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What does restatement of thesis mean

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Example Of Thesis Restatement

Making Connections Book Report - February. After reading the book students will have the opportunity to share what they have read with others. By sharing what we have read we are introducing other students to some great books, and also sharing the knowledge that we have gained. Are you hungry for a sandwich? Want a neat way to present your book, then try making it into a book sandwich. Top Slice of what restatement of thesis, Bread – title and best in marathi author.

Lettuce – a brief summary of the book. Tomato – tell about the does of thesis, main character. Analysis Essay. Mayo – describe the books setting. Meat – describe the plot of the book. Bottom Slice of Bread – picture of your favorite scene. Once you have finished your Cheerios (or you favorite cereal) keep the box and create into a box of knowledge about the book.

You may decide to make it a new cover of the book, you may decorate the outside with interesting quotes and pictures from the story, or many other things. What Does Restatement Mean. Who doesn’t like getting together with a group of friends for a good board game? Create your own version of a board game for the book you have read. Think of game like Monopoly and make up your own version. Grab a brown paper bag (or any other bag, shopping, gift, etc) and fill the bag with items that tell you about the story. Then in a presentation in front of the class you will pull out the book writing services, items to help you summarize and tell the restatement mean, audience about the book you read.

Slip inside the head of one of the characters and create 5 different diary entries for this character. Each entry needs to short communication paper be at least 500 words long, and remember to of thesis be that character and write about what you think they would write. Have you ever been told you talk too much? Are you one of those people who could convince anyone to short communication do things for you? Then you may be a salesperson. What Mean. Take this opportunity to sell your book to readers. How?

You are the salesperson, you will think of the perfect way whether it is a… Could you create an artistic representation of one of the characters? If so let’s see it. Questions For The Color Purple. Also include with the model of a character that you have made a one page typed description telling us a little more about who this character is and their importance in the story. Get creative with this idea! First create a list of interesting questions (think Oprah or Dr. Phil like) that you could pose to one of the characters.

Then determine what their response would be to the questions. These could be presented in written form, recorded on a tape, videotaped, or any other way you can think of. It’s a good way to what does of thesis get your parents or siblings helping you, have them become the interviewer while you be the character. The book you are reading definitely has a setting (a place where the story takes place). It is best friend essay, up to you now to create the town, city, or places hometown newspaper. Remember to include: -the big hit stories (front page!) Check out what restatement mean another paper (like the friend in marathi, Star Phoenix) for ideas of what a paper needs to have! · Write your author (addressing them properly--Dear Mr., Dear Mrs. or Dear Ms.).

You are expected to use proper letter writing standards as learned in ELA. · Tell him or her why you liked the book and ask any questions that you may have (like, “Why did the story end the way it did?” “Why did you have the does, character do. etc.). Letters are to be a page in length. · Two handwritten copies (no xeroxing) must be turned in, so that after presenting your letter we can mail the second copy to the author. If you receive a response you can share it with the essay, class. Some descriptions are below. 1. Traditional Written Book Report. There are many “traditional” written book report forms, where you take the different provided headings and fill in the required information about the book that you have read. If you are choosing this option, choose from one of the options found at the back of this package that allow you to fill in information about the book you read. Could you give this book a series?

If so give us the next book that continues the story. Could you write a different or more improved beginning or ending for the story? If so then this is the choice for you. In 3-5 pages typed write one of the choices provided to restatement of thesis mean you. (Remember Times New Roman, no bigger than 16!). Do you have a video camera at home? A tape player where you could record your voice?

If so then you have the ability to… … create a version of the essay great, news for what does of thesis mean, the. Book Review Services. … create radio reports, or a radio talk show. … a talk show with the characters as the. Could this book be better if it had some pictures to what does of thesis look at? Create 10 different pictures that could be added into the text of the story to help the reader understand and make the book more enjoyable. On the back of in marathi, each picture describe the what of thesis, part in the book that you are portraying. Enjoy reading comics – then turn your book into one! You can focus your comic on the whole story – or maybe just part, but make the tree is my best, story come alive in does, picture and captions. Passage Analysis Essay Great. Your comic should have at does restatement of thesis least 32 different frames. (I have some layouts you could use – let me know if you are interested). Choose one of your favorite parts from the story and create a puppet show to questions for the purple perform in what does of thesis mean, front of the class. You may use puppets you have or create them, it is passage essay gatsby, up to you. The show should be at least 3 minutes long.

All the what restatement mean, great books these days seem to also become hit movies. Purple. Turn the book you have read into a movie. What Does Restatement. This may mean you decide to act out parts of best, it with the does of thesis, help of some great friends and family – or you may to short decide to what does mean write a portion of the script and choose actors who you would cast to essay questions for the play each part. There are many things to do here, let your imagination go (and let me know where it is headed!) You hold a position in the local town office (of the what does mean, place where your story is communication, set) and you are looking to what of thesis attract tourists to your place. Create a brochure that will draw tourists to your location. Where will they be going? What can they do there? What is the place known for? Etc! Did you read a book that you think I just have to read?

If so then email me and in at least a page tell me why you think I have to read the book. What makes it so good? Don’t give away the whole story though, but get me hooked so that I go looking for it! Was this an awesome book, or not so awesome? Create your own personal review of the book (stars system, number rating, whatever) but back up your review with facts and book writing reasons why the what of thesis, book is so good or not so good.

If you have an short research amazing way to present your book and restatement mean story (there are so many ways to do it) then let me know what you’d like to do and we can discuss the idea further. Questions For The Purple. Portions not contributed by visitors are Copyright 2017 Tangient LLC.

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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Blaise Pascal was a French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, inventor, and theologian. In mathematics, he was an restatement early pioneer in the fields of game theory and book review writing, probability theory. In philosophy he was an of thesis mean early pioneer in existentialism. As a writer on theology and religion he was a defender of Christianity. Despite chronic ill health, Pascal made historic contributions to for the color purple, mathematics and to physical science, including both experimental and theoretical work on hydraulics, atmospheric pressure, and the existence and nature of the vacuum. As a scientist and philosopher of does restatement of thesis, science, Pascal championed strict empirical observation and the use of controlled experiments; he opposed the rationalism and logico-deductive method of the easy, Cartesians; and he opposed the what does, metaphysical speculations and reverence for authority of the theologians of the Middle Ages. Although he never fully abandoned his scientific and mathematical interests, after his uncanny “Night of Fire” (the intense mystical illumination and midnight conversion that he experienced on the evening of November 23, 1654), Pascal turned his talents almost exclusively to religious writing. Is My Best Friend In Marathi? It was during the period from 1656 until his death in 1662 that he wrote the Lettres Provinciales and the Pensees . The Lettres Provinciales is a satirical attack on Jesuit casuistry and does mean, a polemical defense of Jansenism.

The Pensees is a posthumously published collection of unfinished notes for on quaid-e-azam what was intended to be a systematic apologia for what restatement of thesis the Christian religion. Along with his scientific writings, these two great literary works have attracted the admiration and critical interest of philosophers and serious readers of every generation. “Pascal’s life is inseparable from his work.”—A. J. Krailsheimer. Pascal’s life has stirred the same fascination and generated as much lively discussion and learned commentary as his writings. Book Services? This is largely attributable to his intriguing, enigmatic personality. To read him is to come into direct contact with both his strangeness and his charm. What? It is book review writing services, also to encounter a tangle of incongruities and seeming contradictions. For Pascal himself – humble yet forceful; fanatical as well as skeptical; mild and empathetic, yet also capable of what does restatement of thesis, withering scorn – personified the very “chimera” he famously declared man to be ( Pensees , 131/164). [Note: Throughout this article, fragments of the Pensees are identified first (that is, before the slash) by the numeration system of Lafuma and second (after the slash) by that of Sellier – L/S.] Interest in his life is also due to our natural desire to research, learn more about this “scary genius” , or effrayant g enie – Chateaubriand’s memorable phrase, whose unique combination of restatement of thesis mean, talents enabled him to make revolutionary contributions not only to mathematics and physical science but also to the theology and easy essay on quaid-e-azam, literature of his age. Merely to list his achievements is once again to encounter Pascal the “chimera,”— the human riddle who was both an avant-garde crusader for empirical science as well as an avid supporter of ancient prophecy, mysticism, miracles, and Biblical hermeneutics.

Modern readers are usually shocked to discover that the what restatement mean, father of opbygning, gambling odds and the mechanical computer wore a spiked girdle to chastise himself and further mortify a body already tormented by recurrent illness and chronic pain. He has been the what restatement of thesis mean, subject of dozens of biographies, beginning with La Vie de M. Pascal , the brief hagiographic sketch composed by his sister Gilberte Perier shortly after his death in 1662 and first published in 1684. Tree Is My Best Essay? New treatments of the author’s life have appeared in both French and does of thesis mean, English with remarkable regularity ever since. Perier’s memoir established a precedent by applying an underlying pattern and symmetry to her brother’s life. Book Review Services? The implied form is that of a well-made play with classic five-act structure. In Perier’s treatment this life-drama is a divine comedy showing the spiritual rise and eventual salvation of a distressed soul who, after a series of trials and setbacks, reunites with God.

Meanwhile Pascal’s secular biographers and commentators, beginning with Voltaire, offer an opposite view. They portray Pascal’s career as essentially a tragedy, a descending arc tracing the does restatement of thesis mean, decline into timidity and superstition of a once bold and independent thinker. Nietzsche’s characterization of Pascal as “the most instructive victim of Christianity, murdered slowly, first physically, then psychologically” is a typical summation ( Ecce Homo , II, 3, p. 243). Both views are oversimplified. First of all, at no point during his lifetime was Pascal ever a libertine or libre-penseur . So portraying his life as though it consisted of two sudden and powerful “conversions,” with an intervening slide into worldliness and sins of the flesh, seems a bit too pat and melodramatic. Similarly, since Pascal was a lifelong supporter of the Catholic faith, and since he also maintained an interest in review services, scientific and what of thesis mean, mathematical problems well after his commitment to Jansenism and easy essay on quaid-e-azam, Port-Royal, it seems unfair to portray his final years as a betrayal of his scientific principles rather than as an intensification or culmination of his religious views. Despite these and other distortions, the traditional division of Pascal’s biography into five stages or periods remains a convenient way of reviewing his career.

Blaise Pascal was born on June 19, 1623, in Clermont (now Clermont-Ferrand) in the Auvergne region of central France. Restatement Of Thesis? His parents were Etienne Pascal (1588 – 1651), a magistrate, civil servant, and member of the aristocratic and professional class known as the noblesse de robe , and Antoinette Begon Pascal (1596-1626), the tree is my, daughter of a Clermont merchant. Pascal was named for his paternal uncle as well as for St. What Does Of Thesis? Blaise, the 3rd-century Armenian saint martyred by having his flesh flayed by essay color iron carding combs as his namesake would later punish his own flesh by wearing a belt studded with sharp nails. The Pascal family, including Pascal’s older sister Gilberte (b. 1620) and younger sister Jacqueline (b. 1625), enjoyed a comfortable, upper-bourgeois lifestyle. Etienne, in addition to being a lawyer, public official, and tax administrator, was proficient in Latin and Greek, a dabbler in natural philosophy, and an expert mathematician.

He was also a demanding but loving father who took great pride in his children’s accomplishments. Gilberte would go on to become Pascal’s first biographer and serve as a fierce guardian of his reputation. Jacqueline displayed an restatement mean early literary genius and earned acclaim as a poet and essay on quaid-e-azam, dramatist before becoming a nun at Port-Royal. Pascal’s mother, who was known for of thesis her piety and great, charitable work, died when Pascal was only three years old and Jacqueline was but an infant. Pascal was a sickly child who suffered various pains and diseases throughout his life. According to what restatement mean, a family anecdote related by his niece, at age one he supposedly fell victim to a strange illness. Short Communication Research? His abdomen became distended and does mean, swollen, and the slightest annoyance triggered fits of crying and screaming. This affliction supposedly continued for more than a year, and the child often seemed on the verge of death.

Hearing of the boy’s condition, neighbors attributed it to witchcraft and passage essay great gatsby, blamed a poor elderly woman who occasionally performed household chores for the Pascal family. Etienne, as an educated gentleman, at first scoffed at the accusation, but when his patience eventually wore thin he confronted the woman and threatened her with hanging if she didn’t come forward with the truth. The woman reportedly fell to the floor and promised to what does of thesis mean, divulge everything if her life would be spared. She confessed that in a moment of anger and resentment she had cast a spell on the child – a fatal spell that could be undone only by having it transferred to some other living creature. Supposedly the family cat was given to her and made a scapegoat for the otherwise doomed child. The old woman then prescribed that a poultice of special herbs be applied to Pascal’s stomach. After an intense crisis, during which he appeared to short research, be comatose and close to death, Pascal awoke from his “spell” and eventually recovered his health.

This strange and improbable “witch” tale is scarcely credible today. But that Pascal endured a serious and potentially fatal childhood illness during which his parents desperately tried all kinds of does restatement of thesis, fanciful cures and treatments seems very likely. In fact, the for the, anecdote is of thesis, perfectly consistent with the wild and best, paradoxical world of 17 th_ century culture and especially the mean, medical practice of the time – a time when empirical science and natural magic, enlightened new techniques and antique superstitions, were routinely intermingled and practiced side by side. The exact cause and basis of Pascal’s lifelong health problems have never been fully settled or accounted for. Best Essay? According to Gilberte, after his 18 th birthday Pascal never lived a day of his life free from pain or from some sort of illness or medical affliction. The most common medical opinion is that he contracted gastrointestinal tuberculosis in early childhood and that manifestations of the disease, along with signs of possible concurrent nephritis or rheumatoid arthritis, recurred periodically throughout his lifetime. The accounts of his pathology are also consistent with migraine, irritable bowel syndrome, and fibromyalgia – a complex of illnesses often found together and which also frequently occur in combination with symptoms of anxiety, depression, and emotional distress. Scholarly interest in this matter involves more than just idle curiosity and medical detective-work. The question of Pascal’s physical and mental health goes to the heart of desires to learn more about the conditions and what does restatement of thesis mean, circumstances that produce extraordinary genius.

Affliction and short research paper, disease, physical or emotional trauma, a natural disadvantage or disability have often served as an added motive or accelerator for high-level creative achievement. What Does Restatement? Examples abound – from the ancient legend of the blind and vagabond Homer to the documented histories of modern creative figures like Isaac Newton, Van Gogh, Stephen Hawking, and Christy Brown. We can only speculate whether and to short paper, what extent Pascal’s physical ailments and disabilities, instead of retarding his career, may have actually spurred and given rise to his intellectual triumphs. In 1631, a few years after the what of thesis, death of questions for the color, his wife, Etienne sold his government post (a common practice of the day) along with most of his property and moved with his children to Paris. Over the next nine years he devoted himself to his amateur scientific and mathematical pursuits and does of thesis mean, took personal charge of his children’s education. Recognizing early on his son’s exceptional intellectual gifts, Etienne designed and supervised a special program and book writing services, curriculum for the boy based on his own anti-scholastic and progressive educational principles. Young Pascal was taught Latin and Greek as well as history, geography, and philosophy – all on an impromptu schedule, including during meals and at various hours throughout the day.

Science, or natural philosophy as the discipline was then known, ignited Pascal’s imagination, and he demonstrated an early inquisitiveness about natural phenomena and does of thesis, a fondness for devising experiments. Civil and canon law were also part of communication research, a varied curriculum that included study of the restatement mean, Bible and the Church Fathers. The latter studies were in accordance with Etienne’s personal religious views, which were plain and respectful and as progressive as his views on education. He taught his son his own cardinal principle that whatever is a matter of writing, faith should not also be treated as a matter of what restatement of thesis mean, reason; and vice-versa. It is et essays opbygning, a tenet that Pascal took to what does restatement, heart and followed throughout his career.

In the belief that, once exposed to mathematics, his son would be so captivated by it that he would forsake or ignore his other studies, Etienne determined to essay, withhold instruction in math and geometry until Pascal had completed the what does restatement of thesis, rest of friend, his training. However, upon discovering that the boy had already achieved an intuitive understanding of the discipline including his own independently worked out demonstration of a proof in Euclid, Etienne acquiesced. The pages of Euclid were finally opened to does restatement mean, the youth, and et essays opbygning, thus began Pascal’s belated introduction to mathematics – the subject with which he would conduct, at times guiltily, a lifelong love affair. Pascal’s education was unique for his own time and would be unusual in any era. Restatement Of Thesis? A passionate student who delved earnestly into tree is my best essay in marathi, each new subject, he absorbed new material, including, at a later period, the most arcane and technical components of theology quickly and effortlessly. What Does Restatement? However, his learning, while deep in a few areas, was never broad and was in tree is my best, some ways less remarkable for what it included than for what it left out.

For example, due to his assorted maladies, Pascal’s regimen included no physical training or any form of exercise. In addition, because of the sequestered, hermetic, entirely private form of his schooling, he never experienced any of the personal contacts or opportunities for social development that most young people, including even novice monks in monastic schools, commonly do. Does Restatement Mean? To what extent this may have deformed or limited his social and interpersonal skills it is hard to say. Essay On Quaid-e-azam? He was known to be temperamentally impatient with and demanding of others while sometimes seeming arrogant and self-absorbed. What Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean? At a later point in his career, he fully acknowledged his deficiencies and indeed chastised himself for his social ambition and intellectual vanity. Pascal was not widely read in the classics or in questions purple, contemporary literature. Though he was well acquainted with Aristotelian and Scholastic thought, philosophy for him consisted mainly of Epictetus, Montaigne, and the traditional debate between Stoicism and Epicureanism. Profane literature was foreign to him, and given his tastes and habits it’s impossible to imagine him reading, say, Ovid or Catullus, much less Rabelais. In fact it’s uncertain whether he had even read Homer or Virgil or for that matter any verses other than the Psalms and his sister Jacqueline’s religious poems. What Does? As for drama, Corneille was a family friend who at one time personally championed Jacqueline’s poetry and dramaturgy, and analysis great, the young Racine studied classical literature and rhetoric at the school at Port-Royal while Jacqueline and Pascal were also there.

Yet Pascal never mentions the work of either great writer and indeed – other than to refer to the stage as a “dangerous diversion” ( Pensees , 764/630) – seems to have taken little interest at what restatement of thesis all in essay on quaid-e-azam, contemporary French theatre, which was then at its artistic zenith. But whatever he may have lacked in what restatement of thesis mean, physical education, humanistic studies, and art appreciation, Pascal more than made up for in his favored pursuits. Short Communication Research Paper? In fact, so rapidly did he advance in physics and mathematics that Etienne boldly introduced the boy at what does restatement of thesis mean the age of only easy essay on quaid-e-azam thirteen into what of thesis, his small Parisian academic circle known as the Acad emie libre. The central figure of this group was the polymathic philosopher, mathematician, theologian, and music theorist Pere Marin Mersenne, one of the leading intellectuals of the easy on quaid-e-azam, age. Mersenne corresponded with Descartes, Huygens, Hobbes, and other luminaries of the what does of thesis mean, period and actively promoted the work of controversial thinkers like Galileo and Gassendi. Essay Questions Color? The Mersenne circle also included such notable mathematicians as Girard Desargues and Gilles de Roberval. These inspirational figures served the young Pascal as mentors, examiners, intellectual models, and academic guides.

It was during his involvement with the Mersenne circle that Pascal published, at age sixteen, his Essai pour les Coniques , an important contribution to the relatively new field of projective geometry. The essay includes an original proof concerning the what does restatement of thesis, special properties of et essays opbygning, hexagons inscribed within conic sections that is still known today as Pascal’s Theorem. Around the same time that Pascal was working on his Theorem, Etienne, who had at one time served as an adviser to restatement of thesis, Cardinal Richelieu, incurred the wrath of the First Minister by leading a protest over a government bond default. Threatened with prison, he sought refuge in essay for the purple, Auvergne. He was eventually restored to the Cardinal’s good graces by the intervention of his daughter Jacqueline. (The Cardinal, a patron of the theatre, was charmed not only by Jacqueline’s poetic and dramatic skills but also by her beauty and courtly manners.) It’s also likely that Richelieu had an what restatement additional motive for welcoming Etienne back. Review? For no sooner was Etienne returned to does restatement of thesis mean, royal favor than Richelieu appointed him the chief tax administrator for et essays opbygning Rouen. At the Cardinal’s behest, the Pascal family moved from what Paris to Rouen in early January of 1640. Rouen was a city in crisis, beset by street violence, crop failures, a tax revolt, and an outbreak of plague. It was Etienne’s job to essay for the color purple, handle the taxpayer revolt, which he eventually managed to do by working with the local citizens and earning their confidence and respect. Pascal meanwhile seems to what restatement, have been little affected by the change of essay for the color, scene and continued with his mathematical studies.

He also undertook a new project. Impressed by the massive number of calculations required in his father’s work of accounting and what does restatement, tax assessment, he wondered if the drudgery of best, such labor might not be relieved by does restatement some type of mechanical device. Easy On Quaid-e-azam? Setting to work on the idea in 1642, he eventually conceived, designed, and oversaw the construction of what was presented to the public in 1645 as la machine arithmetique , later known as the Pascaline. His simple design consisted of a sequence of interconnected wheels, arranged in such a fashion that a full revolution of one wheel nudged its neighbor to the left ahead one tenth of a revolution. The Pascaline thus became the world’s first fully functional mechanical calculator, and in 1649 Pascal received a royal patent on the device.

Over the next five years he continued tinkering with his design, experimenting with various materials and trying out what of thesis, different linkage arrangements and et essays opbygning, gear mechanisms. Does Mean? Nine working models survive today and serve as a reminder that Pascal was not just a mathematical Platonist absorbed in short communication research paper, a higher world of pure number but also a practical minded, down-to-earth engineering type interested in applying the insights of science and mathematics to the solution of real-world problems. On an restatement of thesis mean icy day in January of 1646, Etienne Pascal, in his capacity as a public official, was summoned to prevent a duel that was to take place in a field outside Rouen. Tree Is My Best? While en route, he slipped on the ice, fracturing a leg and injuring his hip. The family called in two local bonesetters, the what restatement of thesis mean, brothers Deschamps, who moved into the Pascal household for passage gatsby a period of three months to care for Etienne and oversee his recovery. The brothers turned out to be members of the restatement of thesis, small, saintly community of Augustinian worshippers established at Port-Royal by the Jansenist priest Jean du Vergier de Hauranne, more simply known as the abbe Saint-Cyran.

The Jansenists (named for short paper the Dutch theologian Cornelius Jansen) accepted the strict Augustinian creed that salvation is what does of thesis mean, achieved not by human virtue or merit but solely by the grace of God. At Port-Royal they practiced an ascetic lifestyle emphasizing penance, austerity, devotional exercises, and good works. While treating Etienne, the Deschamps brothers shared their stringent, exacting, and somewhat cheerless religious views with the Pascal family. Pascal himself, along with his father and sisters, had never displayed much in the way of genuine religious fervor. They were good upper-middle-class Catholics, mild and purple, respectful in their beliefs rather than zealous, neither God-fearing nor, to any extraordinary degree, God-seeking. Yet the ardor of the Deschamps brothers proved contagious. Pascal caught the fire and read with avidity the Jansenist texts that were given to restatement, him – sermons by Saint-Cyran along with doctrinal works by Augustine, Antoine Arnauld (Saint-Cyran’s successor), and tree in marathi, Jansen himself. What Does Restatement Mean? Gradually, with growing assurance, and eventually with complete sincerity and conviction, Pascal embraced the Jansenist creed. Passage Essay Great Gatsby? According to of thesis mean, Gilberte’s account, he was the first in the family to convert to the new faith, and no sooner had he done so than he set about to convert the rest of family, first Jacqueline, then Etienne, and finally Gilberte and her husband Florin Perier. It should be added, however, that from Pascal’s own point of view he wasn’t so much “converting” to review, Jansenism, or any particular group or sect, as he was declaring or reaffirming his commitment to the true faith.

In her memoir, Gilberte refers to the events of this period as Pascal’s “intellectual conversion,” distinguishing it from his later, more emotional, and traumatic “second conversion” of 1654. She also asserts that at this time Pascal formally renounced all his scientific and mathematical researches and ever afterward devoted himself entirely and exclusively to the love and service of God. This claim is inaccurate and indeed hard to fathom given that only a year later Florin Perier, Gilberte’s own husband, assisted in what is probably Pascal’s most famous scientific investigation, the celebrated Puy-de-Dome experiment measuring air pressure and does of thesis mean, proving the existence of the vacuum. In fact, despite Gilberte’s claim, it would probably be closer to the truth to say that, shortly after his conversion to Jansenism, Pascal resumed his scientific endeavors with even more zest and energy than before. In the spring of 1647, partly on the advice of his physicians, he returned to short, Paris where he linked up once again with former colleagues and began organizing several new essays and treatises for what does of thesis publication. His supposed renunciation of natural philosophy and the bright world of Parisian intellectual life had lasted all of tree essay, six months. Contrary to Gilberte’s account, most biographers have accepted the years 1649 -1654 as a periode mondaine in Pascal’s career – that is, as a time when he retreated from his pledge to does mean, serve only et essays opbygning God and resumed to a significant degree the life of a gentleman-scientist. It was not a period of debauchery and libertinism or anything of the kind. Although he showed an occasional weakness for silk and does of thesis mean, brocade and easy essay on quaid-e-azam, enjoyed the amenities of both a valet and a coach-and-six, Pascal did not become a salon habitue or even much of a bon vivant. What? He was simply a young man who sought the company of fellow experts, savored the spotlight of tree best friend, recognition for personal achievement, and delighted in restatement of thesis, the social world of learned conversation and sparkling intellectual debate. His lapse or personal failing, if it can be called that, was what the Port-Royalists referred to as libido excellendi – a concupiscence of the mind rather than of the et essays opbygning, flesh and an example of the natural human desire for what restatement of thesis mean fame that his contemporary, John Milton, called “that last infirmity of noble mind.”

Pascal’s companions during this period included such stars of the Paris social scene as Artus Gouffier, the Duc de Roannez, a former military officer, noted courtier, and easy essay on quaid-e-azam, amateur dabbler in does of thesis, science and mathematics; Antoine Gombaud, the Chevalier de Mere, a soldier, gambler, author, and paragon of honnetete (more than mere “honesty,” this term connotes an entire code of conduct and questions for the purple, the gallant, cheerful lifestyle of an independent-minded man of the world); and Damien Mitton, another champion of honnetete whose name became a byword for what of thesis mean debonair charm and essay for the, colorful raconteurship. What Restatement Of Thesis? Several commentators on the Pens ees argue that the work is directly aimed at the culture of honnetete and that it specifically targets figures like Mere and Mitton, that is, persons who seek a life of virtue and happiness apart from God. Shortly after his return to passage analysis essay great, Paris in 1647 and during a turn for the worse in what does of thesis, his health, Pascal reunited with his old circle of friends and fellow intellectuals and was also introduced into polite society. Descartes himself paid a visit (and according to reports wisely suggested that Pascal follow a regimen of bed-rest and bouillon rather than the steady diet of enemas, purgings, and review writing services, blood-lettings favored by his doctors). The historic meeting between the two scientific and philosophical rivals reportedly did not go well. Pascal’s new life in what does restatement of thesis, Paris was interrupted in 1648 by the outbreak of the book review services, Fronde , the violent civil clash that began as a power struggle between Chief Minister Mazurin and leaders of does of thesis, Parliament and best friend in marathi, which continued as a conflict between the crown and various aristocratic factions over the next five years. To escape the does restatement of thesis, mob havoc and pervasive military presence in Paris, Pascal returned to Clermont along with his sisters, brother-in-law, and book, father. There he effectively inserted himself into the Auvergne equivalent of Parisian high society and what does of thesis, resumed his temporary infatuation with la vie honnetete . Book Review Services? He returned to Paris in 1650, reconnected with his old friends, and began revising and polishing several scientific papers, including portions of what of thesis mean, a never completed or partially lost version of book services, his Treatise on the Vacuum . On September 24, 1651, Etienne died; he was 63.

Pascal and Jacqueline were at his bedside. Gilberte was in what restatement of thesis mean, Clermont awaiting the communication, birth of restatement of thesis mean, a child who would be named Etienne Perier in honor of his grandfather. Pascal’s letter of consolation to Gilberte, preserved among his complete works, has disappointed some of his admirers due to book review, its austere tone and cold Jansenist view of death (we should not grieve but rejoice at God’s will; the deceased is now in a better world; and so forth.). However, the letter includes a note of affection for the man who had taken personal charge of what restatement of thesis, his education and who was the first to introduce him to the world of science and essay gatsby, mathematics. Pascal ends the letter with a pledge that he, Gilberte, and Jacqueline should redouble on one another the love that they shared for their late father. A few months later, Jacqueline finally made good on her determination (long postponed in obedience to what does of thesis, her father’s and brother’s wishes) to short, dedicate her life to what does restatement, holy service and enter Port-Royal as a nun. In the summer of 1654 Pascal exchanged a series of letters with Fermat on the problem of calculating gambling odds and probabilities. It was also at this time (although many have doubted his authorship) that he completed his Discourse on for the color purple, Love . What Does? And according to at least two of his biographers (Faugere and Bishop) it was during this same period (1653-54) that Pascal himself fell victim to amorous passion and even contemplated marriage (supposedly to the comely Charlotte de Rouannez, his frequent correspondent and the sister of his good friend the Duke). On the other hand, Gilberte in her account of her brother’s life makes no mention whatsoever of a love affair, and the evidence that Pascal ever succumbed to romance or became a suitor remains sketchy at best. One other oft-cited, but dubious and unverified, event in Pascal’s life also dates from this period. According to questions color purple, various sources, none wholly reliable, in October of 1654, Pascal was supposedly involved in a nearly fatal accident while crossing the Pont de Neuilly in his coach.

His affrighted horses reportedly reared, bolted, and plunged over the side of the what of thesis, bridge into the Seine, nearly dragging the essay questions color purple, coach and Pascal after them. Fortunately, the main coupling broke and the coach, with Pascal inside, miraculously hung on to the edge and what does restatement of thesis, stabilized. The commentators who credit this tale attribute Pascal’s “second conversion” to it and view his return to Jansenism as an immediate and direct consequence of book review services, his near-death experience. Sigmund Freud accepted the story and even used it as an does restatement mean example of how severe trauma can trigger an obsessive or phobic reaction. However, there is no conclusive evidence that the event ever happened.

The crucial event of Pascal’s life and tree is my essay in marathi, career occurred on November 23, 1654, between the hours of 10:30 pm and restatement mean, 12:30 am. Pascal lay in bed at passage analysis his home in the Marais district in Paris when he experienced the religious ecstasy or revelation that his biographers refer to as his “second conversion” or “night of fire.” He produced a written record of does of thesis, this momentous experience on a sheet of paper, which he then inserted into a piece of folded parchment inscribed with a duplicate account of the same vision. This dual record, known as the Memorial, he kept sewed into the lining of his jacket as a kind of secret token or private testament of his new life and total commitment to Jesus Christ. Communication Paper? No one, not even Gilberte or Jacqueline, was aware of the existence of this document, which was not discovered until after his death. The text of the Memorial is cryptic, ejaculatory, portentous. At the top of the sheet stands a cross followed by a few lines establishing the time and date, then the word FEU (fire) in all upper case and centered near the top of the page. Then:

Dieu d'Abraham, Dieu d'Isaac, Dieu de Jacob, non des philosophes et des savants. Certitude. Certitude. Sentiment. Of Thesis? Joie. Questions Color? Paix. Dieu de Jesus-Christ. Deum meum et Deum vestrum. Ton Dieu sera mon Dieu. (God of what does restatement, Abraham, God of Isaac, God of Jacob, not of the philosophers and review writing services, scholars.

Certitude, certitude, feeling, joy, peace. God of restatement of thesis mean, Jesus Christ. My God and your God. Thy God will be my God.) And so on, in a similarly ecstatic vein for about eighteen more lines. On Quaid-e-azam? The parchment copy ends with the solemn pledge: “Total submission to Jesus Christ and to my director. Eternally in joy for a day’s trial on earth. I shall not forget thy word.” As the name Memorial implies, Pascal’s words were written down to preserve them indelibly in his memory and to bear tangible witness to what was for him a soul-piercing and does, truly life-altering event. His account, despite its brevity and gnomic style, accords closely with the reports of conversion and mysticism classically described and analyzed by opbygning William James. In the weeks leading up to November 23, 1654, Pascal had on several occasions visited Jacqueline at what does restatement of thesis mean Port-Royal and had complained, despite his active social life and ongoing scientific work, of feelings of dissatisfaction, guilt, lack of purpose, and writing services, ennui.

As in the story of his carriage accident by the Seine, he seemed to be a man teetering on the edge – in this case between anxiety and what restatement of thesis mean, hope. His “Night of Fire” dramatically changed his outlook and brought him back from the short communication paper, brink of despair. After his conversion Pascal formally renounced, but did not totally abandon, his scientific and what, mathematical studies. He instead vowed to dedicate his time and et essays opbygning, talents to restatement of thesis, the glorification of God, the edification of his fellow believers, and the salvation of the larger human community. It wasn’t long before he got an early test of his new resolve. In fact, hardly had Pascal committed himself to Port-Royal than the Jansenist enclave, never secure and always under the watchful suspicion of the greater Catholic community, found itself under theological siege.

Antoine Arnauld, the spiritual leader of Port-Royal and the uncompromising voice and authority for its strict Augustinian beliefs and values, was embroiled in a bitter controversy pitting Jansenism against easy, the Pope, the Jesuit order, and a majority of the bishops of France. In effect, opponents charged that the entire Jansenist system was based on a foundation of error. At issue were matters of Catholic doctrine involving grace, election, human righteousness, divine power, and free will. What Does Restatement? Arnauld denied the charges and published a series of vehement counter-attacks. Unfortunately, these only easy essay served to make the hostility towards himself and the Port-Royal community more intense. He ended up being censored by what mean the Faculty of Theology at the Sorbonne and stood threatened with official accusations of heresy. He sought sanctuary at essay Port-Royal-des-Champs and awaited the judgment of Paris and Rome. With the official voice of Port-Royal effectively muted, the cause of what does, Jansenism needed a new champion.

Pascal stood ready to fill the role. During the period 1656-57, under the pseudonym Louis de Montalte, he produced a series of 18 public letters attacking the Jesuits and defending Arnauld and Jansenist doctrine. Easy Essay? The Lettres provinciales , as they became known, introduced an entirely new tone and style into contemporary theological debate. From time to time, the genre had served as a forum for obfuscation, vituperation, abstruse technical language, and stodgy academic prose. What Does Mean? Pascal’s Lettres injected a new note of wit and humor and ran the gamut from light irony and sarcasm to outright mockery and easy essay on quaid-e-azam, scorn. They also featured a popular idiom and what does of thesis mean, conversational tone and made use of writing, literary devices such as characterization, dialog, dramatization, and what of thesis, narrative voice. They became a sensation and attracted the amused attention of readers throughout France. Who, people wondered, is this clever fellow Montalte? The Jesuits, stunned and slow to respond, seemed to have met their intellectual match. During the same week that Pascal’s fifth provinciale (a polemic against Jesuit casuistry) was published, and just when rumors of new antagonism and royal disfavor with Jansenism began to circulate, an extraordinary event occurred at questions color purple Port-Royal.

As a gift from a benefactor, the community had accepted and agreed to display a holy relic – a true thorn, so it was claimed, from the Savior’s crown. Partly as an act of faith and partly out of desperation, Pascal’s ten-year-old niece Marguerite, Gilberte’s daughter, was put forward to receive a healing incision from the holy object. For more than three years she had suffered from a lacrimal fistula, a horrible swelling or tumor around her eye that, according to her physicians, had no known cure and was thought to be treatable if at all only by cauterization with a red hot stylus. Yet remarkably, within a few days of being pricked by the sacred thorn, Marguerite’s eye completely healed. The seeming miracle excited the Pascal family and the entire Port-Royal community; news of the event soon spread outside the walls of Port-Royal and around the nation.

After an inquiry, the does mean, cure was confirmed as a bona fide miracle and officially accepted as such. Port-Royal rejoiced, and for easy essay on quaid-e-azam a while the what of thesis mean, antagonism against it from the larger Catholic community abated. Passage Essay Gatsby? Pascal regarded the miracle as a sign of divine favor for his Lettres project and for the cause of Jansenism in general. It also confirmed his belief in miracles, a belief that would form part of the foundation for his view of religious faith as set forth in the Pens ees . Despite the does, auspicious sign of heavenly favor, and short communication research, even though the Lettres were brilliantly successful in the short term, they failed in their ultimate goal of what mean, vindicating Arnauld and Port-Royal. A papal “bull” condemning Jansenism was issued by essay Alexander VII in October of 1656 and what does, approved in France in December of 1657.

An official oath decreeing that Jansenist doctrine was contaminated by heresy was circulated and all French priests, monks, and nuns, including the et essays, Port-Royalists and Pascal’s sister Jacqueline, were compelled to sign. In 1660 the “little schools” of does mean, Port Royal, renowned for excellence and analysis gatsby, models of does restatement of thesis, progressive education, were closed. In 1661 the essay gatsby, monastery was no longer allowed to accept novices. Early in what does mean, the next century the abbey would be abolished, the community of worshippers disbanded, and the buildings razed. Overwhelmed by a combined force of royal politics and papal power, Port-Royal would lie in ruins and Jansenism, though it would inspire a few random offshoots and latter-day imitations, would find itself largely reduced to book review writing, an interesting but brief chapter in the history of French Catholicism.

Meanwhile, in what does of thesis mean, the spring of 1658, as he was studying the Bible and doing preparatory work for what was to be his magnum opus – the great Apology for communication research Christianity that would become the Pensees – Pascal turned his attention once again to mathematics and to the problem of the of thesis, roulette or cycloid. Gilberte blames this “reversion” to worldly pursuits on Pascal’s physicians, who recommended that he leave off his serious theological investigations for lighter activities. She also claims that the solution to the problem, which had challenged the likes of Galileo, Torricelli, and Descartes, came to him almost despite himself and during a bout of sleeplessness caused by a toothache. She finally alleges that Pascal decided to make his discovery public only when he was at length persuaded by best friend essay others that it was God’s will. Gilberte’s claims are questionable. What is known is that when Pascal, under the pseudonym Amos Dettonville, actually did publish his solution, which was done within the context of a contest or challenge that he had thrown out to some of the best mathematical minds of Europe, the result was a controversy that occupied his time and energy for several months and which distracted him from working on his new project. The Pensees occupied Pascal’s final years and were undertaken at a time when his health, which was never robust, deteriorated and grew progressively worse. Originally conceived as a comprehensive defense of the Christian faith against what restatement of thesis, non-believers, the work in its existing form is a rich assortment of notes, fragments, aphorisms, homilies, short essays, sermonettes, and easy on quaid-e-azam, apercus that even in of thesis, their disorganized and essay gatsby, unfinished state constitute a powerful and fascinating contribution to philosophy, theology, and literary art. Pascal worked determinedly on what does restatement, the Pensees to the extent that his health permitted him, which was unfortunately not very often or for very long. By early 1659 he was already seriously ill and et essays opbygning, could work for only short spurts before succumbing to mental and physical exhaustion.

His condition improved somewhat a year later when he was moved from Paris to his native Clermont, but this relief lasted only a few months. When he returned to does, Paris he mustered enough energy to book, work out his plan for a public shuttle system of omnibuses for the city. When this novel idea was realized and put into actual operation in 1662, Paris had the first such transit system in of thesis mean, the world. The last two years of Pascal’s life were spent in Paris under the care and supervision of passage essay great gatsby, Gilberte and Florin, who had taken a home nearby. It was a grim period for all the Pascals; Jacqueline died in 1661, only a few months after being forced to subscribe to the formulary condemning Jansen’s Augustinus as heretical. Of Thesis? As Pascal’s physical health declined, his mental powers weakened and his personal habits and spiritual outlook became even more harsh and austere. According to is my best, Gilberte, he regarded any sort of dining pleasure or gastronomic delight as a hateful form of sensuality and adopted the (very un-Gallic) view that one should eat strictly for nourishment and not for enjoyment. He championed the ideal of poverty and claimed that one should prefer and use goods crafted by the poorest and most honest artisans, not those manufactured by the best and restatement of thesis, most accomplished.

He purged his home of luxuries and pretty furnishings and took in a homeless family. Communication Research Paper? He even cautioned Gilberte not to be publicly affectionate with her children – on what restatement mean, grounds that caresses can be a form of sensuality, dependency, and self-indulgence. In his opinion, a life devoted to is my friend in marathi, God did not allow for close personal attachments – not even to family. During his last days he burned with fever and colic. His doctors assaulted him with their customary cures. He wavered in and out of consciousness and suffered a series of does restatement of thesis mean, recurrent violent convulsions. However, Gilberte attests that he recovered his clarity of mind in time to make a final confession, take the Blessed Sacrament, and receive extreme unction.

His last coherent words were reportedly “May God never abandon me.” He died at essay gatsby 1:00 AM August 19, 1662, at the age of does of thesis, 39. Even post-mortem Pascal was unable to escape the curiosity and easy, intrusiveness of his physicians. Shortly after his death an autopsy was performed and revealed, among other pathologies, stomach cancer, a diseased liver, and brain lesions. Nor after death, was he granted peace from the restatement mean, still ongoing crossfire between Jesuits and Port-Royal. Was Pascal, it was asked, truly orthodox and a good Catholic? A sincere believer and tree is my best essay, supporter of the what does restatement of thesis mean, powers of the Pope and the priesthood and the efficacious intervention of the Saints? Did he reject the Jansenist heresy on his deathbed and accept a more moderate and forgiving theology? Those questions have been taken up and debated by a succession of biographers, critics, latter-day devil’s advocates, and posthumous grand inquisitors. His works have fared better, having received, during the three and a half centuries since his death, first-rate editorial attention, a number of superb translations, and an abundance of expert scholarly commentary.

The Pensees and the Provincial Letters have earned him a place in the pantheon of French philosophical non-fiction alongside names like Montaigne, Descartes, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Sartre. Pascal’s Provincial Letters (henceforth Letters or provinciales ) are a series of 18 letters plus a fictional “Reply” and an unfinished fragment composed and published between January, 1656, and March, 1657. Their aim was to defend the on quaid-e-azam, Jansenist community of Port-Royal and its principal spokesman and spiritual leader Antoine Arnauld from defamation and accusations of heresy while at the same time leading a counter-offensive against the accusers (mainly the Jesuits). Polemical exchanges, often acrimonious and personal, were a common feature of the 17 th -century theological landscape. Restatement Of Thesis Mean? Pascal ventured into research, this particular fray with a unique set of weapons – a mind honed by does of thesis mathematical exercise and scientific debate, a pointed wit, and sharp-edged literary and book review writing, dramatic skills. In the does mean, background of the letters stand two notable events: (1) In May of 1653, Pope Innocent X in a bull entitled Cum Occasione declared five propositions supposedly contained in Cornelius Jansen’s Augustinus to be heretical. (2) In January of 1656, after a long and heated trial, Arnauld, who had repeatedly denied that the opbygning, five propositions were in of thesis, Jansen’s text, was officially censured and expelled from the Sorbonne.

The five propositions can be stated as follows: 1. Even the essay great, just, no matter how hard they may strive, lack the power and grace to keep all the commandments. 2. In our fallen condition it is impossible for does mean us to resist interior grace. 3. In order to deserve merit or condemnation we must be free from external compulsion though not from internal necessity. 4. It is heresy to say that we can either accept grace or resist it. 5. Christ did not die for everyone, but only for the elect. Two separate questions were at short stake: (1) Are the propositions actually in what does restatement of thesis, Jansen, if not explicitly and essay questions, verbatim , then implicitly in meaning or intention?

This was the what does, so-called question of fact ( de fait ). (2) Are the propositions, as plainly and ordinarily understood, indeed heretical? This was the question of right or law ( de droit ). The Port-Royal position was yes in the case of the second question, no in the case of the first. Arnauld claimed that the propositions do not occur, verbatim or otherwise, anywhere in Jansen’s text, but he acknowledged that if they did occur there (or for that matter anywhere), they were indeed heretical. Despite the fact that he disavowed any support for the five propositions, he and the Port-Royal community as a whole stood under suspicion of tree is my best essay in marathi, secretly approving, if not openly embracing them. Such was the situation that Pascal found himself in when he sat down to compose the first provinciale . What he produced was something utterly new in the annals of religious controversy. In place of the usual fury and technical quibbling, he adopts a tone of easy-going candor and colloquial simplicity. He presents himself as a modest, ordinary, private citizen (originally anonymous, but later identified in the collected letters by the pseudonym Louis de Montalte) who is what does, writing from Paris to book review writing services, a “provincial friend.” “Montalte’s” purpose is to pass along his personal observations, insights, and commentary on the learned and restatement of thesis, mighty disputes that recently took place at is my best the Sorbonne. In essence, via his fictional persona, Pascal provides an account of l’affaire Arnauld and what does restatement, the case against Jansenism as viewed by a coolly observant, playful outsider.

In the course of the letter, Pascal/Montalte introduces a series of fictional interlocutors who explain or advocate for the Jansenist, Jesuit, and Thomistic views on a range of easy, theological issues, most notably the doctrines of does restatement mean, sufficient grace vis-a-vis efficacious grace and the notion of proximate power. These happen to be exactly the book review, sort of deeply esoteric, highly technical, theological matters that “Montalte” and what does restatement mean, his “provincial friend” (and thus, by extension and more importantly, his target audience of short communication paper, plain-spoken, commonsense, fellow citizens) were likely to find strained, incomprehensible, and somewhat silly. Through devices of interview and dialogue Montalte manages to present these issues in relatively clear, understandable terms and persuade the reader that the what of thesis, Jansenist and Thomist views on each are virtually identical and perfectly orthodox. He goes on to show that any apparent discrepancy between the two positions – and in fact the whole attack on Jansenism and Arnauld – is based not on doctrine, but is essay questions, entirely political and personal, a product of Jesuit calumny and conspiracy. In effect, a complicated theological conflict is presented in the form of a simple human drama. Irony and stinging satire are delivered with the suave aplomb of a Horatian epistle. Not all of the provinciales deal with the of thesis mean, same issues and book writing services, concerns as the first.

Nor do they all display the does restatement, same playful style and tone of communication research, “ plaisanterie ” that Voltaire so much admired. In fact some of the restatement mean, later letters, far from analysis great being breezy and affable, are passionate and achieve sublime eloquence; others are downright vicious and blistering in their attack. Letters 1-3 offer a defense of what does of thesis mean, Arnauld, challenging his trial and censure. Letter 4, pitting a Jesuit against book writing, a Jansenist, serves as a bridge between provinciales 1-3 and 5-10. Letters 5-10 attack Jesuit casuistry and doctrine; in them Montalte accuses the Society of hypocrisy and moral laxity and of placing ease of conscience and what restatement of thesis mean, the glory of the Order above true Christian duty and love of God. Passage Essay Great? Letters 11-16 are no longer addressed to what of thesis, the “provincial friend,” but instead address the Jesuit fathers directly. Letter 14 includes an book writing extended discussion of both natural and divine law and makes an important ethical distinction between homicide, capital punishment, and suicide.

Letter 16 ends with Pascal’s famous apology for prolixity: “The present letter is a very long one, simply because I had no leisure to make it shorter.”) Letters 17 and 18 are addressed to Father Annat, SJ, confessor to the King, and are direct and personal. Here Pascal virtually abandons the artifice of “Montalte” and seems almost to come forward in his own person. In Letter 17, a virtual reprise and summation of the case of the five propositions, he repeats once again that he writes purely as a private citizen and denies that he is restatement of thesis mean, a member of Port Royal. Essay Purple? Since Pascal was neither a monk nor a solitaire within the community, the does restatement, claim is technically accurate, though it arguably leaves him open to the same charges of truth-bending and casuistry that he levels against the Jesuits. Although the Letters gained a wide readership and opbygning, enjoyed a period of popular success, they failed to achieve their strategic goal of preserving Port-Royal and Jansenist doctrine from external attack. They also had a few unfortunate, unintended consequences. They were blamed, for instance, for stirring up cynicism, disrespect, and what restatement of thesis, even contempt for the clergy in questions purple, the minds of ordinary citizens. Quickly translated into English and Latin, they also became popular with Protestant readers happy to extend Pascal’s wounding attack on Jesuit morality into a satirical broadside against Catholicism as a whole.

After the what of thesis mean, publication of the provinciales , the term Jesuitical would become synonymous with crafty and subtle and the words casuistry and casuistical would never again be entirely free from a connotation of sophistry and excuse-making. Banned by order of Louis XIV in 1660 and placed on the Index and burned by the Inquisition, the tree, provinciales nevertheless lived on underground and abroad with their popularity undimmed. Today, the what restatement mean, provinciales retain documentary value both as relics of Jansenism and as surviving specimens of 17 th -century religious polemic, but modern readers prize them mainly for their literary excellence. They represent the original model not only for the genre of satirical non-fiction, but for classic French prose style in all other genres as well. Rabelais and Montaigne were basically inimitable and far too quirky and idiosyncratic to serve as a style model for later writers.

Pascal’s combination of easy, brisk clarity and concise elegance set a pattern for French authors from La Rochefoucauld, Voltaire, and Diderot to does mean, Anatole France. Even Paul Valery, arguably Pascal’s most severe critic, excoriated his predecessor in a prose style heavily indebted to tree best in marathi, him. Boileau claimed to base his own terse and vigorous poetic style on does of thesis mean, the prose of the provinciales : “If I write four words,” he said, “I efface three,” which had been Pascal’s habit as well. Passage Analysis Essay Great Gatsby? Voltaire declared the collected Letters to be “the best-written book” yet to appear in France. D’Alembert also cherished the work but wished that Pascal had aimed his sharp wit and irony at of thesis his own absurd beliefs. He argued that Jansenism is every bit as “shocking,” and as deserving of scorn and ridicule, as the tree is my best friend essay, doctrines of Molina and does restatement of thesis, the Jesuits. Of Pascal’s modern readers only the arch conservative Joseph de Maistre, spearhead of the counter-Enlightenment, utterly scorned the work, calling Jansenism a “vile” and “unblushing” heresy and finding the style of the Letters rancorous and bitter. In the end, it’s unfortunate that the principal debate in the provinciales was theological rather than philosophical, for it would have been useful and interesting to have Pascal’s candid discussion of free will vs. psychological determinism, instead of a tortuous doctrinal showdown between efficacious and sufficient grace. Jansen’s own formula – that “man irresistibly, although voluntarily, does either good or evil, according as he is dominated by grace or by concupiscence” – is paradoxical and tries to have it both ways. (Can an act be both voluntary and irresistible?) Pascal also seems equivocal on the issue, though he insists that his views are consistent with Catholic orthodoxy.

He wrestled with the problem of grace and free will not only in the Letters, but also in portions of the communication research, Pensees and especially in his Ecrits sur la grace (1657-58), where he offers an extensive commentary on Augustine and what restatement of thesis, compares the Calvinist, Jansenist, and Jesuit views. However, even there his account is abstruse and theological rather than blunt and philosophical and tree is my friend essay in marathi, is thus of interest mainly to specialists rather than general readers. i. Plan and Purpose of the Work and its Textual History. The Pensees are a rarity among literary and philosophical works – a magnum opus by a major author that has achieved classic status despite being unfinished, fragmentary, and almost scrapbook-like in form. The Aeneid , The Canterbury Tales , De Rerum Natura , Kafka’s manuscripts all had work remaining or were incomplete when their authors died, but they seem like final drafts compared to the Pensees . Sainte-Beuve compared the work to a tower in which the stones have been piled up but not cemented. The text, as we have it today, represents the assembled notes, fragments, miscellaneous aphorisms, and short essays-in-progress of what does restatement, what was to be a detailed and comprehensive Apology for Christianity – a defense of the passage analysis essay gatsby, faith against atheism, deism, libertinism, pagan philosophy, and the cult of honnetete . Inspired by the force and certainty of his own conversion and by the late excitement of the Holy Thorn, Pascal was further encouraged by the recent success of the mean, provinciales . Confident in his powers of argument and writing, persuasion, both logical and literary, he felt called upon to undertake a bold new project. The new work was to restatement, be nothing less than a definitive affirmation and color purple, justification of Christianity against its detractors and critics. It would also be an exercise in spiritual outreach and proselytization – an earnest appeal, addressed to both the reason and what, the heart, inviting scoffers, doubters, the book review, undecided, and the lost to join the Catholic communion.

In the Pensees , Pascal would assume the role of both Apologist and Apostle. In the spring of 1658, he presented a detailed outline of his project, explaining its scope and goals, to an audience of friends and members of does restatement of thesis, Port-Royal. The plan was greeted enthusiastically and given the group’s full approval and endorsement. Tree Friend Essay? The work would be unified, but layered and textured, with multiple sections and two main parts: First part : Misery of man without God. Second part : Happiness of man with God. First part : That nature is corrupt. Proved by of thesis nature itself. Second part : That there is a Redeemer. Proved by Scripture. (6/40). The project was designed as an analysis gatsby example of what is today termed immanent apologetics . In simple terms, this means that Pascal won’t base his presentation on objective argument, systematic logic, and does restatement of thesis, metaphysical proofs of God’s existence.

Indeed, except for a few instances, such as 135/167, where he finds evidence in nature for passage great a Being who is “necessary, infinite, and eternal,” Pascal eschews most of the traditional proofs of God, even Augustine’s. He will instead appeal to what restatement, the unfolding history of the Christian faith from its roots in Old Testament prophecy through its early development to the modern Church. Further, he will appeal directly to the subjective human spirit and to each reader’s personal experience, emphasizing our existential human need for God and our feelings of incompleteness and wretchedness apart from Him. In essence, Pascal will leave it to readers to decide whether his account of the tree is my in marathi, human condition and his descriptions of their social and physical worlds (not as they might wish them to be, but as they actually experience them in of thesis, our daily lives) are credible and persuasive. If the review writing, reader accepts his accounts, Pascal will be halfway to his goal.

It will remain for what restatement of thesis mean him to further convince readers that the solution to our wretchedness, to the disorder and unfairness of life, is essay gatsby, acceptance of Jesus Christ. He will argue that not only is belief in Christianity not contrary to reason, but that it’s the only religion that is fully compatible with it. To support this claim, he will offer historical evidence in its favor from the authority of of thesis mean, Scripture and ancient witnesses, and also in the form of miracles, prophecies, and figural (typological) hermeneutics. However, he admits that this evidence will not be conclusive – for Christianity can never be proved by essay questions color reason or authority alone. It must be accepted in the heart ( coeur – a special term in Pascal’s vocabulary that includes connotations of “spirit,” “soul,” “natural human instinct,” and what does mean, even “love,”): “It is the heart which experiences God, and not the reason. This, then, is book review writing services, faith: God felt by the heart, not by the reason” (424/680). Such in what does mean, essence was the plan. Questions For The Color? Its execution, limited by Pascal’s nearly constant illness and fatigue, continued off and on over his remaining four years. Upon his death, his manuscripts were placed in the custody of Arnauld and a committee of fellow Jansenists.

While transcribing the manuscripts, the committee produced two variant copies. The original Port Royal edition of Pascal’s works came out in 1670, incomplete and carefully screened to avoid offending the government. Prosper Faugere brought out a revised and authoritative edition of the work in 1844. Several new editions, with different arrangements of the does mean, material, appeared over the next century. The numerical ordering used in Leon Brunschvicg’s 1897 edition became standard, but was superseded first by book review writing the 1951 edition of Louis Lafuma (which was based on the First Copy) and then again by the 1976 edition of Phillipe Sellier (which was based on the Second Copy). The publication of Jean Mesnard’s 1993 edition gives French readers yet another excellent text. Death, God, infinity, the what mean, nature of the universe, the limits of reason, the meaning of life – these are just a few of the opbygning, big ideas and mean, philosophical topics that Pascal reflects on in the short space of the Pensees . Essay On Quaid-e-azam? Indeed, other than the what, gnomic fragments of Heraclitus or the terse aphoristic texts of Wittgenstein, it’s hard to think of a work that packs as many provocative philosophical musings into so few pages. Yet even with its multiple subject headings and wide range of topics, the work can still be read as the deep exploration of easy essay on quaid-e-azam, a single great theme: the Human Condition, viewed under its two opposing yet interrelated aspects – our wretchedness without God, and our greatness with Him. Pascal argues that without God our spiritual condition is what restatement of thesis mean, essentially a state of misery characterized by anxiety, alienation, loneliness, and ennui. He suggests that if we could only sit still for an instant and honestly look within ourselves, we would recognize our desperation. Analysis Essay Great? However, we spend most of our time blocking out or concealing our true condition from ourselves via forms of self-deception and amour-propre. (Like Augustine before him, Pascal accurately describes mechanisms of denial and ego-defense long before they were clinically and what of thesis, technically defined by Sigmund Freud).

Chief among these ego-protective devices is on quaid-e-azam, divertissement (distraction or diversion), Pascal’s term for our continual need and almost addictive tendency to seek out mindless or soul-numbing forms of entertainment and amusement. Such “distractions” may sometimes involve behavior that is immoral or culpable, for example, prostitution, drunkenness, sexual promiscuity, but more often take the form of habits and activities that are merely wasteful or self-indulgent, like gaming or the salon. What Restatement Of Thesis Mean? They may even consist of pastimes that are basically innocent, but which are nevertheless vain, trivial, or unedifying, for example, sports like tennis and fencing. From Pascal’s severe point of view, even the arts, and especially dance and theatre, are but species of divertissement . So are all the luxuries, consumer goods, and worldly delights with which we proudly surround ourselves. According to Pascal, we use these goods and activities not, as we self-flatteringly suppose, to certify our achievements or add a touch of bonheur to our inner life. On the easy, contrary, we use them mainly as a way of concealing our bleak inner reality from ourselves and from one another. Does Restatement? They are a means of tree best, denying our own mortality and hollowness. (136/168; 139/171.) In effect diversions prevent us from acknowledging our essential misery. They create a false sense of security that hides the does restatement mean, abyss or vacuum within.

On the other hand, wretchedness and insecurity are only review part of our nature. Our condition, as Pascal points out repeatedly in the Pensees and also in his “conversation” with Sacy, is mean, dual. We are one part misery and one part grandeur; and alongside our feelings of isolation and destitution we also have a profound sense of our intrinsic dignity and worth. Pascal calls us “thinking reeds,” though his stress is on thinking . Book Review? For thought, he argues, is the whole basis of our dignity, the what does of thesis mean, attribute of tree friend, our nature that elevates and separates us from the does restatement mean, rest of the material universe. Short Research Paper? It’s an accident of history that Pascal’s collection of notes came to be called Pensees . But the what restatement of thesis mean, title is appropriate, since the work as a whole could well be described as an extended meditation on human consciousness, on what it means to think . iv. Critical Approaches and passage great gatsby, Interpretation. Criticism and interpretation of the Pensees have followed two main approaches. The first, which could be called the conventional or historical approach, is the one favored by what does mean most literary scholars and historians of religion, including most notably Philippe Sellier, David Wetsel, and Jean Mesnard. Communication? According to what mean, this view the Pensees are to be understood within the context and framework of traditional Christian apologetics. Moreover, the tree friend essay in marathi, author’s original design and purpose (so far as modern scholarship can determine them) are to be carefully reconstructed and fully respected.

Most of the restatement of thesis mean, biographers and critics who follow this approach agree that Pascal’s primary purpose was to articulate and defend Christianity – and especially the Augustinian-Jansenist form of Christianity practiced at Port-Royal – against its skeptical, atheistic, and deistic opponents. In particular, they argued, Pascal aims to convert the contemporary free-thinker and honnete homme – that is to say, a figure much like his friends Mitton and is my best essay, Mere and indeed not unlike a secular, rationalistic, and what restatement of thesis, worldly version of et essays, himself. The work is thus understood to does, be not an inner drama enacting Pascal’s own personal struggles with religious belief but rather an artfully contrived dialog with and rhetorical proselytization of an imagined adversary. The “I” of the work, in this view, is not Pascal himself in easy, propria persona but a polyphonic fiction – a range of literary voices and masks adopted by Pascal strictly as a rhetorical device and does of thesis, as a means of persuasion. Thus, any time we seem to hear the narrative voice of the questions for the color purple, Pensees expressing fear, doubt, conflict, or existential agony we are to understand that voice not as Pascal’s own, but as that of restatement of thesis mean, a literary creation or persona whose utterances are to be interpreted ironically or as presented for short research dramatic or rhetorical effect.

Although he was neither a literary scholar nor a historian of what does restatement, religion (but more like a cantankerous version of each), Voltaire seems to have read and understood the Pensees in this traditional way. That is, he interpreted the work as an example of Christian apologetics aimed at a scoffer or doubter pretty much like himself. Needless to say, he was not swayed by Pascal’s arguments. Research? To the restatement of thesis, claim that the human condition is one of services, anxiety and wretchedness, he responds that we are neither as wicked nor as miserable as Pascal says. As for Pascal’s extensive discussion of miracles, prophecy, the figurative interpretation of Scripture, and the like, Voltaire regards the what restatement of thesis, effort as so much wasted breath. He even suggests that Christianity would be better off without such strained and overwrought apologetics, which he compared to trying to prop up an tree is my best friend essay in marathi oak tree by surrounding it with reeds. The poet and critic T. Does Mean? S. Eliot, in his 1933 introductory essay to the Pensees , also interprets the work in this traditional way. However, in direct opposition to Voltaire, whom he acknowledges to be Pascal’s greatest critic, he finds Pascal’s arguments on the whole sincere and psychologically persuasive. He departs from the traditional reading only to the extent that he considers the Pensees not only on quaid-e-azam as a work of Christian apologetics but also as an example of spiritual biography, an expression of Pascal’s forceful and idiosyncratic personality and unique combination of passion and intellect (360). In opposition to what does mean, this essentially historical and passage essay great, scholarly way of reading the Pensees , several critics and commentators, from Chateaubriand and Walter Pater to Paul Valery, AJ Krailsheimer, and Lucien Goldmann, have offered versions of does restatement, what might be called a “romantic,” “confessional,” or “phenomenological” approach.

According to this line of interpretation, Pascal’s fragmentary narrative represents either a fictional portrait of a soul in crisis or a true personal confession in the manner of Augustine (and later Rousseau). That is, it presents a cri de coeur or cri de triomphe that provides a direct look into et essays opbygning, the heart and soul of a penitent former sinner who, after a long and agonizing struggle, finds Christ and renounces the world. Romantic readers themselves disagree on the extent to which this exercise in self-revelation is a conscious product – that is, a carefully arranged and skillfully made artifact – or, in a more psychoanalytic vein, the expression of the author’s actual inner conflicts and unconscious motives and intentions. They also offer different interpretations of the audience or addressee of the work. Are the Pensees a dramatic monologue?

A private confession addressed to God? A dialog between Pascal and does restatement of thesis mean, the reader? Between Pascal and himself? Are they truly intended to convert a Mere or a Mitton, and are they addressed only to paper, skeptics and those lacking faith? Or are they meant also as a meditative exercise and inspiration for active Christians, a spiritual tool to help guide believers and strengthen their faith? Or perhaps Pascal, in the manner of St. What Restatement Of Thesis? Paul, is trying to be all things to all people and essay questions color, thus to a certain extent trying to do some or all of the above at the same time? The great Victorian critic Walter Pater compares the Pensees to Shakespearian tragedy and notes that Pascal is what restatement of thesis mean, not a converted skeptic or former infidel who has seen the light. Instead, he seems caught “at the et essays, very centre of does restatement, a perpetually maintained tragic crisis holding the faith steadfastly, but amid the well-poised points of essential doubt all around him.” The Pensees , Pater goes on to claim, dramatize an easy on quaid-e-azam intense inner dialectic: “no mere calm supersession of a state of doubt by a state of faith; the doubts never die, they are only just kept down in a perpetual agonia .”

This view of the Pens e es as an restatement interior dialogue or psychomachia dramatizing Pascal’s own personal struggle between faith and doubt is thoroughly rejected by Jean Mesnard and other scholars who insist that any hint of such a struggle is merely a rhetorical pose on Pascal’s part and essay great gatsby, employed for dramatic effect. Pascal was proclaimed a heretic and a Calvinist during his lifetime and has been called everything from does of thesis a skeptic to a nihilist by modern readers. So to a certain extent Paul Valery in his controversial essay “Variations on a Pens e e ” was for the most part only repeating criticisms of the author that earlier critics, many of them Catholic clergymen, had made before (for example, that he was a poor theologian, that he was insensitive to natural beauty and to art, and so forth). Valery seems to recognize a distinction between Pascal the author and the “I” of the tree is my best essay in marathi, Pensees , but he finds the “I” of the work so artificial and does of thesis mean, overwrought that he accuses the author of being hypocritical and insincere. Thinking of the essay, passage in of thesis, the Pensees about the terror induced by “the eternal silence” of infinite space (201/233), he says, here is a “strange Christian,” who gazes upon the starry heavens yet fails to short communication research, discover his Heavenly Father.

Echoing a criticism formerly made by Voltaire, Valery likens Pascal to a tragic poet who portrays the human condition as much bleaker and harsher than it actually is; who describes the fears and torments of life vividly, but who depicts its delights and joys, its moments of excitement and intensity, hardly at does all. Lucien Goldmann has argued that the fragmentary form of the Pensees may be an accident due to et essays, Pascal’s death, but it also qualifies as a brilliantly achieved creative product, an what restatement aesthetically and psychologically appropriate form that not only reflects the true style and tree is my best essay in marathi, state of mind of Pascal himself and of his narrative persona but also captures the mood and temper of his time. Writing from a Lukacsian-Marxist and evolutionary perspective that he calls “genetic structuralism,” Goldmann views Pascal as both a cutting-edge, creative force and at the same time a product of his personal circumstances and historical era. In this interpretation, Pascal sets up dialectical polarities in the Pensees –man’s wretchedness vs. What Restatement Of Thesis? his greatness; concupiscence vs. godliness and short paper, sacrifice; Old Testament type vs. New Testament antitype; reason vs. the heart; and so forth, all of which are polarities that are supposedly resolved and reconciled in the person of Jesus Christ. Those polarities are homologous with and paralleled by the larger historical oppositions of the period: the new science vs. ancient philosophy and traditional theology; Cartesian rationalism vs. skepticism; the administrative class ( noblesse de robe ) and bourgeoisie vs. the nobility; Protestantism and Jansenism vs. Catholicism; and does restatement of thesis, so forth. Viewed in this way, the Pensees can be seen to encapsulate and effectively dramatize the easy essay, main intellectual and social dynamics of an what restatement of thesis entire era.

One of the more remarkable developments in Western philosophy is the fact that one sliver of the Pensees , a single fragment of et essays, a fragmentary text and but a small portion of the untidy, multi-part, unfinished work that contains it, has achieved a full literary life of its own, with its own lively history of commentary and of thesis mean, criticism. This is the book writing services, famous fragment (418/680) known as Le Pari de Pascal , or “Pascal’s Wager.” Extensive discussions of the of thesis mean, Wager can be found both in print and online, including an article in this encyclopedia. These discussions address a range of issues relating to the Wager, such as its status in the development of decision theory and probability theory, the various objections that have been made against it, and the numerous revised or alternate versions and applications that have been derived from it. This section will take up only two matters related to the topic: (1) the question of friend, whether or not Pascal himself sincerely approved the Wager and believed that it presents a legitimate and persuasive argument for faith in God; (2) the response to the Wager on the part of a few selected philosophers and critics along with a glance at some of does restatement, its precedents in questions, literary history. Simply characterized, the does of thesis mean, Wager is a second-person dialog in which Pascal imagines an short communication individual forced to choose between belief in God and disbelief in Him. He analyzes the situation as if the reader-protagonist (the “you” of the imaginary dialog) were involved in a great existential coin-toss game. The conditions and possible outcomes of the Wager are presented in the following table: Pascal argues that given the terms of the Wager it is not simply prudent, it is practically obligatory to bet on God’s existence and illogical and utterly foolish to bet against Him. For consider: if you bet on His existence, you stand to what of thesis, win an infinite reward (an eternity in paradise) at the risk of only a small loss (whatever earthly pleasures you would be required to forego during your mortal life). On the other hand, if you bet against His existence, you risk the possibility of an infinite loss (loss of paradise – along with the possibility of an eternity in Hell) for is my friend in marathi only a limited gain (the opportunity to enjoy a few years’ worth of worldly delights). Pascal was a lifelong Catholic whose personal conversion from lukewarm to whole-hearted faith was accomplished not by rational argument but by a life-changing mystical experience.

So it’s unlikely that he himself ever gave serious personal consideration to an argument like the Wager. He simply didn’t need any further incentive or rational inducement to does of thesis, belief other than the passionate conviction within his own heart. On the other hand, it’s not unlikely that he thought the Wager might appeal to and perhaps even sway a libertine, a skeptic, or a Deist who might be teetering on the brink of belief. Easy? And that goes even more for a figure like a Mere or Mitton or any of the other young gallants and connoisseurs of honnetete whom Pascal came to know in the salons and gaming rooms of Paris. After all, what better than a wager to entice a gambler? “Follow me,” Jesus had said to the fishermen Peter and Andrew, “and I will make you fishers of men” (Matthew 4:19). Similarly, Pascal, in the role a latter-day apostle, uses a game of chance as a net to bring sinners to salvation.

The concept of the Wager was by does mean no means original with Pascal. Versions of it can be found as far back as Euripides’ The Bacchae . In the play, when Dionysus proclaims himself a deity and demands to be worshipped, Cadmus argues that it’s prudent, even if we don’t believe him, to honor him like a god since there’s no harm in easy, doing so. (On the other hand, we risk a great deal of personal hardship by failing to show him proper reverence if he truly is a god.) Sir Thomas More’s anecdote of the Gallant and the Friar presents in what does of thesis mean, an inverted form a similar conflict and moral: When a gallant sees a friar walking barefoot in is my best in marathi, the snow, he asks him why he endures such pain. The friar responds that the pain is trivial, if we remember Hell. Of Thesis? “But what if there is no hell?” inquires the amused gallant, adding “then art thou a great fool.” “Yes, master,” the friar replies, “but what if there is a hell? Then art thou a greater fool.”

A comical modern parody of the is my, Wager occurs in the 1951 Broadway musical Guys and Dolls . Professional gambler Sky Masterson challenges a group of fellow professionals with a proposition: on a single roll of a pair of dice, he’ll pay each player $1000 if he loses. But if he wins, the gamblers will have to attend a midnight revival meeting at the Save-a-Soul mission. As in Pascal’s Wager, the bet seems irresistible: there’s a large payoff if you win, with only a small sacrifice, and even a shot at salvation, if you lose. What Does Of Thesis Mean? Sky wins his wager. The gamblers are “saved.”

Voltaire called the Wager “indecent and childish” and thought it strange that Pascal reduced questions of the highest gravity to the mathematics of games of chance. As for the Wager itself, he points out that just because someone promises me that I shall enjoy a great benefit doesn’t mean that it’s true. For example, suppose a fortune-teller tells me that she has a strong presentiment that I’ll win the lottery. Of course I hope she’s right, but should I be willing to wager on her presumed foreknowledge? If so, how much? In the end, Voltaire claims that Nature offers far more evidence for God’s existence than Pascal’s mathematical subtleties. Following up on Voltaire’s objections, Diderot pointed out that Pascal’s same basic argument (better to believe than not to essay for the, believe) would apply equally well to any other religion: “An imam could argue just as well this way.” Indeed, by this logic, it could be argued that the more fanatical the religion, and the more extreme its promised rewards for belief and punishments for non-belief, the more powerful the argument in its favor. Although he doesn’t specifically address the issue raised by Pascal’s Wager, John Stuart Mill in his essay “Theism” provides a utilitarian defense of the concept of religious hope. In effect, he argues that in a case where the truth is uncertain and the alternatives, immortality of the soul vs. extinction; existence of does restatement mean, God vs.

His non-existence, appear equally probable, it is legitimate to easy essay, prefer the more hopeful option as being the choice more likely conducive to overall happiness. In his essay “The Will to what does restatement of thesis mean, Believe” William James offers a sharp critical assessment of the Wager and finds Pascal’s basic argument to be weak, sophistic, and insincere: . . . When religious faith expresses itself thus, in the language of the gaming-table, it is put to easy essay, its last trumps. Surely Pascal's own personal belief in masses and holy water had far other springs; and this celebrated page of his is does restatement, but an argument for others, a last desperate snatch at a weapon against the hardness of the unbelieving heart. Best In Marathi? We feel that a faith in what restatement of thesis mean, masses and essay on quaid-e-azam, holy water adopted willfully after such a mechanical calculation would lack the inner soul of faith's reality; and if we were ourselves in the place of the Deity, we should probably take particular pleasure in cutting off believers of this pattern from their infinite reward (224). However, having said this, James goes on to makes a pragmatic case for voluntary belief similar to Mill’s utilitarian defense of “hope” and to some extent comparable to Kierkegaard’s “leap of faith”. He argues that there are matters where the truth is in doubt and science is incapable of what does restatement of thesis mean, passing judgment as in the question of whether God exists. Where that choice is, in his terms, live (meaning that it seems of vital interest and value to us and engages us emotionally), momentous (meaning that it is non-trivial and has serious consequences), and forced (meaning that we must choose one way or the other and cannot simply sit the services, fence or stand aside), then it is restatement of thesis mean, lawful, indeed even necessary for us to weigh the passage essay great gatsby, risks and evidence and choose . Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean? In the end, James basically recasts Pascal’s Wager in a new form, re-focusing on its existential and psychological dimensions and opbygning, dispensing with what he regards as its stagy and does restatement of thesis, cheapening gambling metaphors. Besides his two major works (the Pensees and the Provinciales ), Pascal also wrote several shorter works touching on a wide range of passage analysis great gatsby, topics – from political legitimacy and social order to Stoicism and romantic love. A brief overview and precis of some of the better known and more important of restatement of thesis mean, these minor works follows.

Essentially an extensive commentary on book review writing, human nature and the doctrine of divine grace, the Ecrits represent Pascal’s most ambitious venture into restatement, the arena of Catholic theological debate. First published in 1779, the work was written at the same time as the provinciales and covers much of the same ground (proximate power, concupiscence, free will, and so forth), though in a more serious and less cavalier manner and in a more direct and methodical form. Along with other deep matters, Pascal here explicates Augustine’s distinction between human nature in its unfallen state as pure, innocent, and naturally just, though capable of choice and friend in marathi, error, and our postlapsarian condition, which is in thrall to concupiscence and what does restatement of thesis mean, naturally prone, indeed practically bound to do evil if it were not for God’s prevenient grace. Adam was upright but free to fall; we children of Adam are weighed down by sin, and incapable of rising by our own effort. But, we are free to accept grace and can therefore be lifted up. Pascal dissects the problem of free will in passage great gatsby, a similarly Augustinian fashion. Adam had free will in the sense that he could freely choose either good or evil, though he naturally inclined to the former. We, in our concupiscent state, are also free to choose. However, we are naturally inclined to prefer evil, which in our ignorant, fallen condition we commonly mistake for good. Pascal also points out that through the grace of Jesus Christ, a grace instilled by does of thesis mean the Holy Spirit, we can achieve a redeemed will – a will sufficient to overcome concupiscence and capable of recognizing and choosing good.

Commentators on opbygning, the Ecrits have questioned whether its depiction of grace (which is what does mean, presented as something largely mysterious yet vital for salvation) is consistent with the rational apologetic approach and systematic style of argument that Pascal sought to use in the Pensees . Pascal’s essay on the “geometric spirit” outlines both a theory of knowledge and an intellectual capability or logical mental faculty. He asserts that geometry and mathematics are the only areas of human inquiry that provide knowledge that is both certain and infallible. He then supports this claim with arguments and demonstrations. He goes on to describe a certain quality or faculty of mind that he calls l’esprit geometrique , which he defines as the ability to take known or perceived truths and to present them in such a way – with such precise steps, perfect elegance, and logical rigor – that their truth cannot help but be recognized and approved by others. Such an irrefutable and triumphant persuasiveness – the ability to vanquish all doubt and counter-argument – seems to have been Pascal’s goal in all his writings, whether on scientific subjects or in matters of theological dispute. In any case, the “geometric spirit” is both a prominent characteristic of research paper, Pascal’s own genius as well as an important epistemological idea (illustrating both the restatement of thesis, powers and limitations of the human mind) that he returns to repeatedly throughout his writings. iii. Discourse on the Passions of Love. Pascal’s authorship of the “Discourse on services, the Passions of Love” has been disputed for the obvious reason that its subject (romantic love) and sentiments (that love exalts the soul, that those with the greatest souls make the truest lovers, that secret or undeclared love entails both exquisite joy and agonizing pain, and so forth) are highly uncharacteristic of the writer and would seem to be far outside his range of interest and expertise.

Yet the style of the does restatement mean, Discourse is distinctively Pascalian and opbygning, some of the ideas contained in it (such as the distinction between the “geometric” mind and of thesis mean, the spirit of passage analysis essay gatsby, “finesse”) are certifiably his own. Thus his authorship, while dubious, is at least possible, and so the question for his critics and biographers becomes: how to account for a work that seems so utterly contrary to Pascal’s own modest habits and reputation, so much more in does restatement of thesis mean, the spirit of the salons of passage analysis essay great gatsby, Paris rather than the cells of Port-Royal? The most popular way of does mean, dealing with the essay great gatsby, Discourse has been simply to dismiss it as uncanonical and regard it as, at bottom, some kind of anonymously composed pastiche that incorporates bits and echoes of Pascal along with selections from other sources. Alternatively, it could be argued that the Discourse is written in the style and spirit of the what, Paris salons because Pascal himself intentionally wrote it in that vein, possibly as a kind of communication research, literary exercise or demonstration on does restatement, his part for the amusement of his friends Mere and Mitton and et essays opbygning, their circle. (One can indeed easily imagine the pair challenging their shy friend to attempt such an exercise and of thesis mean, then delighting in his successful performance.) So even though the Discourse may indeed be Pascal’s, its content and sentiments are for the most part artificial and insincere, many of the passage gatsby, expressed opinions being mere restatements or variations of what does mean, age-old commonplaces and platitudes about romantic love taken either from the easy, pr ecieuse poetry of his own era or from earlier literature. (See, for what does restatement of thesis mean example, the medieval Rules of Courtly Love of Andreas Capellanus, a compendium of witty, lofty, acerbic, or tongue-in-cheek observations about love very similar to Pascal’s.) iv. Discourses on passage, the Condition of the Great. Despite its minor status, the does of thesis, “Discourses on the Great” is nevertheless of interest since it is the only work of questions for the purple, Pascal’s that attempts to formulate something like a social or political philosophy. The work (which is addressed to a young man of high degree) begins with a parable about a castaway on an island whom the inhabitants (owing to his close physical resemblance) mistake for their long-lost king. Such, Pascal argues, is the condition of those born to nobility or wealth within society: it is only by coincidence or lucky accident and by the power of custom and convention, not by what of thesis mean nature, that they have their status. From this it follows that persons of rank are obligated to conduct themselves with due humility and must never allow themselves to treat those on society’s lower rungs with insolence or disrespect. Pascal concludes the Discourses by passage analysis essay great reminding his young learner of his true condition and enjoins him to rule and lead with beneficence. Simply stated, the does restatement mean, political philosophy expressed in the Discourses is noblesse oblige . Pascal acknowledges that the origins of short, human inequality are of two kinds, natural and institutional.

The former arise from relative abilities or deficiencies of mind or body. For instance, A has better eyesight than B; X is taller and stronger than Y).Institutional inequalities, unless they are sanctioned by divine law, are entirely conventional and sometimes even arbitrary and can be rescinded or overturned. That, as far as social theory is concerned, is about as far as Pascal goes in the Discourses. Since his primary purpose is to offer moral instruction to a young nobleman, he doesn’t address topics like property, the social contract, divine right theory, which was a view recently and avidly affirmed by Louis XIV, or the what does of thesis, ethics of revolt. Et Essays? From scattered comments in the Pensees , we know that he was politically conservative and despised violence. Apparently his experience during the Fronde led him to restatement, believe that even oppressive order is better than anarchy and that there is no worse social evil than civil war (see Pensees 94/128, 81/116, 85/119).

v. Prayer on the Proper Use of et essays opbygning, Sickness. Pascal’s “Prayer to what does of thesis mean, God on book, the Proper Use of Sickness” is a striking work that has perplexed and offended some readers while stirring sympathy and admiration in what restatement mean, others. Readers of the first sort, knowing of Pascal’s persistent illnesses and chronic pain, are disturbed to find him here not only begging forgiveness for book writing services the few pleasures he enjoyed during his brief intervals of health, but even thanking God for his lifetime of afflictions and earnestly beseeching Him for more of the same. These readers view the “Prayer” as an expression of almost pathological morbidity and the testament of a fanatic. Interpreted in what of thesis, this way, Pascal’s portrayal of the pleasures of life as cruel and deadly and of disease and affliction as salutary and healing seem not so much holy paradoxes as evidence of the extent to which the gloom of Jansenism had darkened his entire outlook. This reading is tree friend in marathi, defective in at least two ways. First, it ignores the what restatement, fact that the short communication research, paradoxes invoked in the “Prayer”—life is death; death is life; health is illness, illness is health; pain is pleasure, pleasure is pain; and so forth — are Christian commonplaces and does restatement of thesis mean, that the short communication paper, rhetorical use of such figures had long been a standard feature of Christian discourse. What Of Thesis Mean? (See, for example, the writings of Augustine or John Donne’s sermons and Holy Sonnets.) Second, any accusation of exaggerated melodrama or overstatement in passage analysis great gatsby, the “Prayer” also overlooks the degree to does of thesis mean, which serious illness and questions color purple, devastating rates of mortality – plagues, deaths, executions, amputations – were an everyday part of life in Europe during the mean, 17th century. Viewed in this context, the “Prayer” may still strike modern readers as unnaturally bleak, but it expresses sentiments and short communication, feelings that many of Pascal’s contemporaries would have been familiar with and what does of thesis, shared. The “Prayer” can be more accurately characterized as a simple statement of faith and humility and short communication research, a plea for patience and courage. It expresses the blend of neo-stoicism and contemptus mundi that was common in prayers and sermons of the day. Does Of Thesis Mean? Christian stoicism had been recently introduced into French literature via the writings of is my best essay in marathi, Guillaume du Vair, and Pascal had likely read Epictetus’s Enchiridion in du Vair’s translation.

Although he remained critical of classical stoicism, he was apparently more accepting of what restatement, du Vair’s version – a philosophical and theological view that holds that we should willingly accept, as a revelation of et essays opbygning, divine will, whatever fate God bestows on us. Far from being a fanatical doctrine, this was a code that even non-believers found agreeable. Does Restatement Of Thesis? Indeed most of us find it admirable when individuals who are sorely afflicted with a disease or who have suffered the loss of an organ or limb accept their condition with fortitude and equanimity. vi. Pascal’s Conversation with M. de Saci on Epictetus and Montaigne.

The minor work Entretien avec M.de Saci is not actually Pascal’s, but was composed by Nicolas Fontaine, a member of the book writing services, Port-Royal community. Mean? It is the record of a conversation that took place between Pascal and his spiritual director Lemaistre de Sacy shortly after Pascal took up residence at short research Port-Royal in 1654. The work wasn’t published until 1736, but it’s an important document nevertheless since it represents the fullest discussion that we have of Pascal’s views on Western philosophy. The portrait of Pascal that emerges from the Conversation is well drawn and seems authentic, and the words and style are recognizably his own. Many of the ideas presented in the work can be found scattered throughout the restatement mean, Pensees , where they are expressed in nearly similar language and analysis essay great gatsby, where once again Epictetus and Montaigne stand as mighty opposites: the former championing but over-estimating the greatness and nobility of humankind, the latter recognizing but exaggerating our folly and ignorance. Pascal praises Epictetus as a brilliant philosopher whose knowledge of our essential moral duties and especially of our need for patience, courage, faith, and humility is unsurpassed.

Unfortunately, the philosopher’s “diabolic pride” leads him astray. For example, Epictetus wrongly supposes that human reason is a perfectly reliable guide to truth. He also errs in holding that the mind and the senses are sufficient for perceiving and understanding the true nature and overall justice of the cosmos. Of Montaigne, Pascal remarks that although he was a professed Catholic he nevertheless chose to forego Christian doctrine as a source of moral law and turned instead to his, admittedly fallible, personal judgment and natural instinct as ethical guides. Pascal then goes on to criticize Montaigne for his utter and thoroughgoing Pyrrhonism symbolized by the device of a scales that Montaigne had emblazoned on the ceiling of his study with his famous motto Que sais-je? (What do I know?) inscribed beneath.

Pascal argues that, in does restatement of thesis, contrast to Epictetus, Montaigne’s error consists not in on quaid-e-azam, glorifying or over-estimating human reason and knowledge but rather in denying them any credit or status whatsoever. Pascal confesses that it is pleasant sport to watch Montaigne poke holes in the arguments of his opponents and see “proud reason so irresistibly baffled by its own weapons.” Of course, ironically, Montaigne’s skepticism effectively undermines not just his opponent’s views but his own arguments as well. Near the end of the conversation, Pascal launches into does restatement of thesis mean, an oratorical peroration describing how the et essays, errors, imperfections, and restatement mean, opposing polarities represented by on quaid-e-azam the two philosophers are ultimately mediated and reconciled in does restatement mean, the person of Jesus Christ. Et Essays Opbygning? @ It is therefore from this imperfect enlightenment that it happens that the does mean, one [that is, Epictetus] knowing the duties of man and being ignorant of his impotence, is lost in presumption, and that the other [that is, Montaigne], knowing the impotence and being ignorant of the duty, falls into laxity; whence it seems that since the one leads to truth, the other to is my friend essay, error, there would be formed from their alliance a perfect system of morals. What Of Thesis Mean? But instead of this peace, nothing but war and a general ruin would result from their union; for the one establishing certainty, the other doubt, the one the greatness of man, the other his weakness, they would destroy the truths as well as the falsehoods of each other. Essay For The? So that they cannot subsist alone because of their defects, nor unite because of does restatement, their opposition, and thus they break and destroy each other to give place to the truth of the Gospel. This it is that harmonizes the on quaid-e-azam, contrarieties by a wholly divine act, and uniting all that is true and what of thesis mean, expelling all that is false, thus makes of them a truly celestial wisdom in which those opposites accord that were incompatible in analysis great, human doctrines. . What Does? . . Such is the marvelous and novel union which God alone could teach, and which He alone could make, and which is only a type and an effect of the ineffable union of essay for the color purple, two natures in the single person of a Man-God. No single paragraph better summarizes Pascal’s philosophical and what does of thesis, theological views than this climactic comparison. 3. Mathematical and Scientific Works. Pascal made his first important mathematical discovery and book review, published his first article, the does restatement, Essay on Conics (1640), at the age of sixteen. Barely an essay at writing services all, the work is a one-page document consisting of three diagrams, three definitions, and two lemmas.

Although it had little immediate impact beyond a small circle of mathematicians, it was nevertheless a breakthrough contribution to the emerging new field of projective geometry. His discovery (which he referred to as his “Mystic Hexagram”) is known today as Pascal’s Theorem. It states that if six points are situated on a conic section (an ellipse, parabola, or hyperbola), and if these points are then joined by what does line segments to form a hexagon, then if the short communication research, sides of this hexagon are projected beyond the section, the does of thesis mean, pairs of opposite sides will meet in questions for the, three points all of which lie on a straight line. Figure 1: Pascal's Mystic Hexagram. This illustration shows that when the opposite sides of a hexagon inscribed within a ellipse are projected, they will intersect at three points along a straight line. Restatement? (In this case all the short, points lie entirely outside the ellipse.) After his death, Pascal’s unpublished mathematical papers (including what seems to have been a full treatise on conics) were collected by his nephew Etienne Perier. Eventually these manuscripts were turned over to the great German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Leibniz for his evaluation and mean, use. Leibniz left behind an extensive set of notes on the collection and registered his admiration for opbygning Pascal’s genius.

Unfortunately Pascal’s original papers have all been lost. In 1644 the Italian physicist Evangelista Torricelli, testing a hypothesis suggested by Galileo, took a glass tube closed at one end and filled it with mercury. He then inverted the tube, open end down, into a bowl also containing mercury and watched as the mercury in the tube dropped slightly leaving a vacant space at the top. Contrary to what restatement of thesis mean, the prevailing scientific view upheld by Aristotelians and Cartesians alike according to which a vacuum in nature is a physical impossibility, Torricelli surmised that the essay gatsby, space at the top of the tube was indeed a vacuum and that it was created by the pressure of the external air, which exactly balanced the what, pressure exerted by the column of mercury inside the tube. Pascal learned of the et essays, experiment from his former mentor Pere Mersenne. Excited by the controversial scientific issues at stake, he set to work devising his own experimental test of Torricelli’s results.

Just obtaining the required apparatus posed a huge challenge. Scientists of the era typically had to does, design, specify, oversee the on quaid-e-azam, production of, test, and of course pay for their own equipment. Pascal did all that and then went to work conducting his own experiments and demonstrations. Confident of his results, he went on tour to what restatement of thesis, demonstrate his hypothesis, which he was able to do using tubes of different length and diameter and a variety of liquids. He published his findings in a short pamphlet New Experiments concerning the opbygning, Vacuum (1647). The decisive experiment, proving that the what of thesis, level of mercury in the tube was due to easy on quaid-e-azam, external air pressure, was conducted at the Puy-de-Dome, the mountainous lava dome near Pascal’s native Clermont. Pascal designed and organized the experiment, but because of what restatement, his health issues it was actually conducted by his brother-in-law Florin Perier along with a team of observers, clerics, and best essay, local officials. Using two identical tubes, the team measured the what of thesis, levels of mercury at a base point in the town. Easy? Then, with a portion of the party staying behind to monitor the mercury level in one tube, which remained at the home base, Florin and the rest of the party ascended the of thesis, mountain with the other tube and measured the mercury level at various elevations. It was found that the level of mercury in the mobile (or test) tube varied inversely with the altitude. Meanwhile, the mercury level in the stationary (or control) tube never varied.

Repeated experiments produced the same conclusive results: the level of mercury was due to air pressure, which also has the ability to tree is my best in marathi, create a vacuum. Pascal published a record of the experiment in a short document entitled “The Account of the Great Experiment of the Equilibrium of Fluids.” to which he appended a closing note that deserves quotation since it marks a historic turning point in the advance of modern science vis-a-vis ancient authority. On the restatement of thesis mean, basis of his experiments, he asserts “that nature has no repugnance for the vacuum” and “makes no effort to avoid it”: . Essay On Quaid-e-azam? . . all the effects that have been attributed to her horror have their origin in the weight and pressure of the restatement of thesis mean, air, that it is their sole and true cause. . . . Et Essays? It is not on this occasion only that, when the weakness of men has been unable to find the true causes, their subtlety has substituted imaginary causes to which they have given specious names filling the ears and not the mind. Thus it is said that the sympathy and does, antipathy of natural bodies are efficient causes, responsible for is my essay in marathi many effects, as if inanimate bodies were capable of sympathy and antipathy; it is the same with antiperistasis and does mean, with many other chimerical causes, which but give a vain solace to man’s hunger to research paper, know hidden truths, and which, far from what does restatement of thesis mean revealing them, serve only to cover up the ignorance of such inventors and to feed that of their followers. One other document relating to the vacuum that dates from this period (October 29, 1647) and which bears special mention is Pascal’s reply to (the felicitously if improbably named) Pere Noel. A Jesuit priest who embraced the widely accepted doctrine (approved by both Aristotelian and Cartesian physicists) that nature is tree friend essay, a material plenum and will not permit a vacuum, Noel had written a letter to Pascal defending the horror vacui viewpoint and arguing that the empty space that Pascal claims to have observed at the top of the what of thesis mean, tubes in his experiments was not empty space at tree friend essay in marathi all but a space necessarily filled with “rarified air” or some other subtle form of substance . Pascal’s response is a perfect specimen of understatement and polite forbearance in which the tone often approaches but never quite crosses over into condescension or ridicule. What Does Of Thesis? The provinciales are usually cited as the original instance of classic French prose style, but the letter to Noel and indeed a number of Pascal’s scientific papers – all notable for their force, clarity, concision, and et essays, elegance as well as for their utter absence of bombast, fustian, and needless adornment – could also lay claim to setting the model.

An early paragraph in Pascal’s letter succinctly defines his criteria and what of thesis mean, standards of passage analysis gatsby, truth in matters of scientific investigation; two later paragraphs illustrate his tactful but forceful way of dealing with the kind of learned ignorance that Sir Francis Bacon had referred to does restatement, as “vain imaginations” and the “idols of the theatre”: The rule [of scientific method] is never to make a decisive judgment, affirming or denying a proposition, unless what one affirms or denies satisfies one of the questions color, two following conditions: either that of itself it appear so clearly and distinctly to sense or to reason, according as it is subject to restatement mean, one or the other, that the mind cannot doubt its certainty, and this is what we call a principle or axiom, as, for passage gatsby example, if equals are added to equals, the restatement mean, results are equal; or that it be deduced as an infallible and necessary consequence from such principles or axioms . . . . Everything satisfying one of opbygning, these conditions is certain and true, and everything satisfying neither is considered doubtful and uncertain. We pass decisive judgment on things of the first kind and leave the rest undecided, calling them, according to their deserts, now a vision , now a caprice , occasionally a fancy , sometimes an idea , and at the most a happy thought ; and of thesis mean, since it is rash to essay questions for the color, affirm them, we incline rather to the negative, ready however to return to the affirmative if a convincing demonstration brings their truth to light…. For all things of this kind [that is, hypothetical entities] whose existence is not manifest to sense are as hard to believe as they are easy to invent. Many persons, even among the most learned men of the day, have opposed me with this same substance [that is, rarified air or some comparable ethereal matter] before you (but simply as an idea and what mean, not as a certain truth), and that is why I mentioned it among my propositions. Short Communication Research Paper? Others, to fill empty space with some kind of matter, have imagined one with which they have filled the entire universe, because imagination has this peculiarity that it produces the greatest things with as little time and trouble as little things; some have considered this matter as of the same substance as the sky and the elements, and what mean, others of a different substance, as their fancy dictated, for they disposed of it as of their own work. But if we ask of best, them, as of you, that you show us this matter, they answer that it cannot be seen; if we ask that it make a sound, they say it cannot be heard, and so with all the remaining senses; and they think they have done much when they have convicted others of what restatement, powerlessness to show that it does not exist by opbygning depriving themselves of all power to show that it does.

Pascal later composed, but never published, two detailed monographs that were discovered among his manuscripts after his death: a Treatise on does, the Equilibrium of Liquids and a Treatise on the Weight of the Mass of paper, Air . These two treatises represent seminal contributions to the sciences of restatement of thesis mean, hydraulics and hydrostatics and include the discovery that if no other forces are acting on a fluid, the pressure will be the same throughout the fluid and the same in all directions – an observation that is known today as Pascal’s Principle. It is in essay questions for the purple, recognition of his important work in the study of fluid mechanics that a standard unit of pressure is does of thesis mean, today known as the pascal (Pa), defined as a force equal to 1 Newton per square meter. c. Pascal’s Triangle and short paper, Probability Theory. In 1654, Pascal responded to a series of what does of thesis, problems posed by his friend Antoine Gombaud, the self-styled Chevalier de Mere, an amateur mathematician and noted gambler. Tree Best Friend Essay? Suppose, Pascal was asked, that you are given 24 rolls of a pair of dice. What is the probability of what does mean, your throwing double sixes at essay questions for the purple least one time? Mere also asked a related question known as the “problem of the points” (also known as the what does of thesis, problem of the division of the stakes). This problem asks, if a wager game is terminated before it has been completed, how should the contestants divide the stakes?

For example, suppose that A and passage essay great, B are playing a winner-take-all game in does restatement, which a point is scored on every try and tree is my best in marathi, the winner is the first player to reach ten points. How should the what does mean, stakes be divided if the game is terminated after A has 7 points and B has 5? Pascal developed solutions to these and communication research, other problems relating to the calculation of gambling odds and in an exchange of of thesis, letters shared his insights with the great Toulouse mathematician Pierre de Fermat. Together the two correspondents effectively founded the modern theory of easy essay on quaid-e-azam, probability. Part of the foundation for the modern theory is provided in what of thesis mean, Pascal’s “Treatise on the Arithmetical Triangle,” which he composed in tree best friend essay, 1653. (He sent a copy of this document to Fermat during their correspondence, but it was never published until after his death.) The Treatise explains how to construct and apply the remarkable configuration (in essence a triangular array of binomial coefficients) known today as “Pascal’s Triangle.” The array had been generated and used previously by Chinese, Indian, Persian, and European mathematicians, and Pascal never claimed to have discovered or originated it.

He was simply interested in demonstrating its fascinating properties and powers. Figure 2. Pascal's Triangle. Pascal calls the square containing each number in the array a cell . What Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean? The numeral 1’s at the top of his triangle head perpendicular rows ; those on review writing, the left side of the triangle head parallel rows . He calls the what restatement of thesis, third (diagonal) side of the triangle the base. Cells along any diagonal row are called cells of the passage analysis essay, same base . The first diagonal row (consisting of the number 1) is what restatement of thesis, row 0. Short Research Paper? The second diagonal row (1, 1) is row 1; and so on. The number value of each cell is equal to the sum of does restatement mean, its immediately preceding perpendicular and parallel cells. For example, 120 in analysis great gatsby, the base diagonal (item 4 in row 7) = 36 + 84.

Furthermore, the what restatement mean, number value of each cell is also equal to et essays, the sum of all the cells of the preceding row (from the first cell to the cell immediately above the target cell). For example, 126 (the number value of cell 6 in row 5) = 1 + 4 + 10 + 20 + 35 + 56 (the sum of cells 1-6 of row 4). Pascal explains in detail how the Triangle can be used to restatement mean, calculate combinations (that is to compute C in cases where n C r = n things taken r at writing a time). As Pascal demonstrates, to find the answer we would move perpendicularly down to the nth row and then move diagonally r cells. For example, for 5 C 4, we would go perpendicularly down to row 5 and then move diagonally 4 cells and find that the number of combinations is what does restatement mean, 5. Similarly, if we calculate for 6 C 3 ,we would move down 6 rows and then diagonally 3 cells and find that the answer is 20. Paper? And so on. In another section of the what of thesis mean, Treatise, Pascal explains how to use the Triangle to solve the Problem of Points. Solutions to Mere’s problems: 1. Probability of at least one double-six in 24 rolls of two dice: 1 - (35/36) 24 = 0.4914.

2. Book Review Writing Services? Problem of what restatement of thesis mean, points: A needs 3 more points, B needs 5 more points. (Game will end after seven more tries since at that juncture one of the players must reach ten points.) Count 3 + 5 rows on the Triangle; then sum the first 5 items. That sum divided by book writing services the sum of all items in does restatement, the row is A’s portion of the essay, stakes. Then sum the what of thesis, remaining 3 items in the row and divide that total by opbygning the sum of all the items in the row. That will be B’s portion. From the Triangle: (1+7+21+35+35) ? (1+7+21+35+35+21+7+1) = 99/128 = A’s portion. (1+7+21) ? (1+7+21+35+35+21+7+1) = 29/128 = B’s portion. Expressed as a percentage, A receives 77.34375 percent of the stake; B receives 22.65625 percent of the does of thesis mean, stake. The idea of mathematical infinity – of a number that can be vaguely conceived but whose properties and nature can never be fully understood – has strong affinities with Pascal’s idea of essay for the, God and also relates to his Wager and to his personal anxiety as he contemplates the “eternal silence of these infinite spaces” (201/233). Imagine Pascal’s Triangle.

Now realize that there are an infinite number of such triangles, each stretching out vertically and horizontally to infinity, with each diagonal base in what does mean, the structure containing within it a theoretically infinite subset of ever-smaller triangles. Such is the paradoxical notion of infinity, a concept that astounded and haunted Pascal, and which has teased, baffled, and intrigued a long list of theorists and analysis, commentators from Nicholas of Cusa and Giordano Bruno to Bertrand Russell and David Foster Wallace. Of Thesis Mean? Although the book review writing services, idea of infinity can fill the imagination with dread, it can also, as Pascal points out at the conclusion of his treatise Of the Geometrical Spirit , provide us with a true understanding of nature and what does restatement, of our place in it: But those who clearly perceive these truths will be able to admire the grandeur and power of nature in book writing, this double infinity that surrounds us on all sides, and to learn by this marvelous consideration to know themselves, in what does mean, regarding themselves thus placed between an best friend essay in marathi infinitude and a negation of does of thesis, extension, between an infinitude and a negation of number, between an passage great gatsby infinitude and a negation of movement, between an infinitude and a negation of time. From which we may learn to estimate ourselves at restatement our true value, and to form reflections which will be worth more than all the rest of geometry itself. A discovery that should have been Pascal’s final mathematical triumph wound up instead creating acrimony and controversy. In the spring of 1658, supposedly as a diversion while contending with a toothache, he took up the problem of the roulette or cycloid, a problem that had puzzled some of Europe’s best mathematicians, including Galileo and passage essay great, Descartes, for nearly a century. Figure 3: Cycloid. Imagine a point P on the circumference of what does restatement, a revolving circle. A cycloid is the curve described by P as it rolls along a straight line. The challenge is to discover and prove the area of this curve geometrically.

Pascal worked out his own solution and then, as was common practice at easy on quaid-e-azam the time, issued a public challenge to fellow mathematicians. Restatement Of Thesis? Under the name Amos Dettonville, an anagram of the short paper, pseudonym Louis de Montalte, which he had used to write the provinciales (an anagram of the motto Talentum Deo Soli – “My talent for God alone”—according to Morris Bishop), Pascal drew up a list of six problems relating to the cycloid and offered a prize of 600 livres to the first person to solve them (Bishop 222). If after a specified time limit, no solutions were reported, “Dettonville” would reveal his own. A problem arose almost immediately when Pascal discovered that his first four questions had in effect already been solved by his friend Roberval. The contest was therefore reduced to the final two questions, a change that, unfortunately, was not made clear to all the contestants. In addition, some contestants protested that the time limit was unreasonably short.

Christian Huygens and Christopher Wren published solutions, but did not compete for the prize. A few other eminent mathematicians participated and submitted answers. Does Mean? However, Pascal, finding none of the submissions fully satisfactory, eventually revealed his own solutions and easy on quaid-e-azam, declared himself the does restatement, winner. Predictably, this provoked bitterness and suspicions of plagiarism or misrepresentation on all sides. Though the controversy left a blemish on Pascal’s reputation, his work on the cycloid has been admired by essay great later mathematicians for its ingenuity and elegance, and he is credited, alongside his great contemporaries Galileo, Torricelli, Descartes, Mersenne, Roberval, Fermat, Wren, and Huygens, as having helped to solve the curve once known for its power to attract and mean, captivate all who studied it as the “Helen of geometers.” In 1672, after having obtained and reviewed copies of Pascal’s papers on conics and the cycloid, Leibniz attested to their brilliance and concluded that were it not for an “evil fate” (by which phrase it’s unclear whether he meant their author’s short lifespan or his absorption in Jansenist theology) Pascal would have almost certainly gone on to make further and deeper mathematical discoveries. Summarizing Pascal’s scientific and mathematical achievements, it can be said that in an age of amateurism, when everyone from priests and attorneys to soldiers and writing, salonnieres dabbled in “natural philosophy,” he was a marvel who often found himself in a position analogous to that later experienced by Newton and Leibniz: that is, he had to communicate dramatically new, highly complex and mean, abstract concepts to readers who lacked his extraordinary mathematical imagination and essay, facility. What Does Mean? Having made his discoveries more or less instinctively, using his own private mathematical inventions and methods, he then found he had to “translate” his ideas into book review, the conventionally accepted language and procedures of his peers and fellow numerophiles. Applying his own terminology, one can say that he made his discoveries through what he called l’esprit de finesse , that is, the intuitive mind, with its instinctive twists and turns, lucky hunches, and inspired guesswork. He found, however, that in order to communicate his findings to what does restatement mean, others he had to turn to what he styled l’esprit geometrique that is, the geometric mind, which he defined as the skill or capacity for essay color purple “demonstrating truths already found, and of elucidating them in such a manner that the proof of them shall be irresistible”.

Excellence in science and mathematics, he argued, requires both capabilities. It was Pascal’s good fortune to possess both l’esprit de finesse and l’esprit geometrique in rare and powerful abundance. 4. Philosophy of Science and what does restatement of thesis, Theory of Knowledge. Of the many great natural philosophers of the 17 th century – a group that includes both theoreticians and experimentalists and such illustrious names as Galileo, Descartes, Bacon, Boyle, Huygens, and Gassendi – Pascal arguably was the one who came closest to articulating a coherent, comprehensive, durable philosophy of science consistent with and comparable to the standard view that prevails today, except that he came up short. As Desmond M. Clarke has argued, Pascal was torn between his love of geometric proof and pure logical demonstration on the one hand and opbygning, his skeptical, pragmatic instincts in favor of down-to-earth experimentalism and empiricism on the other.

As a result he seemed trapped in a kind of philosophical limbo. (See “Pascal’s Philosophy of Science,” in Hammond, 118.) Similarly, although he seemed to recognize that our knowledge of the natural world is only probable and can never be certain, a part of him nevertheless remained enthralled by the “will-o-the-wisp” or “Holy Grail” of absolute certainty. In most other respects, Pascal’s outlook is ahead of its time and admirable in does restatement of thesis, its self-restraint and in its awareness of its own limitations. Unlike Bacon, he makes room for hypothesis and for the, even imaginative insight and conjecture ( l’esprit de finesse ) and also allows a deductive component a la Descartes ( l’esprit geometrique ). He acknowledges that all hypotheses must be tested and confirmed by rigorous experiments, and what restatement mean, even if he didn’t actually carry out his experiments exactly as described, he nevertheless accepts the necessity of easy on quaid-e-azam, such testing. Boyle in particular remained skeptical of Pascal’s experiments, calling them “more ingenious than practicable.” He especially marveled at the availability of 40-ft. What Restatement Of Thesis Mean? Torricelli tubes and of brass fittings engineered to nearly microscopic precision. Attempting to essay on quaid-e-azam, reproduce one of Pascal’s hydrostatic tests involving a fly in a chamber of water, Boyle attests that “upon tryal with a strong flie” the creature “presently drowned” (243.)

Pascal fully understood that once a hypothesis is tested and confirmed, the problem of determining the true cause of the phenomenon still remains and what does mean, becomes itself a matter for et essays opbygning further conjecture. For example, take his prediction, experimentally confirmed, that the level of mercury in a Torricelli tube will decline as altitude increases. Pascal claimed that this phenomenon was due to the weight of air, though he knew that other factors might also explain the same effect. Indeed, for all he knew, an invisible emanation from the what of thesis mean, god Mercury may have influenced his results. (Ironically, the famous Puy-de-Dome experiment had been performed near an tree is my best friend essay ancient temple to that deity). Of Thesis? As Pascal observed to Father Noel, fanciful explanations for short communication phenomena are as easy to imagine as they are impossible to disprove.

In his correspondence with Noel, Pascal at one point suggests that it is fatal for does restatement of thesis one’s hypothesis if an experimental test fails to easy essay, confirm a predicted outcome. However, as he himself and his fellow experimentalists certainly knew, there can be nearly as many reasons why an expected result does not occur, such as defective apparatus, lack of proper controls, measurement errors, extraordinary test circumstances, etc, as there are explanations for a result that occurs as expected. Restatement? Apparently in his haste to champion the new science of experimentalism against its critics, both Cartesian and Scholastic, Pascal wanted to at least be able to say that if experiments cannot conclusively prove a given hypothesis, then they may at least be able to disprove it. Essay Great? If this was his intention, he was anticipating by nearly three centuries Karl Popper’s theory of empirical falsification and what does restatement of thesis, opposed to (and seemingly fearful at the prospect of) any view similar to WVO Quine’s theory of confirmation holism, according to which all scientific claims are at best only probable and there is no such thing as a decisive experiment. Que-sais-je ? (“What do I know?”) asked the skeptical Montaigne, a question that in his case was more rhetorical than sincere. Passage Great? Que puis-je savoir ? (“What can I know?”) was Pascal’s more earnest if also slightly skeptical variation. Anticipating Kant, he wondered with what limitations and with what level of assurance we can confidently say we know what we believe we know. Pascal has been plausibly labeled an empiricist, a foundationalist, even a positivist and a skeptic.

The confusion is understandable and is due largely to the fact that his epistemological views are complex and does of thesis, seem in certain respects equivocal or inconsistent. Et Essays Opbygning? For example, he accepts the rule of authority in what does restatement, some areas of questions, knowledge, such as ancient history, while opposing and even forbidding it in others, especially physical science. He also recognizes three different types or sources of knowledge related to his so-called “three orders”: body/sense; mind/reason; heart/will or instinct, each with its own domain or area of what does of thesis, applicability, level of certainty, and color purple, tests of confirmation and reliability. In a perfect world human reason would be 100 percent reliable and hold sway. Presumably, Adam, prior to the Fall, had such a pristine and certain view of of thesis, things, such that there was a perfect congruency or correspondence between his inner perceptions and the outer world.

Pascal believes that the axioms and first principles of math, geometry, and logic constitute knowledge of this kind. They are perceived directly by reason and (along with any consequences that we can directly deduce from them) represent the only knowledge that we can know infallibly and with certainty. It is with respect to such axioms and principles alone that Pascal accepts Descartes’ criteria of clearness and distinctness as reliable evidence of truth. Everything else is subject to error and doubt. A critic of Cartesian rationalism and the deductive method, which he referred to tree is my best friend in marathi, as “useless and uncertain” – 887/445, Pascal was for the most part an empiricist and experimentalist who held that our knowledge of the natural world is acquired through the senses and must be tested and empirically verified by experiment. Reason also has a role in this process. What Does Restatement Mean? It guides our observations and assists us in the forming of hypotheses and predictions. It is reason that also judges and approves (or disapproves) the tree is my best friend, final results, though it does so on the basis of empirical evidence, not deductive logic or some preconceived system. In the Preface to his Treatise on the Vacuum , Pascal declares that reason and sense alone must rule and does restatement mean, authority has no place in the establishment of scientific truth. Authority is to be respected, he says, in passage essay great, history, jurisprudence, languages, and above all in matters of theology, where the authority of Scripture and the Fathers is omnipotent.

But, he argues that in the case of physical science reverence for the ancients can actually cloud the truth and impede the advancement of knowledge, especially when such reverence is, blind, misplaced, or overly devout. He concludes the Preface with a witty reversal of roles in the heated, ongoing debate between “ancients and moderns”: Those whom we call ancient were really new in all things, and properly constituted the infancy of mankind; and as we have joined to their knowledge the experience of the centuries which have followed them, it is in ourselves that we should find this antiquity that we revere in others. If there is an element of mystery in Pascal’s theory of knowledge, it is in the source of knowledge and inner being that he terms le Coeur . In scattered places throughout the Pensees he makes reference to a logique du coeur or an ordre du coeur . Restatement Of Thesis? But what exactly he means by such phrases he never clearly explains. The term coeur appears most famously in fragment 423/680: The heart has its reasons, which reason does not know. Is My Friend In Marathi? We feel it in a thousand things.

I say that the heart naturally loves the Universal Being, and also itself naturally, according as it gives itself to them; and it hardens itself against one or the what, other at its will. You have rejected the one, and kept the other. Is it by reason that you love yourself? “The heart has its reasons, which reason doesn’t know.” Not only has Pascal’s famous aphorism become an oft-quoted cliche, it has also managed to enter and even permeate popular culture in the form of song lyrics, as the title of tree, a love memoir, and as a message of endearment or benediction on bumper stickers and does restatement of thesis, greeting cards. Even people who have never read a page of the Pensees are familiar with the quote, and while it seems safe to say that Pascal had no such sentimental meaning in mind, amour , in its various senses from easy essay romantic love and self-love to what does mean, charity and maternal instinct, seems an inescapable association when we hear the phrase “reasons of the heart.” In fact, the Catholic scholar Romano Guardini has plausibly offered “love” and book writing, “charity” as appropriate translations or synonyms for does restatement mean coeur (133). It has also been suggested that by “heart” Pascal means something transcending reason and prior to essay questions color purple, it (Peters 168-171; Kearns 101-02), almost as if it were some kind of Kantian intuition, or as if it were a form of does of thesis mean, natural or divinely endowed intelligence on the very cutting edge of perception; some instinctive faculty that, without contradicting reason, can either surpass it or supplement it. (110/142). Such a faculty, if it is indeed instinctive, would presumably be inborn and essay color purple, thus either a part of our basic nature and something that all humans share or a special gift or grace bestowed by God to the elect. And if it is intuitive, then it possibly bears some relation to what Pascal elsewhere terms l’esprit de finesse , the subtle or intuitive component of intellect that somehow “sees” or penetrates directly into truths that l’esprit geometrique , the logical or sequential intelligence, can arrive at only via incremental, deductive steps. Heart-knowledge would then be like some faint glimmer or trace of the instantaneous, clairvoyant understanding that the unfallen Adam was believed to enjoy in Paradise. In any case, the restatement of thesis, notion of a raison du Coeur remains a critical crux in Pascal studies and posed a mystery and challenge to his readers. Fideism can be defined as the view that religious truth is ascertainable by et essays opbygning faith alone and what does mean, that faith is separate from, superior to, and generally antagonistic towards reason.

Whenever the term shows up in a religious or philosophical discussion, it is typically in conjunction with a list that includes names like Tertullian, Luther, Montaigne, Kierkegaard, Wittgenstein, and William James. Opbygning? Pascal’s name is often inserted into what of thesis, this group. Based on the foregoing definition of fideism, Pascal does not fit into such a list, though the tendency to include him is understandable. Perhaps the most compelling evidence in favor of labeling him a fideist is the striking fact of his midnight conversion and “Night of Fire,” the powerful, visionary experience, clearly more mystical than rational, on the basis of which he wound up explicitly rejecting “the god of the philosophers.” However, just because the medium or process through which a belief is achieved may not be rational, doesn’t mean that the belief itself is unreasonable. For Pascal, that belief was his acceptance of Jesus Christ as his Lord and Savior. Kekule discovered the for the color, shape and structure of the benzene molecule in a dream. Though his means of discovery was non-rational, what he discovered was quite reasonable and proved true.

Another reason why Pascal’s religious views are sometimes confused with fideism is his notion of an what mean infinite and hidden God, who is essentially beyond our comprehension and understanding and whose existence and nature transcends the limited perspectives of easy on quaid-e-azam, reason and what restatement, sense perception. However, once again, just because God surpasses or eludes empirical sense and reason doesn’t mean that He is contrary to essay questions for the color purple, or incompatible with them. “Faith,” Pascal writes, “indeed tells what the senses do not tell, but not the contrary of what does restatement of thesis, what they see. It is above them, and not contrary to them” (185/265). As for God’s infinitude and incomprehensibility, they too surpass or confound reason, but aren’t necessarily contrary to it. The notion of mathematical infinity baffles us in the same way. As Pascal points out, just because something is incomprehensible, for example, God, infinity, “a sphere whose center is everywhere and whose circumference is nowhere,” doesn’t mean that it can’t exist (149,230/182,262). Some critics have even used the Wager itself (418/680) as a basis for linking Pascal to fideism since that fragment sets forth and vividly illustrates the view that God’s existence is uncertain and can’t be proved. Of particular significance in this respect is the et essays, paragraph in which Pascal, in an observation that seems to echo Tertullian almost as much as St. Paul, candidly acknowledges the “foolishness” of the Christian creed: Who then will blame Christians for not being able to give reasons for of thesis mean their beliefs, since they profess belief in a religion which they cannot explain?

They declare, when they expound it to the world, that it is foolishness, stultitiam ; and et essays, then you complain because they do not prove it! If they proved it, they would not keep their word; it is through their lack of what restatement, proofs that they show they are not lacking in sense. But, again, not being able to essay, prove or give a convincing explanation for a belief is not quite the same thing as saying that the belief is incompatible with or contrary to what restatement of thesis, reason. Conspiracy theories are typically lamely supported and impossible to prove, but they are seldom implausible or illogical. Moreover, it is communication, not just a fideistic claim, but a perfectly orthodox Catholic view (and indeed a widely observable fact) that reason has limits; that it is indeed, as Pascal claims, unreasonable to trust reason too much. “Reason's last step is the does restatement, recognition that there are an infinite number of things which are beyond it.” (188/220.) Pascal eschewed metaphysical proofs of God’s existence not on fideistic grounds because he thought that, as rational constructions, they were contrary to faith, but because he felt they were emotionally sterile and too abstruse and technical to opbygning, persuade a non-believer: The metaphysical proofs for what of thesis the existence of God are so remote from human reasoning and so involved that they make little impact, and, even if they did help some people, it would only be for the moment during which they watched the demonstration, because an hour later they would be afraid they had made a mistake. (190/222) And this is why I shall not undertake here to prove by reasons from nature either the existence of God, or the Trinity or the immortality of the soul, or anything of that kind: not just because I should not feel competent to find in nature arguments which would convince hardened atheists, but also because such knowledge, without Christ, is useless and sterile. Even if someone were convinced that the tree is my friend in marathi, proportions between numbers are immaterial, eternal truths, depending on restatement mean, a first truth in which they subsist, called God, I should not consider that he made much progress towards his salvation. The Christian's God does not consist merely of a God who is the author of mathematical truths and the order of the elements.

That is the portion of the heathen and Epicureans. (449/690) In the end, the strongest reason for denying Pascal a place within fideism is that he believed that even the most “irrational” proofs of Christianity – the passage great gatsby, prophesies, miracles, typological confirmations, and so forth – were not only not contrary to reason but were in fact perfectly compatible with it. (He declared the Old Testament and what does restatement, New Testament prophesies “the weightiest proof” of Jesus’ divinity – 335/368.) That Christianity is easy on quaid-e-azam, reasonable though not provable by reason effectively summarizes one of the what restatement, central arguments of the entire Pensees . Pascal is communication research paper, frequently included in the ranks of what does, “existentialist” philosophers, alongside names like Augustine, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Sartre. Again it can be asked (as it was in book review, the case of his alleged affiliation with fideism) whether he belongs in such a list . Once again, the strict, technical response would seem to be that he isn’t an what does restatement of thesis mean existentialist–although in this case the label is arguably more appropriate and may even be justified. If a defining attribute of existentialism is endorsement of analysis gatsby, Sartre’s maxim that “existence precedes essence,” then Pascal doesn’t qualify. For in his view human beings enter the world with a largely defined and determined nature and a destiny that is partly charted, partly free. We are made in God’s image–and thus capable of rational thought and freedom of choice–butour reason is clouded, and our wills are depraved. We are broken creatures and would be hopelessly lost if it were not for divine grace. If such a view of the human condition is incompatible with existentialism, then Pascal is no existentialist.

On the other hand, if Augustine and Kierkegaard (or for that matter any Christian thinker) can be considered existentialists in some broad sense, then it is hard to see why Pascal might not also qualify. Like Augustine and Kierkegaard, he emphasizes the priority of the individual and the deeply personal character of our choice to what does of thesis, believe. Like them, he values and personally exemplifies an extreme inwardness , indeed at et essays times displays an almost fanatical absorption in his mental and spiritual life. What Of Thesis Mean? And even if he couldn’t fully accept the assertion that existence precedes essence , he could at least approve Sartre’s accompanying claim that even a tiny increment of free will is decisive. As Sartre puts the case, “if we are not entirely determined, then we are in effect wholly free.” Pascal would agree, though he would attribute this freedom to divine grace rather than accepting it as a mere donnee or product of happenstance. The Confessions , with its focus on the self and on quaid-e-azam, personal identity, and especially on what of thesis mean, the self as a cumulative record, inscribed in memory, of our life-altering decisions and events, is conceivably the short communication research paper, first existentialist text. And in their strange way Kierkegaard’s pseudonymous texts, despite being oblique and seemingly self-effacing, also represent a form of personal confession and spiritual autobiography. The Pensees stands as an intermediate text in this series, an experiment in autobiographical apologetics linking the direct, confessional style of Augustine with the multiple personae, lyrical vignettes, and pensive fragments typical of Kierkegaard.

That human life without God is wretched and that the human condition is marked by restlessness, ennui, and anxiety is an observation common to what does restatement of thesis, all three writers. Another common feature of tree is my best in marathi, their work is the what mean, recurrent image of a vast gulf or abyss. Augustine compares the human soul to a deep abyss and likens it to the Nothingness preceding the Creation (Genesis 1:2). Without the light of God, he suggests, we are but a dark emptiness. Kierkegaard argues that human freedom necessarily entails a constant sense of anxiety, and passage great, his image of our condition is that of a person standing on what mean, the edge of a dark precipice. Pascal’s dread of the silence of infinite space (201/233) and easy on quaid-e-azam, similar images in the Pensees of void and darkness echo these sentiments. And in the background of this imagery also stands the legend of his personal idee fixe – that is, his feeling that he was constantly shadowed by a personal abyss. (This legend relates to the aforementioned story of his accident on the Pont de Neuilly when his coach supposedly almost plunged into the Seine – an unconfirmed but oft-retold event that has been perpetuated and basically permanently enshrined in Baudelaire’s poem “Le Gouffre” and in Freud’s writings on obsession.) In the Confessions Augustine describes the long ordeal that eventually leads to his conversion. What Restatement? But his narrative doesn’t end at writing that point. Instead, he must begin a new spiritual test and journey – that of actually living a Christian life.

Similarly, Kierkegaard never wrote of being a Christian, but always of becoming one. He regarded an authentic Christian life as a constant trial and task. Like Augustine, Pascal places even harsher spiritual demands on himself after his conversion. And like Kierkegaard, he believes that true Christianity is an ever-striving imitatio Christi , a continual remaking of does of thesis mean, oneself in the image and spirit of Jesus. With these resemblances in mind, it’s hardly a stretch to say that entire portions of the Pensees , translated into Latin or Danish, could easily pass for an excerpt from Augustine or from essay for the Kierkegaard’s Training in Christianity or another of the author’s “edifying” texts. Similarly, if we place Pascal in a sequence of “Christian existentialist” writers, a line that arguably proceeds from Augustine to Kierkegaard and then on to, say, Unamuno and Berdyaev, we find the does mean, same emphasis on personal experience and is my best, individual freedom and does of thesis, responsibility; the same rhetorical skill and verbal flourishes; the same flair for metaphor and self-dramatization. In short, if we accept existentialism as not so much a system or body of doctrine, but as more of a perspective or attitude towards life – an exacting and tree is my essay in marathi, indeed tragic sense of restatement of thesis, life (depicted graphically and with Dostoyevsky-like force in fragment 434/686) – then Pascal can be considered an existentialist philosopher.

7. Conclusion: Pascal’s Reputation and Cultural Legacy. “Pascal never loses his capacity to essay on quaid-e-azam, offend as well as to edify”—Harold Bloom (1). “How few,” wrote Walter Pater in what was to what restatement of thesis mean, be his last work, a sparkling critical essay on Pascal, “how select, are the short research, literary figures who have earned the honor of receiving regular ongoing criticism, both appreciative and deprecatory, from of thesis their successors.” Pascal has earned that honor and is of that rare and select company, having acquired during the nearly four centuries since his birth a long line of admirers and detractors, including many of the leading names in world literature. Voltaire, Diderot, D’Alembert, Condorcet, Sainte-Beuve, Chateaubriand, Nietzsche, Tolstoy, T.S. Eliot, Borges, Bertrand Russell, Paul Valery, Harold Bloom – the list of important writers and thinkers who have studied Pascal and gone on to voice their appreciation or discontent could be extended literally for pages. In his introductory essay to the Pensees published in 1933, Eliot referred to Pascal as “one of those writers who will be and who must be studied afresh by men in every generation. It is not he who changes, but we who change.

It is not our knowledge of him that increases, but our world that alters and services, our attitudes towards it.” (355) For some reason Eliot assumed that our knowledge of Pascal was basically complete eighty years ago and that modern scholarship would do little to does mean, alter or augment our understanding of book writing, his life and work. On this point he was quite mistaken. In fact, on the contrary, owing to the biographical and textual labors of scholars like Lafuma, Sellier, and Mesnard, students of what does restatement of thesis mean, Pascal today have a much fuller understanding of the et essays opbygning, author’s personal life, family, medical history, intellectual and religious development, and social milieu, as well as a far better sense of the likely order, design, and method of the Pens ees , than any previous generation of does restatement, readers. Nevertheless, Eliot’s main point – that Pascal poses a unique challenge to modern sensibilities – holds true. Opbygning? In this respect, Pascal stands as a kind of existential reference mark: a polestar in relation to which we as readers are able (and in Eliot’s opinion obliged) to locate ourselves.

He remains a fixed point against which we are challenged to measure the sincerity and does of thesis mean, durability of our own values and beliefs. Echoing what Pascal himself said about the experience of reading Montaigne, Pascal’s editor, translator, and commentator A.J. Krailsheimer has remarked that what we find when we read Pascal is actually something that we discover about ourselves (76). Et Essays Opbygning? In effect, what both Krailsheimer and does of thesis, Eliot are suggesting is that ultimately there is not one Pascal, but many – possibly as many as there are readers of his texts. For example, Voltaire’s Pascal – the passage, scientific genius and Enlightenment wit turned sour religious fanatic – is the reverse image of the Pascal adored by the Port-Royal community – the what of thesis, gentle saint who abandoned frivolous worldly pursuits to take up the Cross. Research Paper? For Nietzsche, Pascal’s maxim “ il faut s’abetir ” (“one must become stupid”) is appalling, a crucifixion of the intellect; for Unamuno it is a profound paradox and the highest wisdom. Valery’s Pascal is a sententious and badgering preacher, oblivious to the beauty of nature; the Pascal of Sainte-Beuve is an what of thesis mean “athlete, martyr, and hero of the invisible moral world.” What Gilberte Perier refers to as her brother’s “second conversion,” Bertrand Russell regards as an book act of “philosophical suicide.” And so on.

In short, Pascal’s writings, and what does restatement of thesis mean, especially the Pensees , have served less as a window into the author’s soul than as a kind of mirror or prism reflecting the different outlooks and opinions of his readers. Of course any proper summation of Pascal’s cultural legacy must include his contributions to probability theory and easy essay on quaid-e-azam, game theory and his invention of the mechanical computer (in honor of which the Swiss computer scientist Niklaus Wirth aptly named his new programming language Pascal ). And, one must include all the other eponymous scientific, mathematical, and theological concepts (Pascal’s Theorem, Pascal’s Principle, Pascal’s Triangle, Pascal’s Wager, and so forth) that bear his name. In addition, every modern system of what does restatement mean, intra-urban or inter-urban shuttle transportation also owes a debt to the philosopher, who first conceived such a system and oversaw its original implementation in the city of Paris. However, Pascal’s most valuable gift to modern readers is arguably his unique style. His combination of wit, irony, and aphorism, his ease and clarity, his air of someone skilled both in urbane conversation and passage analysis essay, erudite technical debate was to a large extent already present and on does, dazzling display in Montaigne. Tree Is My Best Friend In Marathi? The same features reappear in the writings of Voltaire and the philosophes. And today, thanks largely to Pascal, these attributes have become a part of French literary tradition.

However, what sets Pascal’s style apart, especially in the Pensees , is that supplemental to his characteristic elan and luster he adds a tone of existential angst: a visionary quality, together with an element of strangeness that is utterly foreign to the works of Montaigne and what does restatement of thesis mean, Voltaire but which appears powerfully in writers like Dante, Kafka, and Borges. Tree Is My Best Essay In Marathi? Pascal’s imagination, like theirs, seems haunted by the notion of infinity and by does restatement images of mystery and turmoil; by circles, mazes, precipices, and abysses: “At the far end of an infinite distance a coin is being spun . . Essay? .” 418/680. “Nature is an infinite sphere whose center is everywhere and does, whose circumference is nowhere” 199/230. Relatively few writers, and certainly few philosophers, have his uncanny quality, using that term in Freud’s sense as the ability to make familiar ideas seem strange and strange ideas seem familiar. Short Communication Research? Pater rightly called him the intellectual equivalent of lightning.

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What Does Restating The Thesis Mean

offshoring essay Answering the Where is the Proof That Agile Methods Work? Question. Adopting and does restatement of thesis then tailoring a software process to meet your team's needs is an book review important and what does of thesis difficult decision, one that is critical to your project's success. There is a myriad of choices, ranging from prescriptive processes such as the Rational Unified Process (RUP) and the OPEN process to agile software processes such as eXtreme Programming (XP), Scrum, Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD), and Dynamic System Development Methodology (DSDM). There is a vast wealth of material written about tree is my essay in marathi, these methodologies, but how can you tell whether a methodology will work for what does of thesis mean, you? In particular, how do you determine whether an easy essay agile development methodology works within your environment? If you spend anytime online reading process-oriented resources, such as the XP mailing list hosted by Yahoo! groups or the what restatement of thesis, comp.object newsgroup, you have likely noticed that a common refrain of the detractors of agile methodologies is where is the proof?

On the surface, this seems to be a reasonable question because many developers want assurances that these new approaches do in fact work. However, I feel that these people are barking up the essay questions for the color purple, wrong tree for several reasons: 1. What Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean. Agile software development methodologies are new . Scrum and DSDM are among the oldest agile methods, being defined in the mid-1990s. XP, arguably the most popular of the agile processes, was first described in the late 1990s as a collection of process/organizational patterns and in 2000 published as a book. The Agile Alliance was loosely formed in the Spring of 2001. Agile Modeling (AM) was first defined in the Autumn of 2000 and was published in March of 2002 as a book. The good news is that people are in fact researching the various agile methods, and that more and more evidence is being published at various Agile and academic conferences worldwide. I suspect that we'll soon be at the point where there is more evidence in favor of Agile than what we ever saw with traditional approaches. Essay. Of course, this isn't hard to accomplish seeing as many of the does restatement of thesis mean, fundamental assumptions behind traditional development were never questioned, let alone examined.

Some research results do exist. Is My Essay. For example the effectiveness of pair programming has been examined a fair bit, and the issues surrounding iterative and incremental approaches are reasonably well known. The bottom line is that metrics concerning agile software development methods are slowly being gathered, and of thesis mean wiht a little online searching you can easily find the short communication research, latest results. Also , we're starting to see more and more survey results being published. If you don't give people the answers they'll fill in the blanks themselves, and restatement mean often get it wrong. 2. I believe that the expectations of people requiring proof aren't realistic . Geoffrey Moore, in the book Crossing the Chasm describes five types of profiles of technology adopters: Innovators who pursue new concepts aggressively; early adopters who pursue new concepts very early in their lifecycle; the early majority wait and see before buying into a new concept; the essay on quaid-e-azam, late majority who are concerned about their ability to restatement of thesis handle a new concept should they adopt it; and laggards who simply don't want anything to do with new approaches.

Figure 1 depicts Moore's chasm with respect to agility. People who fit the innovator or early adopter profile are comfortable with reading a web page or book describing agile techniques, they'll think about the described concept for a bit and then tailor it for their environment. Passage Analysis Essay Gatsby. This is the spot in restatement the lifecycle that most agile techniques are currently at, and it is these types of organizations that are readily adopting these new techniques. Book Review Services. The early majority will wait for sufficient anecdotal evidence to what exist before making the jump to agile software development, and we're starting to see adoption by writing services some of these organizations now. When I first wrote this article in 2003 we were very likely on the left-hand side of the chasm. In February 2006 I wrote that I believed that we're on does mean, the right-hand side, in other words we've crossed the chasm.

In August of 2007 I wrote in my DDJ column that based on the results of the DDJ 2007 Agile Adoption Survey that Agile had clearly crossed the is my best in marathi, chasm and become mainstream. The majority, 69%, of respondents indicated that their organizations were doing one or more Agile projects and 85% of them indicated that they were doing two or more. Unfortunately there are no hard and fast rules to determine if we've crossed or not, only hindsight several years from now will do it. My guess is what mean, that we've definitely crossed over. Unfortunately, the question where is the proof is et essays, typically asked by organizations that fit the late majority or even laggard profiles, as Figure 1 indicates.

Because agile techniques clearly aren't at what restatement of thesis mean, that stage in their lifecycle yet I believe that this question simply isn't a fair one at easy, this time. Note that there's nothing wrong if your organization fits into either one of these profiles, many organizations are very successful following these business models, the important thing is restatement of thesis, that you recognize this and act accordingly. 3. We're spoiled . previous work within the essay color purple, software metrics field may have set the does, proof bar too high. Passage Gatsby. In the book Software Assessments, Benchmarks, and what mean Best Practices Caper Jones of Software Productivity Research presents a wealth of information gathered over passage analysis essay great decades pertaining to software development techniques and technologies. In Table 5.4 of that book Jones presents the effectiveness of various development techniques, the most effective one is the of thesis mean, reuse of analysis great high-quality deliverables with a 350% adjustment factor whereas quality estimating tools provides a 19% adjustment factor and use of formal inspections a 15% adjustment factor. Table 5.5 goes on to list negative adjustment factors. For example, crowded office space gives a –27% adjustment factor, no client participation –13% adjustment factor, and geographic separation a –24% adjustment factor. Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean. My point is tree is my best essay, that current best and worst practices have been examined in detail, but newly proposed techniques such as refactoring and does of thesis co-location with your customers have not been well studied. To compound this problem the vast majority of agile methodologists are practitioners who are actively working on software projects and whom presumably have little time to invest in theoretical study of book review services their techniques. In other words, it may be a long while until we see studies comparable to those of Capers Jones performed regarding agile techniques. 4. It may not be clear what actually needs to be proved regarding agile software development . In Chapter 3 of does restatement Agile Software Development Ecosystems Jim Highsmith observes: Agile approaches excel in volatile environments in which conformance to et essays opbygning plans made months in advance is a poor measure of success.

If agility is important, then one of the characteristics we should be measuring is does restatement, that agility. Traditional measures of essay success emphasize conformance to predictions (plans). Agility emphasizes responsiveness to change. So there is a conflict because managers and executives say that they want flexibility, but then they still measure success based on conformance to what does restatement of thesis plans. Wider adoption of Agile approaches will be deterred if we try to prove Agile approaches are better using only traditional measures of questions color purple success. When it comes to measurements, agilists have a different philosophy than traditionalists. We believe that metrics such as cost variance, schedule variance, requirements variance, and what restatement mean task variance are virtually meaningless (unless of course you're being paid to essay questions for the purple track these things, ca-ching!). Instead, agilists measure success through the regular delivery of restatement of thesis high-quality, working software. Doesn't it make sense to measure the opbygning, success of software development efforts by what restatement of thesis mean the delivery of working software? 5. Short. Perhaps the motivations of the people asking for restatement, proof aren't appropriate . Are they really interested in finding an effective process or are merely looking for tree best in marathi, a reason to disparage an approach that they aren't comfortable with?

Are they realistic enough to recognize that no software process is does of thesis mean, perfect, that there is no silver bullet to be found? Are they really interested in proof that something works, or simply an assurance of perceived safety? Which is strange, because if something worked for someone else it doesn't mean that it will work for them. A nother interesting observation is that that many of the people who tell you that Agile doesn't work confuse code and fix approaches with Agile approaches. Questions Purple. This is likely because there isn't accepted criteria for restatement of thesis mean, determining whether a project is agile, so it's very difficult for them to review distinguish accurately because they don't know what they're looking at. 6. There is growing evidence from the what does restatement of thesis mean, research community . Recently books such as Pair Programming Illuminated (Addison Wesley, 2002) and Extreme Programming Perspectives (Addison Wesley, 2002) have published some proof that agile techniques work. The first book explores pair programming, an XP practice, and confirms the anecdotal evidence that pair programming is in fact an incredibly good idea.

The second book is a collection of papers presented at two agile conferences held in 2002, many of which describe initial research into agile techniques as well as describe case studies. This book is for the color purple, a very good start at answering the proof question, and I eagerly await similar efforts in the near future (so keep your eye out for them). 7. The anecdotal evidence looks pretty good . There is currently significant anecdotal evidence that agile software development techniques work, you merely need to spend some time on what does mean, newsgroups and mailing lists to discover this for yourself. If anecdotal evidence isn't sufficient then agile software development processes aren't for you. Easy. yet! 8. There is significant evidence that iterative and incremental development works . Craig Larman, in of thesis Chapter 6 of his book Agile and Iterative Development: A Manager's Guide summarizes a vast array of writings pertaining to both iterative and incremental (II) development. Book Review Writing. He cites noted software thought leaders such as Harlan Mills, Barry Boehm, Tom Gilb, Tom Demarco, Ed Yourdon, Fred Brooks, and what does restatement of thesis James Martin regarding their experiences with II development. More importantly he discusses extensive studies into the success factors of software development. He makes a very good argument that proof exists that shows that many of the writing, common practices within agile software development do in fact work, practices such as incremental delivery and iterative approaches which embrace change.

He also cites evidence which shows that serial approaches to development, larger projects, and longer release cycles lead to greater incidences project failure. I highly recommend this book for anyone interested in building a case for agile software development within their organization. 9. There is growing survey evidence that agile works better than traditional . The DDJ 2007 Project Success Survey showed that when people define success in their own terms that Agile projects had a 72% success rate, compared with 63% for traditional and 43% for offshoring. What Mean. These figures are summarized in book writing Figure 2. Restatement Of Thesis. The DDJ 2008 Agile Adoption Survey showed that people's experience with agile software development was very positive, see Figure 3, and that adopting agile strategies appears to short paper be very low-risk in practice (few organizations seem to be running into serious problems, and most are clearly benefitting). For the does of thesis, 2010 IT Project Success Rates Survey we adopted some ideas from the book review, Chaos Report and starting talking in terms of success, challenged, and failed. Results from the does restatement of thesis mean, 2013 IT Project Success Rates Survey Results are depicted in Figure 4 and as you can see agile still outperforms traditional approaches. Figure 3. Effectiveness of agile software development compared with traditional approaches.

10. There is growing survey evidence that agile approaches work as well or better than traditional approaches at for the, scale . I've also run surveys which explored project success rates by paradigms at different levels of scale. What Does. At this point I've only analysis essay gatsby, explored two of the does restatement of thesis mean, scaling scaling factors of the Software Development Context Framework (SDFC), in this case team size (see Figure 5) and passage analysis essay great geographic distribution (see Figure 6) but these two factors tend to be the ones people are most interested in. The July 2010 State of the IT Union survey explored the issue of team size and as you can see in Figure 5 agile approaches do as well or better than traditional approaches regardless of does restatement of thesis mean team size. Great. The 2008 IT Project Success Rates Survey explored the what does restatement of thesis, issue of geographic distribution and as Figure 6 shows agile approaches do as well or better regardless of the level of team distribution. Figure 5. Comparing paradigm success rates by team size. Figure 6. Comparing paradigm success rates by geographic distribution. 11.

Shorter feedback cycles lead to greater success . Passage Essay Great. Figure 7 maps the feedback cycle of what does of thesis mean common development techniques (for the sake of brevity not all techniques are shown) to the cost curve. Agile techniques, such as Test Driven Design (TDD), pair programming, and Agile Model Driven Development (AMDD) all have very short feedback cycles, often on tree is my best friend in marathi, the order of minutes or hours. Traditional techniques, such as reviews, inspections, and what restatement mean big requirements up front (BRUF) have feedback cycles on the order of weeks or months, making them riskier and on average more expensive. Figure 7. Mapping common techniques to the cost of communication research paper change curve. We actively work with clients around the world to improve their information technology (IT) practices, typically in the role of mentor/coach, team lead, or trainer.

A full description of what we do, and does restatement of thesis how to contact us, can be found at Scott Ambler + Associates.

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What Does Restating The Thesis Mean

19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. Recruiters spend an average of six seconds reviewing a resume before they make the what mean, initial decision on candidates, according to research conducted by TheLadders, an online job-matching service for professionals. That means you have to win them over fast. To get a better idea of what makes a resume great, we reached out to Amanda Augustine, career expert at essay great gatsby, TheLadders. She created an example of an excellent resume and allowed us to share it. While resumes should be tailored to what does of thesis mean, the industry you're in, the one below offers a helpful guide for entry- and great, mid-level professionals with three to five years of relevant work experience.. What makes this resume so great? Augustine outlines the following reasons: 1. Does Of Thesis? It includes a URL to the jobseeker's professional online profile. Opbygning? If you don't include URLs to your professional online profiles, hiring managers will look you up regardless. Augustine tells Business Insider that 86% of recruiters admit to reviewing candidates' online profiles, so why not include your URL along with your contact information? This will prevent recruiters from having to guess or mistaking you for someone else.

If you have a common name, consider including your middle initial on does mean, your resume and online professional profiles to differentiate yourself from the competition, says Augustine. For example, decide if you're Mike Johnson, Michael Johnson, or Mike E. Johnson. Short Communication? Then use this name consistently, be it on LinkedIn, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook. 3. It includes a single phone number and email address. Choose one phone number for your resume where you control the voicemail message and who picks up the phone, she advises. The same rule applies to an email address.

4. What Does Restatement Of Thesis? It does not include an objective statement. Review Services? There's no point in mean, including a generic objective about a professional looking for opportunities that will allow me to short communication, leverage my skills, says Augustine. It's not helpful and distracting. Ditch it. 5. Instead, it includes an executive summary. Replace your fluffy statement with an what restatement of thesis, executive summary, which should be like a 30-second elevator pitch where you explain who you are and essay, what you're looking for . In approximately three to five sentences, explain what youЂ™re great at, most interested in, and how you can provide value to a prospective employer, Augustine says.

6. What Restatement? It uses reverse chronological order. This is the most helpful for recruiters because they're able to research paper, see what you've been doing in recent years immediately, says Augustine. The only time you shouldn't do this is does restatement, if you're trying to transition to another career altogether, but then again, in this situation, you'll probably be relying more on networks, than your resume, she says. 7. It uses keywords like forecasting and strategic planning. Many companies use some kind of for the screening process to identify the right candidates.

You should include the keywords mentioned in the job posting throughout your resume. Identify the common keywords, terminology, and does restatement of thesis, key phrases that routinely pop up in the job descriptions of your target role and incorporate them into your resume (assuming you have those skills), advises Augustine. This will help you make it past the initial screenings and on is my best friend, to the recruiter or hiring manager. What Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean? 8. It provides company descriptions. Communication Paper? It's helpful for recruiters to know the size of the company you used to work for, advises Augustine. Being a director of a huge company means something very different than a director at a small company, she says. You can go to the company's About Us section and rewrite one or two lines of the description. What Mean? This should be included right underneath the name of the company.

While the company size is tree is my best essay in marathi, helpful information, including the company description will also let the hiring manager know what industries you've worked in. For example, being an accountant in tech may be very different than being an accountant in the hospitality industry. As with most things on a resume, the company description should be tailored based on the professional's goals. If you're looking to what restatement of thesis mean, switch industries, your focus may be on the company size Ђ” assuming it's similar to your goals Ђ” and less on analysis great gatsby, discussing the various products your company sells. 9. It does not list achievements in dense blocks of text. Recruiters receive so many resumes to scan through at a time, so make it as easy as possible for them to restatement, understand why you're perfect for the job. Et Essays? Dense blocks of text are too difficult to read, says Augustine..

10. Instead, achievements are listed in two to what restatement of thesis mean, five bullet points per essay color job. Under each job or experience you've had, explain how you contributed to or supported your teamЂ™s projects and what does of thesis mean, initiatives. As you build up your experience, save the bullets for your bragging points, says Augustine. Essay? Quantify your major accomplishments and contributions for each role, Augustine tells us. This can include the money you saved or brought in for what of thesis mean, your employer, deals closed, and projects delivered on time or under budget. Do not use any more than three to for the color purple, five bullet points. 12. Does? Accomplishments are formatted as result-and-then-cause.

A good rule is to use the short communication paper, result BY action sentence structure whenever possible. For example: Generated approximately $452,000 in of thesis, annual savings by employing a new procedure which streamlined the business's vendor relationships. 13. White space draws the reader's eyes to important points. Recruiters do not spend a lot of essay time scanning resumes, so avoid dense blocks of text. The key is to format the what does restatement of thesis, information in a way that makes it easy to scan and recognize your job goals and relevant qualifications, Augustine tells us. 14. It doesn't use crazy fonts or colors.

Stick to black and white color, says Augustine. As for questions color, font, it's best to stick with the basics, such as Arial, Tahoma, or Calibri. Augustine says you should never write your resume in third person because everyone knows you're the one writing it (unless you go through a professional resume writing service). Instead, you should write it in first person, and does restatement mean, do not include pronouns. It's weird [to include pronouns], and essay questions, it's an extra word you don't need, she says. You need to does of thesis mean, streamline your resume because you have limited real estate.

Avoid adding any embedded tables, pictures, or other images in your resume, as this can confuse the applicant-tracking software and jumble your resume in the system, says Augustine. 17. It doesn't use headers or footers. It may look neat and concise to display your contact information in the header, but for tree, t he same reason with embedded tables and charts, it often gets scrambled in an applicant tracking system, says Augustine. Mean? 18. Education is listed at the bottom. Unless you're a recent graduate, you should highlight your work experience and move your education information to the bottom of your resume, says Augustine. Never include anything about your high-school years. 19. It doesn't say references upon request.

Every recruiter knows you're going to provide references if they request it so there's no reason for you to include this line. Again, remember that space on your resume is crucial so don't waste it on a meaningless line, Augustine tells us. Now watch how to opbygning, ace an interview: SEE ALSO: What Recruiters Look At During The 6 Seconds They Spend On Your Resume. NOW WATCH: The 9 Worst Mistakes You Can Make On Your Resume. Recommended For You Powered by Sailthru.

19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. Recruiters spend an average of six seconds. Get the best of Business Insider delivered to what does restatement, your inbox every day.

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Example Of Thesis Restatement

clip art resume MMDB−The Mathematical Movie Database. by Burkard Polster and what does of thesis mean, Marty Ross. Last updated: 28 June, 2017. (Recent additions will be marked with a $$$) (TV episodes can now be found at our MTVDB)

This page, along with our TV Database, complements our book Mathematics goes to the movies. It contains a list of titles and short descriptions of about 800 movies that contain mathematics. Also included are links to the respective entries in the International Movie Database (IMDB) and analysis great, links to clips from some of the movies. Titles will continue to be added, and what restatement mean, more clips from research paper, these movies will be regularly added to our movie clips page. What's the point? About ten years ago, on a whim, we began to collect movies containing mathematics. Now, as a consequence of that whim, we own a library of more than 800 movies on what of thesis, DVD, VHS, 16 mm, Laserdisc, and some strange thing called a CED video disc. The movies range from those expressly about mathematicians, to those that, for whatever reason, just happen to have a snippet of humorous mathematical dialogue. Over the years, we have found that it is not only professional mathematicians who find the fun in et essays opbygning this cinematic mathematics. Just about everybody is charmed by Meg Ryan explaining Zeno's paradox in I.Q. , Danny Kaye singing about Pythagoras's theorem in Merry Andrew , Lou Costello explaining to Bud Abbott why 7 x 13 =28 in what does of thesis In the Navy , and book writing, so on. Our book is an attempt to identify, organize, and engagingly present this fascinating and funny material.

Some movie math is really, really dull. Even limiting to the good stuff, trying to cram everything in our collection into this one book would have resulted in a bloated, boring mess. Does! However, we did want to easy on quaid-e-azam be comprehensive, and to make available as much of our source material as possible. We found that the best way to do this was to of thesis mean create this page. Also as we learn of movies, new and passage analysis essay, old, we will add details to this page. By doing so, we hope to what of thesis mean extend our book and to keep it up to date. Other websites. Et Essays Opbygning! There are a number of other websites dedicated to what of thesis mean mathematics in the movies that you may also want to check out. Essay! Most importantly, there is Alex Kasman's Mathematical Fiction Homepage and what does restatement of thesis, Oliver Knill's collection of mathematical movie clips (a lot of the links on this page will lead you to this page). For those who read Spanish, there is a huge series of articles by our Spanish doppelgänger, Alfonso Jesús Población.

Also make sure to check out simpsonmaths.com, a comprehensive website dedicated to mathematics in analysis great The Simpsons . Of Thesis Mean! Everything about maths in Futurama can be found in the maths section of the amazing site La indoblable pagina de Bender bending Rodriguez. Also check out some of the websites that talk about the easy essay on quaid-e-azam, mathematics in the various episodes of the TV series Numb3rs such as Wolfram's Numb3rs website. Contact. If you know of any mathematical movie or TV episode not on our list, if you spot a mistake, or if you would like to what mean get in paper touch with us about anything whatsoever, we'd be delighted for you to restatement of thesis contact us: (The logo for this page is taken from the essay questions color, movie A Beautiful Mind , where it appears on the rear window of the car of the what, newly-wed Alicia and essay questions color purple, John. The idea for this great way of expressing mathematically the idea of two people getting closer over time is due to restatement Dave Bayer, the maths consultant of A Beautiful Mind .) Must-See maths Movies (criteria: fun, full of maths, enjoyed watching) The Bank (2001) IMDB A maths prodigy takes revenge on a bank.

Tons of maths. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. A Beautiful Mind (2001) IMDB A movie about the brilliant mathematician John Nash, who won the Nobel Prize in economics for passage gatsby, his work in game theory. Clip on restatement, Oliver Knill's page. Cube (1997) IMDB Six people wake up in a deadly maze, full of mathematical clues. Clip on passage analysis great, Oliver Knill's page. Cube 2: Hypercube (2002) IMDB A new bunch of victims in a new deadly maze, this time supposedly a hollow hypercube. Clip on what restatement, Oliver Knill's page. Donald in Mathmagicland (1959) IMDB This movie is for mathematics what Disney's Fantasia is for classical music. Clip on friend essay, Oliver Knill's page. Eustice Solves a Problem (2004) A terrific short film, set around a children's quiz program in 1958.

Fermat's Last Tango (2001) IMDB Terrific musical about Fermat's last theorem, featuring Andrew Wiles, Pythagoras, Gauss, Euclid, Newton, and a deliciously vain Pierre de Fermat. Fermat's Room (La Habitación de Fermat) (2007) IMDB Four mathematicians are trapped in a shrinking room that can only be stopped from what restatement mean, shrinking by solving a number of puzzles. The Goldbach conjecture plays a major role. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Flatland: The Movie (2007) IMDB State of the art animated adaptation of Edwin Abbot's classic Flatland . Essay Great! Clip on what restatement mean, Oliver Knill's page.

Futurama − Ep 6.10: The Prisoner of Benda (2010) IMDB The only TV epsiode ever to have its own theorem. Professor Farnsworth's mind-switching machine can't directly switch the same two minds back into the original bodies. Best Friend Essay In Marathi! The characters' bodies and minds get hugely tangled, but the Harlem Globetrotters prove that any such tangle can always be inverted using two extra people: And they say pure maths has no real world applications! The complete proof is shown. Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean! At one point Bender, in Amy's body, has to prove he's a robot, but he fails when he doesn't know the square root of 9: OK, look, I'm not that kind of passage gatsby robot. $$$ Hidden Figures (2016) IMDB Not the what of thesis, masterpiece people are declaring, but a polished and reasonably accurate movie about the black women computers, in is my essay particular Katherine Johnson, who worked for NASA in the 50s and 60s. What Restatement Of Thesis Mean! More a movie about racism than mathematics (just as A Beautiful Mind was a movie about schizophrenia), but plenty of blackboards with orbital equations and (horrendous) numerical calculations. Passage Analysis! The mathematics that is discussed is extensively simplified, phrased as the problem of the transition from an elliptical orbit to the parabolic reentry.

It's all more along the lines of relevant buzzwords than an accurate portrayal of the mechanics NASA had to come to terms with. Hotel Hilbert (1996) IMDB A brilliant bringing to life of David Hilbert's idea of an infinite hotel. Packed full of what does of thesis mean references to tree best friend properties and paradoxes of the infinite, all done with great atmosphere and a great sense of fun. Clip on our maths clips page. In the what of thesis mean, Navy (1941) IMDB Just one scene: the passage analysis great, famous and hilarious routine in what restatement mean which Costello proves 7x13=28 in three different ways. Essay! For other versions, by Abbott and Costello and others, see discuss of the original version 1928 version here, as well as this, this, this, this, this, and does of thesis, this this. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. It's My Turn (1980) IMDB Light romantic movie about a female mathematician. Famous among mathematicians because the full proof of the communication research paper, Snake Lemma is given in the first scene. Tons of mathematics and mathspotting on blackboards. Clip on restatement mean, Oliver Knill's page.

Lambada (1990) IMDB Stand and Deliver with dirty dancing. Blade is a supercool maths teacher who inspires his students. Most memorable cheesy scene: Blade demonstrates the review writing, usefulness of maths by making a near impossible three-cushion (pool) shot using the rectangular coordinate system and a protractor. What Restatement Of Thesis! Clip on our maths clips page. The Mirror has Two Faces (1996) IMDB A romantic comedy about a maths professor who is et essays, dragged out of his shell. Tons of maths. Clips on our maths clips page.

Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Mozart and what does restatement of thesis, the Whale (2005) IMDB A charming romantic movie about two people with Asperger's syndrome, one with strong mathematical abilities. Some touching and funny scenes about mathematical literalism and factoring license plates. The Oxford Murders (2008) IMDB A fun murder mystery with two mathematicians (John Hurt and Elijah Wood) taking on the role of detectives. One scene has a professor proving Bormat's Last Theorem. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Pi (1998) IMDB The mathematical prodigy Max is looking for is my best essay, pattern in nature and in the stock market. Tons of maths. The Professor and his Beloved Equation (Hakase no Aishita Sûshiki) (2006) IMDB Lovely movie about a mathematics professor who only remembers things for a short time.

He likes perfect and what does restatement of thesis mean, amicable numbers and his favorite equation is Euler's identity: e iπ +1 = 0. Proof (2005) IMDB Excellent adaptation of David Auburn's excellent play. Gwyneth Paltrow is a troubled mathematician, coming to terms with the death of her troubled mathematician father. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. The Simpsons: Homer 3 (1995) (TV, and 3D IMAX) IMDB Homer stumbles into a 3D world, filled to the brim with mathematical bits and is my in marathi, pieces. Solid Geometry (2002) (TV) IMDB A man reads his grandfather's work on a plane without a surface, and what of thesis, applies it to make his unwanted girlfriend disappear. Stand and tree is my friend in marathi, Deliver (1988) IMDB Great movie about the legendary maths teacher Jaime Escalante, motivating his students in a poor school in East Los Angeles.

Clip on our maths clips page. Does Restatement Of Thesis! Clips on writing services, Oliver Knill's page. The Twilight Zone: I of what does restatement of thesis mean Newton (1985) IMDB I'd sell my soul to get this right, exclaims a frustrated mathematician. The devil promptly appears to accept the trade. Here is questions, our complete list of over 800 movies. To make browsing easier, we have included a star rating for mathness, in either fun or quality or quantity: from restatement mean, ***** for the movies above, down to tree is my best friend * for minimal maths content.

12 Angry Men (1957) IMDB * Probability is used by a jury member to cast doubt on restatement, the accused's guilt. 12 to the Moon (1960) IMDB ** A mathematician on a spaceflight performs some implausible calculations. 1984 (1984) IMDB ** A man gets brainwashed into believing that 2+2=5. On Quaid-e-azam! Iconic scene. 2010 (1984) IMDB * A monolith left by aliens has proportions 1:4:9. 21 (2008) IMDB *** Kevin Spacey is a maths professor who organizes some of what restatement of thesis his students into a team of passage analysis great gatsby blackjack players.

The Monty Hall puzzle has a large scene. Does Of Thesis Mean! Newton's method and Fibonacci numbers make brief appearances, and there are some nice blackboards with Cauchy sequences and et essays, continued fractions. Clip on our maths clips page. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. 21 Grams (2003) IMDB ** The main character is what does restatement of thesis, a mathematician, who engages in maths is beautiful philosophizing. 23 (1998) IMDB ** The original German movie, with a guy obsessing on appearances of the number 23: so, 11 + 12 = 23, and so on. The number 5 is tree best in marathi, also important, since 2+3=5. Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

The 27th Day (1957) IMDB * Some helpful aliens gives doomsday devices to Professor Bechner and others. The Professor deciphers the mathematical symbols − In mathematics there is always a solution − ensuring only bad guys are doomed (mostly Russians), and peace reigns. 3:19 Nada es Casualidad (2008) IMDB *** Live action movie with an extended animation sequence on the final days of Évariste Galois. The 39 Steps (1935) IMDB ** A performing mnemonist memorizes secret mathematical plans. 4D Man (1959) IMDB * You've compressed the does restatement of thesis, energy of years into a moment. But . that's like . the opbygning, forth dimension!.

Well, maybe not. But the mad scientist being able to pass through solid objects could actually be given a 4D explanation. The 4th Dimension (2006) IMDB *** Excellent, strange movie about Jack, who is what restatement of thesis mean, trying to fix time. Short Communication Paper! A few equations, and Einstein makes an appearance. A classroom scene with Jack daydreaming in a geometry lesson.

The teacher confronts him and restatement of thesis mean, asks him what is the shortest distance between two points. Jack declines to to answer, and then explains that there is no such thing as a straight: a semi-accurate explanation of opbygning geodesics and surfaces curving through space. Of Thesis Mean! Clip on our maths clips page. A-Ducking They Did Go (1939) IMDB ** The three stooges have a funny 1-liner on percentages. About a Boy (2002) IMDB * Includes a classroom scene in which a teacher talks about the significance of the in marathi, decimal point. The Absent-Minded Professor (1961) IMDB * We see the absent-minded professor (not a mathematician) in front of blackboards filled with formulas. Aces (2006) IMDB ** maths majors, one with the does mean, alias Theorem Girl, spend the passage analysis essay, summer playing poker.

Their probability isn't quite right. The Accountant (2001) IMDB ** Quirky short film about a very weird accountant who comes to save a family farm. He calculates on his fingers and by stamping his feet: A man who won't add his own numbers ain't much of a man in my book. Act Your Age (1949) IMDB ** Unintentionally hilarious morality short. Jim gets frustrated with some simultaneous equations, and starts carving his initials into the school desk. Actually, it's hard to blame him: the equations are 3x+4y+3z =14, 2x+y/2+z=16 and y+3z=6, with solution x=244/33, y=−156/33, z=118/33.

The Adding Machine (1969) IMDB * A counting-obsessed accountant named Zero commits a murder. After Midnight (Dopo Mezzanotte) (2004) IMDB **** The lead characters win the what of thesis mean, lottery by playing the first few Fibonacci numbers. They spout the usual lines about Fibonacci numbers in easy on quaid-e-azam nature. Alexander the Great (1956) IMDB * Quick 1-liner from what does mean, young Alexander about learning logic and mathematics at the feet of easy essay on quaid-e-azam Aristotle, while his father hogs the glory of conquest. Agora (2009) IMDB **** Turgid telling of the story of Hypatia. Lots of does loony Christians, but not so much maths. Hypatia's father, Theon of Alexandria, appears. There's some conics and some musing over planetary motion, and a good scene where Hypatia draws an essay questions for the purple, ellipse in does restatement the sand. This is used as a metaphor, indicating what may have been lost by Hypatia's murder. Alien Hunter (2003) IMDB *** The main character is an expert cryptanalyst.

Very funny blooper involving the essay questions for the color purple, chances of something being 99 to the infinite . , but not 100. All In (2006) IMDB * A silly poker movie, with a few nonsensical percentages thrown in to make it sound plausible. $$$ All Quiet on the Western Front (1930) IMDB *** Very odd little scene, with a soldier at the front entertaining himself by learning the formula for what, the sum of an essay, arithmetic series. Amarcord (1973) IMDB ** A student is at the board, trying to solve 32 x 2 +280 x +118 =0. Eventually the teacher helps: her answer is incorrect. Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

The Amateur (1981) IMDB * A spy is writing a book on Elizabethan codes and ciphers. The American President (1995) IMDB ** One of the President's aides is a mathematician. Amy Isabelle (2001) (TV) IMDB *** A teacher talks of the beauty and usefulness of maths. Extended classroom scene on right triangles, and an extended scene on does restatement mean, Millay's famous poem: Euclid alone has looked on essay for the, beauty bare. Angels Demons (2009) IMDB ** Ambigrams are a theme in the movie, and there's a bit of number mysticism centred on 503. $$$ Anna to does of thesis the Infinite Power (1983) IMDB ** A child prodigy turns out to best essay be the what restatement mean, clone of an review writing, infinite physicist. A pretty funny scene, where the music turns out to be able to calculate cube roots. Annapolis (2006) IMDB ** Navy recruits learn calculus, and give strange map coordinates: 65 degrees 85 minutes North. Another Gay Movie (2006) IMDB ** The things we have to watch for this webpage! Andy fantasises having sex during a maths class with his teacher, Mr.

Puckov. Averting our eyes, we noticed the surface integrals on the blackboard behind them. Antonia's Line (1995) IMDB *** A movie about a wunderkind who becomes a mathematician. What Restatement Of Thesis Mean! Wunderkind calculations, and a homological algebra lecture with commuting diagrams on blackboards. Passage Analysis Gatsby! Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Apocalypse Now (1979) IMDB * Dennis Hopper (as the what restatement of thesis, relatively sane one!) tries to tree essay in marathi explain Marlon Brando to what does of thesis mean Michael Sheen: This is dialectics. It's very simple dialectics, one through nine. No maybes, no supposes, no fractions. You can't travel in space, you can't go out into space, you know, without like you know, uh, with fractions. What are you gonna land on? 1/4, 3/8?

Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Apollo 13 (1995) IMDB * A slide rule appears in one scene, when Mission Control checks Jim Lovell's (Tom Hanks') gimbal angle conversions. Paper! Apparently this is not a blooper, despite some such claims. Slide rules are pointless for addition and does restatement, subtraction, but there is more to the gimbal calcualtions than that. John Llewellyn was the for the color purple, real life slide rule guy, and claims he did use a slide rule for what of thesis, such calculations. Are You With It? (1948) IMDB **** Donald O'Connor plays Milton Haskins, an book review services, actuary who misplaces a decimal point, and despondently quits to become a carny. Some very funny bits, with Milton doing instantaneous calculations with a slide rule. Does! He determines when a poker machine will pay off as a simple problem in arithmetical progressions . on the second winning play a combination had been reached, equal to the square root of 322 million raised to the 11th power . one more play should produce the Johnpot. Milton also explains that dancing is merely a question of applied mathematics: he demonstrates, with 3 times 2 times 2, leading to a terrific tapdancing routine.

Clip on our maths clips page. The Arrival (1996) IMDB *** Very funny blooper involving an incorrect way to add percentages. Short Research! Clip on what restatement, our maths clips page. Atama-yama (2002) IMDB ** Weird cartoon, culminating with a man having his smaller self sitting on his head, in an infinite descending sequence. Attack Girls' Swim Team Versus the Undead (2007) IMDB *** Hilarious Z grade horror scene, where the maths teacher turns into a zombie while asking a word problem. Then he starts chopping off limbs using his metal rulers. Clip on our maths clips page. Au hasard Balthazar (1966) IMDB ** The main character is services, a donkey. What! He becomes a circus act, and correctly calculates 834 x 3. Au Revoir Les Enfants (1987) IMDB *** A teacher discusses the fact that in a quadrilateral circumscribed around a circle, the sum of two opposite sides is equal to passage analysis great the sum of two remaining sides. The Avengers (1998) IMDB ** Uma Thurman runs down an Escherlike staircase and into a Pacmanlike maze of rooms.

The Aviator (2004) IMDB *** Howard Hughes passes off a meteorologist as a mathematician to a censorship board objecting to Hughes's movie. Does Restatement Of Thesis! The mathematician uses calipers to prove that Jane Russel's décolleté is consistent with that of other movie stars. Bachelor of best friend Hearts (1958) IMDB *** A sweet comedy about a German student who visits Oxford to study mathematics, and mean, finds beer and romance. He tries to become first wrangler (which is difficult, given he's not at Cambridge). Et Essays! There's some maths around the edges. Back to what restatement mean the Future Part III (1990) IMDB ** The heroes think four-dimensionally in order to drive a locomotive towards a bridge that hasn't been built yet. Clip on writing services, Oliver Knill's page. $$$ The Bad News Bears (1976) IMDB * A Sure ain't like algebra, is it? 1-liner. Ball of does of thesis Fire (1941) IMDB *** Fun movie about a team of stuffy academics being charmed by Barbara Stanwyck.

When Isaac Newton is raised, she refers to essay herself as just another apple. The mathematician tries to find the common denominator of her syncopated dance moves, and does mean, argues from relativity that the signpost ran into short communication research, their car. What Does Of Thesis! The academics argue over whether the correct grammar is two and two is five, or two and two are five. They also use Archimede's mirrors idea to short communication thwart the bad guys. Clip on what restatement, our maths clips page. The Bank (2001) IMDB ***** A maths prodigy takes revenge on great, a bank. Tons of maths. Baraka X−77 (1966) IMDB * The cracking of Professor Sartan's code, and what does of thesis, mention of a book Introduction to book writing the theory of tensor equations. Batman (1966) IMDB *** Penguin, Joker, Riddler, and Cat Woman, too. The sum of the angles of that rectangle is does of thesis, too monstrous to contemplate!

Battlefield Earth (2000) IMDB *** The hero is put into a learning machine and learns about services maths: Equilateral triangles, quadratic formula, etc. Battle of the Worlds (Il Pianeta Degli Uomini Spenti) (1961) IMDB *** Crazy mathematician does calculus on flowerpots. Restatement Of Thesis! Pythagoras's harmony of the spheres gets a mention. A Beautiful Mind (2001) IMDB ***** An excellent movie about the passage gatsby, brilliant mathematician John Nash, who won the Nobel Prize in economics for his work in game theory. Clip on does of thesis, Oliver Knill's page. Beautiful Ohio (2006) IMDB **** Excellent, dark movie about essay a maths prodigy and his family, seen through the eyes of his less brilliant brother. What Restatement! Square root of 56 389.

237 point, about 46. That truly is extraodinary. Where do you get that from? From the back of the sock drawer. Passage! Maths scattered throughout, including the famous weighing puzzle of 12 coins containing a counterfeit. Bedazzled (1967) IMDB *** Peter Cook, as the devil, explains to Dudley Moore that everything he's ever said to him is a lie. What Does Of Thesis Mean! A very funny display of the Liar's Paradox. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. The Beginning or the essay, End (1947) IMDB * Movie about the making of the atom bomb. One scene pans across academics working on supposedly relevant mathematics: mostly long division of polynomials.

Believers (2007) (V) IMDB *** A movie about a loony cult, whose leader think a PDE and killing themselves will save them from the end of the world. The loons turn out to be correct. The Belly of an Architect (1987) IMDB * Nice scene in restatement of thesis mean which the main character of the movie discusses the portrait of Isaac Newton on an old British 1 pound note. The Best of et essays opbygning Youth (La Meglio Gioventù) (2003) IMDB ** Giulia explains that she started studying maths because she wanted to solve the problem of the jealous husbands: three couples want to cross the river in a boat which only holds two people, and what restatement, each jealous husband refuses to have his wife left with other men. Giulia's audience doesn't get very far with the analysis essay, solution. Better Off Dead (1985) IMDB *** A comedy in of thesis which a maths teacher doing really boring and nonsensical maths is worshipped by his students.

Clip on our maths clips page. Bianca (1984) IMDB **** A murderous maths teacher. Classroom scenes feature calculus and Dürer's magic square. Big (1988) IMDB ** Tom Hanks helping a kid with his algebra homework. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. $$$ Big Shot: Confessions of a Campus Bookie (2002) IMDB ** Very funny scene of a student who has partied all night being called on color purple, in class by his maths lecturer. Bill Ted's Bogus Journey (1991) IMDB *** Bill and Ted (Keanu Reeves) run into Colonel Oats, who makes them do infinity push-ups. What Does! They contemplate that it might be possible if they're allowed to do them girly style. Bingo (1991) IMDB *** Bingo is a very smart dog: he can do square roots. Clip on essay questions for the color purple, our maths clips page.

The Birds (1963) IMDB * Some arithmetic problems on the blackboards in one scene. Blackboard Jungle (1955) IMDB ** Josh decries the quality of his students. They don't even know their multiplication tables! Of course not. All they can multiply is restatement, themselves. Later, Edwards tries to connect music to mathematics: the students respond by destroying his record collection. Black Narcissus (1947) IMDB * Nuns teaching in the Himalayas, with a little algebra in one scene. The Black Shell (2008) IMDB **** Excellent short film, with a probability theme.

Abby is passage, a PhD student performing a computer graphics version of the monkeys and typewriters. The difficulty of restatement mean winning the lottery is tree is my essay, illustrated by trying to pick a black pasta shell out of a bowl of shells. Abby's daughter picks the restatement of thesis, black shell first go. Blaise Pascal (1972) (TV) IMDB ** Lots of book writing services philosophy and essentially no maths in Roberto Rossellini's biopic. The mathematician Marin Mersenne makes a brief appearance. Bloodfist VIII: Trained to does restatement of thesis mean Kill (1996) IMDB ** The main character is an ex-spy and martial art expert posing as a maths teacher. Bloodhounds of Broadway (1952) IMDB *** Numbers Foster uses his mathematical talents as a bookie. A very funny scene where Numbers practises multiplication to help him relax. Book Review Writing Services! One blooper, where Numbers claims that 52 x 95 = 5044. The Blue Angel (Der Blaue Engel) (1930) IMDB * In one scene, the blackboard behind Professor Unrat contains some trigonometry.

Botchan (1980) * Animated version of this traditional Japanese story about of thesis mean a teacher. Some geometry in a couple classroom scenes. Box of Moon Light (1996) IMDB ** Gigantic flash cards for learning the times tables keep reappearing. They don't seem to do a lot of good. Brain Dead (1987) IMDB *** An insane mathematician is in possession of a valuable formula. Great blackboard, where a ton of calculations = BOOM! Clip on our maths clips page. $$$ Bratz (2007) IMDB ** A stereotypical asian math girl, who gets called over with check out this radical theorem.

A silly tutoring scene with the girl helping the football team. Brave Archer 3 (Se Diu Ying Hung Juen Saam Jaap) (1981) IMDB *** This movie features a 10x10 magic square. The properties of magic squares are explained using the usual 3x3 magic square. And a problem is opbygning, posed: ``A number that divided by 3 leaves 2, divided by 5 leaves 3 and divided by of thesis mean, 7 leaves 2. Et Essays Opbygning! What is the what does restatement, number?'' Breaking the Code (1996) (TV) IMDB ***** A great movie about the mathematician and logician Alan Turing. Opbygning! Fibonacci numbers make a notable appearance.

The Bridge on restatement mean, the River Kwai (1957) IMDB ** If you make one [parachute] jump you've got 50% chance of injury. If you make two, 80%, and essay on quaid-e-azam, three you are bound to catch a packet. . go ahead and what does mean, jump and hope for the best. Response from the jumper: With or without parachute? Brutal (2007) IMDB **** A mild-mannered science teacher uses Fibonacci numbers and flowers to plan his murders. Buck Privates (1941) IMDB **** Abbott and services, Costello have some hilarious math-based routines. Bullshot (1983) IMDB *** How to hunt: By rapidly calculating the pigeon's angle of of thesis mean elevation in book writing the reflection of your monocle, then subtracting the refractive index of its lens, I positioned myself at what does restatement of thesis mean, a complementary axis and easy, fired. And a dumb blonde recalls a formula: It started with a capital N, and then there was a little A, followed by a 3. Does! Ah, then there was a squiggle above a tick, and review services, ah . a hot cross bun sign. Does Restatement! Clips on our maths clips page. Butterfly Dreaming (2008) IMDB *** A stylish dream-or-reality movie, where the opbygning, main character, Rob, is a mathematics professor. There's a couple fleeting references to homomorphisms and stable homotopies, and a very nice image of what does cycloids, made by following the reflectors on bicycle wheels. There's also a blooper where Rob estimates the gatsby, number of leaves on a tree by imagining 12 branchings, and then 2 12 is what restatement of thesis, supposedly about 8000.

Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Cabiria (1914) IMDB *** The earliest movie we know of research containing maths. Does Restatement Mean! Archimedes uses a compass (?) to design his ship-burning mirrors. Clip on is my friend, our maths clips page. Caddyshack (1980) IMDB ** Comedy golf scene: to what illustrate that the shortest distance between two points is a straight line, Chevy Chase makes his ball jump over another one into the hole. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Calabuch (1956) IMDB ** Some singing of times tables, and a retired physicist writes some equations on tree is my in marathi, a wall.

Carreteras Secundarias (Backroads) (1997) IMDB * In a failed attempt to keep him from his father's criminal ways, Felipe is provided with a tutor: OK, again. The derivative of the function at x is the tangent of the curve at the given point. . it's very easy, it's just you don't pay attention. The tangent and what does restatement of thesis mean, derivative are the same. Felipe punches the tutor in the nose. Carry on communication research, Teacher (1959) IMDB ** A smug supervisor interrupts maths class, to test how kids react to him noting down two-digit numbers with the what mean, two digits reversed. Ends with a kid asking him to write down 33.

Clip on our maths clips page. Cartesius (1974) (TV) IMDB *** More philosophy than maths in Roberto Rossellini's biopic. One extended scene has Descartes solving a gravitational problem posed by the mathematician Isaac Beeckman. The mathematician Marin Mersenne makes a brief appearance. Casino Royale (2006) IMDB * M describes the villain Le Chiffre as a mathematical prodigy. Bond apparently isn't: he declares Le Chiffre had a 23 to 1 chance of the river card turning his two pair into a full house. The correct odds are 10.5 to 1. Clip on analysis essay great, Oliver Knill's page.

Cast Away (2000) IMDB ** Tom Hanks calculates the size of the circular area that his rescuers will have to search. Clip on does of thesis, Oliver Knill's page. The Cat from Outer Space (1978) IMDB ** The cat from outer space compliments a human on his equations: They are really not bad at all, for a human. C'est le Tangente Que Je Préfère (1997) IMDB **** Alternate and more accurate title: Love, maths and passage analysis essay, Sex. The heroine is a mathematical prodigy. The non-sex includes quadratic equations, probability, topology, the Möbius strip, and a maths competition.

Chariton's Choir (I Horodia Tou Hariton) (2005) IMDB ** A Greek love-of-life movie, with Helen of Troy, a beautiful mathematics teacher, as the love interest. One Pythagoras scene, with all the what does, schoolboys very attentive. Chaos (2005) IMDB ** A criminal who calls himself Lorentz leaves clues involving chaos theory (invented, according to the movie, by Edward Lorentz). Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Cheating (1952) IMDB ** Silly morality short.

John can't factorize x 2 -9x+20, which leads him to book writing services a life of cheating. $$$ Check and Double Check (1930) IMDB *** Very weird arithmetic, with Amos n' Andy calculating 10% of $12. Chen Jingrun (2001) **** A 9-hour soapie about the famous Chinese mathematician, documenting Chen's simultaneous struggles with authoritarian thugs and the Goldbach conjecture. $$$ Cherry (2010) IMDB ** A bright university freshman strays from what does mean, his studies. Short Research! A few Archimedes references, and some force and pressure equations.

Chicago (2002) IMDB * In 47 years, Cook County ain't never hung a woman yet. What Does Restatement Mean! So, the odds are 47 to 1 that they won't hang you. Chicken Little (2005) IMDB * In the writing services, big game, the baseball scoreboard has the of thesis, total runs added incorrectly. Children of the Damned (1963) IMDB * Some geometry in the background, as a creepy child zooms through an I.Q. test. Christmas Vacation (1989) IMDB * Clark Griswold sets the essay on quaid-e-azam, stage for turning on the Christmas decorations: Two hundred and fifty strands of lights, one hundred individual bulbs per strand, for a grand total of does of thesis twenty-five thousand imported Italian twinkle lights. Twenty-five thousand. The lights don't go on. Clip on our maths clips page.

A Chump at short communication research, Oxford (1940) IMDB * There are publicity stills of Laurel and does, Hardy in front of a blackboard with arithmetic: 2 + 2 = 7 and writing services, 3 + 3 = 9. However, there seem to be no corresponding scene in the movie. Cipher in the Snow (1973) IMDB * A famous short film, a poignant story of does restatement of thesis mean a boy and his maths teacher. No maths. Citizen Kane (1941) IMDB * Kane (Orson Wells) on essay questions for the, blowing money on what restatement, his pet newspaper: You are right, I did lose a million dollars last year, I expect to is my best essay lose a million dollars this year, I expect to lose a million dollars next year. You know at a rate of a million dollars a year I'll have to close this place in 60 years. Clan of the Cave Bear (1986) IMDB *** Daryl Hannan as a Cro-Magnon woman, the original mathematician. She learns how to count in fives, using a combination of fingers, doubling, and notches on what does of thesis mean, a stick. Clip on on quaid-e-azam, Oliver Knill's page. Saint Clara (Clara Hakedosha) (1996) IMDB *** Clara twice correctly predicts which 5 questions out of what does of thesis mean 1000 the mathematics teacher will set on the test.

The teacher tries to book review explain to Clara's parents the unlikelihood of this, by giving the what restatement of thesis, famous example about doubling the short research, grains of rice on what does restatement of thesis, the squares of a chess board. Clara's father shows how to divide a cake into seven equal pieces: he divides it into 8 pieces and throws the eighth piece away. Later, the teacher assigns Clara an impossible problem, √(2-x 2 ) = 4, and all Hell breaks loose. Class Action (1991) IMDB * An actuarial beancounter shows why it is cheaper to book writing services deal with law suits than to fix a deadly fault in some cars. A Class Apart (2007) (TV) IMDB ** A few maths school scenes, including the familiar find X − Here it is!

Pythagoras joke. Cloak and Dagger (1946) IMDB *** Gary Cooper in what does restatement of thesis mean hiding passes the friend essay in marathi, time by drawing on a wall, calculating the arc length of a trigonometric curve. Clue (1985) IMDB *** Wadsworth the butler and Miss Scarlet have a very funny argument with sums, debating whether a gun is empty. Clueless (1995) IMDB *** 7 times 7 is apparently too much to ask of someone who is really clueless. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Coach Carter (2005) IMDB * A couple of references to studying maths, and an algebra book. The Cocoanuts (1929) IMDB *** Groucho and Chico have great fun with numbers at restatement mean, an auction.

Chico also makes a pun on communication research paper, the word radius. The Code Conspiracy (2001) IMDB ** A silly thriller based around a bunch of guys working on what does restatement of thesis, keyless encryption. Tree Essay In Marathi! Lots of what of thesis mumbo jumbo in the style of the Bible Code. Tree Is My Best Friend! The main maths guy mentions that primes are random. Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

Codename Icarus (1981) (TV) IMDB *** Martin is a form 4 student accused of cheating, because he solves a quadratic equation without performing all the what, steps. In his spare time, Martin corresponds by computer, setting and solving problems on the decomposing of Lie groups. $$$ The Cold Equations (1996) IMDB ** A stowaway on et essays, a rocket ship means there's not enough fuel to reach safety. Some grim, and does restatement mean, pretty accurate, discussion of the calculations. Colossus: The Forbin Project (1970) IMDB *** Colossus is a supercomputer placed in charge of running America. It uses mathematics to establish communication with its Russian counterpart. Clip on easy, Oliver Knill's page.

The Computer Wore Tennis Shoes (1969) IMDB ** After Dexter gets zapped and restatement, turned into a human computer, he is tested by a panel that includes a professor of easy essay on quaid-e-azam mathematics. The professor's first question for Dexter is hopelessly garbled (and wouldn't require calculus to solve as is suggested), though Dexter supposedly answers it correctly. The second question is to find the square root of the ninth power of what restatement of thesis 13, which Dexter answers correctly. Clip on et essays opbygning, our maths clips page. Conceiving Ada (1997) IMDB *** Turgidly told story of the does restatement of thesis mean, mathematicians Ada Byron and essay purple, Charles Babbage. Contact (1997) IMDB *** SETI researchers detect an what mean, alien signal.

The various layers of information are accessible via prime numbers and a cube. Also features a dodecahedron-shaped space capsule. Clips on Oliver Knill's page. Copenhagen (2002) (TV) IMDB ** Werner Heisenberg and is my best essay, Nils Bohr are trying to make sense of a meeting they had during World War II. Lots of maths and physics references. The Core (2003) IMDB ** The first few prime numbers are used to what does encode a secret message.

The Count of Monte Cristo (2002) IMDB ** The Abbé and the Count calculate their progress with their escape tunnel. Compute this. 2500 cubic centimeteres of tree friend essay rock and dust per day, for 365 days. Does Of Thesis! Equals three and a half meters a year, 12 feet, a foot a month, 3 inches a week. Easy Essay On Quaid-e-azam! Newton's third law also gets a mention, and there appears to be some algebra on the cell wall. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Crazy (2000) IMDB ** A boy in a boarding school has problems with maths (amongst other things). Crazy First Love (Cheotsarang Sasu Gwolgidaehoe) (2003) IMDB ** Tae-il has worked feverishly on his school exams, to win the hand of Il-mae. He wails about the maths he has endured: What are all the criticial points, if there are any, of the what does of thesis, function k(t) equals 1 divided by the square root of short communication research paper t squared plus 1. Restatement Mean! Answer. It's critical point is (0,1)! Creepshow (1982) IMDB ** Somebody at a party is introduced as a mathematician.

Croupier (1998) IMDB ** Jack haggles with a car dealer over research paper, his used car: How about what mean 1500? How about 500?. What!? How about tree is my essay we split the restatement mean, difference? 750. Is that your idea of arithmetic? I'm not a mathematician. Best Friend! Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Cube (1997) IMDB ***** Six people wake up in a deadly maze, full of of thesis mathematical clues. Cube 2: Hypercube (2002) IMDB ***** A new bunch of victims in a new deadly maze, this time supposedly a hollow hypercube.

Cutting Class (1989) IMDB *** A teen slasher flick. At one point, the book review services, killer sets the heroes a word problem involving trains, the answer indicating which door leads to safety. The heroes get it wrong. The Da Vinci Code (2006) IMDB *** The Fibonacci sequence makes an appearance in various scenes. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. D.A.R.Y.L. (1985) IMDB * Daryl is a robot in the form of a child. He has a habit of correcting the last decimal place of what a person's calculation. The Dam Busters (1955) IMDB ** Some vaguely mathematical bits in this movie about the famous bouncing bombs used by short research paper, the British in WWII. What! Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

Dangerous Sex Date (Amorestremo) (2001) IMDB ** A movie consisting of 89 minutes of sex and murder, and 3 seconds of Riemann Christoffel symbols. The Darwin Awards (2006) IMDB ** Harvey is a cautious man. Book Review Services! 70% of accidents occur over the speed limit: allowing for a 10% error, he drives 35 in what does mean a 45 zone. Essay Purple! Winona Ryder endures the explanation, and Billy Joel's Slow down, you crazy child . playing in the background. Dark Matter (2007) IMDB ** Excellent movie about a Chinese student who comes to America to do a PhD in cosmology.

A little maths in the background. $$$ Dawn Anna (2005) IMDB ** The main character is a mathematics teacher. A few blackboards, and a bit of restatement mean discussion of linear equations. The Day after Tomorrow (2004) IMDB * The teenage hero is introduced as a precocious maths student. The Day of the Beast (El Dia de la Bestia) (1995) IMDB *** The three heroes are trying to essay color piece together a message from the devil consisting of a some letters written on does, individual pieces of paper: My God. There are hundreds of combinations. Thousands of millions. There are 15 letters.

A permutation of 15 elements with three letters repeated twice, and two letters repeated three times, giving us a total of for the purple 4,540,536,000 possibilities (which is correct). Meanwhile, the dumbest of the three figures out the what does restatement mean, message. Day One (1989) (TV) IMDB ** Story of the creation of the essay on quaid-e-azam, atom bomb, featuring Einstein, Oppenheimer and co. Some good blackboards along the way. The Day the does restatement, Earth Stood Still (1951) IMDB *** The alien Klaatu helps Professor Barnhardt with a mathematical problem, and a school boy with his maths homework. Easy Essay On Quaid-e-azam! Great blackboard!

Clip on our maths clips page. The Day the Earth Stood Still (2008) IMDB ** Awful remake, but Professor Barnhardt still gets help from restatement mean, Klaatu. Deadly Friend (1986) IMDB ** A robot tries all possible three-number combinations of passage essay great gatsby numbers ranging from 0 to 40, with his creator commenting on the number of such combinations. Dead Poets Society (1989) IMDB ** Robin Williams as a poetry teacher does not think much of a mathematical way to calculate the greatness of a poem. Dear Brigitte (1965) IMDB *** People want to use a young's boy mathematical abilities to does restatement of thesis mean gamble on the horses, but all he wants is to meet Brigitte Bardot. He gets his wish. Death of a Cyclist (Muerte de Un Ciclista) (1955) IMDB *** Juan Fernandez is a mathematics professor, though he's too busy having affairs and communication, running over cyclists to what restatement of thesis concentrate much on et essays, his maths. Does Of Thesis! In one extended scene we see an examined student filling a spectacular blackboard, full of cycloids and toroidal equations. Death of a Neopolitan Mathematician (Morte di un Matematico Napoletano) (1992) IMDB **** Story of the suicide of the Italian mathematician Renato Caccioppoli. Some nice calculus scenes and passage essay gatsby, interesting insights into the world of mathematicians.

Deep Rising (1998) IMDB ** Funny remark about being in the middle of nowhere and heading for the middle of nowhere squared. A you do the what does restatement, math scene, involving the increasing size of murderous squid at increasing depths. Deja Vu (2006) IMDB ** A scene in which a shortcut in space-time by folding is demonstrated by folding a piece of paper. Tree Friend Essay In Marathi! Reminiscent of mean a similar scene in easy essay The Event Horizon . Desk Set (1957) IMDB ** Some very funny Tracy-Hepburn exchanges. Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean! My name is Richard Sumner. Well, numerologically that's very good, there are thirteen letters in your name.

You calculate rapidly. Up to analysis thirteen anyway. Later Tracy tests her. What Restatement! A train started out at tree is my in marathi, Grand Central, with seventeen passengers aboard and a crew of nine. What Mean! At 125th Street, four got off and short communication, nine got on. At White Plains, three got off and one got on. Of Thesis! At Chappaqua, nine got off and four got on. Passage Essay! And at each successive stop thereafter nobody got off, nobody got on till the does of thesis, train reached its next-to-the-last stop, where five people got off and one got on. Then it reached the terminal.

Well that's easy, eleven passengers and a crew of questions for the nine. Uh, that's not the question. I'm sorry. What Restatement Mean! How many people got off at Chappaqua? Nine. Communication Research Paper! That's correct. Yes, I know. Does Restatement Of Thesis! Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Devil Girl From Mars (1954) IMDB * Nyah describes to questions color purple Professor Hennessey the mean, ultimate weapon: the et essays opbygning, perpetual motion chain reactor beam.

As fast as matter was created, it was changed by its molecular structure into the next dimension, and what does restatement, so destroyed itself. Is My In Marathi! So there is a fourth dimension! The Devil Thumbs a Ride (1947) IMDB ** A bunch of (accurate) poker odds in one scene: It was a hobby of my maths professor: sort of taught me the does, percentages. The Devil's Wanton (Fängelse) (1949) IMDB * Ingmar Bergman movie with a maths teacher, but no maths. Diabolique (1996) IMDB * Sharon Stone as a maths teacher, doing simple algebra in tree is my best friend class. Les Diaboliques (1955) IMDB ** Original version of the Sharon Stone movie. Restatement Mean! One of the main characters is a maths teacher. Extended scene dedicated to a boy finding the questions, area of a regular hexagon in terms of the radius of the what does of thesis mean, circumcircle.

Diamonds are Forever (1971) IMDB * James Bond commenting that smuggling 50000 carats worth of diamonds at 142 carats an ounce won't be easy. Dick Tracy (1990) IMDB ** Madonna singing a mathematical song: Count your blessings, one, two, three. Essay Gatsby! I just hate keeping score. Any number is fine with me. As long as it's more. What! As long as it's more! I'm no mathematician, all I know is addition. Short Communication! I find counting a bore. Keep the number mounting, your accountant does the counting . The Dish (2000) IMDB * A few equations after the controllers of the Parkes radio telescope lose track of Apollo 11. Die Hard: With a Vengeance (1995) IMDB **** Bruce Willis and Samuel Jackson need to solve a jug problem in what does mean 30 seconds to defuse a bomb: using a 5 gallon jug a 3 gallon jug and a water fountain, fill the 5 gallon jug with 4 gallons.

They also have to passage analysis the famous chestnut: As I was going to St Ives I met a man with seven wives. What Restatement Of Thesis! Every wife had seven sacks, every sack had seven cats. Book Writing! Every cat had seven kittens. Of Thesis! Kittens, cats, sacks and wives, how many were going to St Ives? Clips on Oliver Knill's page. $$$ Discovery of essay Heaven (2001) IMDB * An astronomer sees through the Big Bang, to does restatement Heaven.

There's also an best essay in marathi, isosceles triangle. A Dog Called Vengeance (El Perro) (1976) IMDB ** Incomprehensible low budget political horror movie. The main character is what does restatement, The Professor, a mathematician who escapes from prison and is then pursued by a demon dog. The Professor mumbles about essay questions color purple square roots at what restatement, times, for no discernible reason. Donald in Mathmagicland (1959) IMDB ***** This movie is for mathematics what Disney's Fantasia is for classical music. Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

The Dot and the Line (1965) IMDB *** Engaging animated story of the love between a dot and is my best in marathi, a line. $$$ The Double (2013) IMDB ** A short, funny scene supposedly using statistical inference to rule out what does of thesis mean, or determine the identity of et essays a murderer. Doubt (2008) IMDB ** The writing out of multiplication tables is restatement, assigned as punishment (by the enlightened nun!). And a test is questions for the color purple, coming: Is it long division? Among other things How much of it will be long division? The Draughtsman's Contract (1982) IMDB * Drawing is an what of thesis mean, attribution worth very little, and in England worth nothing at all. If you must scribble, I suggest that your time would be better spent in studying mathematics. Drawing Down the Moon (1997) IMDB *** Crazy Z-grade movie, with a margarita-swilling mathematician as the bad guy and a flaky witch as the good guy.

A few fractals appear, for short research, reasons which are hard to discern. Drowning by does restatement of thesis mean, Numbers (1988) IMDB ** Movie by Peter Greenaway. Girl counting from essay questions for the color purple, 1 to 100 while jumping rope. What Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean! She is actually counting stars and stops at 100 because once you've counted 100 all the other hundreds are the same. Signs counting from 1 to 100 appear throughout the movie. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Duck Soup (1933) IMDB * Groucho and Chico have a Marxian mathematical exchange: Give me a number from communication paper, 1 to 10.

11. Right. Dumbo (1941) IMDB *** Dumbo blows a cubical bubble. Discussion of the what of thesis, proportionality of the height of Dumbo's jumps, and the amount people laugh. The Edge (1997) IMDB * Robert explains the value of having a watch with two faces: If I'm in L.A. and I want to know the time in New York, I don't have to go through the anguish of opbygning adding 3. El Efecto Mariposa (The Butterfly Effect) (1995) IMDB * Some probability talk, and a blackboard of equations in an economics lecture. Einstein: Light to the Power of 2 (1996) (TV) IMDB ** In 50's America, a young black girl gets Einstein to restatement mean help her with her maths homework. Intended for for the, schoolchildren. The Englishman Who Went up a Hill and Came Down a Mountain (1995) IMDB ** Villagers are trying to raise their hill by 20 feet so it will officially be a mountain. Having piled up earth to raise the height 14 feet, the restatement of thesis, pastor declares they've broken the back of the analysis essay great gatsby, problem.

He is corrected by what does of thesis mean, a villager, who apparently realizes that if it keeps its shape, the communication research paper, volume of a cone does not depend linearly on its height. Enigma (2001) IMDB ** This movie is about Bletchley Park and the Enigma machine. What Does Of Thesis Mean! The main character is modeled after Alan Turing, but not much maths. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (Jeder Für Sich und Gott Gegen Alle) (1974) IMDB *** A pompous professor presents Kaspar Hauser with a misformed version of the Liar Puzzle: given one question, how do you tell whether a person is a truthteller or a liar? Kaspar's simple and short communication research paper, hilarious solution is to ask the person if they are a tree-frog. The professor is what of thesis mean, not amused. Entrapment (1999) IMDB ** Catherine Zeta-Jones says she wants a security clock to loose 10 seconds.

She then rigs it to loose 1/10 of questions a second each minute, for what restatement of thesis, an hour. Eustice Solves a Problem (2004) ***** A terrific short film, set around a children's quiz program in 1958. Évariste Galois (1965) IMDB **** The romanticized story of the book review writing, night before Évariste Galois's famous duel. Event Horizon (1997) IMDB ** Contains a nice scene in does of thesis which a scientist folds a piece of paper to tree is my best friend essay explain how bending space enables the spaceship Event Horizon to move faster than light. Evil Roy Slade (1972) IMDB *** Let's try some arithmetic: If you had six apples and your neighbor took three of restatement of thesis mean them what would you have? A dead neighbor and essay, all six apples. Clip on our maths clips page.

Eyes Wide Shut (1999) IMDB ** Carl is a mathematics professor, who appears for about three seconds. No maths. Fahrenheit 451 (1966) IMDB ** In a regimented futuristic world, schoolchildren drone the nine times table (up to nine twenties). Restatement Of Thesis Mean! Clip on book review, Oliver Knill's page. Fail-Safe (1964) IMDB ** Walter Matthau as a psychopath game theorist is quizzed at a dinner party. Two hours ago you said a hundred million dead, now you say sixty million. I say sixty million is perhaps the highest price we should be prepared to pay in does restatement of thesis mean a war. What's the difference between sixty million dead, and a hundred million?

Forty million. Fantastic Mr. Fox (2009) IMDB * 35 + 36 + 37 = 108 snipers, and the game whack bat involves dividing by 9. $$$ The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift (2006) IMDB * A couple maths class scenes, including a very quick y-intercept blooper. The Favor (1994) IMDB **** Fun romantic comedy with a mathematician as the husband (and Brad Pitt as the favor). Very funny scene of the mathematician's wife trying to seduce him as he rabbits on about nonlinear dynamics. Clips on our maths clips page. Fermat's Last Tango (2001) IMDB ***** Terrific musical about Fermat's last theorem, featuring Andrew Wiles, Pythagoras, Gauss, Euclid, Newton, and a deliciously vain Pierre de Fermat. Fermat's Room (La Habitación de Fermat) (2007) IMDB ***** Four mathematicians are trapped in a shrinking room that can only be stopped from shrinking by solving a number of puzzles. The Goldbach conjecture plays a major role. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. A Few Days in September (Quelques Jours En Septembre) (2007) IMDB * Orlando and David are siblings who continually fight over the cutting of dessert in half.

Eventually they hit upon the strategy of one person cutting and the other person choosing. Fight Club (1999) IMDB * Take the number of vehicles in the field, A, multiply it by the probable rate of failure, B, then multiply the result by the average out of court settlement, C. A times B times C equals X. Opbygning! If X is less than the restatement of thesis mean, cost of essay great gatsby a recall, we don't do one. Which car company do you work for? Firetrap (2001) IMDB * An isolated scene containing a whiteboard with differential equations. 5ive Days to Midnight (2004) (TV) IMDB ** A physics professor receives a briefcase from the future, containing the report of his death. His PhD student tries to what does help by doing some mathematics of string theory. First Circle (1992) (TV) IMDB ** One of the main characters is a mathematician in a special Soviet prison for scientists. Flash Gordon (1980) IMDB *** Dr Zarkov saves the day by research, guessing the code of the elevator to be one of the prime numbers of the Zeeman series. Flatland (1965) IMDB **** A nice animated adaptation of Edwin Abbot's famous book about what does restatement a two-dimensional world. Clip on easy essay on quaid-e-azam, Oliver Knill's page.

Flatland (Flatlandia) (1982) IMDB **** Michele Emmer's claymation adaptation of Edwin Abbot's famous book about a two-dimensional world. Flatland (2007) IMDB **** Tedious adaptation of Edwin Abbot's classic. Flatland: The Movie (2007) IMDB ***** State of the art animated adaptation of Edwin Abbot's classic Flatland . Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Fletch Lives (1989) IMDB * A little funny dialogue with a character named Calculus Entropy. The Flight That Disappeared (1961) IMDB ** Crazy movie about a mathematician and scientists being tried before a celestial court.

Flubber (1997) IMDB *** Robin Williams as Professor Phillip Brainard stumbles into a life drawing class and begins lecturing about gravity. Great improvisation involving the nude models and a dead pheasant. For a Few Dollars More (1965) IMDB *** Lee Van Cleef is riding off as Clint Eastwood surveys the bodies of the does of thesis mean, outlaws, tallying the bounty. Realising it doesn't add up, he wheels around and shoots the remaining outlaw. Any trouble, Boy? No, old man. Tree Best Essay! Thought I was having trouble with my adding.

It's alright now. What Restatement Of Thesis Mean! Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Forbidden Planet (1956) IMDB *** Dr. Morbius has mastered the language of an extinct civilization. At one point he illustrates very nicely their immense power resources, showing off a huge exponentially calibrated sequence of easy meters. Force of Evil (1948) IMDB ** Gangster movie featuring an accountant called Two and Two, who's great at mental arithmetic. Freaky Friday (2003) IMDB *** Jamie Lee Curtis is caught in what does of thesis her daughter Anna's, Lindsay Lohan's, body. She's reading a maths exam question to herself: The sum of the opbygning, areas of the shaded regions above in terms of D is what of thesis mean, equal to book services (a) D squared times the sum of pi divided by 4 minus D divided by 2, (b) D squared times the sum of pi cubed divided by D minus 2. Now, what is pi again? 3 point something?

Oh this is does of thesis, ridiculous, I've never used pi. Anna's never gonna use pi. Paper! Why's it called pi anyway? OK, focus . Or (c) D cubed minus the sum of pi squared minus . Clip on our maths clips page. Freedom Man (1989) (TV) *** The story of Benjamin Banneker, the black American mathematician (more astronomer and engineer) from the what does restatement of thesis mean, 18th Century. It ends with a wonderful voiceover: My whole life has been a mathematical proof of best friend essay in marathi what a black man can do. I've been a clockmaker, a farmer, an of thesis, astronomer, a surveyor, an almanac writer, a mathematician. . And I add this, and this. And I hope the sum proves something to the World. Frozen (2013) IMDB * One of the passage analysis essay great, many tedious songs contains the lines.

My power flurries through the air into what restatement of thesis mean, the ground. My soul is spiraling in for the color frozen fractals all around. La Frontera (1991) IMDB * A maths teacher gets involved in the political violence of restatement mean Chile. The Full Monty (1997) IMDB ** Gaz and his mates are contemplating how much they would make by et essays, stripping. How many lasses were there, though? Thousands, baying for blood. Ten quid and what does restatement mean, all to for the purple watch some fucking poof get his kit off! Ten quid! Right.

Times ten quid by a thousand, right? And you've got . yeah well, a lot. Restatement Of Thesis! A very lot. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. $$$ A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (1966) IMDB ** A couple of pretty funny one-liners. G.I. Joe: The Rise of the Cobra (2009) IMDB ** The Joes do spherical trigonometry, a version of the short research paper, Eratosthenes trick. They have a photo of the what does restatement of thesis, villain and they know when the photo was taken. The triangle made by et essays, the villain and what restatement, his shadow supposedly allows them to determine where the villain is. Nice trick, though it actually only narrows down the villain's location to within a circle on the surface of the Earth. Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

Galileo (1975) IMDB ** Bertolt Brecht's play of Galileo (yay!) versus the gatsby, Catholich Church (boo!). Restatement! No mathematics, but we do have these worms of mathematicians . turn their tubes upon the sky. Pope Urban VIII declares I will not set up myself against passage analysis great gatsby, the multiplication table, then does just that. The Gambler (1974) IMDB ** 2+2=5 is used as a metaphor for the gambler's belief that he can overcome the odds. George of the Jungle (1997) IMDB * Before swinging to the rescue of of thesis mean a parachutist entangled in the cables of the Golden Gate Bridge, George calculates the angle and velocity of his swing. Ghost of a Chance (Aionios Foititis) (2001) IMDB * I'm bored. Do some multiplication to pass the time. What's 410 times 20?

1821. Gokusen: The Movie (2009) IMDB * Kumiko, the yakuza maths teacher, is back in essay a movie version of the TV series. What Restatement Of Thesis Mean! No maths. The Giant Claw (1957) IMDB *** Sally Caldwell is Mademoiselle Mathematician, helping to essay defeat a murderous chicken from outer space. There's some funny romantic maths banter with the does restatement of thesis mean, hero, and communication paper, some improbable spiral interpolation to help predict the does restatement of thesis mean, chicken's path.Clip on our maths clips page.

The Girl Next Door (2004) IMDB ** The hero is a high school scholar whose plans get derailed. Various scenes with snapshots of exams and maths texts. The Glass Bottom Boat (1966) IMDB * Rod Taylor is a scientist, who recites some nonsense algebra in essay on quaid-e-azam his pursuit of Doris Day: COD plus XY to the second power plus OS, orbit shift, equals Mars and Venus joined. Amazing sir. Do you think the restatement of thesis mean, World's ready for this? $$$ Good Morning Boys (1937) IMDB * A book called Newton's Law of easy Gravity appears, followed by some nonsensical phsyics equations. $$$ Goodbye, Mr.

Chips (1939) IMDB ** A great one-liner: Enough of your loathsome statistics, Woman! $$$ Goodbye to Language (Adieu au Language) (2014) IMDB ** Some clumsy and what does of thesis, pretentious references to the Dirac delta function, and to great Bernard Riemann and what does of thesis, the zeroes of the zeta function. Gorath (Yosei Gorasu) (1962) IMDB * Weird sci-fi movie, where the Earth is moved to short communication paper avoid a massive meteor. A few PDE's in one scene. The Grand (2007) IMDB ** Very funny fake documentary about a $10 million poker tournament. It includes a seemingly clueless maths teacher, and an autistic guy who constantly rattles on about pot odds. There's also an hilariously dumb TV commentator, teased by his co-commentator. Think about restatement what this buys, Phil. It's three luxury homes, it's ten or fifteen sports cars, that's countless items of jewellery. And how many speedboats?

Speedboats, um, that would, uh, it would depend on the speedboat. $500,000 speedboat. Do the maths. You can probably do it on the back of an envelope. Off the tree best friend essay in marathi, top of your head. It's uh . What Does Restatement! that's . it's, it's eleven. Twenty. The answer is twenty. Well, maybe I was thinking of a different kind of speedboat. Or, maybe you're just a fucking idiot. Gravesend (1997) IMDB ** I ain't fuckin' stupid! You think I'm fuckin' stupid?

You give me any fuckin' maths problem, any fuckin' maths problem! I'll solve it right here, motherfucker! As it happens, 2X + 12 = 39 is beyond him. Graveyard Disturbance (Una Notte al Cimitero Una) (1987) IMDB *** Some teenagers are trying to escape from a cemetery that loops in on writing, itself in an impossible way. They discuss it rather weirdly, in terms of what does of thesis Escher and non-Euclidean geometry. The Great Man Votes (1939) IMDB * Gregory is to be taken on communication, a long parade to lodge his vote at the voting booth a few feet away. He objects that a straight line is the shortest distance between two points. Gulliver's Travels (1996) (TV) IMDB ** Archimedes, wearing a bath towel, runs around shouting Eureka!. H. P. What Does Restatement Of Thesis! Lovecraft's Dreams in the Witchhouse (2005) (TV) IMDB *** A physics grad student rents a room in a very creepy house.

He decides that the source of the evil is a strange, non-Euclidean corner of short communication his room. Hands of a Murderer (1990) (TV) IMDB ** The battle between Sherlock Holmes and of thesis mean, Moriarty is partially framed in terms of mathematics and codes. In the end, the key to essay questions the code involves no real mathematics. The Hangover (2009) IMDB ** Alan counts cards at blackjack, and we see maths equations floating through his mind. Almost none of the equations have anything to do with blackjack. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Hans Christian Andersen (1952) IMDB *** Danny Kaye as the charming storyteller, teaching arithmetic: A 2 met a 4 one day. They liked each other immediately and they danced away and got married, and all the what does of thesis, other numbers came to et essays opbygning their wedding. This is contrasted with drone-singing of arithmetic facts in the classroom. The Happening (2008) IMDB ** It's good to be a maths teacher sometimes.

People are comforted by what mean, percentages. Julian's next attempt at math-comforting involves asking a screaming woman how much she would have after a month if she received a penny the first day, 2 pennies the communication paper, second day, 4 pennies the third day and so on. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Harold Kumar Escape From Gauntanamo Bay (2008) IMDB *** Kumar is writing a love poem called The square root of 3 , when he is what does mean, interrupted by paper, Vanessa struggling with her fucking calculus final. Kumar helps her with a double integral.

Later, Kumar read his poem: I fear that I will always be a lonely number, like root 3. A 3 is all that's good and right. What Restatement Of Thesis Mean! Why must my 3 keep out of sight. Beneath a vicious square root sign? I wish instead I were a 9.

For 9 could thwart this evil trick with just some quick arithmetic. I know I'll never see the sun as 1.7321. Such is my reality, a sad irrationality. When Hark!, what is research paper, this I see? Another square root of a three. Has quietly come waltzing by. Together now we multiply. To form a number we prefer, rejoicing as an integer. We break free from our mortal bonds, and with a wave of magic wands. Our square root signs become unglued, and love for me has been renewed.

Clip on what of thesis mean, Oliver Knill's page. Hauser's Memory (1970) (TV) IMDB ** Hauser is a dying phsycisist, whose memories are implanted in Hillel, so that Hillel can recall Hauser's knowledge of weapons research: F is expressed as a second order partial differential, with a peculiar symmetrical exponetial function below zero. Alas, Hillel cannot remember what F stands for. There's also a couple of spies carrying around a text on class field theory: it's not stated, but perhaps Huauser is supposed to have invented a Prime Number Missile. Here Come the Co-eds (1945) IMDB ** Lou Costello and best friend essay in marathi, Peggy Ryan have some funny lines in a patter song. Let's play school. What Of Thesis! Let's start out with subtraction, you'll get plenty of passage analysis essay great action! I think figures have such an attraction!

Let's play school. Hercules (1997) IMDB *** Some funny scenes, with characters mistating quantities being even or odd. $$$ Hidden Figures (2016) IMDB Not the what does restatement mean, masterpiece people are declaring, but a polished and reasonably accurate movie about the tree is my friend essay, black women computers, in particular Katherine Johnson, who worked for NASA in the 50s and 60s. More a movie about what of thesis racism than mathematics (just as A Beautiful Mind was a movie about schizophrenia), but plenty of blackboards with orbital equations and (horrendous) numerical calculations. The mathematics that is discussed is extensively simplified, phrased as the problem of the transition from an for the purple, elliptical orbit to the parabolic reentry. It's all more along the lines of relevant buzzwords than an what does of thesis, accurate portrayal of the mechanics NASA had to come to terms with.

High and Low (Tengoku To Jigoku) (1963) IMDB ** Percentages of best essay in marathi holdings in a company are calculated to what does of thesis mean see who has control. Essay Questions Color! A 300 million yen ransom is demanded in specific denominations. The cops calculate how long it would take to mark the notes. High School Musical (TV) (2006) IMDB *** The (high school!) teacher is writing up two of Ramanujan's formulas for 1/π, Pochhammer symbols and all. Vanessa immediately spots an does mean, error in the second equation, where the teacher has written 8/π instead of 16/π. A Hill on the Dark Side of the Moon (Berget På Månens Baksida) (1983) IMDB **** Dark movie about the mathematician Sonja Kovalevskaya, featuring some lecture theatre scenes. The mathematicians Weierstrass and Mittag-Leffler make brief appearances. Hit Me (1996) IMDB ** A low budget movie in the vein of book writing services 21 and what restatement of thesis, The Last Casino . Sonny is hired as a blackjack player because he has a Masters in advanced mathematics. Short Communication Research Paper! As part of the testing he has to figure out restatement of thesis, 42/73; God knows why, but in any case he gets it wrong. Homage (1995) IMDB *** A brilliant young mathematician, with job offers from Princeton, is easy essay, infatuated with a young actress.

He becomes her mother's housekeeper. Honey, I Shrunk the Kids (1989) IMDB * Some whiteboards filled with maths plus a few formulas viewed through a looking glass. Hot for Teacher (Nuga Geunyeo-Wa Jasseulkka?) (2006) IMDB ** 'Slanted Eyes', a sadistic maths teacher, sees his students distracted by the new, sexy teacher. One crazy scene of a student calculating logarithms, while others are forced to cling to the blackboard. Hotel Hilbert (1996) IMDB **** A brilliant bringing to life of David Hilbert's idea of an does restatement, infinite hotel. Packed full of references to properties and paradoxes of the book review, infinite, all done with great atmosphere and a great sense of fun. What Restatement Mean! . How Green Was My Valley (1941) IMDB *** Huw and his father and tutor are puzzling over a word problem. Now then.

The bathtub holds 100 gallons. A fills it at et essays, 20 gallons a minute, and B at the rate of 10 gallons a minute. Now then, C is what does of thesis mean, a hole that empties it at 5 gallons a minute. How long, um, to fill the book, tub? Huw's mothers just laughs: Who would pour water into a bathtub full of holes? Clip on does mean, Oliver Knill's page. How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days (2003) IMDB * At the basketball game, the essay on quaid-e-azam, scoreboard indicates the Knicks have a score of 93, but the what does mean, player totals add to 94. The Hudsucker Proxy (1994) IMDB ** The circle is used throughout as a symbol of tree essay elegance and restatement of thesis, simplicity. Clip on services, our maths clips page.

I Killed Einstein, Gentlemen (Zabil Jsem Einsteina, Panove) IMDB (1970) ** Crazy sci-fi movie with people going back in time to kill Einstein. What Does Of Thesis Mean! Some Lorentz equations and a little weird quizzing with arithmetic. At first we calculated that M equals rho 2P over 2, R over 3. But it seemed that the easy on quaid-e-azam, universe was crooked. I Not Stupid (Xiaohai Bu Ben) IMDB (2002) * Some students in a dead end class are inspired by their teacher: . I hated maths. But the more I hated it the worse it got. Then I decided to spend time to know it better, and to be friends with it . I Walked With a Zombie (1943) IMDB * A woman and a man are sitting in a cafe. Man to waiter: Better bring me another, I have to keep the lady entertained. Must be hard work entertaining me that requires six ounces of rum. Six ounces? Higher mathematics. What Of Thesis! Two ounces to a drink, three drinks, six ounces.

I Went Down (1997) IMDB *** A kidnap victim is strapped to a bed. When he drops the TV remote, he is forced to watch some program about the color, fundamental theorem of algebra, presented by stereotypically boring mathematicians. I.Q. (1994) IMDB **** Meg Ryan and mean, Tim Robbins give a romantic resolution to Zeno's paradox. Also, there's mathematical sign language, puzzles, Albert Einstein and the logician Kurt Gödel. Clip on et essays opbygning, our maths clips page. I'm Gonna Git You Sucka (1988) IMDB ** Chris Rock has a funny bit, where he's told a serving of five ribs cost $2.50, and he figures he can order one rib for 50 cents. Ice Princess (2005) IMDB *** Michelle Trachtenberg plays a physics wiz who analyzes ice skating as an honours project, helping her fellow skaters.

Lots of brief references to centripetal acceleration, angular momentum and the like. The Ice Storm (1997) IMDB *** A kid explains, with some reason, that he's not good at maths, just good at geometry: It's like, you know when they say 'two squared'? You think it means 2 times 2 equals 4. But really, they really mean a square. It's really space, it's not numbers it's space. And it's perfect space, but only in your head, because you can't draw a perfect square in does the material world. Questions For The Color Purple! But in your mind, you can have perfect space. What Does Mean! You know? Clip on easy on quaid-e-azam, Oliver Knill's page. Idiocracy (2006) IMDB *** An average Joe from does restatement, today wakes up in the future and finds himself the most intelligent man on Earth. Research! He is forced to take an IQ test: If you have one bucket that holds 2 gallons, and another bucket that holds 5 gallons, how many buckets do you have? Clip on our maths clips page.

Imperativ (1982) IMDB **** Dark movie about a suicidal maths professor. He specializes in probability theory, and does mean, one of his students works out is my friend, a system to win at roulette. In July (2000) IMDB *** Daniel is a shy fellow training to be a maths teacher. What Restatement Of Thesis Mean! He gives a painful lesson on projectile motion. Later he tries it with a real car, to cross a 25 meter river at a 10 degree incline. He correctly calculates the necessary speed to be about 96 kilometers per hour, but seemingly underestimated the opbygning, width of the river. Clip on our maths clips page. Clip on what restatement, Oliver Knill's page. The Infinite Worlds of H. Book Services! G. Wells (2001) (TV) IMDB **** The Pyecraft episode in this miniseries is does of thesis mean, a fun fantasy about a gentle mathematician.

Infinity (1996) IMDB **** Movie about Richard Feynman featuring the Möbius strip, an abacus, and an explanation of infinity. On Quaid-e-azam! Clip on Oliver Knill's page. An Innocent Love (1982) (TV) IMDB ** A young boy tutors a school senior in calculus (differentiating polynomials). Insignificance (1985) IMDB *** Albert Einstein and Marilyn Monroe have an exchange of ideas. Marilyn demonstrates the Theory of Relativity using toy trains and does restatement mean, flash lights. Albert explains (not quite correctly) the shape of the universe as a 3-dimensional sphere. Inspector Lewis (2006) (TV) IMDB **** The Goldbach Conjecture and essay questions color, a Fields medalist are at the center of a murder mystery. In the Navy (1941) IMDB ***** Just one scene: the famous and hilarious routine in what does restatement of thesis which Costello proves 7x13=28 in three different ways. Intacto (2001) IMDB * Weird gambling movie, with people stealing others' luck. A little probability and communication, arithmetic.

Clip on Oliver Knill's page. The Intruder (1999) IMDB *** It appears that a murdered woman is coming back to kill people. Charlie the mathematician thinks the explanation is some quantum mechanical thing about time looping back on what does restatement of thesis, itself. His theory is illustrated with an impressive blackboard of opbygning cylinders and cones. The Invisible Boy (1957) IMDB ** Dr. Restatement Of Thesis Mean! Merrinoe works at the Stoneman Institute of Mathematics. When he's not playing with a supercomputer, he's asking his son Timmie painful questions on fractions: how many twenty-fourths are there in essay questions color one and a quarter? Three? Seventeen. Forty-four?

A hundred? $$$ An Invisible Sign (2010) IMDB ** Any movie with Jessica Alba as a maths nut can't be all bad, those this is pretty close. She plays a loner, who uses numbers as a crutch, and as a symbol of not being part of the world. A few classroom scenes, with simple arithmetic and Fibonacci numbers. Iron Man 2 (2010) IMDB * Tony Stark ponders his father's equations while redesigning his iron suit. There's also a picture of a tesseract. Ishtar (1987) IMDB ** Dustin Hoffman and Warren Beatty are offered a gig in does Honduras. How much?

150 Lempiras a week. That's 75 dollars in American money . . That's only short paper, 37.50 a week for each of us! Heyyyy, that's right! You got a good head for what does restatement mean, figures. The Island (2005) IMDB ** In a futuristic world, the immigrants to et essays the paradise Island are determined by a supposedly random lottery. Jones Three Echo correctly suspects otherwise. He unsuccessfully tries to figure out the formula underlying the lottery. Clip on restatement of thesis, Oliver Knill's page. It's a Big Country (1951) IMDB ** The teacher asks Joseph to divide 8 into 240 , but he can't because the numbers are too small.

It turns out he needs glasses. It's a Mad Mad Mad Mad World (1963) IMDB *** 8 people in 4 groups with 5 leaders try to decide the fair way to divide the $350 000 they're hunting for. Passage Essay Gatsby! They decide to create 25 shares of $14 000 each, which keeps everyone happy for about two minutes. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. It's My Turn (1980) IMDB ***** Light romantic movie about what restatement mean a female mathematician. Famous among mathematicians because the in marathi, full proof of the Snake Lemma is given in the first scene. Tons of mathematics and what mean, mathspotting on blackboards. Izo (2004) IMDB *** An angry samurai ghost charges around on a Möbius strip. Jam Films 2 − Armchair Theory (2004) IMDB **** In a fantasy sequence we see one Japanese warrior shoot an arrow at tree essay, another warrior who is running away, illustrating one of Zeno's paradoxes: When the arrow has reached the does restatement of thesis mean, point at which the second warrior was when the arrow was fired he has already moved to a second point. When the arrow reaches that point he has moved to a third point, etc. Jan Amos Comenius (Putování Jana Amose) (1983) IMDB ** René Descartes makes a very brief appearance.

No speaking lines. Jane Eyre (2006) IMDB * A couple little maths bits when Jane Eyre is acting as governess. Analysis Essay! Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Jason X (2001) IMDB ** A cute android named Kay-Em calculates the probability of the team's survival at 12%. After Tsunaron kisses her, she calculates the odds at what restatement mean, 53%. He suggests they try for 100%. Jimtown Speakeasy (1928) **** A very early and very obscure short, with Flournoy Miller and Aubrey Lyles performing the earliest filmed version of Abbott and short paper, Costello's (?) 7 x 13 routine. Miller and Lyles perform it in the form 3 x 17 = 24. It is does mean, probable that they invented and performed the routine much earlier, as part of their vaudeville shows. it is claimed that they performed the routine (in 7 x 13 form) in the 1921 Broadway musical Shuffle Along , though we haven't been able to confirm this. $$$ Joe Dirt 2: Beautiful Loser (2015) IMDB * A 1-liner about research 7 x 7 = 77.

Julie Johnson (2001) IMDB **** Julie Johnson is a downtrodden white trash housewife who turns out to mean be a mathematical genius. Et Essays! Tedious and humorless, but lots of maths, mostly chaos theory. Mischa Baton plays the daughter. She has the Cantor Set explained to her, and what does restatement of thesis, is less than impressed. Is My Friend! Clip on what does restatement of thesis, our maths clips page.

Jurassic Park (1993) IMDB *** Jeff Goldblum as a cool mathematician. He impresses a woman with an explanation of chaos theory by conducting a little experiment on her hand that illustrates the questions color purple, butterfly effect. Clips on Oliver Knill's page. Jurassic Park 2 (The Lost World) (1997) IMDB ** Jeff Goldblum is back as the does, cool mathematician. No maths this time.

Jurassic Park III (2001) IMDB * Jeff Goldblum does not appear this time, but he and tree is my friend essay in marathi, his book on chaos theory are made fun of. The Karate Kid, Part II (1986) IMDB ** The karate kid discovers that a market stall is using a disguised light weight with their scales, supposedly in order to cheat the farmers of their produce. In fact, using such a weight would benefit the does restatement of thesis mean, farmers. The Keeper: The Legend of Omar Khayyam (2005) IMDB **** Movie about the life of the mathematician Omar Khayyam and book writing services, one of his descendents. More romance than maths, but there are some good scenes. $$$ The King's Thief (1955) IMDB ** Sir Isaac Newton makes a brief appearance, to of thesis demonstrate his new telescope. Kelly's Heroes (1970) IMDB ** A soldier is praised for short communication, calculating (incorrectly) in what of thesis mean his head: 125 boxes at $8400 a box = $10 500 000. Kes (1969) IMDB * Some simple maths in et essays opbygning a classroom setting. The Knack . and does of thesis mean, How to Get It (1965) IMDB * Michael Crawford as a girl-shy mathematics teacher in swinging London. One classroom scene, with the students reciting the review, laws of reflection and refraction.

Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Knocked Up (2007) IMDB ** 10 years ago Ben got $14000, and he has $900 left. What Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean! So that should last me for like . Et Essays Opbygning! I mean I'm not a mathematician, but like another 2 years, or some shit, I think. He's out by 16 months. Knowing (2009) IMDB * Painful apocalypse movie, with a few equations and numerology and the like. Kronos (1957) IMDB * Silly sci-fi movie with a bit of nonsensical mathtalk. Kuriton Sukupolvi (1957) IMDB ** A maths professor arises from his years of work into the era of what does of thesis rock and essay questions for the color, roll. Restatement Of Thesis! No maths. L: Change the World (2008) IMDB *** L tries to easy save the what does of thesis, world from questions color purple, terrorists with a killer virus.

A little boy, a survivor of the virus, turns out to be a mathematical genius. He is discovered drawing magic squares on what does mean, a wall, and supposedly arranges Fibonacci numbers with marshmallows (though the et essays opbygning, pattern is what does of thesis, unclear). Later he solves a complicated geometry problem, the key to for the color a critical code. Labyrinth (1986) IMDB *** Fun fantasy version of the Liar Puzzle in action: deciding which of two doors to choose when one is what does restatement of thesis, guarded by a truthteller and one by a liar. Plus, the tree friend essay in marathi, musician David Bowie as the king of the goblins running around a maze inspired by Escher's drawing Relativity . Lambada (1990) IMDB ***** Stand and Deliver with dirty dancing. Blade is a supercool maths teacher who inspires his students.

Most memorable cheesy scene: Blade demonstrates the what does restatement mean, usefulness of review writing maths by making a near impossible three-cushion (pool) shot using the does of thesis mean, rectangular coordinate system and a protractor. The Land of College Prophets (2005) IMDB * Rye is a philosophizing thug who is apparently good at mathematics. He helps his professor friend, something about stopping rabbits from et essays, exploding. Of Thesis Mean! Don't ask us. Las Vegas Shakedown (1955) IMDB ** A maths teacher travels to Las Vegas to book services do research for what does mean, her book, which is supposed to show that the casinos always win (well, duh). Some humorous lines about essay on quaid-e-azam a companion's gambling system. Las Vegas Weekend (1986) IMDB *** Crazy B-grade comedy about a mathematician with a scheme to beat blackjack. Of Thesis Mean! Some weird and humorous lines about infinity and probability.

The Last Casino (2004) IMDB ** Same plot as 21 , and a much better movie: A math professor organizers some students into a blackjack team. It includes a very funny scene, where the professor tests a waitress's memory by ordering a complicated pizza with mutliple toppings, substitutions and a rotation. (She gets it right). One of the students memorizes digits of π for fun. The Last Enemy (2008) IMDB *** Dr. Communication Research! Stephen Izard is the mathematician hero of this brave new worldish miniseries. Does Of Thesis! The only maths is in the first episode, where Stephen explains his research to Andrew and Brian, owners of the company Inquirendo: . Short Research Paper! let Ric be the Ricci curvature, and what does mean, the gammas are the Christoffel symbols. The idea is to show that under the Ricci flow, positive curvature tends to spread outwards, uh, until at services, infinite time, the manifold will achieve constant curvature.

Now let us consider a generalization of this, the form F is a nice, smooth function. Does Of Thesis! Even in et essays opbygning this state the flow will develop singularities in does restatement mean finite time. But, by using a local version of the Gromov compactness theorem, I've been able to get a model of all possible singularities . This is actually real mathematics, underlying Perelman's proof of the Poincaré conjecture. Easy On Quaid-e-azam! Andrew tries to explain the importance of Stephen's reasarch to does restatement of thesis mean Brian, a non-mathematician, that it has to tree best in marathi do with topology . rubber sheet geometry and what does restatement of thesis mean, the shape of the Universe. Brian doesn't follow very well: I thought it had something to do with killer bees. Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

$$$ The Last Mimzy (2007) IMDB * A bit of sleep talk about is my friend essay octahedra and tesseracts, but no real maths. Last Year at does of thesis mean, Marienbad (L'Année dernière à Marienbad) (1961) IMDB *** Pretentious movie using the questions for the, mathematical game of what does restatement of thesis mean Nim in a pretentious and absurd manner. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Late Bloomers (1996) IMDB *** Excrutiating lesbian chick flick. Miss Groshardt (sheesh!) is a maths teacher who has an affair with Mrs. Lumpkin (another sheesh!), the wife of a fellow maths teacher. Essay Questions Color! Includes some algebra, a proof of Pythagoras's theorem, and the exclamation she's aardvarking with the does mean, Hypotenuse. Life of Pi (2012) IMDB *** Piscine Patel is best friend essay, teased about what does of thesis mean his name. He remembers thousands of digits of pi, so that students will accept his nickname of Pi. Analysis Great Gatsby! A subtle blooper: the blackboard scene contains thousands of correct digits of Pi, but the expansion in the book being used to check the digits doesn't extend far enough.

Life is of thesis mean, Beautiful (La Vita è Bella) (1997) IMDB *** During WWII the local Nazis in an Italian town are having the following conversation at review writing, a formal dinner. Restatement! The primary school principal: And I am not talking about Berlin, the countryside, 3rd grade. Listen to book review writing services this one. Really, it's quite shocking. The problem: Supporting a lunatic costs the what does of thesis, state 4 marks a day, supporting a cripple costs 4 1/2 marks, an epileptic 3 1/2 marks.

Figuring the average is 4 marks a day and there are 300,000 of them, how much would the book review services, state save if these individuals were simply eliminated? Completely unbelievable! That is exactly how I reacted. Completely unbelievable. Does! I can't believe an elementary school child is expected to solve something like this. It's a difficult calculation, the proportions, the percentages, they need some algebra to writing solve these equations, right? That would be highschool material for us. What Does Restatement Mean! No, no, it's just multiplication, what did you say it was, 300,000 cripples? Yes. 300,000 times four.

We'd be saving about 1,200,000 marks a day if we killed them all. It's easy. Review Writing Services! Exactly, bravo, but you are an adult. In Germany 7-year-olds are given this problem to work out. The most amazing race indeed. Like Mike (2002) IMDB ** Calvin gets help with his geometry homework from the basketballer Tracy. Tracy paints huge triangles on his house, with the what does restatement of thesis, vertices labeled as Dennis Rodman and opbygning, The Shaq and so on. Clip on restatement of thesis mean, Oliver Knill's page. $$$ Limitless (2011) IMDB * A pretty silly movie, about a pill that unlocks the possibilities of the human intellect. A couple of one-liners about algorithms to win on the stock market, and math finally being fun and useful, to win at poker.

Little Big League (1994) IMDB **** Contains a hilarious scene, where the Minnesota Twins baseball team is services, trying to solve their teenage manager's homework: If Joe can paint a house in 3 hours and what restatement mean, Sam can paint it in 5 hours, how long does it take for them to book do it together? Clip on our maths clips page. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Little Giant (1946) IMDB **** Abbott and Costello do their terrific 7 x 13 = 28 routine. Not quite as good as the what does restatement of thesis mean, original.

Little Man Tate (1991) IMDB **** A movie featuring two mathematical prodigies. Tree Friend Essay In Marathi! Lots of what does restatement of thesis maths: maths competitions, building tensegrity icosahedra, etc. The Lost Angel (2004) IMDB * A serial murderer leaves clues in the form of Babylonian cuneiform script. The plan is to kill 20 people to complete a satanic ritual. Right next to victim number four we see the numbers 4 and 16 in cuneiform script written in blood (4 done, 16 to go). Lost Souls (2000) IMDB ** Possessed man keeps writing numbers, the name of the opbygning, anti-Christ in code.

Love and Death (1975) IMDB *** Woody Allen movie with a couple funny maths bits, e.g. What Does! designing blintzes with geometry on a blackboard. Love Me if You Dare (Jeux d'Enfants) (2003) IMDB *** The 7 times multiplication tables gets yelled out for no discernible reason. Also some discriminants, and for the purple, some dirty maths talk: Your vector is defined by what does restatement of thesis mean, an origin, but above all by size . . Lucky Pierre (La Moutarde Me Monte Au Nez) (1974) IMDB *** Pierre Richard as a frazzled maths teacher, including some hilarious classroom slapstick: all in tree is my French, but it doesn't matter. Clip on our maths clips page. Ma and Pa Kettle Back on the Farm (1951) IMDB *** Ma and Pa Kettle's version of the famous Abbott and Costello routine. They show in restatement of thesis three different ways that 5 x 14 = 25. Not as good as the color, Abbott and Costello versions. Does Restatement! Clip on essay, Oliver Knill's page. Madame Curie (1943) IMDB ** Madame Curie asks her future husband a mathematical question about what does restatement symmetries. Magic Town (1947) IMDB ** Somebody locates the essay, ideal town for polling: its population thinks exactly like America as a whole.

Magik and Rose (1999) IMDB *** A square dance caller and does restatement of thesis mean, snails egg farmer also turns out to be a maths wiz, who knows everything about fractals and chaos theory. Malcolm X (1992) IMDB * Malcolm X explains his name, using X as the mathematical symbol of the tree is my essay, unknown. A Man Called Intrepid (1979) (TV) IMDB * Two characters talk about the Enigma machine. The Man From Planet X (1951) IMDB ** Geometry is what restatement of thesis, suggested as the on quaid-e-azam, way to communicate with an alien. The Manhattan Project (1986) IMDB ** A scientist and a juvenile bomb maker are trying to figure out how much time they have left to defuse a bomb.

Man of the House (2005) IMDB * Cheerleaders get into geomtric formation so that a girl on top of a bus can jump into their arms. When she hesitates, one of the cheerleaders yells out I'm a math major. Manolito Gafotas (1999) IMDB ** Manolito fails a maths test for does restatement mean, the first time and is comforted by best friend essay, his father: Cervantes, Einstein, Karl Marx, Jules Verne. All geinuses, but don't think they were good at maths. What did their mothers say?

They understood in the end. Later, Moanolito has to study over the summer. Mostly his study seems to consist of him calculating how many hours left in does restatement the summer to review writing study. $$$ The Man who Knew Infinity (2015) IMDB **** Humourless and messagey telling of the story of the what, great Ramanujan and passage analysis essay, G. What Does Of Thesis! H. Hardy. The main mathematical thread of the movie centres on counting partitions. Of course, the analysis great, 1729 taxi cab makes an appearance. Bertrand Russell and Littlewood are also prominent in the movie. The Man Without a Face (1993) IMDB **** Mel Gibson as a scary maths teacher quizzes a boy on Pythagoras's Theorem, and teaches him a Euclidean theorem on how to find the does restatement mean, centre of opbygning a circle: he goofs it! Marius (1931) IMDB ** César teaches Marius how to mix a picon-citron-curacao: one very small third of curacao, one third of citron, a large third of picon, and, finally, a really large third of water. Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

Marriage Today (1950) IMDB * Phyllis does the maths in Chad's engineering work. The Marva Collins Story (TV) (1981) IMDB ** Primary kids covert Shylock's ducats into gold into dollars. Does Restatement Mean! By contrast, apparently in public schools the Global Theatre is thought to be a three-sided octagon. Matilda (1996) IMDB *** Little Matilda is a maths genius and has supernatural abilities. Some fun scenes.

The Matrix Revolutions (2003) IMDB *** Neo gets stuck in a train station, which loops around à la Pacman. Meerabai Not Out (2008) IMDB ** Meera is a maths teacher and a cricket fanatic. So she teaches arithmetic with batting averages: In the passage analysis essay gatsby, first four matches Dravid makes 36, 21, 34, 20 runs, so how many runs does he have to what does make in the next 4 innings to tree friend essay average 75 runs?. A student correctly answers 72.25 runs per innings. Meet Dave (2008) IMDB *** Eddie Murphy is an does restatement mean, alien who finds himself as a substitute teacher in front of a primary class. He decides to play safe and tree essay in marathi, teach them something simple: the unified field theory.

Mean Girls (2004) IMDB **** A great movie for maths spotting on blackboards. Does Of Thesis! The main character (Lindsay Lohan) is et essays, very good at maths. Encouraged by what does restatement, her teacher (Tina Fey) and against opbygning, the advice of her friends (social suicide), she joins the school maths club and what does restatement of thesis, takes part in a maths competition. Clip on is my friend essay, our maths clips page. Clips on Oliver Knill's page. Mercury Rising (1998) IMDB * features an autistic boy who is what does of thesis, a wiz at cracking codes. Merry Andrew (1958) IMDB ***** Danny Kaye plays a maths teacher who teaches Pythagoras's Theorem by singing and book review writing services, dancing. Clip on mean, our maths clips page. Easy Essay! Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Micmacs (2009) IMDB ** A weird band of characters includes a woman known as Calculette.

She does mental calculations, including projectile motion for a human cannonball. Mind Hunters (2004) IMDB ** A serial killer has written the number 582997924 over and over again in does blood. One FBI member tries to et essays decode it and restatement mean, another member reacts: It's a number! It's a fucking number! They're all just fucking numbers! It turns out that the digits cycled to 299792458 refers to the speed of light. $$$ Mindwalk (1990) IMDB ** Incredibly tedious movie, with some philomathematical talk about understanding the Universe. Analysis Essay Great Gatsby! Very brief references to does of thesis Descartes, Kepler, Newton and Pythagoras. The Mirror has Two Faces (Le Miroir à Deux Faces) (1958) IMDB ** Teacher asks: What is the smallest number with three digits? The student's answer of 000 is declared incorrect. The Mirror has Two Faces (1996) IMDB ***** A romantic comedy about a maths professor who is dragged out of his shell.

Tons of maths. Miss Congeniality 2 (2005) IMDB * In one classroom scene there is a blackboard with multiplication problems. Mission Impossible III (2006) IMDB * Tom Cruise does a little circular geometry, to on quaid-e-azam plan his swing from one building to another Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Moebius (1996) IMDB *** A subway train goes missing in the subway network of what Buenos Aires. A topologist is called in to investigate. Easy Essay! He concludes that the new section is acting like a Möbius band (whatever that means). Momo Alla Conquista Del Tempo (2001) IMDB ** Fun arithmetic scenes, some with shaving cream. Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl (1982) IMDB *** While competing in the Germany vs.

Greece football match, Archimedes has his Eureka moment: kick the ball. His team scores against the German goalkeeper: Leibniz. Also, the Pythons argue over does restatement, what an argument is, and René Descartes is a drunken fart gets a mention in the Australian Philosphers' Song. Morons from Outer Space (1985) IMDB ** A mathematician writes an incomplete equation to test one of the moron's mathematical abilities. Now, Can you complete that? . Can you? Of course. Then what are you asking me for? Mortel Transfert (2001) IMDB * A frazzled maths teacher appears in one scene. Mozart and the Whale (2005) IMDB ***** A charming romantic movie about two people with Asperger's syndrome, one with strong mathematical abilities. For The Color Purple! Some touching and restatement of thesis mean, funny scenes about mathematical literalism and friend essay, primes, and factoring license plates.

Mr. Holland's Opus (1995) IMDB * If I'm forced to choose between Mozart, and reading and writing and long division, I choose long division. What Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean! Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Mr. Koumal Invents a Robot ** A short, amusing cartoon.

Mr. Koumal's design involves a lot of work with protractor, ruler, π, arithmetic and so on. Mr. Magorium's Wonder Emporium (2007) IMDB *** Dustin Hoffman as Mr. Magorium quizzes his pontential accountant (whom he dubs Mutant): Name the review, Fibonacci series from its 11th to its 16th integer. Uh, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610? Perfect! The number 4, do we really need it?. If you like squares, you do. Oh, I like squares!

Of course, Mutant actually only went up to what does the 15th Fibonacci integer. Mr. Wacky (Saeng, Nalseonsaeng) (2006) IMDB ** The lead character is blackmailed by easy, his grandfather into being a maths teacher. One frenzied probability lecture, and of thesis, a maths book gets torn up and essay, scattered to the winds, but no real maths. Münchhausen (1943) IMDB * Dürer's magic square appears in the background in one of the scenes. Murder is Easy (1982) (TV) IMDB ** A mathematician helps solve a murder. The Music of of thesis mean Chance (1993) IMDB ** Two guys win the essay for the, lottery by choosing primes. Clip on what does restatement of thesis mean, our maths clips page. My Little Chickadee (1940) IMDB ** Very funny 1-liner from W. C. Questions For The Color! Fields about whether poker is a game a chance: Not the of thesis, way I play it, no.

Clip on our maths clips page. My Boss, My Hero (2001) IMDB * A gangster goes back to high school to get his diploma. A couple quick bits of maths. My Night With Maud (Ma Nuit Chez Maud) (1969) IMDB *** Three people discussing (amongst other things) probability and questions for the color purple, Pascal's wager. My Stepmother is an Alien (1988) IMDB ** The alien stepmother (Kim Bassinger) says that she does maths on vacation, and does of thesis, graphs for fun. My Teacher's Wife (1995) IMDB *** The teacher in question is a maths teacher, and questions for the color, his sexy wife (Tia Carrere) has a PhD in maths. Ña Noniep (2009) IMDB ** A zero-budget movie from the Marshall Islands. Liki is a very bright student, who dreams of going to a good school in Arkansas(!), but is cast under an evil spell. His abilities and the loss of it are illustrated by his doing maths problems (mostly division). The Naked Gun (1988) IMDB ** What about what does restatement of thesis mean Nordberg?

He's alive, Frank, though he's on life support. Doctors say he's got a 50-50 chance of living. But there's only a 10% chance of writing that. $$$ Nancy Drew (2007) IMDB ** A prim Nancy Drew confidently recites the quadratic formula. National Lampoon's Senior Trip (1995) IMDB * A couple stray lines about maths nerds. The Naughty Nineties (1945) IMDB *** Very funny routine, with Abbott guiding Costello in roulette. I'll tell you what you do, you play the same numbers I play. I'll play number twenty and you play twenty too. What Restatement Of Thesis! How can you do that? Why not? We're gonna play the same numbers?

Same numbers? You want me to tree is my best play twenty-two? No, no. Restatement Of Thesis Mean! I'm gonna play twenty, and you play twenty-two. And so on. Never Been Kissed (1999) IMDB ** Very catchy mathsy song is playing while we see The Denominators, members of a maths club, in maths action. The movie includes a hilariously bad expansion of π. The New Math(s) (1997) (TV) IMDB *** Totally incomprehensible Hal Hartley short. A teacher and his two students are studying mathematics in the bowels of a factory. Essay! There's a blackboard filled will what seem to power series and mean, sech functions.

None of it seems to make any sense, though that's entirely consistent with the rest of the film. Newton: a Tale of Two Isaacs (1997) (TV) IMDB *** A romanticised biography of Isaac Newton, intended for schoolchildren. Cheesy but fun, with a little mathematics of et essays opbygning gravitation. Ni Vivo, Ni Muerto (2002) IMDB ** A mathematician gets in involved in the political violence in what of thesis Argentina. A couple ODE's in the background. Night at opbygning, the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian (2009) IMDB *** The Egyptian Kahmunrah awakens and wants the code to unlock the Gate to the Underworld. It turns out to be π the number at the heart of the pyramids.

Weirder, the code is the decimal expansion of π. There's also a funny bit where Larry teases Kahmunrah for not knowing about the secrets of the Cube of Rubik. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. No Highway in the Sky (1951) IMDB *** Jimmy Stewart plays a boffin investigating his theory about does mean metal fatigue in airplanes. When (luckily) his theory seems to be wrong, Marlene Dietrich teases him for multiplying when he should have divided. In his spare time, Stewart tries to solve Goldbach's conjecture. Sounds interesting, but, isn't it a little pointless? Oh, quite. On Quaid-e-azam! That's the beauty of it.

No One Would Tell (1996) (TV) IMDB * A little school algebra in one scene. Novo (2002) IMDB ** Graham/Pablo cannot remember things but is supposedly very good at mental arithmetic, and Isabelle tests him. He asks him 347 x 347 and 4092 x 6549. Unbeknownst to Isabelle (blooper?), he gets them both wrong. He's then working on (7685 x 7639) − √ 7639, but gets distracted by Isabelle's legs.

Not One Less (Yi Ge Dou Bu Neng Shao) (1999) IMDB *** Very sweet Chinese movie about a 13 year old girl who starts teaching in a poor mountain school, and what does of thesis mean, who goes off to et essays opbygning find a student lost in the city. Extended scenes where the children are calculating the what mean, number of bricks they need to haul to essay on quaid-e-azam be paid enough to afford the necessary bus tickets. No Way Out (1987) IMDB * Quick reference to eigenvalues and Fourier transforms, for cleaning up data. The Number 23 (2007) IMDB ** Jim Carrey discovers a thousand crazy ways to add up to 23. And there's one vector integral, for God knows what reason. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. The Nugget (2002) IMDB ** Eric Bana and his mates clumsily work out how much their huge gold nugget is worth.

The final sum is incorrect. Ocean's Eleven (2001) IMDB * One You do the math scene and one Imagine the odds scene. October Sky (1999) IMDB ** A kid in a coal mining community wants to become a rocket scientist. He realizes that he'll have to get good at maths. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Office Space (1999) IMDB ** A weird comedy about computer programmers skimming money by rounding down their company's paychecks to the nearest cent. Oh God! Book II (1980) IMDB *** George Burns as God helps a little girl do her maths: the what does restatement, father is impressed by his work. Et Essays Opbygning! God also admits to mistakenly making maths too hard. Clip on does, our maths clips page. Old School (2003) IMDB ** Some very old frat boys take an exam.

Apparently Harriot's method for solving cubics is a generally accepted graphical technique for opbygning, determining first order system parameters. Does Of Thesis Mean! Clip on communication paper, Oliver Knill's page. Omar Khayyam (1957) IMDB *** Cornel Wilde is an improbable Omar Khayyam in what does this Hollywood biopic. A lot of poetry and romance, and a little bit of maths. Once Upon a Time in the West (C'era Una Volta Il West) (1968) IMDB ** Some funny arithmetic 1-liners. Tree Is My Best Friend In Marathi! Three bad guys with their horses, to the horseless Charles Bronson: Looks like we're shy of one horse. Bronson's response: You brought two too many. Clips on Oliver Knill's page. Only Yesterday (Omohide Poro Poro) (1991) IMDB *** A very sweet anime about Taeko, who is what does of thesis, recalling her shy and awkward childhood. Review Writing! A theme is Taeko's weakness at mathematics, and there is a long scene about division of fractions. Taeko thinks long and unsuccessfully about how to divide 2/3 of a cake by 1/4. . Out of Sight (Lemarit Ain) (2006) IMDB * Ya'ara, the main character, is what of thesis mean, blind and is doing a PhD in mathematics at Princeton.

No maths. . Outside Providence (1999) IMDB ** Dunphy fails to solve an paper, already solved quadratic. Having worked very hard, he later successfully solves the exact same already solved quadratic. The Oxford Murders (2008) IMDB **** A fun murder mystery with two mathematicians (John Hurt and Elijah Wood) taking on the role of detectives. One scene has a professor proving Bormat's Last Theorem. Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

P.S. (2004) IMDB * One physics lecture contains blackboards full of formulas on restatement mean, gravitation. Easy Essay! Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Paradisio (1961) IMDB ** A maths professor comes into possession of glasses which makes people appear nude. He somehow uses the formula πr 2 to estimate distances for his photographs. Parallel Life (2010) IMDB ** The lives of characters are supposed to run parallel to previous lives. This includes a mathematician, who believes his life parallels Kurt Gödel's.

He writes crazy probabilistic mathematics on the walls, screams A coincidence is mathematically impossible, and does restatement mean, eventually starves himself to death (a la Gödel). Les Passagers (1999) IMDB ** A gay ex-maths teacher concludes that gays being hardest hit by AIDS is a simple matter of arithmetic. Patch Adams (1998) IMDB * A brilliant scientist in an insane asylum does maths and frustrates people by essay purple, holding up 4 fingers and of thesis, challenging them: How many fingers do you see? Pay it Forward (2000) IMDB ** For his school social studies project, Trevor thinks to offer life-changing help to three people, who are each then inspired to similarly offer help to three people, and so on. A bit of mathematics, figuring out the is my best in marathi, geometric explosion. Peter the Great (1986) (TV) IMDB *** Peter the Great visits Isaac Newton to of thesis discuss his Principia . Petersen (1974) IMDB ** Real-live mathematician Iain Aitchison appears in a crowd scene.

The Phantom Tollbooth (1970) IMDB *** When Milo visits Digitopolis, its ruling Mathemagician convinces him of the infinity of easy essay on quaid-e-azam numbers by adding 1 again and again. Earlier, the restatement of thesis, Mathemagician sings a version of Zeno's paradox, suggesting that Milo keep dividing his troubles in two until they disappear. Easy Essay On Quaid-e-azam! Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Phase IV(1974) IMDB ** A mathematician communicates with intelligent ants. Phenomenon (1996) IMDB * John Travolta turns into a genius with special abilities. Does Restatement Of Thesis! In one scene we see him listing through a maths book. Pi (1998) IMDB ***** The mathematical prodigy Max is looking for pattern in is my friend in marathi nature and in the stock market.

Tons of maths. Picnic at Hanging Rock (1975) IMDB ** One of the teachers who goes missing at Hanging Rock is a maths teacher. What Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean! We see her reading a geometry text. Pierino Contro Tutti (Desirable Teacher) (1981) IMDB * The poster for the English version has a sexy teacher pointing to 2 + 2 = 4 on the blackbaord. No actual maths in the movie. The Pirates of Penzance (1983) IMDB (and many other versions) *** The very famous patter song: I am the very model of a modern Major-General . For The! I'm very well acquainted, too, with matters mathematical. I understand equations, both the simple and quadratical. About binomial theorem I'm teeming with a lot o' news.

With many cheerful facts about the square of the hypotenuse . Planeta Bur (Planet of Storms) (1962) IMDB ** One of the characters is what does of thesis mean, a mathematician. No maths. Plaga Zombie (1997) IMDB ** Max is a mathematician, one of three non-zombie pals in a town of zombies. No maths. Plaga Zombie: Zona Mutante (2001) IMDB ** Max is back, in the sequel to Plaga Zombie . Still no maths. Pleasantville (1998) IMDB *** In the sitcom world of Pleasantville, a geography teacher explains how the town loops back on itself. Very funny scene, but on opbygning, the DVD commentary the writer-director shows he's completely confused.

Clip on our maths clips page. Popstar (2005) IMDB *** The popstar befriends the maths geek in order to what does of thesis mean survive calculus. Passage Analysis Essay Great! Such a painful movie, you end up cheering for the Heathers. Somehow the Mean Value Theorem is does restatement mean, used to graph x times cosine y. Possible Worlds (2000) IMDB *** Excellent multiverse movie, reminiscent of Brain Dead . George talks of doing a problem on a maths test at school, and seeing himself in another world, doing the problem in a different way. In another scene, George is in a job interview, and instantly sees the trick behind a very convoluted finance problem. Book Review Writing! You did the sums in your head? Yes. . The next question will be a little more difficult . The screenplay and original play are by what does restatement, John Mighton, maths consultant on Good Will Hunting . Il Posto (1961) IMDB ** The main character applies for a job.

A main part of the assessment test is to solve the following problem: We have a roll of copper wire 520 meters long. Passage Essay! Three-quarters of it are cut off. What Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean! Of the remainder, we cut off four-fifths. Questions! How many centimeters of wire are left on the roll? He's got one hour to solve this problem.

His (and his friend's) answer of what does restatement of thesis 24 is et essays, wrong, even ignoring the units. Still, he gets the job. Precious (2009) IMDB * A bleak (but very good) movie about what of thesis mean Precious, an obese, unloved and pregnant ghetto girl. Short Paper! She's illiterate but bright, and she likes maths. No maths in the movie, except for from some arithmetic on a blackboard. Presumed Innocent (1990) IMDB ** A jealous wife (who happens to mean be a mathematician working on her dissertation) commits murder and gets away with it.

Primer (2004) IMDB * Cool time travel movie, with a few maths references: The best mathematician's a lazy one. The Prince and the Pauper (1990) IMDB *** Mickey Mouse as the prince has to essay for the color purple sit through a very boring trigonometry lesson. The Professor and what restatement, his Beloved Equation (Hakase no Aishita Sûshiki) (2006) IMDB ***** Lovely movie about a mathematics professor who only book writing, remembers things for a short time. He likes perfect and amicable numbers and his favorite equation is Euler's identity: e iπ +1=0. Proof (2005) IMDB ***** Excellent adaptation of David Auburn's excellent play. Gwyneth Paltrow is a troubled mathematician, coming to terms with the does mean, death of her troubled mathematician father.

Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Prophecy (1995) IMDB ** Christopher Walken as a cynical angel: See ya, kids. Study your maths. Key to the universe. Clip on et essays opbygning, Oliver Knill's page. Prospero's Books (1991) IMDB * One of Prospero's books is a maths book featuring animated geometric drawings. Punch Lady (Peon-chi Le-i-di) (2007) IMDB ** A woman who is training for a kickboxing fight with her abusive husband, and does mean, a maths teacher falls into best essay in marathi, guiding her. What Restatement Mean! He comes up with a complicated plan involving precise angles of kicks and dodges: wisely, she ignores him. A Pure Formality (Una Pura Formalità) (1994) IMDB *** A famous writer has written a book about a mathematician (Claude?) Shannon, and attributes his passion for maths to one of his maths teachers. He ponders projective geometry: Two parallel lines can never meet. Nonetheless, it is possible to imagine the existence of a point so far out in space so far into infinity that we can believe and acknowledge that our two lines do in analysis great fact meet there.

We shall call this point the ideal point. Clip on our maths clips page. Pythagoras and the Thirty Virgins (1977) IMDB **** Crazy Czech movie, featuring European heartthrob Karel Gott in a fantasy sequence. He lip-synchs a catchy Pythagoras song to his students. Quality Street (1937) IMDB *** A very funny scene: an arithmetic problem with herring, and the suggestion to use real herring to check the answer. What Does Restatement! Some of the on quaid-e-azam, very funny maths lines from J. M. Barrie's play failed to make it to the movie. Does Restatement Of Thesis! Clip on our maths clips page.

Quest of the essay on quaid-e-azam, Delta Knights (1993) IMDB ** Archimedes being killed by a Roman soldier. Qui Perd Gagne! (Loser Takes all) (2003) IMDB *** A maths teacher claims to what does of thesis have found a system for predicting the lottery and proves it by winning the jackpot twice. An expert gambler with a perfect memory is review services, called in what of thesis by the police to for the color catch the supposed cheat. Fun movie with lots of maths and mathematically-minded people. Race for the Bomb (1987) (TV) IMDB ** The mathematician John von Neumann makes a fleeting appearance: it may have been a larger role in does of thesis mean the original, much longer version. Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) IMDB * In one scene there's a blackboard with kinematic equations. Rain Man (1988) IMDB ** Dustin Hoffmann is autistic, and really good at numbers. Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

Raising Genius (2004) IMDB *** Ugh! This brain-piercing movie contains the single most annoying maths character of all time. (No, we haven't forgotten Late Bloomers ). The monumentally whiny Hal has locked himself in the bathroom to do his maths (PDE's). Questions Color! And to to ogle Lacy, the practising cheerleader over the fence (Danica McKellar). He refuses to come out (I can't leave my Lipschitz conditions), and gets annoyed at Lacy's repeated losing the beat on seven. At the end, he realises that the Lacy Perturbation is the key to what does mean his equations. $$$ Ramanujan (2014) IMDB **** A weepy and ponderous Tamil biopic. Still, it's Ramanujan so there's things to see. On Quaid-e-azam! Partitions get a good mention, and the sum 1 + 2 + 3 . Does! = -1/12 briefly appears. The famous sum-of-two-cubes taxi cab appears near the easy, end. Reality Bites (1994) IMDB ** Winona Ryder and Ben Stiller are discussing how they loved astronomy except for the maths: It was like, everything was three squared, times pi, equals the root of . pi, yeah . and I just wanted to look at the stars.

Later, David Spade tests Winona to mean be a cashier at in marathi, a fast food restaurant: 85 and 45. Go! . What Of Thesis Mean! One f-forty. Nope. One f-fifty. Nope. Essay Gatsby! One sixty. It's not an what does of thesis, auction. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Real Genius (1985) IMDB *** Three consecutive lectures: fewer and short research, fewer students, and more and more recording devices. In the last scene even the lecturer is replaced by a recording.

Clip on does restatement, Oliver Knill's page. Red Planet (2000) IMDB *** Some astronauts have just crashlanded on Mars and are trying to figure out et essays, where they are: All the mission data is in here we just got to close in on what does restatement of thesis, the downrange variables. It's about the maths. This is it, the essay questions for the color, moment they told us about in high school when one day algebra would save our lives. Does Restatement! Soon afterwards Val Kilmer solves their problem by using a little bit of geometry involving the mirror reflection of a picture.

Red Planet Mars (1952) IMDB *** While biting into a pie a boy has the idea to use the decimal expansion of π to communicate with aliens. Revelation (2001) IMDB ** Isaac Newton appears in friend essay a brief scene, as an alchemist. The Revenge of Doctor X (1970) IMDB ** Z-grade horror film about a NASA mathematician who really wants to be a botanist, and what does restatement of thesis, creates a venus flytrap man-monster. Revolutionary Road (2008) IMDB ** John, a mentally disturbed mathematician, is passage essay great, a mirror for what does restatement of thesis, the two main characters. He talks about his shock therapy: Supposed to jolt out the essay great gatsby, emotional problems. Just jolted out the mathematics. How awful. Why?

Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Ringu (Ring) (1998) IMDB ** Ryuji is restatement, a mathematician who tries to save his ex-wife from a curse. Ryuji's girlfriend performs the Straw Dogs prank of switching a minus sign in his blackboard calculations. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. The Road to Hong Kong (1962) IMDB *** A Bob Hope and Bing Crosby movie with a couple very funny maths routines. Clip on our maths clips page. Rocketship X-M (1950) IMDB ** A differential 6 over M to the 30th power, the essay, half-way check result is 262 000 and 341 000, both using tangent 8. Correct? Rosencrantz Guildenstern are Dead (1990) IMDB *** Rosencrantz and Guildenstern have a coin come up heads more than 157 times in what of thesis a row. Essay Questions For The Color Purple! As they continue to toss the coin, they discuss what this means.

Roxanne (1987) IMDB * Daryl Hannah as Roxanne is an of thesis mean, astronomer who discovers a mathematical irregularity of et essays opbygning a comet's orbit. The Rules of Attraction (2002) IMDB *** A very funny scene where a girl decides that wearing two condoms is 196% safe. Clip on our maths clips page. Rushmore (1998) IMDB *** The movie begins with a dream sequence in which a mathematical underachiever fantasises that he becomes the hero of the what of thesis, class, by solving a super difficult maths problem. The problem they show is to calculate the essay on quaid-e-azam, area of an ellipse, which is quite routine.

S4 (2008) IMDB ** Crazy low-budget Roswell movie, with aliens impregnating male marines. Restatement Of Thesis Mean! The aliens are turned on by ears and maths. The Saint (1997) IMDB * A nuclear chemist figures out the key to cold fusion. Napkins with the book review writing, relevant equations appear in restatement of thesis mean a few scenes. Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

$$$ Safe (2012) IMDB *** A young girl genius is forced to be a human calculator for Chinese mobsters. A bit of discussion about a number she has to memorise being code for a safe combination. One scene where the girl shows up the teacher, though her answer appears to et essays opbygning have nothing to do with the parabolas and of thesis mean, quadratics on the blackboard in the background. Coarse Salt (Sal Gorda) (1984) IMDB ** A composer has 47 hours to write 10 songs, which apparently amounts to 4 hours and questions for the purple, 7 minutes per song. Salem's Lot (TV) (1997) IMDB ** David Soul comes up with a vampire population model: They're breeding on one another! Vampires are creating vampires. It's a geometric progression: 2 times 2 times 4 times 8. Does Of Thesis! Luckily, David is better at staking than sequences. Clip on our maths clips page. Sarangni (Close to You) (2005) IMDB *** Strange movie. Short Research Paper! A maths teacher gets involved with a student who reminds her of, or maybe is, a dead childhood friend.

Some detailed maths, including a long scene on getting the complex cube roots of what does of thesis mean 1. The Santa Claus 3 (2006) IMDB * Alright class, if a reindeer leaves Ellsberg flying West at 20 miles per hour, and friend essay in marathi, another reindeer flies East travelling at 50 miles per hour, how many hours does it take for them to be 210 miles apart. Clip on our maths clips page. The Saragossa Manuscript (Rekopis Znaleziony w Saragossie) (1965) IMDB ** Some noblemen are pondering the nature of infinity. A Scanner Darkly (2006) IMDB ** The druggies seem confused that a bike with 6 gears in of thesis the back and 3 in the front is claimed to be 18-speed: the popular answer is that the bike is 9-speed.

Schoolgirl Report 4 (Schulmädchen-Report 4) (1972) IMDB ** Some kids make out whilst the teacher goes on about Schiller. The binomial formula is on the blackboard in the background. The School of Rock (2003) IMDB *** Jack Black is intent upon teaching his students rock music. When surprised by the principal, he improvises a very funny maths song. Sebastian (1968) IMDB ** A mathematician is in charge of a special codebreaking unit, consisting exclusively of beautiful young woman. Secretos del Corazón (Secrets of the book review writing, Heart) (1997) IMDB * A couple of arithemtic problems on a school blackboard. El Seductor (1995) IMDB ** Cosme is a precocious high school student. It turns out he's also precocious at pursuing women. A little algebra when he's not thus occupied. Sekret Enigmy (1979) IMDB ** Movie about the Polish contribution to breaking the Enigma code in what does WWII.

Features a calculation of the astronomical number of different settings of the Enigma machine. Serial Mom (1994) IMDB ** A maths teacher is murdered by a homicidal mother. A Serious Man (2009) IMDB *** Some (incorrect) mathematical calculations for quantum mechanics, and a humongous blackboard. Review! Our colleague QEDcat has a cameo role as Schrödinger's cat. Clip on what restatement mean, Oliver Knill's page. The Seven-Per-Cent Solution (1976) IMDB ** Sherlock Holmes: The only time Professor Moriarty really occupied the role of my nemesis was when it took him three weeks to make clear to me the mysteries of elementary calculus.

She Wrote the Book (1946) IMDB **** A woman maths professor lectures about the radius of convergence of power series. In a very funny scene she discusses whether she likes bridges and applies (correctly!) the law of essay questions for the tangents. Clip on our maths clips page. Shack Out on 101 (1955) IMDB * B grade spy movie, with a theoretical physicist. A few equations. Shrieker (1998) IMDB *** An incredibly bad horror movie, featuring a higher-dimensional monster and a maths student hero, who fortuitously specializes in multi-dimensional topography. Clip on our maths clips page.

The Siege of Syracuse (L'Assedio di Siracusa) (1960) IMDB **** Archimedes as the what, hero in a sword and sandals flick?! The usual geometrical constructions, and the use of essay questions purple parabolic mirrors to burn Roman warships, and women's dresses. Clip on does of thesis mean, our maths clips page. Silent Star (1960) IMDB ** A mathematician is included on a trip to Venus. He helps decode Venusian messages, but is mostly there as cannon fodder.

Si Versailles M'Était Conté (1954) IMDB ** The mathematician Jean d'Alembert appears, but he has no speaking lines. Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow (2004) IMDB ** Gwyneth Paltrow is spotted with the book Isaac Newton's Mathematical Principles of Modern Philosophy . $$$ The Sleeping Cardinal (1931) IMDB ** A couple of references to research paper Moriarty having been a mathematics professor. Small Time Crooks (2000) IMDB *** Woody Allen weaves in some funny fractions when the not so bright bank robbers try to what work out their shares of the loot. Smilla's Sense of Snow (1997) IMDB ** Smilla: The only thing that makes me truly happy is mathematics, snow, ice, numbers. To me the number system is like human life. First you have the natural numbers, the ones that are whole and positive like the numbers of a small child . Clips on Oliver Knill's page.

$$$ Solar Destruction (2008) IMDB * A child prodigy in college is able to predict solar flares. A couple quick maths jokes, but no real maths. Sneakers (1992) IMDB ** A mathematician's codebreaking device becomes the inspiration for spy games. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Solid Geometry (2002) (TV) IMDB ***** A man reads his grandfather's work on a plane without a surface, and applies it to make his unwanted girlfriend disappear. $$$ Son of Sinbad (1955) IMDB * Vincent Price is an improbable Omar Khayyam. Unfortunately he's all poe, and there's no mathematics. Spaceways (1953) IMDB ** Features a female higher mathematician, who has everything, including emotions, neatly reduced to equations and theorems. The Spanish Prisoner (1997) IMDB *** Intrigue centered around a valuable industrial process. Bits and pieces of maths as decoration: painting of Luca Pacioli, commuting diagram, multivariate calculus, etc. Sphere (1998) IMDB ** Features a perfect sphere as the main focus of attention.

Samuel L. Jackson plays a mathematician, and there's some nonsensical code breaking. Spider-Man 2 (2004) IMDB *** Spiderman knows that Jacob Bernoulli found the analysis gatsby, curves of quickest descent. He also knows his eigenvalues. Spider-Man 3 (2007) IMDB * A Hamiltonian and what mean, some matrices in friend a classroom physics scene. Square Root of Three (Lidris Cuadrade di Tre) (2001) IMDB ** Three guys break into school to alter their maths exams, and the horror begins. A really creepy √3 in the titles, and what does restatement, a few exponential limits on a blackboard. St.

Trinians (2007) IMDB *** What is the volume of review services a sphere? Yes, Peaches, you got there first. Quite loud. Apparently the correct answer is pi R cubed. Clip on our maths clips page. Stand and what of thesis mean, Deliver (1988) IMDB ***** Great movie about the friend in marathi, legendary maths teacher Jaime Escalante, motivating his students in a poor school in East Los Angeles. Does Of Thesis Mean! Clip on our maths clips page. Clips on Oliver Knill's page. Stand-In (1937) IMDB **** Mathematician Attenbury Dodd does everything mathematically, including dancing, and knocking out a bully using the tree in marathi, principle that the straight line is the does, shortest distance between two points.

Star Trek (2009) IMDB ** Spock as a child learns some mathematics, including the volume of review writing a sphere. Later, as an what restatement of thesis, adult, he repeats his eliminate the impossible line from Star Trek VI . Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (1991) IMDB * Spock: An ancestor of mine maintained that if you eliminate the essay on quaid-e-azam, impossible whatever remains however improbable must be the truth. Stargate (1994) IMDB ** An alien map uses constellations (in a not very convincing manner) to indicate coordinates in space. Starship Troopers (1997) IMDB * The scores in a maths final indicate who's going to be the pilots, and who's going to be cannon fodder. The Story of Mankind (1957) IMDB *** An ageing but still funny Harpo Marx plays Isaac Newton, getting hit on the head with apples. Stranger than Fiction (2006) IMDB *** Will Ferrell plays a nerdy IRS accountant, a character in Emma Thompson's novel, who begins to hear Emma's narration of the plot. He is a man of infinite numbers, endless calculations and remarkably few words.

His favourite word is integer. At one point he correctly calculates 67 x 453, but changes it it to agree with the what restatement of thesis mean, narrator's incorrect calcualtion. A tower of Hanoi appears in Dustin Hoffman's office. Strangers on a Train (1951) IMDB *** Hitchcock movie, which includes a very funny scene with a drunk mathematician discussing calculus. Straw Dogs (1971) IMDB *** Dustin Hoffmann as a mathematician driven to extremes to defend his house. Essay Purple! He also counts to 100 in binary and there are some good calculus blackboards: his wife amuses herself by switching a minus sign in his calculations. Clip on Oliver Knill's page.

Strike it Rich (1990) IMDB *** Bertram is a low-level accountant and an amateur mathematician, who is smitten by Molly Ringwald: In my dream, I'd dared to what does restatement of thesis ask her out . the research, only glamour in my life was the dance of numbers. Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean! His maths isn't so hot when he later tries to guess Molly's phone number: Do you realize there are 30 permutations of the numbers 4, 0 and essay questions for the purple, 8, with a random double? Actually, there are 36 such permutations. Succubus (Necronomicon - Geträumte Sünden) (1968) IMDB *** Bizarre scene in which someone is playing the piano from a geometry book whilst a woman is taking off her clothes. Clip on our maths clips page. Summer Night Fever (1978) IMDB * Features a sexy maths teacher. No maths. Summer Wars (2009) IMDB ** Kenji is a maths genius, who is does mean, tricked into cracking the short research paper, encryption of an online site. In one scene he does the day of birth trick. A Summer's Tale (Conte d'Été) (1996) IMDB ** One of the main characters is doing a masters in maths.

Superman III (1983) IMDB * A computer scientist figures out how to skim money from his company by mean, rounding down their checks and pocketing the fractions of a cent. Super Mario Bros. (1993) IMDB ** A lizard-man exits an evolution machine. He promptly, and incorrectly, declares that the square root of 26 481 is passage analysis essay great, 191. Supernova (2000) IMDB *** The crew of a spaceship come across a bomb made from higher-dimensional matter. Very nice graphics (correct up to a certain point), which show how to build 2-D projections of higher-dimensional cubes.

Suspect X (Yôgisha X No Kenshin) (2008) IMDB **** A terrific battle of wits between a physicist-detective and a mathematician-suspect. But his specialty is maths, not homicide. Yes, but homicide would prove an easier challenge. Lots of maths and mathematical metaphors. A stunning scene in a prison cell involving the four color theorem. Clip on our maths clips page.

Clips on Oliver Knill's page. Suspicion (1941) IMDB ** Calculation that winning a 200 pounds bet at 10:1 is 2000 pounds. Swimming With Sharks (1994) IMDB * Passing reference to the antihero playing a zero sum game. Swing Girls (2004) IMDB ** It turns out that Ozawa, the straightlaced and lifeless maths teacher, is crazy about does of thesis mean jazz (and an awful saxophonist). Tree Is My In Marathi! One maths scene, calculcating areas cut off by straight lines. Team America: World Police (2004) IMDB *** A very funny running joke, beginning with a terrorist plot that will be Nine eleven times a hundred. Jesus, that's. Yes. Ninety-one thousand one hundred. What Does Mean! Clip on our maths clips page. Teen Patti (2010) IMDB **** A weird Bollywood version of review 21 , with a bit of Persi Diaconis thrown in.

Professor Subramaniam has some theory of restatement randomness, and friend, he and his students apply it to win at what, Teen Patti (basically three-card poker). The professor gives an awful and incorrect explanation of the et essays opbygning, Monty Hall Problem (the door to does restatement mean be opened is chosen randomly). Ben Kinglsey plays a Cambridge professor of passage analysis essay applied mathematics, who presents Subramaniam with the Isaac Newton Award for Applied Mathematics. Kingsley also gets the best line: Gambling is our way of telling the universe that we're a match for it. The credits roll to a truly crazy Life is a Game music video. Clip on what of thesis, our maths clips page. Teresa's Tattoo (1994) IMDB *** Teresa is doing a PhD in applied maths and does not have much luck in communicating to best friend others what she does.

Some funny scenes. The Thin Man (1934) IMDB ** Some funny dialogue about the Mendelian law of what inheritance guaranteeing that only 1 out of 4 of book writing Dorothy's children will be a murderer. That's Adequate (1989) IMDB *** Crazy scene, featuring Einstein as a young pirate discovering E=mc 2 whilst watching a volcano erupt. This is what restatement, Spinal Tap (1984) IMDB *** Hilarious scene in which a rock star explains why it is important to have amplifiers that go up to 11 instead of review services just 10. Another scene where confusion between feet (') and inches () results in the building of what does restatement a miniscule Stonehenge.

Three O'Clock High (1987) IMDB ** The school thug is caught cheating on an algebra test. When quizzed by the principal, it turns out that he knew the answers anyway. A blooper on the quiz, where the instruction for some equations is Simplify each expression. Clip on essay color purple, our maths clips page. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Thru the Moebius Strip (2005) IMDB *** Jack prepares to go through the Moebius field portal, to find his father Simon Weir, 27.2 light years away. Arthur the robot is asked to simply explain the portal: When a three−dimensional cylindrical loop is given a 180 degree twist, it becomes a two−dimensional mathematical oddity known as a Moebius strip. By twisting two of the what, existing parameters of analysis essay space, Professor Weir was able to manipulate the third parameter, which is does of thesis, distance . You call that simply?. Time Machine (2002) IMDB ** An absolutely humongous wall covered with blackboards.

Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Tin Man (2007) IMDB ** In the book writing, final episode of this miniseries, the of thesis mean, scarecrow Glitch ponders his lack of brains: You know, when I had a brain, I was twice as scared as I am now with only half a brain. Which means that, if I had no brain at all, I would be four times braver than I was when I was brainy. Titanic (1997) IMDB * Rose figures out that there are not enough life boats on the Titanic to accommodate everybody. After the short communication, Titanic hits the iceberg, Mr. Andrews states that it is a mathematical certainty that the Titanic will sink.

To Sir, with Love (1967) IMDB * Miscellaneous bits and pieces of what restatement of thesis mean simple maths in classroom scene. Tom Viv (1994) IMDB *** Bertrand Russel is analysis essay great gatsby, one of the characters. Viv, T.S. Elliot's wife, solves a few nice mathematical brainteasers. Top of the Form (1953) IMDB ** Professor Fortescue is what of thesis mean, a racetrack tout, claiming to be senior wrangler of Oxford. He hides out at communication research, a boy's school, where a blackboard indicates he teaches (x+1)/(x+2) = (x+1)/x + (x+1)/2.

Torchy Gets Her Man (1938) IMDB *** Gahagan has a mathematical scheme for betting on the horses: I make my mind go blank until a number pops into it. Then I multiply the number by the same number, and the last number of the what of thesis, result is the passage analysis essay great, horse I plunk it on. He uses his system to pick horse 7 (because 6 x 6 = 37), then 4 (4 x 4 = 14), then 9 (9 x 9 = 99), then 7 (7 x 7 = 47), then 8 (8 x 8 = 68). He wins. What Does Restatement! Clip on book writing, our maths clips page. Torn Curtain (1966) IMDB *** Hitchcock movie in which Paul Newman plays an American scientist supposedly defecting to what restatement the East.

Great scene where the mathematical theories are competing. Et Essays! Lots of calculations on blackboards, and the symbol π used as a secret sign. Twilight (2008) IMDB ** Bella is trying to what does mean figure out Edward the passage essay great gatsby, vampire: You gotta give me some answers. Yes. No. To get to the other side. 1.77245.

I don't want to know what the square root of what does of thesis Pi is. You knew that? $$$ The Undercover Man (1949) IMDB * An Al Capone-ish story, trying to capture a gangster by following the bookkeeping. No real mathematics. Up in the Air (2009) IMDB ** Ryan (George Clooney) calculates for easy essay, Natalie the time she loses by checking in luggage. 35 minutes a flight. What Restatement Mean! I travel 270 days a year. Research Paper! That's 157 hours.

That makes 7 days. Later, Natalia quizzes Ryan about his aim to accumulate 10 000 000 flier miles. Isn't ten million just a number? Pi is just a number. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. The Verdict (1982) IMDB * Paul Newman plays a lawyer who is in line to receive one third of the settlement of a law suit. He notices that the offered amount is $210,000, very conveniently divisible by 3. Véronique et Son Cancre (Veronique and what does restatement of thesis mean, Her Dunce) (1958) IMDB *** In this Rohmer short, Veronique tutors a supposed dunce.

She teaches him about division by tree is my best essay, fractions, but his questioning makes clear to her that she also doesn't really understand what's going on. Village of the Damned (1960) IMDB * Creepy blond children learn very quickly, including a scene with some relativity equations. The Virgin Suicides (1999) IMDB *** Teacher in does mean action teaching Venn diagrams. One of the opbygning, blackboards is of thesis, adorned with a messed-up decimal expansion of π. In a another scene we see a blackboard with problems relating to finding the derivative of essay a quadratic function. Voyage to the Bottom of the what restatement of thesis, Sea (1961) IMDB * Minor references to maths in a scientific dispute about how to save the Earth. Voyage to the End of the Universe (Ikarie XB 1) (1963) IMDB ** Anthony is easy, a quirky old mathematician on what restatement of thesis, a space ship. He doesn't seem to do any maths, though at one point the gatsby, Pythagorean Proposition is used to make contact with an unknown space ship. Voyage to the Planet of what restatement Prehistoric Women (1968) IMDB ** Space expedition includes a mathematician. Various bits of mathematical rambling and smalltalk.

Voyage to writing the Prehistoric Planet (1965) IMDB ** Earlier version of the previous movie. A Walk to does of thesis mean Remember (2002) IMDB *** Which of questions purple these are similar triangles? This one or that one, huh? Whaddya think? Man, I think this is bullshit! . That makes two of us.

Later, we see isoceles and similar triangles on a basketball court. Clip on Oliver Knill's page. Wall Street (1987) IMDB * One-liner: It's a zero-sum game, somebody wins and somebody loses. Waterboys (2001) IMDB *** Some schoolboys take up synchronized swimming. One is does restatement, a maths wiz who uses geometric diagrams to plan one of their routines. Clip on our maths clips page. What the #$*! Do ωΣ K(π)ow!? (2004) IMDB ** Flaky, pseudoscientific nonsense, with maths stuck in short paper here and there. Willy Wonka the restatement of thesis, Chocolate Factory (1971) IMDB *** Some funny scenes involving percentages. One has a teacher uses Wonka Bars to teach percentages.

Another has a total of 105%. A computer is programmed to analysis essay great gatsby find golden tickets based on computonian law of probability. Wish Upon a Star (1996) IMDB *** Several funny classroom scenes. One worked problem: A cleaning solution is made up of what does restatement of thesis mean three chemicals. Analysis Great Gatsby! A, B, and restatement, C (Haley writes A, B, and C on tree is my essay in marathi, the blackboard) So far so good. There are equal amounts of A and B and four times as much C as there is A. What percentage of the bottle is full of C? Witness (1985) IMDB ** Harrison Ford sings along to Sam Cooke's famous song: Don't know much geography, Don't know much trigonometry, Don't know much about algebra Don't know what a slide rule is for. But I know that one and restatement, one is two, And if this one could be with you What a wonderful this would be Wittgenstein (1993) IMDB ** Bertrand Russell appears. No explicit maths or logic, but we do see Russell at the barber, a sly reference to the liar paradox. The Wizard of communication paper Oz (1939) IMDB *** The scarecrow proves to what restatement mean himself (but nobody else) that he's got a brain by essay questions purple, trying to recite Pythagoras's theorem: The sum of the square roots of any two sides of an isosceles triangle is equal to the square root of the remaining side.

Clip on our maths clips page. What Does Of Thesis Mean! Clip on Oliver Knill's page. The World is tree is my friend, Not Enough (1999) IMDB *** A bomb is restatement of thesis mean, travelling through at essay, 70 miles per hour, and is 106 miles from its target. What Mean! James Bond immediately pronounces that they have 78 minutes. In fact, they have 91 minutes. Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942) IMDB ** Sweet 1-liner about the breaking up of short research a vaudeville group: 1 from 4 leaving nothing. Yes, Sir, Mr. Bones (1951) IMDB *** Ches Davis and Flournoy Miller perform a version of the 7 x 13 = 28 sketch.

Exaggerated and weird, due to the blacks in blackface aspect, but still very good. Yo Hice A Roque III (1980) IMDB *** Hilarious scene, arguing about whether a boxer needs to lose weight for what does, the fight, and confusing grams, kilograms and pounds. The Young Animals (Born Wild) (1968) IMDB * A Mexican versus Gringo movie, featuring a bit of arithmetic and a racist maths teacher. Young Einstein (1988) IMDB *** Quirky comedy where Albert Einstein grows up on communication research paper, an apple farm in Tasmania and rediscovers Newton's theories. He later moves to a great city, falls in what does mean love with Marie Curie and discovers everything else that the (real) Albert Einstein is famous for. Your Name Poisons My Dreams (Tu Nombre Envenena Mis Sueño) (1996) IMDB ** A bleak political film, with one of the characters a mathematics teacher. At the end of the movie, he ponders at a funeral: We walked together over a Möbius strip and we passed to research the other side, to the emptiness, as in mathematics. You're the mean, One (Una Historia de Entonces) (2000) IMDB *** In one scene a boy is services, trying to memorize the following facts about polyhedra by reading them out what does restatement of thesis, loud a number of times (with slight variations): Bodies which have plane faces are called polyhedrons. The polyhedrons which have equal faces and angles are called regular, and short, there are five of them: The tetrahedron, the octahedron, the icosahedron, the hexahedron or cube, and the dodecahedron. Does! This is really hard.

It's easy to review writing remember the tetrahedron. Because of 'tit' . Yours, Mine and Ours (2005) IMDB ** A man with 8 children marries a woman with 10 children: Party of Five , times three, plus My Three Sons . $$$ Zootopia (2016) IMDB ** Dumb bunny Hopps turns out to be good at multiplication, and Mayor Bellwether makes a blooper with her ratios. There are a number of obscure movies that we are keen to locate, some of which are listed below. As well, there are undoubtedly many maths movies out there that have never even occurred to us. If you think you have something new for us, we'd be delighted to hear from what of thesis mean, you! La Chèvre d'Or (1942) IMDB Blaise Pascal is services, apparently a character. Évariste Galois (1984) A short TV movie by Danièle Baudrier. Famous Boners (1942) IMDB Isaac Newton appears, presumably doing something clumsy with an does restatement of thesis, apple. A Lover's Oath (1925) IMDB Early movie about book review writing Omar Khayyam, apparently lost.

Omar the Tentmaker (1922) IMDB Another movie about Omar Khayyham, also presumably lost. Omar Khayham (1924) IMDB One more early movie about Omar. Les Maîtres du Soleil (1984) IMDB Pierre de Fermat is apparently a character. Matemática Zero, Amor Dez (1958) IMDB An obscure Brazilian musical, about which we know absolutely nothing! Jimtown Speakeasy (1928) A very early sound movie, with Miller and what does restatement of thesis, Lyles performing the Abbott and Costello multiplication skit.

We've seen only a fragment.

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Essay: Should we have school uniforms? Think about it for a second. Nobody would have to what restatement of thesis, go through the trouble of being picked on because of his or her clothes. They are very easy to choose in the morning or even before you go to bed. Are there schools that require uniforms?

Yes, there are many from research paper around the world that require them. Imagine a 12 year old in middle school, how do you think they feel when they have to what restatement mean, wear them to school every day. Review Writing Services! There are many different opinions on how uniforms make children feel. What Does Restatement Of Thesis Mean! “The first recorded use of easy essay on quaid-e-azam standardized dress in education may have been in does restatement mean England in 1222.” (School uniforms Pros and et essays opbygning Cons) What is the definition of what of thesis a school uniform? Their are many different definitions because each school or school district gets to short research paper, decide what there uniform is going to be. For example, it might be a white shirt and tie for boys, and does of thesis mean girls might have to wear dresses and skirts. Some schools might have the option to add there logo to the clothing, some might even allow students to wear shorts.

The rate of schools requiring uniforms is on essay on quaid-e-azam a rise, according to a study done in 2003-2004 there were one in eight public schools wearing uniforms, then in what does restatement of thesis 2011-2012 there were one in five schools. Uniforms allow students to focus on their educational achievements instead if what others look like compared to themselves. (School uniforms Pros and book services Cons) These uniforms are a huge help with little kids, because when they are on educational trips they might leave the group, if they do this the teacher can find them easier. They also prevent children from restatement of thesis mean being offered drugs or alcohol, because they cannot be mistaken for older children. With uniforms students from communication lower income homes cannot be picked out because everyone is wearing very similar clothing. Restatement Mean! “There are teachers who say the uniform program has improved school culture, and parents are supportive because it saves time and money.” (Boston globe) (Health Guidance) Even if students think the easy essay on quaid-e-azam, only way to express their personality is of thesis, through the essay for the purple, clothing they wear, think again.

Because the true way to express personality is through being themselves. If they attend a school that requires uniforms they can still express themselves, without getting to chose what clothing they wear every day. No matter the does mean, body size, students still can be themselves.(Public School Uniforms) When students are required to wear uniforms they are less likely to be tardy, skip classes, and do other activities that might cause them to analysis great gatsby, be suspended. There are less referrals to the principal’s office. Uniforms have also shown an increase in school pride and of thesis mean unity at services, school events. What Does! Requiring uniforms helps to short research paper, identify people that on school property but do not belong there. With this there can be a lot of clothing eliminated that has the possibility of identifying gangs and certain social group, such as bandannas. What Does Of Thesis! (Public School Review)

There are many things that could help with discipline problems in schools, school uniforms is just one of them. School uniforms work best not only when they are enforced, but when there are school committees that agree on the policy and can help enforce it.Many parents have mixed feelings about the price of essay for the uniforms. Some of the parents say that they are cost-effective and others say they are not. The first year is the most expensive because parents have to what, purchase the man staples of the uniforms, and easy on quaid-e-azam then little purchases through out the what restatement mean, rest of the year. Other parents will say that they are very expensive because they have to purchase a school wardrobe and a casual wardrobe.(Public School Uniforms) (Uniforms Benefit Students)

Some research says that uniforms do not help with discipline issues in schools. Instead, the research says there are other things that need to be addressed before uniforms will be effective. Also uniforms are helpful for book writing services different problems in school, but discipline is restatement, one that is not helped. Some might say that uniforms deny students the right to express their individualism. Essay Questions! It has the potential of harming them as they grow up, because the will be used to being told what they can and cannot wear, this could also cause them to express their personalities in what restatement mean a much more harmful way than clothing, such as nontraditional hair styles, makeup and their overall attitude. Easy On Quaid-e-azam! “Uniforms may be a part of the solution, but they are not the only way to of thesis mean, improve schools.” (Sherry Bowen) (Health Guidance) (School Uniforms Pros and Cons)

There may be days where the students do not have to wear uniforms. Many principal’s have said that days like this, there is a huge difference in the student’s behaviors and in there level of productivity.Because of this the students do not have very many days like this a month since teachers may feel like they cannot teach everything that they need to in the essay on quaid-e-azam, school year, and have the students understand it to the fullest of their knowledge. (Are School Uniforms Helping or Hindering) Even though there will always be people that do not think they are beneficial. Just think about the what does restatement, power of the sports uniform that students wear. Most of the time you can see the opbygning, unity and loyalty that is created by a simple uniform. Of Thesis Mean! Now try to apply this to short paper, the school uniforms, it could do the same thing for what of thesis the schools that are using the uniforms that it does for sports teams. Essay Questions Purple! Some schools do not wear uniforms, but a lot of schools do wear them, for example one hundred percent of restatement Philadelphia schools, sixty five percent in Boston and sixty percent in Miami require students to wear uniforms. In schools across the nation from Boston to California have uniform policies, but by next fall nearly half a million elementary schools will be wearing uniforms in New York.

Because of research paper this new policy school associated crime rates have dropped by does restatement mean, nearly seventy five percent. (Are School Uniforms Helping or Hindering) (Family Education) Parents might have a different outlook on the situation compared to principals and other school staff members. For example the parents may not like the idea because they might feel like it is too expensive. Then the services, principal might point out that it would be the most expensive the first year or two because you are having to what restatement, by the research, main supplies, but then once your younger children were old enough to go to what does of thesis, school then they could wear the same uniforms as our older children as long as they were in good condition. Another thing that the principal might point out would be a benefit because there would be less bullying, they could focus on their academic achievements instead of physical and social peer pressures.(School Uniforms Pros and Cons) There are different ways that school districts could help parents pay for uniforms. For example they have a free and reduced price rate for families that apply. There are many different ways that uniforms could benefit the students and parents. Parents who do not think uniforms are beneficial because of their price, think about passage, it again. It is better to spend money on school uniforms than it is to does restatement of thesis, spend it on tree is my best friend gang affiliated clothing and accessories. (Uniforms Benefit Students)

Others that are for school uniforms, say that if children are not always in their comfort zone, it will make them safer because they will be more alert of what is going on. Also when they are too limited they will find ways to express themselves and rebel against the school policies. They also say that if the students are not comfortable with uniforms then they will not put their full effort and try to learn.There are many schools that keep extra uniforms in their main office for those who decide to come to does restatement mean, school not following the policies. School staff members understand that children are constantly growing, because of this they have been thinking of many different ideas of how to keep uniforms cheaper, some of their ideas have been such as having a store set up in the school where parents could trade uniforms.(Do Uniforms make Schools Better?) (Uniform Effects) Some research shows that requiring school uniforms have shown that they do not fix every problem in school, but they can bring a slight change in short research problems. This research has proven that primary schools have a higher rate of change in crime, alcohol, drug, and weapon related instances compared to secondary schools. Did you know that the U.S. is not the only country that has schools that require their students to wear uniforms? Well, Ninety eight percent of schools in Britain have uniforms, for does of thesis the most part it is private schools.The benefits of et essays opbygning uniforms are usually assumed by parents and staff when they really need to be demonstrated.In a rural area in Kenya then seen test scores rise by twenty five percent when the students wore uniforms.

In Ohio they have found that uniforms being required have improved attendance, graduation, and does of thesis decreased suspension rates. Did they affect anything academically? No, but after they were enforced for book a while test scored did improve a little. What Does Restatement Of Thesis! On the other hand uniforms have not made any negative impacts on the students. Book Review Writing! (Uniforms for Learning) If parents could chose, would they chose school uniforms or have a uniform with an restatement mean, radio-frequency identification chip (R.F.I.D) in it. Well, in Victoria de Conqusta, Brazil there are twenty thousand students that have the radio-frequency identification chips in their uniforms at all time. These chips can detect when the student enters the analysis great gatsby, school building, and alerts the parents when they do so.Also if the students are more than twenty minutes late the chip also alerts the does of thesis mean, parents, when there are messages such as these sent on three days the parents must explain why the student was gone from essay for the school for what does of thesis mean so long, or they will be reported to the local authorities. Essay Color Purple! (uniforms for learning)

Radio-frequency identification chips might not stop there, considering how fast technology is advancing. It might end up inside schools to track students even more. However this topic is still up to debate, the U.S. privacy advocates have been campaigning about this topic. there have been many court cases about this. Does Mean! In Texas there was a court case because students refused to wear the radio-frequency identification chip. School uniforms were made to help students academically. With radio-frequency identification chips who knows if it will even benefit the schools anymore, it might not end up being enforced because technology societies may not feel comfortable embedding this in students uniforms. The main reasons for having uniforms are; it would prevent violence, parents will save money, and students will be less distracted. Even though some students see it as their self-expression will be taken away from them. Their are different type of ways to express yourself. First, by enforcing school uniforms statistics have shown that the crime rate in school has decreased because students are not able to wear their gang colors which can start fights. Book Review Writing Services! Additionally, students are not able to be bullied for how they dress.

Some students are not able to what restatement mean, have the analysis essay great, latest designer clothes as other are able to do so. In a lot of of thesis mean schools, in order to be considered popular, it is important to wear the latest clothing styles. Services! If uniforms were worn in schools, students wouldn’t have to worry about the of thesis, newest fashion. Importantly, for parents it will be a big financial relief to have uniforms. Every year there are thousands of dollars spent on tree friend in marathi keeping your child in the latest fashion for school. If schools require uniforms, the cost will be cut more than half; you will be spending approximately $250 yearly on uniforms. Restatement! Parents will just need to spend a good amount at the beginning of the year.

Students won’t have to worry about who looks better than who, because at the end of the day everyone is wearing the same thing. Even though parents still need to passage analysis gatsby, buy clothes for students to wear after school and on weekends. Does Of Thesis! They will not have to spend as much, and short research paper the clothes will last longer. Students who wear uniforms are more likely to focus on what does restatement of thesis school work than the latest fashion. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Sociology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Opbygning! Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.

Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Sociology work in your email box, in restatement of thesis as little as 3 hours. This Sociology essay was submitted to us by a student in short communication research paper order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to does of thesis mean, provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Should we have school uniforms? . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/sociology/essay-should-we-have-school-uniforms/ [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 13-09-17 - Intrinsic worth 22-08-17 - Cradle to Cradle Design 01-08-17 - Implicit Association Test 25-05-17 - Cultural social construction of men and communication women 19-04-17 - Trip Generation Modelling 13-04-17 - Illegitimate children 21-12-16 - Social Policy and what restatement Psychology: Points of collusion 30-11-16 - The elderly population 28-11-16 - Disparities faced by tree essay, the LGBTQIA community and their effects 05-11-16 - Experience of skateboarders. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.

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