart. Bend the knees and lower into a squat, knees behind the toes and squatting as low as you can.
Push back to start and accounting, repeat for 1-3 sets of 8-16 reps. Helpful Tip: Think of sending your butt back behind you when you squat, putting the emphasis on your glutes and thighs instead of on the knees. If you want to i need help algebra get the doctoral accounting, most out of your total body workout, lunges fit the bill. I Need Help Algebra! They work multiple muscle groups, which means you work your body with fewer exercises, thus saving time and getting more out of your workout. How to : Stand in split stance and bend both knees, lowering into a lunge while keeping front knee behind the toe.
Lift back up and repeat before switching sides. 1-3 sets of 8-16 reps. Helpful Tip: If lunges hurt your knees, try one of doctoral accounting these alternatives to lunges. If you want to really target your abs, the bicycle crunch is the way to go. This move works every muscle of the abs, with an emphasis on the obliques. How To: Lie on the floor and bring the knees into the chest. Straighten the right leg as you twist the body, bringing the right elbow towards the left knee. Repeat on the other side in a cycling motion. Who Can Write A Resume! Repeat for 1-3 sets of 8-16 reps.
Helpful Tip: If you find bicycles a bit tough for you, try this bicycle modification.
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How to doctoral thesis, Write a Bibliography – Examples in lesson, MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. Doctoral! In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA.
If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the i need help writer to look it up for you. Format for thesis accounting entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. When dividing a long word or URL onto phd coursework, two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Doctoral Accounting! Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Works Essay Page! Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Doctoral! Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and plan subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11.
Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook.
Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of thesis, Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004.
Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed. Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001.
Rowling, J.K. Works Essay Page! Harry Potter and the Chamber of accounting, Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999. —. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. The Price of Loyalty: George W. Who Is Jesus And What Mission To The! Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . Thesis Accounting! New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol.
1: Education of the who is jesus is his mission to the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. 3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol.
4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol. Accounting! 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors:
Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and phd coursework ugc International. Environment of doctoral thesis, Business . 5th ed. Algebra! Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002. Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Accounting! Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds.
Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal. Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Granatstein, eds. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005.
Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . Help Algebra! New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by doctoral thesis accounting two editors: Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. With! Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington.
3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the accounting Special. Forces . Page! New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005.
Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and Jennifer R. Thesis! Weiss, eds. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Martin’s, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. Ugc! A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed.
New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors:
You have a choice of doctoral thesis accounting, listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the who can write book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York:
Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds.
Canadian Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Thesis! Markham, ON: Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. I Need Help Algebra! Words for doctoral Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and eds. Corpus Juris Humorous:
A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Essays! San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother.
The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by thesis Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting.
New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Jesus Is His Mission! Trans. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Work in an anthology, a collection by thesis several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of house, Manly Virtue. Doctoral! Ed. Waller R. Newell.
New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and jesus and what mission world essay Survival . Comp. and doctoral ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. 211-22.
9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of page, People and Places . Doctoral! 2000 ed. 10. Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the revision lesson plan encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of accounting, encyclopedia, name of works cited essay, editor or edition, number of volumes in thesis, the set, place of phd coursework, publication, publisher and year of publication.
Kibby, Michael W. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed. Midge, T. Doctoral! “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of North American Indians . Ed. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75. “Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6.
“E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star.
25 Nov. 2004: A18. “Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is who is mission to the world not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g.
220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is no period after the month. The period in “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the doctoral months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required. Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you.
An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23.
Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. Phd Coursework Ugc! “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and thesis accounting J. Bradford DeLong. “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+.
Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from stage lesson, Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. Accounting! “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell.
Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and ugc Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan. 2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan.
2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. Doctoral Thesis! 2005: I2. Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. “Life Among the revision stage lesson plan Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+.
Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Doctoral Accounting! 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from and what mission essay, SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series): Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and doctoral thesis accounting Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.”
Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in WORK . Cited! (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the doctoral thesis accounting World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Work . Ed.
Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement. 7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx.
GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and stage lesson plan Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. Accounting! 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement. Stage Plan! Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15.
Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler). Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox.
American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by doctoral thesis Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by cited essay page Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at doctoral thesis accounting, Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn.
Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente.
Rev. of Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp. and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov, Dissident and cited essay page Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan.
2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. Accounting! “A Life of Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National. Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of phd coursework ugc, Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews.
Literary Review of doctoral thesis, Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. Help With Algebra! 2002: 14+. 18. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . Dir. George Stevens.
1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed. DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald.
7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Doctoral Thesis Accounting! Vol. 4. Art. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998.
CD-ROM. Montreal: 19. Computer service – e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. “Can U.S. Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. after the word.
If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. “Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed. 1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. Stage Of Essay Lesson! (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). Doctoral Thesis Accounting! A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton.
Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005.
Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by Roald Dahl. I Need With! Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. Robert Luketic. Writ. Thesis Accounting! Anya Kochoff. I Need With! Prod. Paula Weinstein,
Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Accounting! Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Works! Kirk Jones. Based on thesis Nurse Matilda Books Writ. Christianna. Brand. Prod.
Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and help Eric Fellner. Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and thesis accounting dir. Mark Romanek. Stage Of Essay! Prod. Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski.
Perf. Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Accounting! Twentieth. Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod.
John H. A Resume! Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of thesis accounting, publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Ugc! Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of doctoral thesis, Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States.
National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the dream house essays U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the doctoral thesis term, skip all the details and indicate only the revision of essay lesson date and page numbers. Example – for the following record: United States. Personal Responsibility and accounting Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . Ugc! PL 104-193. Congressional Record.
Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an Internet citation: 2) “Title of thesis accounting, Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined.
5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of help, article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons.
Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the doctoral thesis author and begin your citation with the title. Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at who is mission to the world, the end of the doctoral citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and cited essay URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and doctoral thesis accounting end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the help hyphen is doctoral actually found in the original URL.
Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for algebra readers to be able to accounting, access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM. Phd Coursework Ugc! Advertisement. 23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/
TheraTears. Advertisement. 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in doctoral accounting, PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. Descriptive House! “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct.
2005. Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in accounting, Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/
Thomason, Larisa. With Algebra! “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is doctoral accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002. SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr.
2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out who can write, page numbers if not indicated in accounting, source. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003.
eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the i need help algebra location of the school. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. Doctoral Accounting! 2003. eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. 2006. Stage Lesson! http://www.proquestk12.com.
c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. Thesis! 10 Oct. 2005. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service.
9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567.
d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html.
e. Internet citation for an article in ugc, a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of accounting, Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . Page! 1993-2003. Latimer Clarke.
7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/ Lee , Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb.
2003. Thesis Accounting! 10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. “Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery. 1997. Write! State. Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct.
2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an accounting organization, or citation for cited essay an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Interior. 11 May 2003.
Kenrick, John. “Re: Link to Musicals101.com.” E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to doctoral thesis accounting, author. I Need With! 8 Sept. 2005. PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed.” E-mail to thesis, John Smith. h. Who Can Help Write! Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and accounting the Treasury Board.
Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. Revision Stage Lesson Plan! 10 Oct.
2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for doctoral thesis an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting. 4 June 2003. Phd Coursework Ugc! Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct.
2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online. posting. Thesis! 10 Oct. 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=.
j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Washington U. School of Medicine. 10 Oct. 2005. http://www.madsci.org. O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Who Can Write! Robertson. Doctoral! “John Wilkins.” Feb. Descriptive Dream House Essays! 2002.
U of St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty.
Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. Thesis! 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. 2001. Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr.
2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?” Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. The Middle East Media and. Research Institute.
10 Oct. 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Phd Coursework! Internet citation for accounting a software download: It is not essential to include the file size. Lesson! Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Doctoral! Vers. 1.04. 15K.
24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004. l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor: Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov. 1863. A Resume! The Collected Works of.
Abraham Lincoln . Thesis Accounting! Ed. Who Is And What Is His Mission Essay! Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Doctoral Thesis! Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo.
Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. Phd Coursework! 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony.
Interview. Prime Minister’s Office. Doctoral Accounting! 31 May 2003. Revision Lesson Plan! 13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. Doctoral Accounting! 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.
State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. Who Is Jesus And What Is His World! “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of thesis accounting, Houston. Dream Essays! 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial. Doctoral Thesis! Maclean’s 26 Aug. Works Page! 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. Doctoral Thesis! “U.N. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan.
2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37.
Geens, Jennifer. Stage Of Essay! Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Accounting! Letter to the author. 15 June 2005. Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to dream house, Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. 1885.
Letter 850318 of thesis, Mark Twain . Ed. Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. 2005. Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004. Canada . Map.
Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map. 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. 2) Title of who is jesus is his mission world, ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise. Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op.
9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of accounting, composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case. 3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of descriptive essays, publication. Chopin, Frederic. Doctoral! Mazurka Op. 7, No.
1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von.
Invitation to who can a resume, the Dance Op. Doctoral Thesis Accounting! 65 . Ugc! 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located.
Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Thesis! Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . [c. 2500 BC]. Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Stage Of Essay! Odalisque . 1814.
Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. The School of Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris.
Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of thesis accounting, artist. 2) Underline title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book. 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of ugc, publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984.
National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al.
Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . Thesis! [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . I Need With Algebra! By H.W. Janson and doctoral Anthony F. Janson.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. 1503-5]. Revision Of Essay Lesson! Louvre Museum, Paris. Doctoral Thesis Accounting! Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York:
Abbeville, 1979. Help A Resume! 31. Michelangelo. David . 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Gaston Du C. de Vere. New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis.
Wainright Building . 1890-91. Thesis! St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme. Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan.
Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of revision of essay, Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi. Chapel of doctoral thesis accounting, St.
John the Baptist . 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . I Need Help Algebra! Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118.
Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the photograph. 3) Date photograph taken. War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on accounting CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s).
2) Title of patent. 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope. in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813.
Kamen, Dean L., et al. “Transportation Vehicles and Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31. Help! Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by Elton John and accounting Tim Rice. Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R.
Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. Help A Resume! Perf. Thesis Accounting! Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Phd Coursework! Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by James. Kudelka. Cond.
Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999. Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Doctoral Thesis Accounting! Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince.
Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. Of Essay Plan! 20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. Thesis! 4 Mar. 2005.
Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. 4) Name of network. 5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date.
The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn. CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. Descriptive House! 2003. Law and Order . Prod. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. 2002. “New Threat from thesis, Osama?” By Jim Stewart.
CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo. “New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and help write a resume Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto. 16 Oct.
2002. “U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. Doctoral Thesis! 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape:
1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). 3) Title of recording (underlined). 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). 5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium.
CD. Exclusive Management by. The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir.
Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . Revision Stage Lesson! CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir.
Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. Doctoral! [c. Write! 1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael.
No Lookin’ Back . LP. Prod. Doctoral! Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and page 770E . Diskette. Vers. 1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author.
New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground. Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Vancouver: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir. Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on novel.
by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York: New Video Group, 1996.
Kicking Screaming . Accounting! Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. Help Algebra! DVD. Doctoral Accounting! Universal, 2005. The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir. Ken Kwapis. Based on novel by.
Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Works Cited Page! Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Thesis! Dir. Victor Fleming.
Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Essay Page! Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. Accounting! VHS. Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in i need help algebra, quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. “The Military and the Mall: Society and Culture in Long Beach, California.” BA. thesis. Hampshire College, 1995.
Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and Use.” Diss. Columbia U, 1962.
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Personal politics in Elizabeth I#039;s court. The Virgin Queen’s possessive treatment of her favourite advisors and maids of honour was driven more by political motives than by petty jealousy, according to Susan Doran. This article was first published in doctoral thesis accounting the April 2015 issue of BBC History Magazine. In the summer of 1592, Elizabeth I’s captain of the guard, Sir Walter Ralegh, and her maid of honour, Bess Throckmorton, were committed to revision stage lesson, the Tower of London after the queen was told of their clandestine marriage and the birth of doctoral thesis, their baby boy. This was neither the first nor the last time that Elizabeth punished her courtiers for marrying in secret, but the penalty in who can help a resume their case was among the most severe. Although released after a few months, Ralegh lost his offices, was banished from court, and thesis accounting waited five years before the queen consented to speak to him again. Bess remained imprisoned until the end of the help a resume year and was permanently excluded from the court. Bess Throckmorton felt Elizabeth I’s full fury after secretly marrying Walter Ralegh. The queen’s maid of honour was thrown into prison and permanently excluded from court. Topfoto.
In October 1599, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, another royal intimate, was placed under house-arrest after storming unannounced into the queen’s bedchamber while she was still in her night clothes, minus her wig, and devoid of heavy make-up. Doctoral Accounting. Essex was seeking to who is jesus, explain to her why he had failed to suppress rebellion in Ireland, but Elizabeth was unimpressed, ordered his detention, and refused to see him, despite his many appeals over doctoral accounting, the next year or so. Stripped of his offices and lucrative royal patents, the desperate earl took to the streets of London in February 1601 with the dream intention of forcing his presence on the queen, or possibly mounting a palace coup. Doctoral. A second leader of the rising was his friend Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of revision stage of essay lesson plan, Southampton, another courtier who had lost the queen’s favour after marrying a maid of honour. Both earls were charged with treason. Although Southampton was reprieved, Essex died on the scaffold. The queen’s treatment of doctoral, these men is usually regarded as grossly unfair. In the instances of Ralegh and write Southampton, popular media present Elizabeth as guilty of doctoral accounting, petty spite against male courtiers who failed to give her the who is jesus and what is his sole adoration that she craved, and of sexual jealousy towards the accounting young, pretty maids of honour, who proved successful rivals for her favourites’ attention. As for Essex, he is often portrayed as a tragic figure who for years had been forced to dance attendance on the queen, when he would have much preferred to fight in England’s wars, and plan who fatally believed that their personal intimacy gave him the right to enter her private apartments without leave. In this narrative, Elizabeth comes off very badly.
Writers sympathetic to Essex see her as unreasonable in depriving him of his liberty and doctoral offices, while even the earl’s detractors criticise the queen for her absurd infatuation with a man young enough to be her grandson. Her failure to rein him in on many earlier occasions, they claim, left him feeling free to disregard royal orders in Ireland and dream essays break court protocol on his return. The headline in the Daily Mail, advertising AN Wilson’s The Elizabethans, said it all: “Elizabeth I and thesis the men she loved: how the queen gave an Essex toyboy her heart, then lopped off his head.” Katherine Grey with her son, Edward Seymour. Her marriage to the Earl of Hertford landed her in the Tower of London.
Private collection Petworth House. In all these works, the relationships between Elizabeth and her courtiers both male and female are seen in is his essay largely personal terms. Whether displaying affection or anger, Elizabeth is characterised as reacting emotionally as a private person rather than a public figure. The same kind of doctoral accounting, analysis predominates when the queen’s other relationships are described: so, for example, we learn in many histories that Elizabeth was deeply jealous of Mary, Queen of Scots; hated and treated cruelly her cousins Katherine and Mary Grey; and algebra flew into rages when slighted by her councillors. While not denying that Elizabeth experienced strong emotions at times, I believe that the queen had no private life. As she well knew, all her utterances and doings took place on a public stage and, consequently, had a political purpose and were expected to conform to accounting, political norms. Only very rarely did Elizabeth behave otherwise, most noticeably when she fell in love with Robert Dudley at the outset of her reign. Customarily, when interacting with her kin, courtiers, or councillors, she operated at ugc, a political level, even when her conduct appeared personal. For all 16th-century monarchs not just Elizabeth the personal was always political.
This can best be appreciated when considering Elizabeth’s relationships with her so-called favourites. Accounting. Mistakenly, it is often stated that the queen promoted Dudley (later Earl of Leicester), Christopher Hatton, Ralegh and Essex simply because of their good looks, fine physiques, and superficial charm. In these accounts, Elizabeth has a weakness for men with sex appeal. Certainly, her favourites were handsome, dashing and athletic, but such attributes were essential for descriptive house essays courtiers who were to act as a master of the horse, a gentleman pensioner, or an esquire of the body, their first positions at court. Even so, their rise to power was not the result of the queen falling for their good looks. A c1560 portrait of Robert Dudley who, it seems, was the only man to capture the doctoral thesis queen’s heart. Bridgeman. Dudley and Essex came from families that the queen wished to who can help write, promote for political reasons, while Hatton and Ralegh had influential patrons who brought them to the queen’s notice. All four men later became close to doctoral, the queen because they were excellent courtiers, entertaining her with their dancing, card playing, jousting, witty exchanges and cultured conversation. They also brought glamour to the court, not only in their own persons but also by hosting magnificent feasts for foreign visitors and arranging exciting entertainments and dream house tournaments that impressed foreigners and English guests alike. In this way, they were instrumental in helping Elizabeth’s court gain international prestige and recognition.
In other ways, too, they used their positions and money in the service of the crown, financing and managing spies, privateering expeditions and military campaigns. All four men were intelligent and doctoral thesis able. By the time that Dudley, Hatton and Essex were promoted to the privy council, they had already carried out successful political apprenticeships as administrators or soldiers, and as unofficial advisers. Elizabeth is Pax, holding an olive branch and standing on who is jesus mission to the essay the sword of Justice, in the Wanstead Portrait (c157885). Despite this depiction of a conciliatory ruler, Elizabeth demanded absolute loyalty from her courtiers often at the expense of their family lives.
Private collection. It is highly unlikely that Elizabeth had a sexual relationship with any of her favourites; she was too shrewd and cautious to risk discovery or pregnancy. Besides, to safeguard her sexual reputation, Elizabeth always had at least one of her privy chamber women present in her company and sleeping in her bedchamber, and doctoral thesis no gossip slandering the queen came from their quarter. Nonetheless, there was a semi-erotic and flirtatious quality that marked out the queen’s relationships with many of her male courtiers, for she and they exploited the language and coded behaviour associated with courtly love and the chivalric discourse of the late 16th century. Elizabeth would exchange personal gifts and share private jokes with favoured courtiers; she addressed them affectionately, often by particular nicknames; she allowed them, or their representatives, easy access into her privy apartments, and would visit their homes or offer them her physician during periods of sickness. Such displays of intimacy signified to the political world that these courtiers were especially close to cited, the queen, and raised their status as men of influence and patronage. On their side, Elizabeth’s courtiers expressed a love and adulation for the queen in letters and doctoral thesis accounting poems that to today’s readers appear genuinely romantic or erotic but were, then, understood to be written in the highly stylised language of courtly love. Elizabeth did not demand such declarations to satisfy her personal vanity; their purpose was to create and who is jesus is his to the world strengthen the bonds of loyalty and service of elite men to a female monarch without eroding their masculinity. When angered, Elizabeth also performed within the conventions of courtly love by distancing herself from those who had caused offence: expressing her ire, and withdrawing her affection. This often happened when her intimates wed, especially when they did so without her consent.
Perhaps it was to thesis, avoid the queen’s displeasure that Hatton chose not to marry. Cited. In the doctoral accounting case of Essex, the who is jesus to the essay queen’s annoyance did not last long, even though she considered his bride the widow of doctoral accounting, Sir Philip Sidney and daughter of phd coursework ugc, Sir Francis Walsingham a socially unsuitable match for a nobleman. But Leicester never fully regained the doctoral thesis queen’s trust, after his secret marriage to revision stage lesson plan, Lettice Knollys. This, however, was a special circumstance the thesis accounting earl had long pursued Elizabeth’s hand in marriage, the last time just a few years prior to his secret wedding. He had also kept his marriage to Lettice quiet for as long as he could. Elizabeth I was never in help algebra love or infatuated with Essex, seen here in a contemporary portrait, argues Susan Doran. Alamy.
Ralegh had gone even further in deceiving the queen. Doctoral Thesis. He had denied that he and Bess were married when Sir Robert Cecil, the acting principal secretary, questioned him about their relationship, while his wife had lived in close proximity to the queen, pretending to be still single, hiding her pregnancy, and slipping away to deliver the child. For Elizabeth, their dishonesty came close to sedition; and their punishment was intended as a warning to maids of honour who might follow Bess’s example. Other maids did follow suit, and they were, likewise, severely punished. Of Essay Plan. Two years after the accounting Ralegh scandal, Bridget Manners (daughter of the who is 4th Earl and Countess of Rutland) also married without royal permission. Elizabeth had given her a month’s leave from doctoral thesis court because the girl was said to have caught the measles and of essay plan needed to recuperate at home. Bridget, though, did not return, preferring life with her husband. When the queen learned the doctoral thesis accounting truth, she was furious with the married couple and is his mission world “highly offended” with Bridget’s mother, who had connived at doctoral thesis, the deception.
For several months the works essay bride was placed in the keeping of the Countess of Bedford, and her husband languished in the Tower. The queen did not always object to courtiers’ marriages, and thesis accounting when she did deny them permission to marry, she usually had a sound reason for doing so. Most often it was because she considered that the couple seeking marriage were of unequal status; sometimes it was because of their youth; and on a few occasions, objections to a match could be political. The union of a potential heir to the throne (such as Katherine Grey) to a man from jesus and what mission to the world a powerful noble family (like the Earl of Hertford) held obvious political dangers. Elizabeth could also be concerned that courtiers would put their responsibilities to their new spouses before their service to their queen. Doctoral. For this reason, she preferred that the wives of certain courtiers were kept away from court. Those that stayed on were at all times expected to show total dedication to their queen at the expense of their family life. Elizabeth claimed that she always furthered “any honest or honorable purposes of who is is his mission essay, marriage or preferment to doctoral accounting, any of hers, when without scandal and infamy they have been orderly broken unto her”. And, in general, this was true. When permission to marry had been requested and granted, the queen provided generous gifts to the brides and happily attended their weddings. She ordered a black satin gown as a wedding present for her chamberer, Dorothy Broadbelt, and she gave her maid of phd coursework, honour Margaret Edgecombe a pair of richly embroidered gloves.
We do not know what gift another maid of honour, Frances Radcliffe, received, but we do know that the queen attended the nuptial supper, masques and dances. She also attended Anne Russell’s wedding to the Earl of Warwick, which was performed in the Chapel Royal at thesis accounting, Whitehall Palace, and i need with the celebratory banquet and tournament that were held afterwards at court. The queen’s anger at the men and women who married without her permission soon abated, if she was especially fond of them and their fault was not judged too great. Elizabeth had delivered “blows and doctoral accounting evil words” to essay, her chamberer and cousin Mary Shelton on learning of her secret marriage to the gentleman pensioner John Scudamore another unequal union. But before long, the queen welcomed both back into her service and showed the couple great favour. Mary was one of her preferred sleeping companions and also acted as a frequent intermediary for thesis the queen, delivering messages and receiving gifts on her mistress’s behalf. John was later knighted and afterwards appointed the standard-bearer of gentlemen pensioners. This sculpture in jesus and what is his world essay the grounds of thesis, Hatfield House shows Elizabeth with her courtiers. Who Is Mission World. The queen’s “semi-erotic” relationship with her male councillors was designed to “strengthen the bonds of doctoral thesis, loyalty and service of elite men to a female monarch”. Superstock. Let’s turn now to jesus and what is his to the world, Elizabeth’s relationship with Essex.
Was she really as besotted with him as is commonly believed? Undoubtedly, during his first decade at court, Elizabeth bestowed upon him all the signifiers of intimacy outlined above, but she was never infatuated or in love with the earl. He was certainly not Elizabeth’s sole male companion and initially had to tolerate the equal favour she showed to Ralegh and doctoral accounting Southampton. Furthermore, Essex never enjoyed the full confidence and trust of the queen. She was wary of his advice to pursue an offensive war strategy, suspecting that he was too partial to the French king, Henry IV, and plan too ready to be reckless with royal funds. She disliked his attempts at self-aggrandisement, as when he tried to doctoral thesis, take full credit for the successes of a 1596 expedition to dream, Cadiz. She grew irritated by his attempts to badger her into promoting his friends to doctoral thesis, positions they did not deserve. It is true that she forgave his insubordination and difficult moods too readily, but she was induced to with, do so by accounting privy councillors who mediated on his behalf because they recognised the earl’s worth to the state and importance to the war effort. However, by 1599, Essex had lost his powerful mediators with the queen.
With the deaths of key supporters on the council Hatton in 1591, Sir Francis Knollys in descriptive dream house essays 1596, even Lord Burghley in 1598 Essex should have built up strong alliances with the new generation of Elizabethan privy councillors. Instead he came to alienate the most influential Sir Robert Cecil and Charles Howard, Earl of Nottingham by treating them as political enemies. By the late 1590s, Essex was convinced that they and their friends comprised a narrow cabal of evil councillors and corrupt politicians, who were poisoning the queen against him. It was fear that they would present his failure in accounting Ireland in the worst possible light even as treason that led the ugc earl to dash to court in thesis 1599 to explain his actions face to face with the queen, even though she had ordered him to stay put in Ireland. When Elizabeth consulted her councillors after her unexpected interview with the earl, unsurprisingly no one close to her spoke up for ugc him. Essex’s political isolation at the heart of government continued until his death. He had many supporters in the army and London, but at doctoral, court he had to rely on female relatives to plead for his reinstatement with the queen, and inevitably their voices were not enough. Dream House. Essex fell from accounting power not because Elizabeth saw sense and was shaken out of her infatuation with her unreliable ‘toyboy’ but because he badly overplayed his hand in a political power struggle that should never have happened. Emphasising the political and public nature of Elizabeth’s relationships makes them no less fascinating. On the contrary, setting them within their cultural and who is jesus mission to the world essay political contexts adds a richness and complexity to our readings of the reign.
The stories surrounding the thesis queen’s relationships remain enthralling and also provide important insights into the workings of the i need algebra court and political life, especially when approached from multiple perspectives: how the thesis accounting queen related to her circle; how her kin, courtiers and councillors viewed and dealt with her; and how these stories were constructed by contemporaries and later historians. Susan Doran is a senior research fellow at Jesus College, Oxford, and a tutorial fellow at St Benet’s Hall, Oxford. 7 things that happened in dream house October through history. QA: What was written on Neville Chamberlain#039;s piece of doctoral, paper? TV radio: what to tune in to next week (30 September - 6 October 2017) The 1267 Treaty of Montgomery: a prince’s hope for and what to the the future of Wales. Bermuda in doctoral accounting the British Empire and Medieval brutality. Thomas Becket and who can help 16th-century swimming. Medieval petitions and thesis 17th-century astronomers. The Industrial Revolution is revisited and ugc Big Ben turns 150. Thomas Paine on both sides of the Atlantic and the plight of the suffragettes.
Bribes, gifts and doctoral accounting scandal: 7 stories of works essay, corruption that shocked Britain. QA: How did the doctoral Normans learn to build castles? The great Victorian letter swindle. History Extra magazine is owned and published by Immediate Media Company Limited. BBC History magazine is published by i need help with algebra Immediate Media Company Limited under licence from BBC Worldwide, which helps fund new BBC programmes.
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10 Beautiful Book Dioramas Putting Your Fourth Grade Project to Shame. Remember when you were in doctoral accounting middle school and you made that sweet shoebox diorama of#xA0; The Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler #xA0;or#xA0; To Kill a Mockingbird ? Imagine making that project as an adult, with the benefits of fine motor skills and life experience. Well, that project dream has been put into practice. Who Can Write. The results are charming, and we have a library and its creative community to thank. Rochambeau Library in Providence, R.I. hosted the first#xA0;Dear Diorama competition this month,#xA0;an outreach contest in which adults submitted dioramas of their favorite books. PolicyMic spoke with Matthew Lawrence, an organizer of the event who describes the library as, an independent non-profit, unlike city-run libraries in thesis accounting most of the country, so on a very basic level we rely pretty heavily on who is jesus and what mission to the world essay, community support.#xA0; We are really blessed to live in a community like Providence where people really come together to make art, said Ed Graves, regional librarian.
Providence is accounting a great city, but I bet there are libraries in help algebra every city that are goldmines, spaces of untapped creative possibility.#xA0; Let's hope so. Doctoral Accounting. Scroll on write a resume, for some enchanting entries. 1. A Tree Grows In Brooklyn by Betty Smith. Look at everything always as though you were seeing it either for accounting, the first or last time: Thus is stage of essay lesson your time on earth filled with glory. - Betty Smith , A Tree Grows in Brooklyn. Doctoral Accounting. Most of who is and what mission world us fall in doctoral thesis love with New York through the movies, books, music and other cultural touchstones that make it real for us. This beautiful diorama of#xA0; A Tree Grows in Brooklyn #xA0;feels both loved and lovely.
Check out the details of works cited essay page all those people in their windows. 2. The Great Gatsby by thesis accounting, F. Scott Fitzgerald. I was within and without. Simultaneously enchanted and repelled by the inexhaustible variety of life.#x201D; - F. Scott Fitzgerald , The Great Gatsby. The diorama for#xA0; The Great Gatsby #xA0;looks like a punky, precious collage you might have made as a teenager. With the florals, the magazine cutouts and handwritten notes, it feels both familiar and fresh. Deep in the human unconscious is a resume a pervasive need for thesis accounting, a logical universe that makes sense. Who Is Jesus. But the real universe is always one step beyond logic.#x201D; -#xA0;Frank Herbert ,#xA0;Dune. Thank goodness for enthusiastic science fiction#xA0;readers. Dune #x2014;#xA0;that cult classic, politically charged, sci-fi masterwork #x2014; was bound to doctoral accounting, make an appearance in the competition. Showing a Fremen rider guiding a#xA0;sandworm across Arakkis' desert with a portion of the Litany Against Fear overhead, this diorama is perfection.
Granted: I AM an dream, inmate of a mental hospital; my keeper is watching me, he never lets me out of doctoral thesis accounting his sight; there's a peep-hole in the door, and my keeper's eye is the shade of brown that can never see through a blue-eyed type like me.#xA0;-#xA0;G#xFC;nter Grass ,#xA0;The Tin Drum. Full of quirky narrators and that fairytale lyricism so prevalent in eastern European culture,#xA0; The Tin Drum #xA0;is a captivating story. This beautiful diorama by Jill Colinan has detail, texture and imagination galore #x2014; just like the book.#xA0;This diorama won the People's Choice Award of the competition. 5. Water for Elephants by Sara Gruen. Age#xA0;is a terrible thief. Just when you're getting the hang of life, it knocks your legs out from dream house under you and stoops your back. It makes you ache and muddies your head and silently spreads cancer throughout your spouse. - Sara Gruen ,#xA0;Water for Elephants. This detailed diorama is just packed full of detail and, as Graves said, whimsy. The story follows members of a circus troupe, touching on accounting, themes of love, age, intimacy, trust and secrecy. As viewers, it's lovely to see such meticulousness.
It almost looks like a scene from one of works page those I Spy books we loved as children. 6. Doctoral Thesis Accounting. Alice in Wonderland by descriptive, Lewis Carroll. 'But I don#x2019;t want to go among mad people,' Alice remarked.#xA0;'Oh, you can#x2019;t help that,' said the Cat: 'we#x2019;re all mad here. Thesis Accounting. I#x2019;m mad. Mission To The World Essay. You#x2019;re mad.'#xA0;'How do you know I#x2019;m mad?' said Alice.#xA0;'You must be,' said the Cat, or you wouldn#x2019;t have come here.' -#xA0;Lewis Carroll ,#xA0;Alice in Wonderland. Alice in doctoral thesis Wonderland is one of those marvelous books that reminds us why we first loved reading. Marketed at children but written to engage an older audience, it's a joy to stage of essay lesson plan, rediscover in adulthood. This diorama is one of the more technically developed and depicts Absolem talking with Alice. I#xA0;always order the banned books from a black market dealer in California, figuring if the State of Mississippi banned them, they must be good.#xA0;-#xA0;Kathryn Stockett, #xA0;The Help. Thesis. The Help garnered huge critical praise, both as a book and movie.
One of the few recent novels to be represented in the Dear Diorama competition, this entry steered clear of phd coursework images of the main characters. Instead, it relied on an understanding of the plot to be recognized #x2014; a clever abstraction for a story this popular.#xA0; 8. Watership Down by thesis accounting, Richard Adams. Many human beings say that they enjoy the who is jesus and what is his mission world essay winter, but what they really enjoy is feeling proof against it. -#xA0;Richard Adams ,#xA0;Watership Down. In terms of technical wizardry, I have to say Morgan's execution of Watership Down was flawless with the use of the ukelele to construct a subterranean tableau, Graves said of this diorama. We have to agree. 9. The Crying of Lot 49 by Thomas Pynchon. But with a sigh he had released her hand, while she was so lost in the fantasy that she hadn't felt it go away, as if he'd known the thesis accounting best moment to let go.#xA0;- Thomas Pynchon , The Crying of Lot 49. Housed in a hat box and showing that trumpet, this diorama showcases some of the more recognizable symbols of the endlessly detailed modern classic,#xA0; The Crying of Lot 49. 10.
We Have Always Lived In the Castle by Shirley Jackson. I remember that I stood on the library steps holding my books and looking for a minute at the soft hinted green in the branches against the sky and wishing, as I always did, that I could walk home across the cited essay sky instead of through the village.#x201D; - Shirley Jackson ,#xA0;We Have Always Lived in thesis accounting the Castle. Deb Dormody's take on Shirley Jackson's We Have Always Lived in the Castle was really stunning, and I overheard two people who didn't even know each other talking about how they'd have to check out the book now, said Lawrence. This short story#xA0;is one of jesus to the world Shirley Jackson's strangest and most compelling #x2014; and thesis she wrote exclusively strange, compelling and macabre stories.#xA0;For the competition, it was faithfully reinterpreted in jesus to the world essay a diorama that maintained the doctoral thesis accounting tone of the story and the emphasis on internal narratives.
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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download.
Are you an accounting entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Revision Stage Of Essay Lesson Plan? Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View.
What’s included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Thesis Accounting? Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to outline the legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of descriptive dream essays your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for accounting, them , and dream house essays the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Doctoral? Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service.
Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and help write distribution. Accounting? Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an of essay lesson opportunity to set the doctoral accounting, key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in help your plan. What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of thesis what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to phd coursework ugc attract investment.
For guidance on doctoral, what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over works cited, time. Doctoral Thesis? Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an phd coursework ugc existing company, crafting a solid plan is thesis equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Jesus And What World Essay? Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary.
The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. Doctoral Thesis? If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of who can help write a resume your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to doctoral thesis do heavy research to ensure that your plan is help sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup.
A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to doctoral mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of works cited essay page your management team, and doctoral your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the data and analysis to write back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the doctoral, web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to jesus and what is his mission your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to thesis expand a store location) as well an help a resume overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to doctoral achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point.
Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of essay page their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to doctoral the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in help write a resume the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the accounting, products and services you are providing and and what is his mission who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in doctoral accounting the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and jesus and what world essay whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution.
Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. Doctoral Thesis? This should include your sales forecasts and cited essay page projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the thesis, use of the funds, and when you expect to and what is his mission to the world essay reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into doctoral accounting, more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the help, entire writing process first . In particular, complete the thesis accounting, financial planning process before attacking this section.
Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to house essays raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the doctoral accounting, future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan.
Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the descriptive essays, reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Doctoral Thesis? Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the of essay lesson plan, company’s location and thesis history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the revision lesson plan, most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by thesis him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in works cited essay it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over thesis, your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business.
Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in dream essays the profits and losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and doctoral thesis accounting not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of who can help partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Accounting? Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in works cited essay the venture but limit their exposure to doctoral thesis liability. A corporation is dream house essays a separate legal entity owned by doctoral thesis shareholders. Descriptive Dream House Essays? A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing.
The downside to doctoral accounting a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Revision Of Essay Plan? Some of the doctoral, drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and stage of essay not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at doctoral accounting, the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use.
Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on who is jesus and what is his mission world essay, seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is accounting especially critical. With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the descriptive house, company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the thesis accounting, Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Stage Lesson? Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on doctoral thesis accounting, the company’s vision.
If you have an established business the information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to who can help write a resume manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of thesis Directors is works cited elected by doctoral thesis the shareholders and is the help with, highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is doctoral thesis accounting comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and i need help with algebra independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience.
A Board of thesis accounting Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for phd coursework ugc, company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to doctoral play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to i need help with algebra a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is thesis accounting committed to and what is his world your company. Tips on accounting, building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board.
This will help you to i need with algebra recruit other members of the doctoral accounting, Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. House Essays? As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is thesis highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is descriptive dream house essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to doctoral thesis accounting how much they value your company.
There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and who is mission subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to doctoral thesis cover the of essay lesson, initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to thesis accounting further grow your company, which may already be profitable.
Or you might use the house essays, financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). Thesis? But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). Ugc? To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to accounting determine the house essays, cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company.
At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is thesis accounting more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in dream house essays this approach the company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to thesis accounting generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by who can write analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and thesis then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the who can write, pieces to complete the equation.
You have the amount of money you need by looking at accounting, cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for write a resume, cash. Thesis? Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Algebra? Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is accounting no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following:
Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the i need help, loan The amount and thesis accounting frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of descriptive dream detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of doctoral accounting new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on i need help with, your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the doctoral, major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model.
It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. And What Is His World? Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by doctoral investing into your company. Therefore, you need to works page include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. Thesis Accounting? You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an i need help algebra incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in.
Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an doctoral attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words.
Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the descriptive dream house, company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. Doctoral Thesis Accounting? By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over revision stage lesson, serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to thesis accounting use.”
Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and with it will solely focus on accounting, making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and ugc federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the accounting, company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is phd coursework ugc certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement.
This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on thesis accounting, the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to works cited execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company.
Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the doctoral accounting, table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for with algebra, a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the accounting, retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to phd coursework ugc look for doctoral accounting, in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water.
Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an lesson plan employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of thesis expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and i need help financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter.
The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and accounting butter of your business. Your products and ugc services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and doctoral accounting Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and ugc Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Accounting? Commonly referred to help with algebra as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the doctoral thesis, secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. Who Is Jesus Is His To The World Essay? features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to doctoral thesis accounting tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about phd coursework, what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the thesis, functional aspects of your product/service are also important.
Depending on what you are going to help sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is doctoral true is the revision plan, potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Accounting? Think about page, how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and thesis stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is stage plan expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in thesis accounting the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to i need with start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an thesis extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis.
The Internet makes this much easier then in cited essay page days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to doctoral accounting find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on revision stage plan, LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of doctoral accounting new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is help write a resume common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the process of doctoral accounting procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for i need help with, your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers:
Cost: This is an accounting obvious one – the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to page pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to thesis operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of i need algebra how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to doctoral accounting delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to who can help write order: the doctoral accounting, product is help designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and doctoral accounting yachts) Assemble to order: the product is i need help assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to accounting stock: the product is revision of essay plan manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to doctoral accounting how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on excess inventory. Some key points:
Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of descriptive essays other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for doctoral thesis, you to stage of essay manage and maximize your inventory levels.
Technology in today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and serves as a source of accounting competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. Works Cited? FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and doctoral accounting times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the ugc, globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is doctoral critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets.
What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of mission essay software and later down the doctoral accounting, road decide that the cost is who can write too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). Doctoral Thesis? If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of write a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to doctoral thesis accounting provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for ugc, a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well.
Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded.
IP and your employees and contractors. It is thesis accounting just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Stage Lesson? Everyone should be required to sign an accounting invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is help algebra ever a conflict as to accounting whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to cited essay describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . Thesis Accounting? A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the cited, life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. Doctoral Accounting? You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in of essay plan the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations).
During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to doctoral accounting stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to who is is his mission to the essay dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in thesis terms of who is mission to the growth and behavior. Thesis? This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to works essay your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections.
Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the doctoral thesis, total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and stage of essay lesson then the doctoral accounting, segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. At the house, highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. Doctoral Accounting? This, of works course, is accounting much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions.
For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in and what mission to the downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in doctoral accounting the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to mission essay get the total sales for all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Doctoral? Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market.
Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for who can, the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the doctoral accounting, problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy.
We do not want to go through the time and i need help with cost of doctoral switching from one company’s product/services unless it is descriptive dream essays compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to accounting Pepsi. On the other hand, there is help with high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to doctoral accounting a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to cited page reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of doctoral thesis accounting taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the who is and what is his mission to the world, Jobs Act of doctoral 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in and what is his mission world private placement of thesis securities.
This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to help connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the doctoral thesis, change in help a resume market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in accounting the first year was $100 million and $150 million the descriptive house essays, second year, then the market can be said to thesis have grown by help write a resume 50%.
You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to doctoral demonstrate a market is growing is works essay page obviously important – for thesis, example, the who can help write a resume, market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and doctoral thesis lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the descriptive dream house, market for Apple and doctoral thesis accounting Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to descriptive house essays add new customers. Your industry is defined as the doctoral thesis, group of companies that are related to you in lesson plan terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and accounting Nissan are both in ugc the automotive industry.
Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is doctoral thesis imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and works cited attractiveness. Thesis? A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape.
If your industry has low barriers to entry and phd coursework ugc low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to thesis accounting source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in help your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of thesis accounting customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the revision stage plan, most likely to doctoral thesis purchase your product/service and jesus and what mission essay account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of doctoral thesis accounting your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers.
For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in to the a business where volumes are low and thesis accounting prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. Essay Page? In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doctoral Accounting? Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in phd coursework ugc order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution.
In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to thesis accounting be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the dream, other section.
Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in doctoral thesis accounting the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Dream Essays? Will you compete on thesis, price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from i need algebra your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of thesis accounting Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in revision stage plan a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. Accounting? It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and essay experience that requires a large investment. Doctoral Thesis? Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if:
Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for ugc, example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to thesis accounting price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the revision stage, market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to doctoral this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. Write A Resume? For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on thesis accounting, how much you can charge.
For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of house essays your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available.
Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of thesis your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. Essay? There are ways to boost word of thesis accounting mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media.
For example, asking a satisfied customer to jesus is his world essay like your business on Yelp and doctoral Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from works essay customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. Doctoral Accounting? You can start by participating on phd coursework ugc, public forums and blogs related to your business and doctoral thesis adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to help with retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models:
Product is stocked in doctoral mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is i need algebra only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to thesis accounting reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter.
The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on phd coursework, your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. Thesis Accounting? These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the who can help write, business venture.
Milestones are so incredibly important to thesis accounting a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of i need help with a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). Doctoral? A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. Jesus World? It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in thesis order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is who is jesus and what is his to the world a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and thesis weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to help write a resume your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to doctoral thesis internal factors in your company, such as:
Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and help write facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in accounting fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to revision lesson plan better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy.
Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Doctoral Thesis Accounting? Nordstrom’s is an example of works cited a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business. Accounting? Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow.
It is descriptive not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to thesis set standards for dream essays, the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and doctoral thesis accounting Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the stage of essay plan, official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished.
Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the doctoral accounting, size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the ugc, chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the thesis accounting, cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on revision lesson, the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the doctoral thesis, sales forecast.
Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of phd coursework ugc your product/service may increase/decrease in price over thesis, time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to page encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the doctoral accounting, unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on help algebra, a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of accounting scale: the more units you produce, the with algebra, cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of doctoral accounting units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time.
Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of i need your product/service may increase over time for doctoral accounting, several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. In the United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and who can write then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the doctoral, overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the works essay page, largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire.
The number of personnel you plan to hire and at thesis, what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the ugc, risk of alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to doctoral thesis this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in essays order to generate large revenues.
Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for thesis accounting, most situations. Changes over phd coursework, time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. Doctoral Thesis? In the United States, for revision of essay lesson, example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the thesis, personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for phd coursework ugc, additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and accounting not contractors.
If unsure what to enter, 15% is phd coursework ugc a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and thesis accounting burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of phd coursework a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. A good way to doctoral thesis make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers.
You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on dream house, Sale of accounting Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. And What Is His Mission World Essay? This is an doctoral thesis accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the asset over its life by who can write gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and doctoral machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in phd coursework ugc nature.
Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is thesis signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the cited, PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the accounting, $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is who can help better described as a prepaid expense, since the thesis accounting, use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of a resume time and doctoral thesis can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is phd coursework ugc expensed over time.
By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an doctoral thesis accounting amortized short term asset) then the help algebra, PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Thesis Accounting? Under Assets, the who is and what is his world essay, Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is doctoral thesis accounting remaining at revision of essay, the end of the accounting period. Enter an doctoral estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is phd coursework ugc covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). Doctoral Thesis Accounting? As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is who is essay not required (if unsure what to accounting enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and who is world essay LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit.
Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the thesis, fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. Revision Stage Of Essay Lesson Plan? You may want to set this to doctoral thesis accounting zero initially and phd coursework see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and doctoral accounting running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for i need help, your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the thesis, company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on revision lesson plan, credit. These types of accounting sales are usually made to of essay plan frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs.
You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of accounting your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the descriptive dream, customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back.
The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is accounting typical to revision lesson provide net-30, which is thesis 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to works page negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. Doctoral Thesis Accounting? When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is cited essay page that you want to thesis be paid as soon as possible, and you want to phd coursework ugc pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king).
Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. Doctoral Thesis? However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on ugc, the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on doctoral accounting, average, to jesus mission collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow.
If your business will sell physical products and doctoral you plan on keeping inventory on lesson, hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to business. A good place to thesis find more information is trade associations for your industry.
In order to mission to the world essay improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to doctoral accounting start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on help with algebra, hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to doctoral any business. The time period for credit sales and phd coursework ugc payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to accounting explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in phd coursework ugc which you will make and receive payments. Accounting? How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an revision amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on doctoral thesis, the loan.
If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to works cited essay forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to doctoral thesis finance growth is commonplace. Revision Lesson? These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets.
Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the doctoral accounting, difference being that interest is not charged on with, the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the doctoral accounting, amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of who is and what to the world essay credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from doctoral you, other shareholders or owners, or investors.
This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for dream essays, equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out doctoral thesis accounting a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in i need with algebra your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of doctoral thesis accounting your plan. Enter starting balances for assets:
Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an who is and what mission essay existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and thesis accounting will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of descriptive house tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per doctoral thesis accounting, dinner. Cited? Think about what levers make the most impact to your business.
You will want to continuously track and thesis monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into phd coursework ugc, the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in accounting the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. Descriptive Dream? If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically.
The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. Accounting? It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the cited page, sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from thesis stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to jesus is his essay the builder in thesis the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from help algebra your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the doctoral accounting, balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is phd coursework ugc a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement.
The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of doctoral thesis accounting your business. Write A Resume? The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to change any of the accounting, information, you may do so by editing the a resume, relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. This is important in determining the ability of the business to accounting meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. Of Essay Plan? The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to make a profit. The ratios show how much of doctoral accounting sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and mission to the world essay expenses into doctoral accounting, account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by phd coursework stockholders’ equity.
The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by doctoral thesis total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to phd coursework hire an thesis accounting expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and cited page detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand.
Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to thesis accounting attract equity investments and phd coursework ugc loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and thesis accounting your dream. Click the images to who is and what is his to the world view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out how to doctoral thesis order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download.
After you download it, it’s up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Works Cited Essay Page? Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and doctoral thesis start writing. This plan is completely free. You may encounter other people or websites on the Internet charging a price to download the plan, guide. Do not purchase them – there is no benefit at thesis, all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. None of the information will be relevant to your company, and you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and structure of the plan – something that you could easily research and re-create on your own. Sound good?
Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of works essay how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the heavy lifting of writing an actual the complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself — or pay an expensive rate for someone else to do them. You’re going to have to do the financial calculations, plans, and accounting forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment — all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. Help? This requirement is beyond the scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and accountants to doctoral do the heavy lifting for them.
Keep in works essay page mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to doctoral thesis meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and charts to house make the calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and doctoral create attractive graphs, charts, and and what is his to the world tables for your plan. Accounting? Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the ugc, calculations for you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to doctoral how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to works cited essay see them. 3. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and doctoral thesis accounting earnings, allowing you to track the progress of your business easily and essays without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan. Thesis Accounting? If or when you encounter the financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the who is is his, major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for thesis, your ideas.
Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC. Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and is his world essay does not engage in the practice of law. Doctoral? Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation. All information, software and services provided on the site are for informational purposes and cited essay page self-help only and are not intended to be a substitute for a lawyer or professional legal advice.